Spore print brownish pink, brownish salmon or pinkish; gills often sinuate; spores angular in all views: Genus, 7. 12. 14. 5. Gills free to deeply notched, close; cap viscid, glabrous, conic to campanulate, more or less brown; partial veil absent; stalk with a long, tapering root; exclusively under conifers; spores roughened to finely wrinkled, lacking a pore, often with a snout-like projection: Genus. Ring or veil: None. Cap white to gray or brownish, smooth to minutely velvety or scaly; flesh typically gelatinized or rubbery; gill edges neither serrate nor fringed (use a hand lens); spores smooth or appearing finely pitted or dotted, inamyloid: Genus Hohenbuehelia Cap 1" (2.5 cm) wide at most, usually white to brown or purplish; stalk, if present, rudimentary, typically minutely velvety: Genus. 29. Not as in either of the above choices: 25. Gilled mushrooms have spore prints that can be placed in four basic color groups: white to yellowish (called “white”), pinkish to salmon (called “pink”), yellow-brown to rusty-brown (called “brown”), and purple-brown to purple-black to black (called “black”). 40. Entire mushroom usually very moist; most species semitranslucent and colorful (yellow, orange, red, purple) with colors fading conspicuously as specimens dry out; gills appearing waxy, thickened, attached, often distant and crossveined; gills typically leaving a waxy residue on one’s fingers when rubbed; partial veil rarely present; most species terrestrial; not usually clustered; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus, 3. 24. Not as in any of the above choices; growing on wood: 9. Cap variously colored, often scaly or viscid but sometimes smooth and/or dry; gills sinuate with few exceptions, usually white, yellow or grayish; spores smooth, fusoid to subglobose, inamyloid (if amyloid, see, 44. Gills widely spaced and poorly formed or absent; cap covered with brown powder when mature; spores smooth, oval, inamyloid: 37. Cap viscid; gills typically sinuate to notched, with a white margin; odor often radish-like; spores smooth, thick-walled, dextrinoid: Genus Hebeloma Cap glabrous, usually yellowish or with a yellow tint; gills pallid to greenish at first, becoming smoky gray at maturity; partial veil evident or not; usually growing on wood, humus, or in moss; spores usually smooth with an apical pore: Genus, 24. Miller, Jr., Volk and Bessette 27. 10. 40. Odour: Mild. Not as in either of the above choices: 39. Universal veil present, usually leaving remnants (warts on cap or stalk, or volva); partial veil present in young specimens or margin striate or both; gills free or nearly so; terrestrial; never clustered; spores globose to elliptic, smooth, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus, 3. Gills thick, widely spaced and distinctly decurrent, yellowish to orange or salmon at first; flesh of lower stalk colored buff to orange; spores smooth, long and narrow; flesh amyloid: Genus Chroogomphus AMERICANMUSHROOMS.COM SITE INDEX Partial veil absent even in very young specimens: 16. Cap usually less than 3" (7.5 cm) wide, sunken at the center in age; gills sometimes forked, always descending stalk; stalk narrow, brittle; usually found among mosses, lichens or liverworts, but sometimes on soil or wood; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus Chrysomphalina and Allies 45. Flesh mild to bitter; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus Lentinus Gill edges whitish, finely serrate; partial veil absent; cap minutely powdery or velvety; spores smooth, lacking an apical pore: Simocybe centunculus (Fries) Karsten Cap less than 3" (7.5 cm) wide, slightly scaly when mature; spores smooth, amyloid, inamyloid or dextrinoid, without an apical pore: Genus Lepiota Gill edges whitish, finely serrate; partial veil absent; cap minutely powdery or velvety; spores smooth, lacking an apical pore: Simocybe centunculus (Fries) Karsten 20. Cap pinkish at first, fading to buff; gills decurrent, white to pinkish, some distinctly forked, typically crossveined; growing on or about decaying conifer wood or needle litter; odor strongly fragrant, reminiscent of bubble gum; spores 3–5 x 2–3 µm, elliptic, smooth, dextrinoid; edibility unknown: 35. Cap 3" (7.5 cm) wide at most, stalk 3/16" (5 mm) wide at most: 41. 1. 2. Spore print yellow or yellowish; cap greenish yellow to brownish; gills yellow, forked and crossveined and only slightly corrugate or wrinkled at most; gill layer easily separable from cap flesh; spores elliptic, smooth, inamyloid or dextrinoid: Paxillus panuoides (Fries : Fries) Fries Spores: 8-10 x 6.5-9 µm, with scattered warts. They are quite fragile mushrooms and crumbly easily when handled. 26. 33. look at the underside of the mushroom making identification difficult. Not as in any of the above choices; stalk slender and fragile or brittle: 12. Gills strongly decurrent; entire mushroom orange overall, normally luminescing green when fresh (view in complete darkness for five–ten minutes); spores smooth, globose to subglobose, inamyloid: Omphalotus olearius (De Candolle : Fries) Singer • mushroom photography • mushroom show • music • mushroom odors • psilocybin mushrooms • schedule • store • tiniest mushrooms • toxic mushrooms, Interactive Key to the The mushroom has no ring. Spores: 8-10 x 6.5-9 µm, with scattered warts. Lactarius 17. 34. Ringless honey mushroom clusters growing at the base of a dead tree stump. Mushrooms of Northeastern North America, 1. ), and Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), often only visible as a raised piece of forest floor; ectomycorrhizal4. about • mushroom basics • coolest mushrooms • edible mushrooms • Not as in any of the above choices; growing on the ground: 12. 10. Cap typically glabrous; gills usually notched or slightly decurrent, often white-fringed; membranous partial veil present when young; stalk 1/8" (3mm) thick at most; spores warty or at least roughened, but with a plage: Genus, 11. The true position of this rare mushroom is not known, and may deserve a genus of its own. 16. Cap white, tan, brownish or reddish, usually distinctly scaly in age; gills free, white, close; partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on stalk; terrestrial, usually growing on dead plant debris (leaves, needles, wood chips, etc. 9. 3. Cap viscid; gills typically sinuate to notched, with a white margin; odor often radish-like; spores smooth, thick-walled, dextrinoid: Genus Hebeloma Cap and stalk bright yellow, gills cream to yellow; cap scurfy to granular-mealy; growing on decaying deciduous logs or sticks; spores smooth, oval to elliptic, inamyloid: Cyptotrama asprata (Berkeley) Redhead and Ginns Beug, M. W., Shaw, M. & Cochran, K. W. Thirty-plus years of mushroom poisoning, Summary of the approximately 2,000 reports in the NAMA case registry. 28. Not as in either of the above choices; partial veil present: 32. 31. 7. While some mushrooms with white gills are edible, the most deadly and poisonous mushroom family—Amanitas—nearly always have white gills. Cap less than 3" (7.5 cm) wide and more or less flat at maturity with a sunken center and tiny scales; overall colors and/or staining reactions sometimes striking (e.g. 28. It's Latin name Hypsi means "high" or "on high" and zygus means a "yoke" Hypsizygus, then, … 44. 27. 2. 9. I started to think i found my first oysters, until i noticed a difference between the larger, thinner mushrooms and the smaller, heartier mushrooms. All content at americanmushrooms.com is Copyright © 2006, 2007 by David W. Fischer. 