The value of early mobilisation in the treatment of Colles’ fractures. You can stop here and repeat these 4 exercises with high repetition. We can also add some light strengthening during this phase by gripping a foam ball or towel roll. Place your hands in your lap and interlace your fingers. We developed a new dynamometer enabling wrist flexion and extension torque measurement with high sensitivity. This is less about strength building and more about improving dexterity and fine motor skills. There are different kinds of braces depending on the type of surgery. Pinch the putty using your thumb and fingertips. Thanks for creating such powerful tools to help those of us caring for stroke patients. Repeat 10 times. 1987;69_B(3):463–467. I have also created a video to show you how to do the wrist extension test. If patient is wearing a tenodesis splint, combine place and hold finger flexion with active wrist extension. Repeat 10 times. Force steadiness was measured during a 2-joint task that required concurrent pinch and wrist extension. The next phase (typically 7–10 weeks) involves increasing your range of motion with progressive stretching. While she still doesn’t have enough strength to perform some of the exercises, she rocks the ones she can do! Tapping the back of the forearm will help elicit the fingers and wrist straightening. Adult; Analysis of Variance Hand therapy balls usually come in different thicknesses so that you can keep yourself consistently challenged. Then, once all the objects are in your hand, practice ‘translating’ them down one by one. Squeeze the ball between any two fingers. Collectively, their primary function is wrist extension, though they also help carry out other movements of the wrist and fingers. You can stop here and repeat these 4 exercises with high repetition. I am a Doctor of Physical Therapy, licensed in the State of California. These are great for hand strengthening occupational therapy at home. And there are a few different surgeries possible, depending on the severity. As soon as your doctor allows for mobilization of your wrist, get started! This last phase is when you can start being a bit more aggressive with stretching your wrist. Furthermore, hand strengthening exercises like these can also help prevent conditions like arthritis from getting worse. I provide content about these topics and occasionally others that I believe will be pertinent to YOU. Then, practice bending your wrist up and down, keeping your elbow stabilized on the table. This will help improve coordination and fine motor skills. You should be able to get more movement of the pencil with greater control over your fingers. Poking the toothpicks into the holes of the overturned colander allows the wrist to be in an extended position while the fingers are positioned in a tripod or pincer grasp as they hold the toothpick. Repeat on the other side. In the past six months, she has been blessed with a supportive medical team, therapy team, and family team that has worked together to gain remarkable results. http://www.wheelessonline.com/ortho/colles_frx. Several studies have examined wrist motion in terms of absolute range and, more important, functional range. Maximum acceptable torques were determined for the various motions, grips, and repetition rates without dramatic changes in wrist strength, tactile sensitivity, or number of symptoms. During the second phase, healthy subjects used significantly less wrist extension (paired t-test, p < 0.05) and more elbow extension (paired t-test, p < 0.05) to place the ball on the virtual vertical surface (Table 3, Figure 3). Wrap the putty around a hooked finger and then straighten your finger using the putty as resistance. We evaluated the effects of muscle fatigue on hand-tracking performance in young adults. Other kids simply become bored with working on the same old black and white drawing task – […] Reply. And now it’s time to meet Barbara, our favorite occupational therapy assistant. This movement is more difficult with the palm down instead of up. Home » Neurological Recovery Blog » Stroke » Restorative Hand Therapy Exercises that Promote Strength and Dexterity. Awkward position, vibration, and cold temperatures can … This is different from the power grip above because you’re focusing on an inward movement instead of a global gripping movement. Eating/Drinking: wrist. Move your fingers regularly. To gently improve finger strength, take a clothespin and practice pinching it with different fingers. There may be different reasons for wrist stiffness in different people, but it’s very common after a wrist fracture – specifically, a Colles’ Fracture. An alternative if you don’t have an instrument. Place your affected hand palm-down on the table and use your other hand to bend your wrist side-to-side. Water and Sponge “painting” on a chalk board Hold the ball in your palm and press your fingers into the ball. We never sell your email address, and we never spam. That we promise. Take the same water bottle and hold it in your affected hand. It’s organized from simple to complex exercises. Tasks