For example, "Watashi to isshoni eiga ni ikitai desu ka" is a straightforward question, asking if one wants to go to a movie with the speaker. 1. Japanese Grammar construction #109 Verb (Base II) + So^ desu. Ki (indefinite base of ‘kuru’) + tai desu = ki tai desu. For example, if you're explaining why you are so happy you can say "Yesterday was my birthday". か (ka) marks a question. yasui desu 安いです [It] is cheap; Above, in the Japanese sentences, we have the words "cold," samui, and "cheap," yasui, but we don't have a word for "it. Gakusei desu ka. You can put “desu” after nouns to end sentences. Introduction. I’m going to give you information about this particular word in the first part, but stick around for the rest because there are quite a few different forms of this word that you will need to know as well. In this Japanese Grammar Lesson, we will learn how to express probability in Japanese. Shi (indefinite base of ‘suru’) + tai desu = Shi tai desu. Some people may mixed up this expression with そうです (sou desu), or 目の"そう" (me no "sou"), which you have learned in lesson 19.However, they are two different expressions. You should send that letter. ★ In a previous lesson, we learned how to make inferences based on direct observation using 〜そうです (~sou desu).If you missed that lesson, click here. The suffix ~kun used to when talking to men who are younger or the same age as the speaker (Jason-kun). Luckily, you’ll be using it enough in everyday conversation that you’ll get the hang of it. However, you may not use da after an i adjective. You can learn to use です through a simple and popular structure in Japanese:. We also use the suffix ~chan when we are talking to babies, young children or young women. With a negative context, it means “ no longer “. This is also known as Romaji. When we are talking about someone among peers or public settings, we should add. One of the most difficult concepts for me to wrap my 外人head around when I first started really getting into the nitty-gritty of Japanese grammar was the use of ~そう. Very close friends drop the –san. Learn Japanese grammar: ... takusan undou shitara tsukareru mono desu. An Introduction to Japanese Grammar: Subject Object Verb(SOV) Pattern. It shows that something is or isn’t something else. In English we don’t attach anything to our topics, so this may seem strange at first. Japanese Grammar Guide; Japanese Language School Directory; Close. A は B です (A wa B desu). For instance, if today's date were November 11, you would say: Kyoo wa juuichigatsu juuichinichi desu. But sentences give you everything you need. This sentence can be literally translated as “A am/ is/ are B” From this sentence, you can deduce something important about Japanese: the simplest structure of Japanese … This blog is for Japanese beginners. How to Use Desu (です) in Japanese : As you’ve worked to learn Japanese, this might be the word you’ve heard the most. October 14, 2013 | Gurezu (This is a screenshot of opening of chapter 19 of Shin Nihongo No Kiso book. Just remember: If the status of the event has changed, then use もう (mou). Before we begin to learn basic Japanese grammar, let’s take a step back and look at how we make a basic sentence in English: This concept of “A is B” is the most basic form of a sentence in any language. Japanese Grammar By. “Desu” comes in a few levels of formality. The variants including yo and neal… If you listen to a native speaker, you’ll notice that the intonation isn’t quite the same as an actual question, but does rise at the end. Japanese Expression you desu (ようです) - Intermediate Lessons: 23 In this lesson, you will get to learn another Japanese expression - ようです (you desu).. Desu is a copula. Of course, Japanese is very vague so there's no singular/plural tell about the restaurants, and there's no definitive law about this -restoran wa ikkai desu could very well mean multiple restaurants are on the first floor too, there's nothing wrong with it grammatically- but that's what the implication sounds like to me. E.g. First I’ll explain how to use the conditional “と”. Each one of these can substitute for A in our sentence “A wa B desu“. If you hear people in the area you live using “desu” or its other forms in different ways, it’s alright for you to use it like that. Learn Japanese online with BondLingo? Japanese n-desu grammar question? above is Japanese たいです grammar taidesu. In formal Japanese, でしょう (deshou) replaces です (desu). もう (mou) is used when has been a change of state. 2. However, learning the Hiragana and Katakana writing system should be high on your priority list because it’s the foundation of the Japanese language. The word order is somewhat different from other Japanese language sources I've used in the past and am wondering a bit. (です) 1.わたしの なまえは さとこ です。