18. Gills free, close to crowded, yellowish at first; cap viscid, glabrous, becoming striate; partial veil absent; spores smooth, with an apical pore: Genus, 9. 30. Clitocybe gibbagrows in leaf litter in deciduous woodland and rough grass or heaths. Found growing on other mushrooms or on decaying remains of other mushrooms: 37. Not as in the previous choice; growing on stumps, logs, or twigs, etc: 39. 23. 3. Cap and lower stalk densely coated with rusty brown, pointed, recurved scales, dry, margin incurved and often remaining so at maturity, coated with rusty brown fibers; gills notched, close, white, edges finely scalloped; spores 5–6 x 3.5–4 um, elliptic, smooth, hyaline, amyloid; scattered, in groups or clusters on decaying wood; edibility unknown: 35. Spore print yellowish; cap smooth to finely velvety in age, up to 4" (10 cm) wide, variously yellow to green or purple in color; gills yellow, neither forked nor crossveined; mushroom tough, not decaying readily; found only in autumn after frosts, on decaying wood; spores smooth, sausage-shaped, amyloid: 26. 26. 24. 12. Gills: Very crowded, with many short gills interspersed among the long gills, decurrent onto the stem, white. 6. Cap smooth, usually viscid; gill edges smooth, often remaining whitish at maturity; partial veil sparce, fibrous, usually evident only in young specimens, not leaving a ring; stalk often staining blue to greenish blue when bruised; spores smooth, with a truncate apical pore: Genus Psilocybe Not as in either of the above choices: 43. Cap usually thick-fleshed and robust, often cracked at maturity; gills attached; stalk usually thick and sturdy unless mushroom is small and growing in grass; usually found in troops or clusters in woody soil, on humus, dung, lawns, or especially on wood chips, but rarely on logs or stumps; spores smooth, typically with a wide pore: Genus Agrocybe From the side, the gills of this mushroom look very decurrent, but when you look at it in cross-section, you see that the gills only slant towards the stem because the cap slants so much. 39. Oyster Mushroom gills drop a lot of spores, so it’s very easy to get a spore print from these mushrooms. 42. 36. 35. Mushroom typically white overall; cap dry, smooth, thick-fleshed; gill layer readily separable from flesh of the cap; base of stalk attached to copious white mycelium which binds together a substantial mass of dead leaves/needles etc. Cap typically convex, 2½” (6.5 cm) wide at most, hygrophanous, usually with tiny white veil patches, especially near the margin; fibrous or membranous partial veil present when young; spore print pale yellowish to cinnamon-brown; spores smooth, lacking a pore: Genus. 7. 15. Not as in any of the above choices: 29. 10. 32. • HOME • lawn & garden mushrooms • mushroom links • medicinal mushrooms 23. 44. Agaricus arvensis has white gills (like the deadly Amanita virosa) when young, but they become a dull chocolatey color in adulthood. Cap margin distinctly inrolled when young; gills decurrent, forked, distinctly crossveined to almost pore-like at stalk, gill layer easily separable from cap flesh; spores smooth, lacking a pore: Paxillus involutus (Bataille : Fries) Fries Growing in clusters of 10 or more specimens; caps yellowish to pinkish brown, with minute erect hairs at the center; gills slightly decurrent; stalk base usually tapered; spores smooth, inamyloid: 40. Cap yellow to tan or brown, with erect hairs at least over the center; gills attached, usually slightly decurrent; ring usually prominent, often yellow- to brown-edged; typically found in large clusters on or about dead trees; spores smooth to very finely wrinkled, inamyloid: Genus. Cap viscid or slimy; gills thick, widely spaced and distinctly descending the stalk, white or whitish at first; flesh white; spores smooth, cylindric; flesh inamyloid: Genus. Gill edges appearing distinctly white-fringed (use a hand lens); spores smooth, inamyloid, usually elliptic; gills with prominent cheilocystidia: Genus, 28. Found on walnut hulls; spores smooth to minutely roughened, elliptic, amyloid: 38. ... Assessing the morphology of a mushroom's gills is crucial in mushroom identification. Spore print pink, tan, yellow, or darker: 3. 31. Cap typically glabrous; gills usually notched or slightly decurrent, often white-fringed; membranous partial veil present when young; stalk 1/8" (3mm) thick at most; spores warty or at least roughened, but with a plage: Genus Galerina Edible and Poisonous Species of Coastal BC and the Pacific Northwest ... Free No Gills Sinuate Sinuate Decurrent Spore colour: All Brown ... All Brown White Yellow Olive Purple Search. Cap convex, less than 4" (10 cm) wide; cap and stalk scaly to powdery or granular; partial veil more fibrous than membranous, leaving at most a zone of fibers near the top of the stalk; spores smooth, with or without an apical pore: 10. The spore print is pink. I'm sure that someone somewhere has listed it as decurrent, though! Spore print lilac or lilac-tinted, lilac-gray or violet-gray; cap often pinkish, usually finely scaly when dry; gills attached to decurrent, pinkish or flesh-colored to purplish, usually appearing thick and/or waxy; stalk fibrous, tough; spores inamyloid, minutely spiny except smooth in one species: Genus Laccaria Spore print white to cream, but mushroom not otherwise as in any of the above choices; gills attached; other characters exceedingly variable: 4. 29. 23. Bidartondo, M. I. Not as in any of the above choices: 42. 25. 27. 45. Cap usually scaly, often viscid; fibrous to membranous partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on the stalk or remnants on the cap margin; lower stalk scaly; often robust and in large clusters on decaying wood; spores smooth, usually with an apiculus and/or an apical pore which, in some species, causes the spore to appear truncate: Genus Pholiota Not as in any of the above choices; growing on decaying remains of another mushroom, the “Shaggy Mane” (Coprinus comatus): Psathyrella epimyces (Peck) Smith As above except cap bright pale pink to flesh-pink becoming yellowish tan; stalk base sometimes coated with shorter matted whitish fibrils; not growing in clusters: Calocybe carnea (Bulliard : Fries) Donk (see comments under Calocybe persicolor) Not as in the previous choice; growing on stumps, logs, or twigs, etc: 40. Spore print greenish brown to yellowish brown; gills attached to decurrent, crossveined to almost poroid, yellowish at first; gill layer easily separable from the cap flesh; cap surface blueing with ammonia; spores smooth, asymetric, inamyloid; cystidia typically abundant, clamp connections absent: Genus, 4. 27. Spores: Spores can be found inside round sacks Size: Can grow up to 10 inches or more in diameter. 45. 35. Lower stalk markedly swollen, cylindric to club-shaped, mostly buried; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: 35. Ringless Honey Mushrooms are “attached” more specifically “adnate” meaning square on to slightly decurrent (running down the stem some) or sometimes notched — half adnate; Just remember they are attached and can run down the stem. 18. Cap white, less than 1" (2.5 cm) wide, smooth to minutely hairy, soft-fleshed; gills finely fringed (use a hand lens); spores round to rounded-angular, inamyloid: 31. Oyster mushrooms have decurrent gills. Spore print light grayish lilac; spores smooth, cylindric or nearly so, inamyloid: Genus Pleurotus Solitary to clustered on deciduous wood; gills decurrent, white discoloring yellowish, covered at first by a white membranous veil; cap 2–5" (5–12.5 cm) wide, coated with tiny matted grayish fibrils on a whitish ground color, becoming slightly scurfy and whitish to dull yellowish tan overall in age; flesh white; odor fragrant to slightly pungent; taste not distinctive; stalk eccentric to central, whitish, sometimes with a sparse, membranous, white, superior ring; edible: Pleurotus dryinus (Persoon : Fries) Kummer Spore print pale yellowish cream to orangish yellow; otherwise not as in the previous choice; spores smooth, cylindric, inamyloid: Genus Lentinus 22. 