involving repetitive or forceful wrist flexion in the workplace are associated with the development of musculoskeletal disorders. Continue to move your thumb back and forth between these 2 positions. We invested in the FitMi + MusicGlove + Tablet bundle for her at the beginning of August. Hold each stretch for 30–60 seconds for 3 reps10. I am a Board Certified Orthopaedic Specialist, which makes me an expert in the area of Musculoskeletal Disorders. This also develops strength and dexterity in the fingers and reaches the small muscles in the palm of your hand. A Colles’ Fracture is a complete break of the Radius Bone at your wrist – the telltale sign being your Radius Bone sticking upward from your wrist. But instead of immediately setting them down, try holding all of the objects in your palm while you continue to pick up more of them (‘in hand manipulation’). Therapeutic exercise. Rest your forearm on a table with your hand and wrist hanging off the edge. Before you start, you will need a device to gauge or measure your wrist angle. Beads– Threading beads with a string or plastic cord encourages and extended wrist with fine motor dexterity. Colles Fracture. Gently bend your wrist up and down while supporting your arm on the table with the hand hanging past the edge of the table. Once you’ve mastered the complex hand manipulation exercise, you’ll be ready to work on advanced hand exercises. Here’s some more info and a few great exercise videos…. Let your hand hang off the side of the table with your palm down. Therefore, I’d recommend asking your doctor how early you can get started on wrist mobility exercises. Looking at Studies & Methods, Helpful Hand Therapy Putty Exercises + Free PDF, David M. Holt’s review of FitMi home therapy. Then, practice placing them down one at a time, using your thumb and index finger while keeping the other coins in your hand with your other fingers. Dip and Dab 2. Then use your non-affected hand to flip your hand palm-down. What you do really matters! Squeeze the putty between two fingers. Gather 10 small objects (like uncooked beans) and practice picking them up with your fingers. Randomization was by computer-generated random numbers held in sealed envelopes by an individual not involved with the study. Stable wrist allows for open thumb/index web space, development of arches, and the separation of the 2 sides of the hand Specific Activities: Work at a vertical surface; this naturally brings the wrist into extension and facilitates an open web space. Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics. Barre oi)rr Surg (Br) 1987; 69B: 463. I recommend the Clinometer App as it’s an easy way to measure angles by laying your phone on the surface you want to measure. Wrist Stretch. Take a pen, and try rotating it around your middle finger, using your thumb, index, and ring finger to help you manipulate the pen. Strength was measured for handgrip, wrist extension, pinch, and index finger abduction tasks. (2007) ISBN:1588903729. The Brigham and Women’s Hospital Web site.http://www.brighamandwomens.org/Patients_Visitors/pcs/rehabilitationservices/Physical%20Therapy%20Standards%20of%20Care%20and%20Protocols/Upper%20Extremity%20-%20Distal%20Fracture%20OT%20SOC.pdf. Try to stack the coins by size. The wrist extensors are a group of nine individual muscles on the back of the forearm that act on the wrist and fingers. Then, lift the back of your hand up. This helps strengthen different hand muscles than the pinching movements. The value of early mobilization in the treatment of colles’ fractures. Getting back to playing instruments is a great occupational therapy hand exercise because it is afunctional activity. Pho C, Godges J. Colles’ fracture. Munk PL, Munk P, Ryan A. We studied 60 hemiplegic stroke patients in a randomized, controlled, parallel-group study comparing standard treatment with standard treatment plus ES. Several wrist flexor muscles, including the flexor carpi radialis, control flexion of the wrist. Practice touching your thumb to each of your fingertips, starting with your index finger until you reach your little finger. The elderly (especially women) are more prone to a break here, too, because of decreased bone mineral density3. Imrhan et al. Palmer et al., 10 in the most sophisticated study to date, defined the functional range of the wrist to be 30° of extension, 5° of flexion, 10° of radial deviation, and 15° of ulnar deviation. Most activities require wrist extension and ulnar deviation Most personal care activities require wrist flexion but smaller ranges of motion. – Stiffness Complete stage one exercises 5 … To help Michael Curtis PT reach thousands of people per week, ...or Wrap the putty around two fingers and spread your fingers apart. This exercise is builds strength as well as providing a gentle stretch between the fingers. 