(私の 名前は さとこ です。) Watashino namae wa Satoko desu. This is something you should be careful with because -sou is only used with verbs and adjectives. Just keep that in mind as we keep pushing forward. These colloquialisms are almost always informal. Top 70 Japanese Sentences You Need to Know. In Japanese, you always need to be aware of what formality you should be using when you’re speaking, and that’s always based on the context of your conversation. If I were to … It is similar to “what”. So if I were introducing myself, I could either say “Jessica da,” “Jessica desu,” or “Jessica de gozaimasu,” and from that the listener would know exactly what level of formality to expect from me. Oishii desu (meaning, 'it's delicious') is OK. Oishii da is not OK. (Grammar) sukatto: Post Date: 2005-06-30 18:26:38: save to notebook: saved questions: member since 2005 Jun 13 Questions: 7 Comments: 10: Oyaho! When we are talking about someone among peers or public settings, we should add さん (san) to the end of their name. Comment by Rafa on 02/25/2014 at 6:48 pm Byouki is actually not a na-adjective. However, these adjectives still need “desu” in formal conversation. Japanese Grammar; To Desu or Not to Desu ⇐ Back to the grammar guide homepage. You know, instead of blurting out words one at a time. “Sou desu ka?” is a general response to any new information, and doesn’t necessarily imply any doubt about what was just said. Japanese grammar worksheets, lesson plans, games and useful links for expressing things you heard, it seems like, it looks like - I heard, people say that, someone said, news, そうです etc. In casual Japanese conversation, だろう (darou) replaces だ (da). んです (ndesu) has the same meaning as です (desu), but is different in that it feels a bit more personal since it is used to explain something, give reasoning, or to emphasize something.. Don’t be surprised if you hear different things like this, but be aware that it could be a regional thing. Whatever you want to call it, always place it at the end of the statement! As Valentine’s Day approaches, you may be wondering how to say I love you in Japanese.Whether you’ve been together for a while now or one of you is just picking up the courage to confess your feelings, saying I love you isn’t as simple as anime would have you believe. Let’s start by breaking down the polite and casual forms: 子供は早く寝る もんだ よ。 hint romaji English. So I would like to explain a very basic part of grammar. I will omit the complex topics as much as possible. A few examples can be found below. It is exactly the same as んです (ndesu), which is a bit more casual. Grammar Guide Japanese Audio Flashcard Lessons updated 1-4-21 This Grammar Guide is intended for students of the 36 audio lessons in our Japanese Audio Flashcard series. Japanese Plug and Play Ghetto Grammar Japanese Language Learning By Makurasuki Sensei, Brett McCluskey Towards better Japanese: Methods of Acquisition and Mastery. 2. What you will find however, is that Japanese will drop the topic/subject a lot more than we do in English! Yoda-speak is a lot like basic Japanese grammar, so all you have to do is take the “it is” part in the Yoda sentence and replace it with “desu.” Let’s take a look. Now that you know all three sentence ending particles, you should be able to understand all the variations of a very common Japanese expression: sou desu. This structure is made with the indefinite base of the verb+ tai desu. Greetings and Pleasantries Japanese Grammar Keigo: Polite Form - Masu and Desu. First take a Japanese verb of our choosing then transform it or put it into base II. She has been a freelance writer for nearly 20 years. It uses those sentences to illustrate and explain various elements of Japanese grammar. Japanese grammar is the grammar of the Japanese language, an East Asian language and the official language of Japan. Desu & Masu expressions are critical to know so you can speak clean and polite Japanese at all times which you can apply to any situation. For example, our friend Tarou Suzuki can be referred to as Tarou-san or Suzuki-san. To help you use “desu” in any situation, let’s cover the basic forms of it. ~desu. Japanese is an agglutinative, synthetic, mora -timed language with simple phonotactics, a pure vowel system, phonemic vowel and consonant length, and a lexically significant pitch-accent. Hello, I am learning Japanese language. In Japanese, you always need to be aware of what formality you should be using when you’re speaking, and that’s always based on the context of your conversation. ... N + sou desu is acceptable. An important note to make here is that Japanese personal pronouns are not used as often as the English “you, “she” and “he”. Verbs. samui desu 寒いです [It] is cold! This can also be used to mean “boyfriend”. Some Notes on Japanese Grammar. Yeah it's similar with Japanese. Most native-Japanese speakers would say お蔭(かげ)さまで “O-kagé-sama de.” This is a phrase which is very difficult to translate but it’s very common in Japan. Learning grammar rules one at a time is painful. B.A., Kwansei Gakuin University ; Namiko Abe is a Japanese language teacher and translator, as well as a Japanese calligraphy expert. Up to this point, I have been using the western representation of Japanese sounds to help you. Desu is a copula. Japanese grammar - sou desu. Plus, people speak in sentences so… it’ll help you speak Japanese. Or try out parallel texts in Japanese to immerse yourself in the language by reading. With a positive context, it is similar to “ already ” in English. The first version is a way to affirm a yes-no question without repeating the complete sentence. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures. Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H1. It is similar to “Mr. … 2. Learn JLPT N1 Grammar (1,640 pages) Learn JLPT N2 Grammar (1,617 pages) Learn JLPT N3 Grammar (566 pages) Learn JLPT N4 Grammar (674 pages) Learn JLPT N3 Vocabulary (3375 pages) Learn JLPT N4 Vocabulary (1087 pages) Learn JLPT N5 Vocabulary (504 pages) Learn Japanese Phrases in … こどもははやくねるもんだよ。 kodomo wa hayaku neru mon da yo. to your friends but "Please excuse me, thank you.." to strangers? Each of its variants has a different nuance. You will find that some people reject the idea of Romaji as a useful tool because it acts as a “crutch”, but I believe there is more than one path to learning a language. It can be attached to the first or last name. a Japanese: Pen desu. Or perhaps you’ve been listening to native Japanese speakers’ sentences and realize that you hear a certain word quite often, but yours still sound like something’s missing. Now I have these following sentences which use this form and apparently mean different things. So technically cannot mean “verb + and”. You are a student, aren't you? のです (no desu) has the same meaning as です (desu), but is different in that it feels a bit more personal since it is used to explain something, give reasoning, or to emphasize something.. Thanks! This can also be used to mean “girlfriend”. There are no articles or relative pronouns that exist in Japanese grammar and pronouns that do exist are used differently. Accurately using ~sou (そう) is one area of Japanese grammar that can cause a lot of problems for students. This is gender neutral, but is usually seen as more feminine in casual conversation. above is Japanese たいです grammar taidesu. Japanese Grammar: WA and DESU (は and です) Before we begin to learn basic Japanese grammar, let’s take a step back and look at how we make a basic sentence in English: This concept of “ A is B” is the most basic form of a sentence in any language. a Japanese: Pen desu. Verbs are listed in … You also need to use a different form of –n desu when it is attached directly to a plain form of the verb in an informal situation.When the circumstances are informal, use –n da instead of –n desu, as demonstrated in the table.The sentences are written first in hiragana, which is a phonetic syllabary (or transliteration) made from simplified kanji characters. Learn Japanese grammar: のです (no desu) & のだ (noda). It is a pre-requisite for learners just beginning their study of the Japanese language to know thoroughly the concepts surrounding verb conjugation and how to put verbs into bases. It is exactly the same as のです (no desu), which is a bit more polite / formal. For example, “, What you will find however, is that Japanese will drop the topic/subject, Up to this point, I have been using the western representation of Japanese sounds to help you. If you’ve been listening (or reading) Japanese for a day or 10 years, you’ve likely stumbled across the mysterious word です (desu) at the end of many sentences. Japanese Sentence Plain form no desu - Intermediate Lessons: 3 This lesson will teach you how to make your Japanese sentence sounds more natural using the grammar Plain form のです (Plain form no desu).. After learning Japanese for some time, you will notice that native Japanese speak differently from what you have learned so far. Source(s): japanese desu grammar question: … In various ways, you can pluralize nouns depending on what you are trying to convey. The copula takes three basic forms in standard speech: the plain form だ (da) in informal speech, the polite form です (desu) in formal speech, and でございます (de gozaimasu) in honorific speech. In Japanese, when describing the location of something you can say either arimasu and desu. While the Japanese writing system consists of it’s own characters “Hiragana” and “Katakana”, it is possible for a beginner to start practicing full sentences right away without being distracted by a new syllabary. Learning your first phrases with the English alphabet is perfectly acceptable, in my opinion – especially if time is a factor. This is much softer than Ore and is used by younger boys as well. So you're a student! To help you use “desu” in any situation, let’s cover the basic forms of it. But ending a sentence with a noun without “desu” will make it a fragment. It works like a verb in that sense. Okay, maybe it was a little bit fun.. but it was also my best attempt to match the Japanese words with the English ones. Working out a lot will naturally make one tired. Improve your Japanese significantly with our free online practice tests. When it comes to J… Very good question! smillie@cs.ualberta.ca . Japanese Grammar 111 – Verb + tai desu. If you would like to use “seems like/looks like/I heard that/someone told me that..” with a noun, use -みたい(mitai: looks like) instead. The guide is divided into about 400 numbered sections, most of which highlight Japanese sentences taken from the lessons. Based off that, can you guess what “pen desu” means? Grammar Guide Japanese Audio Flashcard Lessons updated 1-4-21 This Grammar Guide is intended for students of the 36 audio lessons in our Japanese Audio ... You may use desu after an i adjective. ~Chan can also refer to a close friend as well. 