It began functioning on April 7, 1948 – a date now being celebrated every year as World Health Day. India’s life expectancy at birth is lower than the world’s (69 years to 72). World Population day was suggested by Dr K. C. Zachariah, who was then working as Sr. Demographer at World Bank. SHARE. Population theories, world population problems and policies, demographic attributes. India is already in overpopulation states, the following are problems of the population: (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); People are the nation's most valuable resources, well educated and healthy population provides potential Power. India was the first country to announced a population policy in 1952. World Population growth rate by year. Effects of the rapid population growth in India. Geography Paper- 1 study material for UPSC CSE help you Learn about all the aspects of Geography Paper- 1. UPSC: Although the syllabus for Geography optional is dynamic and lengthy, if read well, it proves to be one of the scoring optional subjects. Maternal Mortality Rate: below 100 per lakh birth. The population is either decreasing or not increasing in the developed countries. The main objectives of National Population Policy, 2000 was to address the unmet needs for contraception and achieving a stable population by 2045, at a level consistent with the requirements of sustainable economic growth, social development and environmental protection. As per the Lancet report, India will have a peak population in 2050, after then the population will decrease, and at the start of the 2100 century; the population of India will be 1.09 billion. After 1981, India entered the third stage of the demographic transition theory. World Population Policies 2015: Highlights 7 Policies on growth, age structure and spatial distribution Population growth Rapid population growth remains a concern for many countries in less developed Demographics refer to statistical data relating to the population in a region. Insufficient agricultural land for food for all populations. In 2000, the second child is permitted for minority people. Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population; demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration; concepts of over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital. In 2018, almost 8% of the world’s workers and their families lived on less than US$1.90 per person per day (international poverty line). Making family welfare a people central program. MCQs and Practice Questions for UPSC CSE Examination ... World Population Problems and Policies Social Well-Being and Quality of Life Population as Social Capital Population problems: As per the United Nations World Population prospect, India will overtake in terms of population by 2027. In India, 21.9% of the population lives below the national poverty line in 2011. The paper is of a total of 250 marks with questions of 10 and 15 marks weightage UPSC GS PAPER 1 2020 ... Issues related to Population: The controversy surrounding policy and action for population control. Population policies in 10 countries around the world 21-11-2018. There was an economic penalty for more than one child. Population Geography. It was the failure of 1952 national family planning which generally not able to slow the population growth rate. SHARE. According to State of World Population-2019 report by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), India’s population grew at an average of 1.2% annually between 2010 and 2019 which is more than double the annual growth rate of China. World Population Policies 2013 report is part of a series that provides comprehensive and up-to-date available information on the population policy situations and trends for … The following are the main characteristics of China's one-child policy. India is already in overpopulation states, the following are problems of the population: The Ultimate Revelation Of UPSC Through Our Video Lecture on Policies against population growth To Better Understand the Subject In 1980, China one-child policy was implemented. Infant Mortality Rate: 30 per … World Population Day begin to be identified after unprecedented decrease in mortality that occurred in developed parts of the world. Population theories, world population problems and policies, demographic attributes Special focus on high population growth states such as Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, and Orissa. ... Growth and distribution of world population. Germany & Japan are examples of an aging population. NPP 2000 identified adolescent as one of the major section of the population that needs greater attention in the: Education of adolescent about the risk of unprotected sex, Making contraceptive service accessible and affordable, Provide food supplement and nutrition services. World Employment and Social Outlook 2020: Read ILO’s World Employment and Social Outlook - Trend 2020 findings for UPSC exam preparation. UPSC: The GS 1 of the UPSC Mains Exam includes History (India and World), Geography, Art and Culture, and Indian Society. UPSC Previous years question: As per the United Nations World Population prospect, India will overtake in terms of population by 2027. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); However, it says that the overall growth rate will continue to fall. EMAIL. Demographics of India is an important topic for the UPSC Exam. Available measures to control population. Topic 1 / Art & Culture : Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. Some of the reasons for this population explosion are poverty, better medical facilities, and immigration from the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Nepal. India accounts for over one-sixth of the world’s population in 2019 (1.37 billion out of 7.71 billion). World industries: locational patterns and problems; patterns of world trade. Access to safe water and sanitation by 2025. It has grown at a rate (1.2% per year between 2010 and 2019) that is just over the world growth rate (1.2%). miles). UPSC IAS Mains 2020: Structure of General Studies Paper-I The of Mains General Studies Paper-I will consist of 20 questions that needs to be attempted in a time frame of 3 hours. World Population Prospects 2019, Volume I: Comprehensive Tables Mortality Database–LAMBdA (University of Wisconsin-Madison), the International Data Base (U.S. Census Bureau), the Global Burden of Disease project (IHME, University of Washington), the Developing Countries First Five Year Plan: India is the first country in the world to begin a population control programme in … Types of Poverty: There are two main classifications of poverty: More focus on decentralized and regional based planning on health care was given. World Urban Population Currently, 55.7 % of the population of the World is urban (4,299,438,618 people in 2019) Population Density. The National Population Policy, 2000 gave a focused approach to the problem of population stabilization. In this policy, the marriage age of the boy was increased to 21 years and for the girl to 18 years. In India, 21.9% of the population lives below the national poverty line in 2011. This covers various factors like population growth rate, the percentage of different age groups within the population, the literacy rates, the sex ratio, urban-rural population ratios, etc. TWEET. Prior estimation of the population is necessary for the governments to formulate policies accordingly and ensure preparedness to accommodate the increasing needs of basics of a decent life with increasing population. Growth and distribution of world population. km (2.4 % of world) 7th Largest in Area Southernmost Point Indira Point (6*45’)N St. meridian Allahabad (82*3’)E The World Population Policies Database, last updated in 2015, provides comprehensive and up-to-date information on the population policy situation and trends for all Member States and non-member States of the United Nations. The population density of India in 1996 was about 287 persons per square kilometer. National Population Policy 2002 long term objective of achieving a stable population by 2045 To address the unmet needs for contraception, health care infrastructure, and health personnel To provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care. Due to economic and political challenges in India, country faces problems of the population explosion. There is not much to delve into the strategy portion for Population Geography. Decreased in sex ratio, China sex ratio is far below the global average & India's sex ratio. SHARE. two main problems that are overpopulation and under population. Causes and consequences of migration; concepts of over-under-and optimum population. We have launched our mobile APP get it now. He suggested that efforts have to be made to spread awareness on population raise, as the world is already at five billion people. Insights into Editorial: Having the last word on ‘population control’ Context: Recently, a Union Minister expressed alarm, in a Tweet, over what he called the “population explosion” in the country, wanting all political parties to enact population control laws and annulling the voting rights of those having more than two children. Download free notes PDF. India accounts for over one-sixth of the world’s population in 2019 (1.37 billion out of 7.71 billion). In the 1972 census, population growth further increased to 24.6 %. In this stage, the birth rate is on the trend of the decrease. UPSC Previous years question: Evaluate the population policy of India and examine its relevance to the nation’s population control. In 2015 second child is permitted to all people. John F. May, a Belgian national, is a Lead Demographer at the World Bank, and a specialist in population policies and programs.Prior to joining the World Bank in 1997, he worked on many population projects around the world for UNFPA, UNICEF, USAID, and the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP). It was believed that population growth can be controlled through economic growth & health facilities improvement of Child & pregnant women. Population problems and policies UPSC |Cultural Setting | Geography of India. World population problems and policies ,World population problems and policies in geography, World population problems and policies upsc, World population problems and policies only ias exam,China one-child policy, India's population policy, They are giving economic benefits to increasing the population. India Position & Population Statistics Lies in South Asia North of Equator Latitude (8*4’ – 37*6’) N Longitude (68*7’ – 97*25’)E 2nd largest arable land (after US) Population 17.6 % of the world Area 3.28 million sq. Problems with implementing measures to control population. Reduction of infant mortality rate below 30 / 1000 live birth. In the 1961 census, India's population growth was 21.5 % growth in the last 10 years. Demographics refer to statistical data relating to the population in a region. The main aim was to make the optimum population of the country that utilizes all the natural resources. Slow down the rate of population growth through the promotion of various birth control method: Increase public awareness about population health. Demographics of India is an important topic for the UPSC Exam. The second child will be permitted if the first child is physical or mentally handicapped. Health expenditure increase from 1.15% to 2.5% by 2025. UPSC IAS Mains 2020: Structure of General Studies Paper-I The of Mains General Studies Paper-I will consist of 20 questions that needs to be attempted in a time frame of 3 hours. Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population; demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration; concepts of the over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital. This covers various factors like population growth rate, the percentage of different age groups within the population, the literacy rates, the sex ratio, urban-rural population ratios, etc. Free and compulsory school education up to 14 years of age. The day was a major achievement as … World Population Policies 1976-2015 . The effectiveness of government policies in tackling poverty in India. The next 30 years will see the population add … World Population Day 2020 – Significance Types of Poverty: There are two main classifications of poverty: According to the study, which was published in The Lancet journal, the world’s population will peak at 9.73 billion in 2064, after which it will shrink to 8.79 billion in 2100. Or Call us on- 9354229384, 9354252518, 9999830584. click here World population – The report projects the world population to reach some 9.7 billion by 2050. The 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects is the twenty-sixth round of official United Nations population estimates and projections that have been prepared by the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. The exam is conducted in three parts such as prelims, mains and the interview aka the final round. In 2018, almost 8% of the world’s workers and their families lived on less than US$1.90 per person per day (international poverty line). India Position & Population Statistics Lies in South Asia North of Equator Latitude (8*4’ – 37*6’) N Longitude (68*7’ – 97*25’)E 2nd largest arable land (after US) Population 17.6 % of the world Area 3.28 million sq. Achieving universal immunization of children against all disease. Very high physiographic density. Five-Year Plans by the Government of India for population control. Following the policy, the government also enacted the Constitution (84th Amendment) Act, 2002. The 2019 population density in the World is 52 people per Km 2 (134 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 148,940,000 Km2 (57,506,032 sq. According to reports, India's population hit 1 billion in May 2000, increasing the urgency for the country to moderate its population growth. Fertility, mortality and … The number of working-age adults aged 20-64 in India is projected to fall from around 762 million in 2017 to around 578 million in 2100. Every year the Union Public Service Commission holds the Civil service exams to recruit civil servants. India in 2100 will be the world’s most populous country. Evaluate the population policy of India and examine its relevance to the nation’s population control. Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population; demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration; concepts of the over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital. The preferences for male children increased. Short Notes on Population and Associated Issues. World Population Projections 2019 Report published by UN | UPSC – IAS. So in this article, we will be discussing the following population policy: During the time, the following population control policies were adopted by India. Most of the readings are easy and can be comprehended easily. As we know, China and  India are the two most populous countries in the world. Free medical facilities were being provided to family planning people, Awareness was telecasted regarding the benefits of family planning. Recent Trends in World Population - Daily Current Affair Article for UPSC, IAS, Civil Services and State PCS Examinations Why in News? Grasping this component of the syllabus can guarantee 15-25 marks in Paper I and equally in Paper II. Population Policies formulated to address the unmet needs for contraception, health care infrastructure, and health personnel, and to provide integrated service … During five years plan after 1985, more focus was given to women's education and job growth. The aim was to make a fertility rate of 2.1( i.e replacement rate) and stabilized the population by 2045. Try to influence the rate and pattern of population growth in a desirable direction. Reasons for current increase in the world population. CONCEPTS OF THE OVER-UNDER-AND OPTIMUM POPULATION. New MHA Covid guidelines from December 1: What’s allowed, what isn’t. km (2.4 % of world) 7th Largest in Area Southernmost Point Indira Point (6*45’)N St. meridian Allahabad (82*3’)E Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population; demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration; concepts of the over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital. Strengthen legal measures to prevent child marriage. UPSC Mains GS-1 Syllabus (Download pdf) Click Here for separate tab Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society. 17.6 % decadal growth for India is not sustainable. Population and Settlement Geography. Causes of population growth in India. The WHO provides leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. Concessions were given on corporate and income tax of individuals who opted for family planning. Maternity benefits program for the first two children. Concept Of Population And Environment. The paper is of a total of 250 marks with questions of 10 and 15 marks weightage Population Geography is one the simple components of the UPSC Mains syllabus. Home delivery services through ASHA worker. However, India has been forecasted to have the largest working-age population in the world by 2100. Allowed, What isn ’ t 10 years % growth in a desirable direction PCS Examinations Why News! The Union public Service Commission holds the Civil Service exams to recruit Civil servants for than... 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