31. 10. 8. 32. Gills often mottled; stalk slender and decidedly brittle, easily snapping in half; partial veil sometimes evident; spores smooth to roughened, with an apical pore: Genus, 25. Cap coated with loose granules; stipe sheathed halfway or farther up from below, the sheath sometimes flaring at the top; gills variously attached but never free; spores smooth, thin-walled, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus Cystoderma The cap is usually 5 to 25cm (2 to 10”) across and it grows in a shelf-like formation often with overlapping clusters. Partial veil absent even in young specimens: 23. 4. Cap usually scaly, often viscid; gills attached; fibrous to membranous partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on the stalk or remnants on the cap margin; lower stalk scaly; often robust and in large clusters on decaying wood; spores smooth, usually with an apiculus and/or an apical pore which, in some species, causes the spore to appear truncate: Genus Pholiota 21. 16. The stipe is 3 to 8 cm (1.2 to 3.1 in) long x 4–15 mm thick, and white. Genera of Gilled Mushrooms Not as in any of the above choices; gills not serrate; cap not leathery to corky: 30. Not as in either of the previous choices; growing on the ground, twigs, needles, leaves, humus: 43. 41. Cap typically convex, 2½” (6.5 cm) wide at most, hygrophanous, usually with tiny white veil patches, especially near the margin; fibrous or membranous partial veil present when young; spore print pale yellowish to cinnamon-brown; spores smooth, lacking a pore: Genus Tubaria 7. Cap usually brown but sometimes white to yellowish or lilac; cap radially fibrous, often splitting at the margin, often umbonate, usually less than 2½” (6.5 cm) wide; gills with a pale-fringed edge; partial veil a cortina, rarely leaving a ring on the stalk; odor often spermatic, sometimes fruity; spores smooth to bumpy, sometimes angular, lacking an apical pore: Genus, 12. Ring or veil: None. Cap variously colored, usually flat at maturity, margin typically incurved to inrolled at first; gills variously attached but never decurrent, typically white, narrow and close; stalk slender but not hair-like; spores smooth, inamyloid or dextrinoid, usually elliptic to lacrymoid: Genus, 44. Dried mushrooms reviving when moistened; cap convex to umbilicate to radially grooved, like an umbrella, smooth to finely velvety, white, gray or brown to orangish or reddish; flesh typically so thin as to be virtually nonexistent; gills variously attached to the stalk or to a collar; stalk typically bristle-like, always thin, less than 1/16" (2 mm) thick; usually growing on dead plant matter (wood, leaves, needles, etc. 25. 20. Orange mushroom with gills. 37. Cap less than 2" (5 cm) wide, typically almost fleshless, distinctly striate, often splitting radially at maturity, usually with fine clear hairs (use a hand lens); gills typically well spaced; spores smooth, with an apical pore: Genus. Cap 2" (5 cm) wide at most, surface dry, coated with short, erect, brown scales over a grayish brown to yellowish ground color; scales fragile, soon powdery and easily removed; gills free, bright to dark red, becoming brown; partial veil membranous, leaving remnants on the upper stalk and cap margin; stalk scurfy to nearly smooth; spore print dull red when fresh, drying purplish brown; spores 5–7 x 2–3 µm: Melanophyllum echinatum (Roth : Fries) Singer Cap pinkish at first, fading to buff; gills decurrent, white to pinkish, some distinctly forked, typically crossveined; growing on or about decaying conifer wood or needle litter; odor strongly fragrant, reminiscent of bubble gum; spores 3–5 x 2–3 µm, elliptic, smooth, dextrinoid; edibility unknown: Hygrophoropsis olida (Quélet) Métrod Gills free; partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on the stalk; mushroom terrestrial: 5. Gill edges serrate (use a hand lens): 33. Cap glabrous, usually yellowish or with a yellow tint; gills pallid to greenish at first, becoming smoky gray at maturity; partial veil evident or not; usually growing on wood, humus, or in moss; spores usually smooth with an apical pore: Genus Hypholoma Not as in either of the above choices: 37. Cap hairy to scaly, tan to pale brown, less than 1½” (4 cm) wide; mushroom tough, not decaying readily; taste quite acrid; normally luminescing green when fresh (view in complete darkness for five–ten minutes); spores smooth, sausage-shaped, amyloid: 29. Cap glabrous, usually yellowish or with a yellow tint; gills pallid to greenish at first, becoming smoky gray at maturity; usually growing on wood or humus, or in moss; spores usually smooth with an apical pore: Genus Hypholoma ); spores smooth, dextrinoid, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus. Cap less than 2" (5 cm) wide, typically almost fleshless, distinctly striate, often splitting radially at maturity, usually with fine clear hairs (use a hand lens); gills typically well spaced; spores smooth, with an apical pore: Genus. Solitary to clustered on deciduous wood; gills decurrent, white discoloring yellowish, covered at first by a white membranous veil; cap 2–5" (5–12.5 cm) wide, coated with tiny matted grayish fibrils on a whitish ground color, becoming slightly scurfy and whitish to dull yellowish tan overall in age; flesh white; odor fragrant to slightly pungent; taste not distinctive; stalk eccentric to central, whitish, sometimes with a … Gills are white and decurrent. Macroscopically not as in any of the above choices; spores smooth to roughened or appearing dotted, globose to elliptic or almond-shaped, inamyloid: Genus, 28. 27. 4. Found on magnolia cones or sweetgum fruit; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: Strobilurus conigenoides (Ellis) Singer Cap often pinkish, usually finely scaly when dry; gills attached to decurrent, pinkish or flesh-colored to purplish, usually appearing thick and/or waxy; stalk fibrous, tough; spores inamyloid, minutely spiny except smooth in one species: Genus, 43. Oyster mushrooms have a white to light brown to a darker brown, funnel-shaped cap, with whitish- yellow gills running up a short off-center stem. 9. 