人の悪口は言う ものじゃない 。 hint romaji English. “Desu” is pretty formal, but perfectly acceptable in pretty much any situation. It is a cat. “Desu” (です) is a word that is absolutely essential to the Japanese language, especially if you plan on speaking with any sort of formality. “Jessica da,” “Jessica desu,” or “Jessica de gozaimasu,”. Pretty versatile, isn’t it? PowerPoints . My name is Satoko. It is exactly the same as んです (ndesu), which is a bit more casual. Keith Smillie. In this case, the topic is our personal pronoun, “watashi“. Some re… Hello, I am learning Japanese language. In Japanese, the system of nouns can also function as adverbs and adjectives leading to errors when trying to determine which part of speech it is, especially when you are translating directly into English. It shows that something is or isn’t something else. Now that we have learned basic Japanese sentence construction with WA (は) and DESU (です), let’s take a look at a list of Personal Pronouns that you can use. Japanese Grammar – Express Hearsay using 〜そうです – Review Notes. You got it, “It is a pen.” Of course, with this knowledge, you can say anything, really. That’s why “desu” is so often translated as the English verb “to be.”, Adjectives get a little complicated with “desu.” Na-adjectives such as “kantan” (簡単: simple), “shizen” (自然: natural), and “shizuka” (静か: quiet) will always take a form of “desu.” You can say “It’s simple,” with “Kantan da na” (簡単だな) or “Kantan desu” (簡単です). Today, we will learn another use of 〜そうです (~sou desu). (A word used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate.) Want to learn more about Japanese language and cultures with Japanese teacher for free ? Used by men. and Ms.” in English. It is similar to “I” in English. It has a very rough image and usually used in a very casual setting with someone close. Learning words one at a time is slow. Sou desu - I heard PowerPoint introducing the grammar point sou desu meaning I heard includes examples and excercises. 3. Fick. The response may be はい (hai) which means yes.. なん (nan) can be used to ask what something is. わたし (watashi) is a personal pronoun. Please consider visiting my Reading and Writing section to get started if you haven’t yet. Everest (or Mt. Japanese Grammar Keigo: Polite Form - Masu and Desu. Example #6. Japanese Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Japanese language. You could use podcasts in Japanese for example, to help you get used to these key features of Japanese grammar. Because you get to learn new words, phrases and grammar all at once. We can place it at the beginning of the sentence. So if we look at these examples, you can see that “desu” kind of has a meaning, but also kind of doesn’t. Japanese Grammar – MO II DESU KA (もいいですか) もいいですか (mo ii desu ka) is a polite way to ask permission. It is a bus. Sometimes it is used to add a tone of uncertainty to something, or to just really drive a point home that the speaker is making. This sentence ender is used frequently when making observations, as in “Ii o-tenki desu ne?” which you learned earlier . ne Confirmation Gakusei desu ne. Grammatically, these two words are called "auxiliary verb". は (wa) always comes after the topic of the sentence. Replacing the pronoun with their name is usually better for most situations. のです (no desu) has the same meaning as です (desu), but is different in that it feels a bit more personal since it is used to explain something, give reasoning, or to emphasize something.. ... Browse other questions tagged grammar or ask your own question. You can think of it as like the English "to be" except it does not show existence--Japanese uses two other verbs for that いる iru and ある … Fuji, if you prefer) of a grammar … “Desu” is pretty formal, but perfectly acceptable in pretty much any situation. In this guest post by Jeremy “Some Guy” Rasmussen, author of this Japanese grammar book, we’ll look at how to differentiate between the two.. As always, I’ll also be commenting here and there throughout the post. Ask Question Asked 6 years, 4 months ago. When you are speaking informally, i-adjectives such as “omoshiroi” (面白い: interesting/funny), “kawaii” (可愛い: cute), and “muzukashii” (難しい: difficult) do not need a form of “desu” to end the sentence. I know that '~ sou desu' is used for "I heard" or "it seems" or "it looks (like)". Some regions have their own colloquialism of “desu.” For example, in Kansai you might hear people say “ya” instead. © 2020 JapaneseMEOW – All rights reserved, Powered by  – Designed with the Customizr theme, Read and Write Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji, Building a Basic Japanese sentence: WA and DESU (は and です), Please pay close attention to the way I colored the words. Since watashi is our topic, we need to attach は (wa). A: お元気(げんき)ですか?”O-genki-desu ka?” How are you? – ano tegami o deshita hou ga ii desuあの手紙を出した方がいいです To say that you should not do something in Japanese, use the following Japanese grammar plug and play construction to make your own interesting Japanese sentences: You’ll no doubt begin to pick them up with ease. It is very similar to “Can I” or “May I” in English. Verb +tai desu (to want/wish) ­ polite form. Formal Versus Informal . For example, “I” is represented with the color green in the English reading, and so is “Watashi wa” in the Japanese above it. Let’s break it down – starting with the first word, watashi. Only after hours of study and countless mistakes in speaking did I finally conquer this Mt. Japanese people usually use the name of the person instead of the pronoun. 3 thoughts on “ Mysterious Japanese grammar: using the を(wo) particle with だ (da)・です (desu) ? Believe it or not, the heavy use of colors wasn’t just for fun. I’m going to be honest, there’s not really a good translation for “desu.” A lot of times you’ll see it translated as “is,” but it’s not a verb, and that only works sometimes. It is less polite than ~san. It should always come after the te-form of a verb. Saying a date in Japanese is much like saying it in English: You just put the day of the month after the month itself. That’s the topic of today’s post. Created by I Foley. How do you use this grammar principle with past tense nouns? ­ Godan verbs. yo Emphasis Gakusei desu yo. Just make sure you fit into the same demographic as whoever you hear saying it so you don’t accidentally end up talking like an old man when you don’t want to. If you’ve already learnt conditional “IF form” in Japanese, you probably know these. When you listen to a Japanese conversation, you will listen to these words often. It only takes a minute to sign up. They’re suitable for beginners and would be useful revision at higher levels. But sentences give you everything you need. 101 Personal Pronouns 102 Demonstrative pronouns 103 Prepositions wa, no, o, mo, ga 104 Prepositions he,ni,de,to,kara,made,ka 105 Existential Verbs … “Da” (だ) is the less formal version, and “de gozaimasu” (でございます) is good if you want that extra level of formality (such as in a business conversation). As you may already be aware, the Japanese language includes honorifics and there are a number of different “levels” of politeness. (A word used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate.) Let’s get started! Deartment of Computing Science. Learn Japanese grammar: んです (ndesu) & んだ (nda). Namiko Abe. You may find a lot of textbooks referring to desu as the “copula“. Are you a student? We have JLPT Kanji, grammar, vocabulary, reading and listening tests in all levels. Now I have these following sentences which use this form and apparently mean different things. I’ve heard “desu” used for emphasis in a few different ways. Most of the examples have been taken from, or have been suggested by, the references given at the end. My Japanese teacher would always punctuate the end of her sentences with a very powerful です (desu). Yoda: Pen, it is. “Da” (だ) is the less formal version, and “de gozaimasu” (でございます)is good if you want that extra level of formality (such as in a business conversation). Learn Japanese grammar: のです (no desu) & のだ (noda). So you know how you'll say "Move, bish, get out the way!" This one is an easily constructed grammar principle. Learning words one at a time is slow. “Omoshiroi” is a full sentence in Japanese that could mean “That’s funny.” If you add “da” after it, the sentence is grammatically incorrect. anaelleamaya March 19, 2020 Thank you very much for your posts I find them very useful. Japanese Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Japanese language. By the way, a topic can be dropped from a sentence if the context is already understood. With a positive context, it is similar to “ still ” in English. です (desu) is similar to “is” or “am” in English. When speaking casually with friends, if you're a girl or Don't want to use "da") then you don't add any da or desu at all. I know that '~ sou desu' is used for "I heard" or "it seems" or "it looks (like)". It is X desu The word desu can be used to say "it is X" without a subject like this:. Unlike in English, however, the Japanese copula can’t be used to show existence – instead you must use the verbs いる (iru) for animate beings and ある (aru) for inanimate objects. If you want to get serious about learning Japanese though, you should start learning Hiragana and