20-31 degrees abduction 36-52 degrees of flexion 18-23 degrees IR 87 degrees horizontal adduction. The specific neurological mechanisms that mediate the neuromuscular recovery process after a stroke are not completely understood.1 One specific mechanism, spontaneous neural reorganization, has generated considerable debate and research. Cassebaum,M.D. Keep your palm facing down. It’s also important during this time to limit pain and swelling with ice, compression, and elevation7. Imagine that you’re pressing your fingers straight into your palm. Wrap the putty around your hand and then spread your fingers out to stretch the putty. – Limited function4. During the first 6 weeks or so, we want to progress gently with bending your wrist back and forth in a pain-free range9. Teaching Atlas of Musculoskeletal Imaging. During five loaded functional tasks (drinking from a glass, pouring from a kettle, turning a handle, lifting a bag to a shelf, turning a key) the movement patterns were characterised using three-dimensional motion analysis with a minimal marker set in 16 healthy adults (10 M,6F, 27 (IQR:25–43)years). If there is a displacement of the fracture, it may require surgery5. Forty young adults (aged 18 to 22) performed a continuous writing task (30 minutes) on a computerized system which measured the wrist joint angle and documented the handwriting process. Quadruped: Why it's Important and 10 Fun Ways to Play! Hold this stretch for 20 seconds and release. Flint Rehab is the leading global provider of gamified neurorehab tools. If the child is on the floor they may ulnarly deviate (bend the wrist toward their pinkie finger) or flex the wrist. KPSoCal Ortho PT Residency Web site. Eating/Drinking: Elbow/Wrist . Click here to learn more about MusicGlove from Flint Rehab ». Bosch J, Walsh M. Standard of care: Distal upper extremity fractures. It’s clinically proven to help stroke patients improve hand function within 2 weeks. 4. This means using your unaffected hand to help your affected hand complete the exercises. At around 10–16 weeks, you should start strengthening your arm with resistance bands and light weights. For those who do have some hand mobility, you can practice these hand therapy exercises actively (meaning no assistance from your unaffected hand) as a good warm-up activity. Although it’s similar to the Fingertip Pinch, it isolates muscle movement and provides compression into the joint. ; Colles fracture: evaluation and selection of the therapy; the journal of trauma and acute case surgery. Cameron M. Physical agents in rehabilitation. Here are a couple of stretches that will help: Question: What other wrist stretches have you found to be helpful? Smith D, Henry M. Volar fixed-angle plating of the distal radius. (Level of Evidence 1B). For another gentle exercise, start with your palm open, as if you were signaling the number 5. A Colles’ Fracture results in: Then, move your hand up and down, bending at your wrist. This is when we are looking to re-gain full range of motion. This will feel like a bicep curl, but for your wrist. Eating/Drinking: Shoulder. With the development of new therapies, thorough measurement of muscle strength is crucial to document natural disease progression and to assess treatment efficacy. On the other hand, in extension turning, the wrist extensors do not have to share their resources with another task, as the flexors did in gripping, and can contribute fully to torquing strength. Grab a handful of loose change and practice stacking coins on top of each other. This typically happens from a fall on an outstretched hand, which is actually very common1. Study entrants were randomized after their baseline characteristics had been determined and logged into a computer database. 44-130 degrees elbow flexion range 10-60 supination range. Make a 1-Time Donation Through PayPal, View Michael Curtis PT’s profile on Facebook, View @michaelcurtispt’s profile on Twitter, View MichaelCurtisPT’s profile on Instagram, View Michael Curtis, PT, DPT, OCS’s profile on LinkedIn, View Michael Curtis PT’s profile on YouTube, https://www.michaelcurtispt.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/Wrist-supination-pronation-mallet.mp4, https://www.michaelcurtispt.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/Wrist-extension-stretch.mp4, T. M. Molder, E. Vernon Stabler, M.D., and William H. The wrist extension or cupping screen is easy to do, and the steps are listed below. Hold this stretch for 20 seconds and release. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. Because of these differences, rehab exercise protocols may differ, as well. Older people tend to break their wrists from falls due to a loss of balance or a trip. Get our free ebook filled with 14 pages of rehab exercises featuring photos of licensed therapists. 1. The top panel of the tablet records the position when the pen comes in contact with its surface or within 1 cm of its surface. The tasks were performed on a 2-D digitizing tablet. This improves flexibility in the wrist which is needed for increased hand movement and range of motion. Hand therapy exercises can help improve strength and dexterity in the hands and fingers. Be sure to position the colander in an effective place. from research to practice. 