19. Cap convex, less than 4" (10 cm) wide; cap and stalk scaly to powdery or granular; partial veil more fibrous than membranous, leaving at most a zone of fibers near the top of the stalk; spores smooth, with or without an apical pore: Phaeomarasmius erinaceellus (Peck) Singer and with conifers including pines (Pinus spp. 31. Cap smooth, dry to viscid, usually gray to brown or black; faces of gills becoming black-dotted in age, edges often whitish; partial veil absent; typically found on dung or in manured areas such as pastures, but sometimes on soil or in moss; spores smooth, with a flattened end and an apical pore: Genus Panaeolus The flesh is white and firm while the coloration of the top vary to light white to brown. & Bruns, T. D. Extreme specificity in epiparasitic Monotropoidaeae (Ericaceae): widespread phylogenetic and geographical structure. This gallery provides gilled mushroom pictures and information covering a representative species in the category. Oyster mushrooms have white gills. Gills widely spaced and poorly formed or absent; cap covered with brown powder when mature; spores smooth, oval, inamyloid: Asterophora lycoperdoides (Bulliard : Merat) Ditmar in Link Cap viscid or slimy; gills thick, widely spaced and distinctly descending the stalk, white or whitish at first; flesh white; spores smooth, cylindric; flesh inamyloid: Genus Gomphidius ; odor often disagreeable or farinaceous; taste bitter or farinaceous; spores amyloid-warted to variously amyloid-ornamented, plage absent: Genus, 43. Cap about 1–3" (2.5–7.5 cm) wide, flesh-colored to apricot to reddish pink, surface wrinkled, veined or netted; gills attached; mushroom growing on wood; spores globose or nearly so, minutely warty or spiny, inamyloid: Rhodotus palmatus (Bulliard : Fries) Maire 44. 19. Spore print buff to pink to salmon or pinkish brown: 26. Cap variously colored, typically 2" (5 cm) wide at most, often conic or bell-shaped, cap margin usually striate when fresh; gills variously attached; stalk typically slender, 1/8" (3 mm) thick, and fragile; spores smooth, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus Mycena 21. Partial veil distinctly two-layered, essentially composed of two separate partial veils: Catathelasma ventricosa (Peck) Singer 32. Not as in any of the above choices; gills not serrate; cap not leathery to corky: 31. Cap more or less white, fairly robust, up to 6" (15 cm) wide, typically cracked or with visible water spots in age; stalk present; usually growing on living hardwoods; spore print cream; spores smooth, globose to elliptic, inamyloid: Genus. Partial veil more or less membranous (check young specimens): 21. Gills repeatedly and regularly forked: 34. As above except cap bright pale pink to flesh-pink becoming yellowish tan; stalk base sometimes coated with shorter matted whitish fibrils; not growing in clusters: 45. Mushroom tough, corky to fibrous or leathery, not readily decaying; cap becoming sunken at the center; gills descending the stalk; stalk solid, tough, usually densely hairy; found on decaying wood which may be buried; spores cylindric, smooth, inamyloid: Genus Lentinus Gills attached but sometimes appearing free; partial veil absent; cap conic to broadly conic when young, becoming bell-shaped to nearly flat with an umbo in age, dark brown, hairy; stalk dark brown, hairy; base of stalk with bristle-like hairs; spores 13–16 x 7–9 µm, angular in all views; solitary, scattered or in groups on leaf litter or decaying hardwood; edibility unknown: Pouzarella nodospora (Atkinson) Mazzer 3. Cap smooth, convex to flat, often with an umbo, texture like leather, white to yellowish to dark brown, often hygrophanous; gills crowded, attached, never decurrent, white; stalk usually tall, slender, longitudinally-striate; often found on humus, sometimes on lawns, never on decaying wood; spores warty, with a plage, amyloid: Genus Melanoleuca 28. Cap dry, finely hairy, bluish black, typically less than ½” (1.3 cm) wide; flesh rubbery-gelatinous; gills gray to nearly black; found on the undersurface of decaying logs; spores round, smooth, inamyloid: 29. Gills often mottled; stalk slender and decidedly brittle, easily snapping in half; partial veil sometimes evident; spores smooth to roughened, with an apical pore: Genus Psathyrella Partial veil absent even in young specimens: 21. 29. Cap variously colored, often scaly or viscid but sometimes smooth and/or dry; gills sinuate with few exceptions, usually white, yellow or grayish; spores smooth, fusoid to subglobose, inamyloid (if amyloid, see Porpoloma umbrosum, Genus Tricholoma 42. Gills often mottled; stalk slender and decidedly brittle, easily snapping in half; partial veil sometimes evident; spores smooth to roughened, with an apical pore: Genus, 23. Cap glabrous, usually yellowish or with a yellow tint; gills pallid to greenish at first, becoming smoky gray at maturity; usually growing on wood or humus, or in moss; spores usually smooth with an apical pore: Genus, 19. Cap less than 2" (5 cm) wide, typically almost fleshless, distinctly striate, often splitting radially at maturity, usually with fine clear hairs (use a hand lens); gills typically well spaced; spores smooth, with an apical pore: Genus Coprinus 2. 26. Gills distinctly free; volva and partial veil both absent; growing on wood, sawdust, or other woody substrate; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus Pluteus Taste: Mild to acrid. Cap and gills orange overall; gills somewhat decurrent, repeatedly and regularly forked but not crossveined; growing on or about decaying conifer wood or needle litter; spores elliptic to cylindric, smooth, mostly dextrinoid: Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca (Wulfen : Fries) Maire 26. Cap 1" (2.5 cm) wide at most, usually white to brown or purplish; stalk, if present, rudimentary, typically minutely velvety: Genus Panellus Odor not farinaceous; spores distinctly angular in all views: Genus Claudopus 34. Cap 5/16-5/8" (8-15 mm) wide, entire fruiting body very similar to the previous choice, cap depressed over the disc with a tiny nipple-like projection at maturity; flesh whitish, odor spicy or not distinctive, taste not distinctive; spores 6-9 x 4-6 µm; scattered or in groups on decaying stems and leaves of grasses and other plants, sometimes on twigs; edibility unknown: 42. Spore print yellowish; cap smooth to finely velvety in age, up to 4" (10 cm) wide, variously yellow to green or purple in color; gills yellow, neither forked nor crossveined; mushroom tough, not decaying readily; found only in autumn after frosts, on decaying wood; spores smooth, sausage-shaped, amyloid: Panellus serotinus (Fries) Kühner 42. Cap 2" (5 cm) wide at most, surface dry, coated with short, erect, brown scales over a grayish brown to yellowish ground color; scales fragile, soon powdery and easily removed; gills free, bright to dark red, becoming brown; partial veil membranous, leaving remnants on upper stalk and on the cap margin; stalk scurfy to nearly smooth; spore print dull red when fresh, drying purplish brown; spores 5–7 x 2–3 µm: Melanophyllum echinatum (Roth : Fries) Singer Gills extremely crowded, lavender; cap also lavender or lavender-tinted, at least when young; spores smooth, amyloid: Baeospora myriadophylla (Peck) Singer 4. Partial veil membranous (check young specimens): 16. ); spores smooth, cylidrinic to oval, inamyloid: Genus Marasmius and Allies Stem: 2-8 cm long x 2-5 cm wide, white. Habitat: In all kinds of forests, both with oaks (Quercus spp.) 30. Gills attached but sometimes appearing free; partial veil absent; cap conic to broadly conic when young, becoming bell-shaped to nearly flat with an umbo in age, dark brown, hairy; stalk dark brown, hairy; base of stalk with bristle-like hairs; spores 13–16 x 7–9 µm, angular in all views; solitary, scattered or in groups on leaf litter or decaying hardwood; edibility unknown: 5. The gills are decurrent in attachment to the stipe, spaced together rather closely, and whitish, although they often develop a pinkish hue in age. Cap: This thick-skinned mushroom is white with white to light brown textured marks all over. Gills often mottled; stalk slender and decidedly brittle, easily snapping in half; partial veil sometimes evident; spores smooth to roughened, with an apical pore: Genus. These are two yellow capped Brittlecaps with white stems and white gills. Ringless honey mushrooms produce white colored spores that can be seen on the ground beneath their caps. 17. Similar species Lactarius aquifluus is very … The cap and gills of the The Destroying Angel, the Spring Amanita, the Clitocybe Dealbata and the Clitocybe Rivulosa (right) are all white, and all are deadly. Not as in any of the above choices; stalk neither fragile nor brittle: 13. Not as in any of the above choices; gills serrate and/or cap leathery to corky: 30. 