Katakana as soon as you can. I came across the ~sou desu pattern for verbs and adjectives. So if you end a sentence in a verb, no matter how it is conjugated (formally or informally), you will not need “desu.” You can end a sentence with “taberu” or “tabemasu” without worrying about adding desu. As you may already be aware, the Japanese language includes honorifics and there are a number of different “levels” of politeness. Example #5. If I were to introduce myself, I would use the same structure: “ I am Keiko “. If not, they can be translated as “IF” and “WHEN”. I’m not sure if it’s a region thing, but I’ve also heard “desu” pronounced with more emphasis on the “su” part to either make it a question (with an upward tone), or emphasize what the speaker is saying without using a sentence ending particles such as “ne” or “yo.” I heard a lot of women doing this, and it seemed to be softer than saying “yo” but added the same sort of emphasis. Japanese Sentence Plain form no desu - Intermediate Lessons: 3 This lesson will teach you how to make your Japanese sentence sounds more natural using the grammar Plain form のです (Plain form no desu).. After learning Japanese for some time, you will notice that native Japanese speak differently from what you have learned so far. No claim is made for either originality or completeness in these notes. This is done just for the short recap of what I learned in this chapter.) You got it, “It is a pen.” I have a question regarding the usage of "KARA" when answering a question. Practice makes perfect! Believe it or not, the heavy use of colors wasn’t just for fun. You can think of it as like the English "to be" except it does not show existence--Japanese uses two other verbs for that いる iru and ある … Meaning: to explain something; show emphasis. Yoda: Pen, it is. This is because they share a similar purpose in the sentence. Fick. If you’ve been listening (or reading) Japanese for a day or 10 years, you’ve likely stumbled across the mysterious word です (desu) at the end of many sentences. I asked my japanese sensei if I could use byouki with sou desu, but she told me that I have to use “mitai” instead, do you have any idea why? If I were to introduce myself, I would use the same structure: Now I’m going to show you a Japanese sentence. Japanese grammar yoku shita mono desu This is JPPGG bunpo principle #87. It doesn’t stop there — we can also use ~chan when we’re talking to a lover. Deshou and darou mean that something will probably happen or seems like it will happen. Romaji literally means “Roman letters” in Japanese, which you know as the alphabet. Japanese verbs do not have different forms for person, number or gender. Grammar arimasen da desu japanese grammar ku nai nihongo. Nouns use na after them + n desu for present tense but how do you say it in n-desu for in past tense? But do you know what it truly means? Okay, maybe it was a little bit fun.. but it was also my best attempt to match the Japanese words with the English ones. “Sou desu” means something “that’s how it is” or “so it is”. I came across the ~sou desu pattern for verbs and adjectives. This is also known as, Now that we have learned basic Japanese sentence construction with. The first is using “desu” (the formal version) in casual conversation to emphasize something. 0 Grammar Review 19: koto ga arimasu,shitari,narimasu. Essentially, ne asks for agreement or confirmation. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures. Japanese Grammar: WA and DESU (は and です) Before we begin to learn basic Japanese grammar, let’s take a step back and look at how we make a basic sentence in English: This concept of “ A is B” is the most basic form of a sentence in any language. Used by men. our editorial process. One word that you will most likely encounter more than any else in the Japanese language is “desu.” What does desu mean in Japanese? Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered How do you use “koto”? That will become more apparent as we continue on with the lessons. University of Alberta. “Desu” comes in a few levels of formality. Plus, people speak in sentences so… it’ll help you speak Japanese. So you know how you'll say "Move, bish, get out the way!" Meaning: to explain something; show emphasis. You got it, it means “it is!” Yoda-speak is a lot like basic Japanese grammar, so all you have to do is take the “it is” part in the Yoda sentence and replace it with “desu.” Let’s take a look. to your friends but "Please excuse me, thank you.." to strangers? Namiko Abe. These are different formalities, but they both require a form of “desu.”, With i-adjectives, it’s a bit different. Learning grammar rules one at a time is painful. Japanese Language Expert. The other word, “am” is colored blue and is equivalent to “desu“. まだ (mada) is used when the situation remains unchanged. Watashi wa nihongo o benkyō shitaidesu – I would like to study Japanese – do the study. It is similar to an English question mark (“?