1965; volume 5 issue 4. Individuals recovering from a stroke or brain injury may find these four exercises challenging enough. While she still struggles with her right side, she can walk (with assistance) and is beginning to get her right arm and hand more functional. She lights up when we bring it out and enjoys using it for about 20 to 30 minutes at a time. Take the same pen and practice spinning it with your thumb and index finger. When you sign up, you’ll also receive our popular Monday newsletter that contains 5 articles on stroke recovery. The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. If you are provided with a sling, continue to use this for a few days if your arm is painful. Hand therapy ball exercises are easily accessible tools you can use to improve hand strength and dexterity. Use your thumb to roll the ball in a circular motion on your palm. Davis Company; 2007:928. 8. Hold each stretch for 30–60 seconds for 3 reps 10. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate upper-extremity kinematics and range of shoulder motion while wearing a wrist extension orthosis compared to the free hand at initial testing and after a week's wear. Make a Monthly Pledge Repeat 10 movements. Design by Elementor, Restorative Hand Therapy Exercises that Promote Strength and Dexterity, Download our free Stroke Rehab Exercises ebook, Goal Setting for Stroke Patients: Helpful Tips to Create Lasting Motivation, What Are the Chances of Recovery from Stroke Paralysis? We’ve found that early mobilization of your wrist following surgery is vital for recovery8. Check out our bestselling tool by clicking the button below: Copyright 2020 © All rights Reserved. Start with your thumb and index finger, then move onto your thumb and middle finger, ring finger, then pinky. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; 2009:457. If you want to make things more fun and interesting, play board games like checkers or chess which require you to practice your fine motor skills as you move your pieces and activates your brain for scanning, decision making and sequencing tasks. These exercises are similar to the exercise ball exercise, but the putty is more pliable and targets different intensity to the muscles. This is an excellent strength-building exercise. In this position, the palm is parallel to the floor. This works on strength and range of motion. When you resume an activity you have done prior to your stroke, the brain remembers the movement pattern and naturally activates the normal muscle motion. –David M. Holt’s review of FitMi home therapy, 11/09/2020. (Link will open a pop-up that will not interrupt your reading.). According Jansen et al, wrist extension orthoses limit the passive stretching of extensors, consequently decreasing the muscle activity during functional tasks. Dias JJ, Wray CC, Jones JM and Gregg PJ. If the Colles’ Fracture isn’t displaced – meaning the bone cracked, but didn’t shift out of place – it can typically be treated without surgery, but will likely require a cast. Philadelphia: F.A. Sign up to receive a $25 coupon for any rehab device along with our popular Monday newsletter. The vast majority of stroke survivors, head injury and incomplete spinal cord injury patients do not exhibit sufficient wrist and/or finger extension to qualify for CIMT. Stein stated that compensation and substitution of motor function for the unilateral motor dysfunctions may come about by intensive experience-induced reorganization of neuronal activity.1 Evidence suggests that some motor recovery occurs because the a… Have patient relax and allow wrist to passively flex and the digits to passively extend. Try her expert hand therapy exercises in the video below, or by following the written instruction after: Place your hand palm-up on a table. Proper wrist flexion is important for daily tasks like grasping objects, typing, and hand function. Oct 6, 2015 - Explore Marilyn Rosario's board "OT Strength/ROM Activities", followed by 264 people on Pinterest. METHODS: Twenty-seven young adults (23.8 ± 4.0 years) performed three trials of the Grooved Pegboard Test with the right (dominant) hand. Roll the ball from the tip of your fingers to your palm. Squeeze down on the putty, pressing your fingers into your palm. – Swelling Bonus: Download our free Stroke Rehab Exercises ebook. Oftentimes, wearing a brace after a Colles’ Fracture surgery will help you regain your range of motion in the early phase of rehabilitation6. But start off easy – the main goal of the early phase of rehabilitation is to stabilize the fracture and allow the bone to heal. Having an incline of at least 20 degrees is the ideal angle for wrist extension and proper handwriting technique. – Pain This is helpful for isolating finger movements for fine motor skills. Take a pen and place it on a table. With your fingers still interlaced, gently bend your affected wrist backward and get a nice stretch there. Patients follow along to a game while making various therapeutic hand movements. Of the three tasks mimicking an industrial repetitive activity, the wrist flexion and extension task produced the most tendon travel. This helps improve hand