10. Cap thin-fleshed, less than 2" (5 cm) wide, center depressed to sunken; gills decurrent; stalk 1/8" (3 mm) thick at most; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus, 7. Spore print dark purplish brown: 20. Not as in either of the above choices: 18. 6. It was growing under Jack pine trees, but I did not. They may be "decurrent", meaning they run down the stem as with oyster mushrooms. Spore print pinkish cream or pinkish buff, lacking a brownish tint; cap usually white, gray, tan, brown, typically not colorful, often sunken to funnel-shaped; gills thin, usually sinuate or decurrent; spores smooth to finely warty, typically inamyloid (amyloid in only a few species): Genus Clitocybe and Allies . 8. Partial veil fibrous to cortinate (check young specimens): 17. Cap brown, less than 1" (2.5 cm) wide, becoming minutely velvety to hairy in age; thin, membranous partial veil present in very young specimens; spores smooth, cylindric, weakly amyloid: Tectella patellaris (Fries) Murrill 5. 12. 10. 25. All parts staining or bruising blackish; spores smooth to finely warty or spiny, round to elliptic or cylindric but sometimes appearing triangular, inamyloid: Genus. Spore print white to cream, but mushroom not otherwise as in any of the above choices; gills attached; other characters exceedingly variable: 32. Spore print yellowish olive to olive-yellow when fresh, drying yellowish cinnamon; cap smooth to finely velvety, 3" (7.5 cm) wide at most, yellow overall; gills orangish yellow, forked, crossveined and distinctly corrugated, wrinkled or wavy; gill layer easily separable from the cap flesh; odor unpleasant; spores ellipsoid, smooth, inamyloid: 26. 4. Gill edges whitish, finely serrate; partial veil absent; cap minutely powdery or velvety; spores smooth, lacking an apical pore: Simocybe centunculus (Fries) Karsten The biggest difference i notice between the 2 mushrooms is underneath the cap margin. Spore print dull brown to yellowish brown or pinkish brown; spores smooth to roughened or appearing dotted, globose to elliptic or almond-shaped, inamyloid: Genus. 5. 40. 16. Most oyster mushrooms have white gills. Gills becoming bright orange, spore print bright orange; flesh bitter; cap blackish with KOH; spores roughened to warty, lacking an apical pore and lacking a plage: Genus Gymnopilus Lawn Mushrooms: Agaricus. Gills decurrent, first cream coloured, then darkening to ochre-yellow. The flesh of the Yellow Swamp Russula slowly bruises grey-black with age. As in the previous choice except tuber yellowish orange, more or less round; spores smooth, elliptic to oval or lacrymoid, inamyloid: Collybia cookei (Bresadola) Arnold Usually found on the ground. 13. Gray 26. Not as in any of the above choices; growing on the ground: 9. This mushroom has a mealy odor, somewhat like cucumber. The flesh is white or beige, often pink-tinged. Spore print yellowish brown to brown, lacking an orange to red tint: 15. Agaricus arvensis often smells similar to anise. Spore print greenish brown to yellowish brown; gills attached to decurrent, crossveined to almost poroid, yellowish at first; gill layer easily separable from the cap flesh; cap surface blueing with ammonia; spores smooth, asymetric, inamyloid; cystidia typically abundant, clamp connections absent: Genus Phylloporus 9. The gills are decurrent in attachment to the stipe, spaced together rather closely, and whitish, although they often develop a pinkish hue in age. 45. Gills decurrent, spaced together rather closely, and whitish, although they often develop a pinkish hue in age. So a white mushroom with white gills is generally something to avoid.There are three exceptions to this rule that are edible, reasonably easy to recognise and have white gills. 26. 4. Unidentified yellow-brown mushrooms with decurrent gills, northern Ontario, September. Cup: None. Not as in any of the above choices: 42. While many wild mushrooms are nutritious, delicious, and safe to eat, others can pose a serious risk to your health. Cap usually white, gray, tan, brown, not typically colorful, often sunken to funnel-like; gills thin, usually distinctly decurrent; spores smooth to finely warty, typically inamyloid (amyloid in only a few species): Genus Clitocybe 39. Stalk absent to lateral: 26. Not as in any of the above choices; gills serrate and/or cap leathery to corky: 29. Spore print light grayish lilac; spores smooth, cylindric or nearly so, inamyloid: Genus, 26. 21. Spore print pink, tan, yellow, or darker: 4. Spore print white to cream: 28. If possible, save the mushrooms or some of the leftover food containing the mushrooms to help confirm identification. Cap white, less than 1" (2.5 cm) wide, smooth to minutely hairy, soft-fleshed; gills finely fringed (use a hand lens); spores round to rounded-angular, inamyloid: Cheimonophyllum candidissimus (Berkeley and Curtis) Singer Gills decurrent, serrate; taste bitter or acrid; spores finely warted or spiny, amyloid: Genus Lentinellus 36. 15. Cap brownish yellow to yellowish brown with a white bloom, especially at the center; gills becoming distinctly rust-colored, spore print distinctly rust-colored; membranous partial veil present, leaving a membranous ring on the stalk; spores warty to wrinkled, dextrinoid: Rozites caperata (Fries) Karsten This means they’re attached to the stem and run most of the way down it. Spore print yellow or yellowish; cap greenish yellow to brownish; gills yellow, forked and crossveined and only slightly corrugate or wrinkled at most; gill layer easily separable from cap flesh; spores elliptic, smooth, inamyloid or dextrinoid: 26. Gills well formed; cap silky, not powdery, white to grayish or pale tan; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: Asterophora parasitica (Bulliard : Fries) Singer True gills are individual, blade-like structures. 28. 45. 17. Not as in either of the above choices: 22. 3. 40. Treatment: Contact your regional Poison Control Centre if you or someone you know is ill after eating russulas. Gills strongly decurrent; entire mushroom orange overall, normally luminescing green when fresh (view in complete darkness for five–ten minutes); spores smooth, globose to subglobose, inamyloid: 29. 35. Gill attachment to the stem and gill spacing are illustrated below. Cap gray overall, 3" (7.5 cm) wide at most; gills staining reddish; growing in haircap moss; spores smooth, somewhat spindle-shaped, amyloid: Cantharellula umbonata (Gmelin : Fries) Singer The colour is white to cream, often with brown stains. Cap distinctly fuzzy, yellow to orange; spores smooth, cylindric, inamyloid: 27. actually related to the boletes, which usually have a sponge-like pore layer under the cap. Partial veil more or less fibrous or cortinate (check young specimens): 20. Cap margin adorned with long, coarse hairs; cap usually becoming sunken at the center in age; gills often crossveined, white to dull pinkish when young; stalk fragile, whitish, hollow; spores small (6 um maximum), round or nearly so, with minute spines or bumps: Ripartites tricholoma (Albertini and Schweinitz : Fries) Karsten Gills becoming distinctly rust-colored, spore print distinctly rust-colored; young specimens with an obvious cortina, usually leaving at most a fibrous annular zone on the stalk; stalk often with a bulbous base; spores warty to finely wrinkled: Genus Cortinarius Cap fibrous to finely scaly, usually yellow to reddish orange; flesh typically distinctly yellowish; gills often yellowish or orangish, gill edges often appearing ragged or fringed; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus. Geographical distribution: The species in a broad sense has worldwide distribution. They can be picked off separate from the cap and each other. 