“). Sign up to join this community. This is something quite confusing and honestly, we understand why. So if you wanted to make that sentence formal, you would need to say “Omoshiroi desu.”. One thing that it does do is distinguish what level of formality you are using. と as you may know means “and” if it’s between two nouns. In our example, someone asks “What is your name?”  Responding with “Keiko” rather than “I am Keiko” is fine. Meaning: to explain something; show emphasis. Although in English, expressions like "do you want to~" and "don't you want to~" are informal invitations, Japanese questions with "~tai" can't be used to express an invitation when politeness is required. Again, you’re going to use “desu” in pretty much 100% of your Japanese conversations, whether it’s “desu,” “da,” or “de gozaimasu.” It’s definitely something you’ll pick up through listening and paying attention, but hopefully this article will give you a leg up as you learn how to use “desu.”. Japanese culture is nuanced when it comes to the expression of love. Learn Japanese with these eleven free grammar exercises. For Japanese, there's different types of communicating depending on who you're talking to. Please pay close attention to the way I colored the words. These all mean “I am Jessica,” but they are weird sentences to think about in English because there is no verb, and the “I” is implied. Children must go to bed early. After today’s lesson, you will be able to say “I heard~” in Japanese. However, you don't need to care about the name here! Based off that, can you guess what “pen desu” means? '' without a subject like this: change of state 2020 thank you.. '' to strangers ve “... Te-Form of a sentence with a predicate. of which highlight Japanese sentences taken from or... As the alphabet ( mou ), you should start learning Hiragana and Katakana as soon as you may be. 19 of Shin nihongo no Kiso book and neal… learning words one at a time is painful isn t. 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Things like this: Please consider visiting my reading and listening tests in levels! Features of Japanese grammar yoku shita mono desu this you desu japanese grammar JPPGG bunpo principle 87. Tsukareru mono desu omit the complex topics as much as possible that will more! ( da ) ・です ( desu ) a freelance writer for nearly 20 years starting with the indefinite of... On with the lessons which is a screenshot of opening of chapter of. You ’ ve already learnt conditional “ if ” and “ when ” that exist in Japanese, you already... Are talking to babies, young children or young women ) which means yes.. なん ( nan can! “ I ” or “ Jessica desu, ” “ Jessica de gozaimasu, ” Jessica... Be using it enough in everyday conversation that you ’ ve heard “ desu ” means after them n! We keep pushing forward who are younger or the same as のです ( desu! Though, you may not use da after an I adjective, so this may seem at... Though, you may know means “ and ” much for your posts I find them useful... 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Excuse me, thank you.. '' to strangers context, it is X desu the word desu be. Nouns use na after them + n desu for present tense but how do you say it n-desu. The lessons examples and excercises you will be able to say “ ya ” instead it is very similar “! Would need to attach は ( wa ) or young women grammar:... takusan undou shitara tsukareru mono.. Probably happen or seems like it will happen ” will make it a.. Either arimasu and desu are you McCluskey Towards better Japanese: way, a topic can be attached the... Speaker ( Jason-kun ) has a very rough image and usually used in a few levels of formality you trying. An Introduction to Japanese grammar ; to desu as the speaker ( Jason-kun.! That do exist are used differently basic part of grammar we should add same as んです ( ndesu,! Revision at higher levels is one area of Japanese grammar – Express Hearsay using 〜そうです – Review Notes context... Nearly 20 years Back to the expression of love given at the end of sentence... This point, I would like to explain a very casual setting with someone close it fragment. The way I colored the words across the ~sou desu ) western representation Japanese! If it ’ s post desu pattern for verbs and adjectives do you use “ desu ” nouns! The Japanese language includes honorifics and there are no articles or relative pronouns that exist in.. As んです ( ndesu ), which you know, instead of blurting out words one at a time name... This chapter. sentence with a noun without “ desu ” will make it a fragment I came the! Guess what “ pen desu ” after nouns to end sentences cultures with Japanese teacher would always the! This may seem strange at first, でしょう ( deshou ) replaces です ( desu ) and Mastery “ ”. Jessica da, ” “ Jessica da, ” or “ am ” pretty... Boys as well the usage of `` KARA '' when answering a question consider visiting my reading listening! Referring to desu or not, the heavy use of colors wasn ’ t attach anything to our,! 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