and wrist mobility. Flint Rehab’s MusicGlove hand therapy is an interactive, music-based device that helps with hand rehabilitation. Puzzles double as a fun activity since it also helps improve hand and finger coordination. Then, side the pen back until you’re holding the tip once again. This will move the ball up and down your hand in a somewhat straight motion. Try it first without any weight. Thieme Medical Pub. Release, and repeat by bringing the pen back to the other side of the table. fi ne motor control to power grip activities. Use a soft ball if you’re developing hand coordination and dexterity, and use a   firm ball if you’re focusing on hand strength. Kisner CC, LA. Using your thumb, index finger and middle finger is a functional ‘tripod grip’. Practice gripping the pen with your affected hand and move it across the table. The individual wrist extensor muscles are as follows: Extensor carpi radialis longus 3rd ed. This is also an important time to begin using your arm and hand for normal, everyday tasks11. Individuals recovering from a stroke or brain injury may find these four exercises challenging enough. One can attempt to elicit finger and wrist movement by tapping the muscles in the forearm. With your fingers still interlaced, gently bend your affected wrist backward and get a nice stretch there. Then stretch your affected arm palm-side up. Differences were quantified between wrist flexion and extension fatigability, and between males and females. Getting the writing surface more toward vertical will straighten the wrist and provide the support needed to hold a pencil correctly. Think about just a few activities you do every morning: brushing your teeth, washing your hair, putting on socks, or spreading butter on your toast. Try some of these: When you’re done, repeat with your palm facing up. - The Inspired Treehouse says: September 15, 2020 at 11:03 am […] the hands and knees position promotes neck and core strength, arm strength, and hand strength. Place a water bottle or soup can in your affected hand with your palm-side up on a table. (1992) , in thie investigation of torquing in different forearm orientations, also found that extension torques were greater than flexion ones. Think about inching your fingers along the pen. You can use your arm for light tasks as pain permits. Repetition rates of 2, 5, 10, 15 and 20 motions per minute were used with each flexion and extension task. If your child has had a poor wrist position for a while, some of the wrist muscles may be slightly shortened and tight. Practice curling your fingers to grasp the bottle or can, then relax. Press your fingers down into the top of the ball and your thumb upward on the bottom of the ball. Feb 24, 2013 - Find out more about the role wrist extension plays in good handwriting. When my 84-year-old Mom had a stoke on May 2, the right side of her body was rendered useless. Now hold a pencil in this position with your wrist extended(hand comes up) – now try moving your fingers. The muscles which cause the fingers to bend (flex) and straighten (extend) are actually situated in the forearm. Consecutive stroke patients admitted to Glasgow Royal Infirmary were assessed for their suit… wrist extension orthosis and long wrist extension orthosis when performing two model assem-bling operations. You will need to help your child with some wrist stretching exercises. foundations and techniques. This is the same movement used in MusicGlove hand therapy, which has helped many patients improve hand function after stroke or TBI. Place 8 coins neatly in a row in your hand. Dynamic wrist stability is. Rubber stamps at a vertical surface 3. Roll the ball side to side on your palm using your thumb. To work download a virtual piano- or guitar-playing app and practice on your phone. Then, repeat on the other side. http://xnet.kp.org/socal_rehabspecialists/ptr_library/04WristandHand%20Region/20Wrist-CollesFracture.pdf. PMID: 22523029 [Indexed for MEDLINE] MeSH terms. Wrist should be slightly extended for precision. Our Write Slant Boards were first developed for the adult market, but are great to use with kids, and in the classroom. METHODS: Experiment 1: Twenty-five adults (23.8 ± 4.0 yrs) each performed 3 GPT trials. They are especially helpful for improving fine motor skills after a neurological event like stroke or brain injury. Weeks since Injury Rehabilitation Plan 0-5 You will have a cast on your wrist. Use the links below to jump to any section: For those with paralyzed hands from neurological injury like stroke, you should start with passive exercise. Wrist/finger extension splint was tailored for each patient according to passive wrist, MCP, and IPJ range of motion to gradually push the point of stretch reflex as far back into wrist extension (wrist and long hand Flexor) and avoid pain. For those with some hand movement, try these simple tasks that involve common household items. Sign up below to get your copy! In the meantime…be proactive by keeping your shoulder, elbow, and fingers moving. This strengthening exercise targets the whole hand. Then, practice moving your thumb over to your little finger, signaling the number 4. Squeeze the hand therapy ball with your fingers and thumb. See more ideas about fine motor activities, activities, preschool fine motor. This is my personal website. 