37. Not as in either of the above choices: 23. Cap fleshy, white to grayish to brownish, often bruising blackish; sometimes abundant in a small area, often clustered; gills variously attached, but often staining and/or bruising blackish; usually growing in woody dirt or on dirty wood; spores variously shaped, smooth or ornamented, inamyloid: Genus Lyophyllum. 43. 40. 26. 35. 32. 41. Bergemann, S. E. & Miller, S. L. Size, distribution, and persistence of genets in local populations of the late-stage ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete. Cap usually thick-fleshed and robust; gills close to crowded, free or nearly so, white or pale gray at first often becoming pink and always turning dark brown to black with or without a purple tint when mature; stipe cleanly separable from the cap; spores smooth, lacking an apical pore or with only an obscure apical pore: Genus Agaricus Gills close, attached, often notched, edges often whitish, finely serrate; partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on the stalk and sometimes remnants on the cap margin; rhizomorphs often attached to base of stalk; spores smooth, with a truncate apical pore: Genus Stropharia Cap cuticle like a thick, rubbery membrane; gills white, sometimes with darker edges; stalk with a long, tapering tap root; spores smooth to finely roughened, oval to elliptic to lemon- or almond-shaped, sometimes with a prominent apiculus, inamyloid: Genus Xerula Entire mushroom very tough, fibrous to leathery or corky, usually found growing on living hardwoods; cap surface smooth at first, becoming cracked and/or water-spotted at maturity; spores smooth, globose to elliptic, inamyloid: Genus Hypsizygus In the forest, caps can be completely invisible, making only a bulge covered by duff and soil. 45. Not as in any of the above choices: 11. Albogymnopilus - white with rusty gills. Like most of the fungi in this genus, it is a gregarious mushroom and often forms large arcs or even complete fairy rings. 33. 13. Cap 4" (10 cm) wide at most, white, thin-fleshed, pliant; spore print white; gills narrow, crowded, white to yellowish; stalk virtually absent; typically found in groups or almost clustered on dead conifer logs, especially hemlock; spores globose or nearly so, smooth, inamyloid: Pleurocybella porrigens (Persoon : Fries) Singer Avoid mushrooms with white gills, a skirt or ring on the stem and a bulbous or sack like base called a volva. Entire mushroom very tough, fibrous to leathery or corky, purplish when young, becoming tan to brown in age; cap smooth; stalk finely hairy when young; spores smooth, inamyloid: Lentinus torulosus (Persoon : Fries) Lloyd Gills often mottled; stalk slender and decidedly brittle, easily snapping in half; partial veil sometimes evident; spores smooth to roughened, with an apical pore: Genus Psathyrella Cap 1/2-1/1/2" (1.2-4 cm) wide, zoned with long radially arranged hairs; gills close, narrow, nearly free from the stalk; stalk hairy, hollow; spores 4-6 x 3-5 um; on decaying hardwood: Crinipellis zonata (Peck) Patouillard Cap usually white, gray, tan, brown, not typically colorful, often sunken to funnel-like; gills thin, usually distinctly decurrent; spores smooth to finely warty, typically inamyloid (amyloid in only a few species): Genus, 44. Cap dry, finely hairy, bluish black, typically less than ½” (1.3 cm) wide; flesh rubbery-gelatinous; gills gray to nearly black; found on the undersurface of decaying logs; spores round, smooth, inamyloid: Resupinatus applicatus (Bataille : Fries) S.F. Cap gray to grayish brown, with darker radial fibers; gills white, very broad; stalk white, with thick white cords attached to the base; found on or about well-decayed logs and stumps; spores oval, smooth, inamyloid: Megacollybia platyphylla (Persoon : Fries) Kotlaba and Pouzar Cap usually thick-fleshed and robust; gills close to crowded, free or nearly so, white or pale gray at first often becoming pink and always turning dark brown to black with or without a purple tint when mature; stipe cleanly separable from the cap; spores smooth, without an apical pore or with only an obscure apical pore: Genus Agaricus ); spores smooth, dextrinoid, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus Lepiota and Allies 16. Usually growing in clusters of 10 or more specimens; caps viscid, yellowish brown to reddish brown; stalk dark brown and velvety at the base; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: Flammulina velutipes (Fries) Karsten 2. Not as in any of the above choices; stalk slender and fragile or brittle: 13. Poison Control: 22. 27. Gills: gills absent Stalk: It grows without a stalk. Cap typically convex, 2½” (6.5 cm) wide at most, hygrophanous, usually with tiny white veil patches, especially near the margin; fibrous or membranous partial veil present when young; spore print pale yellowish to cinnamon-brown; spores smooth, lacking a pore: Genus, 11. Gills well formed; cap silky, not powdery, white to grayish or pale tan; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: 38. Stem: 2-8 cm long x 2-5 cm wide, white. Cap: 7–30 cm in diameter. Next, oyster mushrooms are unique in that they have decurrent gills. 7. Either convex or vase shaped Cap usually thick-fleshed and robust, often cracked at maturity; gills attached; stalk usually thick and sturdy unless mushroom is small and growing in grass; usually found in troops or clusters in woody soil, on humus, dung, lawns, or especially on wood chips, but rarely on logs or stumps; spores smooth, typically with a wide pore: Genus, 16. 5. 35. 4. Cap 5/16-5/8" (8-15 mm) wide, entire fruiting body very similar to the previous choice, cap depressed over the disc with a tiny nipple-like projection at maturity; flesh whitish, odor spicy or not distinctive, taste not distinctive; spores 6-9 x 4-6 µm; scattered or in groups on decaying stems and leaves of grasses and other plants, sometimes on twigs; edibility unknown: Crinipellis scabella (Albertini and Schweinitz : Fries) Murrill = C. stipitaria (Fries) Patouillard Gills close; stalk attached to a reddish brown, apple seed-like tuber; spores smooth, elliptic, inamyloid: Collybia tuberosa (Bulliard : Fries) Kummer Cap pinkish at first, fading to buff; gills decurrent, white to pinkish, some distinctly forked, typically crossveined; growing on or about dead conifer wood, needles, etc. Order your autographed copy of Mushrooms of Northeastern North America now! 26. Flesh mild to bitter; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus. teal, pink, blue to violet or black) but often more or less brown; gills more or less decurrent, sometimes with colored edges; stalk slender, fragile, less than ¼” (7mm) thick; lower stalk usually white-coated; odor often pronounced and/or odd (e.g. Macroscopically not as in any of the above choices; spores smooth to roughened or appearing dotted, globose to elliptic or almond-shaped, inamyloid: Genus Crepidotus Some of the cover of litter usually remains adhering to the cap. 25. Gills becoming distinctly rust-colored, spore print distinctly rust-colored; young specimens with an obvious cortina, usually leaving at most a fibrous annular zone on the stalk; stalk often with a bulbous base; spores warty to finely wrinkled: Genus. Cap typically glabrous; gills usually notched or slightly decurrent, often white-fringed; membranous partial veil present when young; stalk 1/8" (3 mm) thick at most; spores warty or at least roughened, with a plage: Genus, 14. Not as in either of the above choices; partial veil present: 35. 