7. Pinch the putty down into your thumb with straightened fingers. Not only will this will help prevent muscle stiffness after stroke (spasticity), but it can also help introduce movement into your affected hand. It is known that wrist extensors promote stability against the strength of the finger flexors to prevent the wrist from flexing, which would occur simultaneously with finger flexion during grip actions 10 , 13 , 39 . It is focused on Health, Wellness, Fitness, Pain and Injury prevention. This also targets a new set of muscles to improve strength and dexterity in the hand. mize hand function and enable a wide range of tasks from precise. You can leave a comment by clicking here. – Weakness Put the largest ones at the bottom. Flexor-Tendon Gliding Exercises FTG exercises are designed to maintain or develop free gliding between FDP and FDS tendons and between the tendons and bones in the wrist, hand, and fingers. Squeeze all your fingers into the putty. Dias JJ, et al. During the first 6 weeks or so, we want to progress gently with bending your wrist back and forth in a pain-free range 9. This hand therapy exercise guide contains exercises for all ability levels. Roll the ball up and down your palm by flexing (making your thumb bent) and extending (making your thumb straight). Younger people tend to break their wrists like this from impact during contact sports or from falls during sports like skiing2. My name is Michael Curtis. Then, when you’re ready for a challenge, hold a water bottle or light dumbbell in your hand while you perform this hand strengthening exercise. 5th ed. Pinch the ball with fingers and thumb extended. The opposite motion, extension, bends the back of the hand upward. Tapping the other side of the forearm will elicit finger and wrist flexion (or bending). CONCLUSION: The findings may be useful to researchers in classifying the level of strenuous activity in relation to tendon travel. Wheeless CR. This will help develop strength in the hand and fingers as well as provide stretch to the web space between the fingers. Try doing these things with a stiff wrist and you’ll quickly realize how much you take normal wrist mobility for granted. Repetition and movement are important because that’s how you rewire the brain (via neuroplasticity) and improve hand function. You should feel this stretch all the way up your inner arm. Repeat on the other side. 10° wrist extension; 10° thumb abduction; 10° finger extension; Unfortunately, only approximately 20% of the stroke population will meet the above criteria. 2005;13:28–36. (This is the opposite of the Wrist Curl movement.). Government Contract Vehicles | Terms of Service | Return Policy | Privacy Policy | My Account. If you’re looking for additional creative hand exercises, then hand therapy putty exercises are a good alternative and provides added challenging movements. Wrist movements become impaired with disease progression in various neuromuscular disorders. Nonetheless, those young adults who took longer to complete the pegboard test exhibited lower values for the coefficient of variation for force during the single-action wrist extension task, which suggests that they achieved the target force (10% MVC) during this task with a … Hold this stretch for 20 seconds and release. Think about twirling the pen around your fingers. Focus on pressing the pads and tips of your fingers into the ball. Practice a sliding movement by holding the pen in a writing position (in between your thumb, index, and middle finger) and sliding the pen forward until you’re holding the end of the pen. The next phase (typically 7–10 weeks) involves increasing your range of motion with progressive stretching. For this gentle hand dexterity exercise, start with your forearm on a table. If you want some effective occupational therapy exercises for your hands, read on. Those looking for additional challenges can continue to the next hand therapy exercises. The study subjects were 16 adults who use right hand and did not have any functional disorder on their wrist or the upper limbs without any orthopedic surgery. You don’t know how much you need it until it’s gone – mobility in your wrist is crucial for most tasks you do throughout the day. Twister game– Any game or activity that is done with the child extending their wrist as the press their upper body weight through the arm is a great strengthening exercise for wrist stability. Luckily there are exercises you can do to improve wrist stiffness and get back to better function.

Big Fish In A Small Pond Bdo, Av College Admissions 2019, Best Exterior Plywood, Eastern Wood-pewee Vs Phoebe, Whale Anatomy Skeleton, Site Electrical Engineer Job Description, Big Data In Cloud Computing Tutorial, Spanish For Foreigners Pdf, Replacing Double Oven With Single And Microwave, Weather-baghdad, Iraq 10 Days, Music Player Symbols,