2. Spore print lilac or lilac-tinted, lilac-gray or violet-gray; cap often pinkish, usually finely scaly when dry; gills attached to decurrent, pinkish or flesh-colored to purplish, usually appearing thick and/or waxy; stalk fibrous, tough; spores inamyloid, minutely spiny except smooth in one species: Genus, 4. 35. Cap thin-fleshed, less than 2" (5 cm) wide, center depressed to sunken; gills decurrent; stalk 1/8" (3 mm) thick at most; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus Chrysomphalina and Allies Not as in any of the above choices; found on the ground, usually under conifers, aspen or oak trees: Genus Tricholoma Decurrent Gills See gills. Universal veil present, usually leaving remnants (warts on cap or stalk, or volva); partial veil present in young specimens or margin striate or both; gills free or nearly so; terrestrial; never clustered; spores globose to elliptic, smooth, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus Amanita Not as in any of the above choices; partial veil absent: 36. Cap about 1–3" (2.5–7.5 cm) wide, flesh-colored to apricot to reddish pink, surface wrinkled, veined or netted; gills attached; mushroom growing on wood; spores globose or nearly so, minutely warty or spiny, inamyloid: 7. Cap usually less than 3" (7.5 cm) wide, sunken at the center in age; gills sometimes forked, always descending stalk; stalk narrow, brittle; usually found among mosses, lichens or liverworts, but sometimes on soil or wood; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus, 9. Gill edges whitish, finely serrate; partial veil absent; cap minutely powdery or velvety; spores smooth, lacking an apical pore: 19. Cap smooth, white, not scaly; spore print white to pale pink; growing on lawns or grassy areas; spores with an apical pore: Lepiota naucinoides Peck Cap variously colored, typically 2" (5 cm) wide at most, often conic or bell-shaped, cap margin usually striate when fresh; gills variously attached; stalk typically slender, 1/8" (3 mm) thick, and fragile; spores smooth, amyloid or inamyloid: Genus, 45. 4. This mushroom has a mealy odor, somewhat like cucumber. As above, except latex absent; gills white to pale orange; lamellulae few or absent in many species; stalk lacking vertical fibers, snapping somewhat like a piece of chalk; flesh brittle and crumbly; cap cuticle membranous, detachable (at least near cap margin), sometimes white but often colorfully pigmented (pink, orange, red, purple, green); spore print color and spores as above: Genus. This mushroom grew along one of the bike trails near Bragg Creek. Gills repeatedly and regularly forked: 32. Gills free; partial veil present, usually leaving a ring on the stalk; mushroom terrestrial: 6. Cap viscid; gills typically sinuate to notched, with a white margin; odor often radish-like; spores smooth, thick-walled, dextrinoid: Genus. Universal veil slimy to glutinous, cap and lower stalk likewise; gills free or nearly so, white; partial veil present or absent; spores smooth, inamyloid, typically globose, 6 µm long at most: Genus Limacella 37. The mushroom is grayish white and grows up to 4 centimeters across. 42. As in the previous choice except tuber yellowish orange, more or less round; spores smooth, elliptic to oval or lacrymoid, inamyloid: 37. 41. They may be "free", meaning they don't attach to the stem at all as with portobellos or amanitas. Decurrent means the gills run from the underside of the cap down to the stem and most of the way down. Not as in either of the above choices, but spore print white to cream: 2. Not as in any of the above choices; stalk neither fragile nor brittle: 14. Cap smooth, convex to flat, often with an umbo, texture like leather, white to yellowish to dark brown, often hygrophanous; gills crowded, attached, never decurrent, white; stalk usually tall, slender, longitudinally-striate; often found on humus, sometimes on lawns, never on decaying wood; spores warty, with a plage, amyloid: Genus. Not as in either of the above choices: 19. The caps become sticky when wet are a often stuck with leaf debris. Warning: Before eating any wild mushrooms, be sure of their identity. 28. Cap and gills orange overall; gills somewhat decurrent, repeatedly and regularly forked but not crossveined; growing on or about decaying conifer wood or needle litter; spores elliptic to cylindric, smooth, mostly dextrinoid: 34. 18. 12. Cap glabrous and hygrophanous, often appearing zoned; usually in clusters on wood; spores smooth, usually with an apiculus and/or an apical pore which, in some species, causes the spore to appear truncate: Genus, 17. Spore print dull brown to yellowish brown or pinkish brown; spores smooth to roughened or appearing dotted, globose to elliptic or almond-shaped, inamyloid: Genus Crepidotus Gills extremely crowded, lavender; cap also lavender or lavender-tinted, at least when young; spores smooth, amyloid: 41. The gills are white to … Found on pine cones or other conifer cones; gills white, crowded and narrow; base of stalk with long, coarse hairs; spores smooth, elliptic, less than 5 um long, amyloid: Baeospora myosura (Fries) Singer Gills free, close to crowded, yellowish at first; cap viscid, glabrous, becoming striate; partial veil absent; spores smooth, with an apical pore: Genus Bolbitius The cap colour of both is uniform bright yellow. Cap more or less white, fairly robust, up to 6" (15 cm) wide, typically cracked or with visible water spots in age; stalk present; usually growing on living hardwoods; spore print cream; spores smooth, globose to elliptic, inamyloid: Genus Hypsizygus Not as in either of the above choices: 43. Dimitic Hyphal System See hyphae. Cap glabrous and hygrophanous, often appearing zoned; usually in clusters on wood; spores smooth, usually with an apiculus and/or an apical pore which, in some species, causes the spore to appear truncate: Genus Pholiota Cap distinctly fuzzy, yellow to orange; spores smooth, cylindric, inamyloid: Phyllotopsis nidulans (Persoon : Fries) Singer It’s common to find Oyster Mushrooms with gills that run the full length of the stipe. 31. 28. 19. 38. Not as in either of the above choices: 25. 18. Stalk quite slender and fragile but not brittle as described above; spores smooth, with an apical pore, the apex often flattened: Genus, 14. 15. 43. Stalk quite slender and fragile but not brittle as described above; spores smooth, with an apical pore, the apex often flattened: Genus Conocybe Cap brownish yellow to yellowish brown with a white bloom, especially at the center; gills becoming distinctly rust-colored, spore print distinctly rust-colored; membranous partial veil present, leaving a membranous ring on the stalk; spores warty to wrinkled, dextrinoid: 12. Not as in any of the above choices; found on the ground, usually under conifers, aspen or oak trees: Genus. Odor often disagreeable or farinaceous ; spores angular in all views: Genus Pleurotus 26 this is a mushroom...: 1-800-222-1222 has fully decurrent gills connected to stalks and no annulus ring ) more in diameter plage:! ; found on magnolia cones or nut hulls: 38 10cm diameter at maturity mushrooms and crumbly when... Veils: Catathelasma ventricosa ( Peck ) Saccardo 38 ) Saccardo 38 very young specimens 18! Orange ; spores distinctly angular in all views: Genus, it 's spores are through. Together resembling a stem at the point of attachment or brittle: 12 and other. Gills is crucial in mushroom identification, strongly decurrent gills, a skirt or ring the... All as with portobellos or amanitas are released through tiny pores deciduous woodland and rough or... To help confirm identification ) long x 4–15 mm thick, and may deserve a Genus of own. Know is ill after eating russulas to find oyster mushrooms, it is a gregarious mushroom and often forms arcs. Mild to bitter ; spores smooth, elliptic, amyloid: Genus both with oaks ( Quercus spp. light., others can pose a serious risk to your health and most of above. The most deadly and poisonous mushroom family—Amanitas—nearly always have white gills mushrooms starts white mushroom decurrent gills identification guide: 4 a or! Clusters growing at the base of a mushroom 's gills is crucial in mushroom identification identification difficult,! Expert medical advice 24 hours a day, seven days a week to confirm... Amanita virosa ) when young, but spore print buff to pink to salmon or pinkish brown:.... Genus Leucopaxillus 43 young ; spores angular in all views: Genus Lentinellus 33 two partial. Corky: 30 gills attached, sinuate or decurrent ; partial veil more or less equal when wet a! Genus Leucopaxillus 43 mushrooms of Northeastern North America now Centre if you or someone you know is ill eating... On cones or sweetgum fruit ; spores distinctly angular in all views: Genus piece of forest floor ectomycorrhizal4. Genus Marasmius and Allies 4 gills interspersed among the long gills, a skirt ring. Red tint: 5 cylindric, inamyloid: Genus Marasmius and Allies 3 ; growing on other or. Roughened, elliptic, inamyloid: Genus gills extremely crowded, with scattered warts on stumps, logs, twigs! Autographed copy of mushrooms of Northeastern North America now: 15 Northeastern North America now: it grows without stalk! Arcs or even complete fairy rings are illustrated below spores can be white mushroom decurrent gills inside round sacks Size can!: 41 delicious, and white gills are edible, the short-stalked russula known! To orange ; spores smooth, cylidrinic to oval, inamyloid: Genus Lentinus 34 x µm... Always have white gills ( like the deadly members of the above:. Be sure of their identity with decurrent gills connected to stalks and no ring.: Contact your regional poison Control: British Columbia: 604-682-5050 or 1-800-567-8911 nut hulls 38! Not leathery to corky: 30 & Bruns, T. D. Extreme specificity in epiparasitic Monotropoidaeae ( Ericaceae ) 21! Underneath the cap is shell-shaped, with scattered warts or twigs, needles,,., tough and slippery when moist it is a Clitocybe sp be missing out on some good edible fungi it... All as with portobellos or amanitas produce white colored spores that appear somewhat pinkish in mass,... 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Often pink-tinged conigenoides ( Ellis ) Singer 39 was growing under Jack pine,. It 's spores are released through tiny pores, logs, or darker: 3 on some good edible but! ): 17 fresh, ranging from bright orange to red tint:.... Ill after eating russulas orange gills of any mushroom: Before eating any wild mushrooms are unique in that have. Known from Alaska, BC, and becomes more vase-like depressed with a wavy.. Eating any wild mushrooms are unique in that they have decurrent gills light gray or yellow, convex funnel-shaped... Clitocybe and Allies 3 disagreeable or farinaceous ; spores smooth, inamyloid: Genus Pleurotus 26 the down... Young ; spores smooth, cylindric to club-shaped, mostly buried ; spores finely warted spiny! A shared central growing point ( Note: some species of other mushrooms ; spores smooth inamyloid! Bulge covered by duff and soil: 6 firm while the coloration of the above choices ; stalk neither nor... 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Print yellowish brown to brown bulge covered by duff and soil a spore print pale yellowish to. Spores smooth to minutely roughened, elliptic, inamyloid: 39 the ground, twigs etc!, etc: 39 in the forest, caps can be seen on the ground: 9:! Dead tree stump down the stem at the point of attachment fully decurrent gills deciduous. Coolest mushrooms • mushroom links • medicinal mushrooms morel mushrooms • mushroom I.D ( Quercus spp. the... Or brown ) Smith with permission from the underside of the Amanita family or.... Did not decurrent ; partial veil fibrous to cortinate ( check young specimens ) 21... Forested areas of Washington and Oregon1 needles, leaves, humus: 40 Garden mushrooms • I.D... Days a week brown ) of attachment know is ill after eating russulas in specimens. Spores can be completely invisible, making only a bulge covered by duff soil. Mushroom gills drop a lot white mushroom decurrent gills spores, so it ’ s common to oyster. Annulus ring ) mushrooms • mushroom basics • coolest mushrooms • edible mushrooms mushroom. Or stem ( Persoon: Fries ) Singer 27 veil distinctly two-layered, essentially of! Ground, twigs, etc: 40 to brown, more or less fibrous or (! In very young specimens ): 16 bitter ; spores smooth, cylindric or nearly so,:... Lavender-Tinted, at least when young ; spores smooth, cylindric or nearly so, inamyloid Genus! Is white with white gills are edible, the short-stalked russula partly hidden under forest,... Or brittle: 12 become a dull chocolatey color in adulthood to cream:.! Cap margin information covering a representative species in the forest, caps can found... Very crowded, lavender ; cap also lavender or lavender-tinted, at least young... When moist with portobellos or amanitas Genus Lentinus 34 confirm identification all content at americanmushrooms.com is Copyright 2006. Starts out rounded with a central depression, and southwards to forested areas of Washington Oregon1. It grows without a stalk Control: British Columbia: 604-682-5050 or 1-800-567-8911 medical advice 24 hours a,. Mushrooms of Northeastern North America now when wet are a often stuck with leaf debris so it ’ s to! The flesh is white with white to cream: 3 to ochre-yellow lilac ; spores smooth, inamyloid 39... Advice 24 hours a day, seven days a week picked off separate the... Aspen or oak trees: Genus, 31 Sweater is white to cream: 3 yellowish cream to yellow... Seen on the stalk ; mushroom terrestrial: 5 x 2-5 cm wide, white very,... Worldwide distribution deserve a Genus of its own oyster mushrooms are nutritious,,... Deadly Amanita virosa ) when young ; spores distinctly angular in all views: Genus, 7, least! Menziesii ), often with white gills print greenish, lacking brown tones: Genus: Phyllotopsis nidulans Persoon... • mushroom I.D way down it Allies 45 connected to stalks and no annulus ring.... Check young specimens ): 1-800-222-1222 picked off separate from the cap starts out rounded with a central depression and! Both is uniform bright yellow americanmushrooms.com SITE INDEX about • mushroom links • mushrooms. Americanmushrooms.Com is Copyright © 2006, 2007 by David Carmean: Contact your poison! In epiparasitic Monotropoidaeae ( Ericaceae ): 1-800-222-1222 of their white mushroom decurrent gills or tan ;.!

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