A good rule of thumb to make them happy all the time? Yes, you can transplant your Artichoke, and now would be a good time in the Bay area, as it is warming steadily from now onwards, which will encourage it back into growth. I let some go beyond the bud stage to save for seed collection. Plant seedlings in … By then, the transplant should be nearing 10 inches in height. Yes, you can grow your own artichokes! This is one of the advantages of starting in disposable cups – it makes transplanting easy … JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Hi Chris-You would leave the artichoke seeds in the fridge for as long as you can before you decide to start them for the season. With a little care and a little luck, you’ll be harvesting 7-8 buds per plant. Regardless of the reason, transplanting seedlings … Anyone who’s grown artichokes knows that they’re a bit particular—they like cool (but not cold) winters, warm (but not very hot) summers, and moist, fertile soils. Typically, when the set or sets of true leaves of the seedling … This week we’ll talk about starting your next crop, artichokes, and how to “harden off” all of your seedlings in preparation for outdoor planting. When the sprouts appear, grow the seedlings for eight to 10 weeks under the grow lights until they are 8 to 10 inches tall and have two sets of leaves. And info on using it, such as what to cover it with, what temperature range you aim for. I am growing three artichoke seedlings. Thanks. scolymus) are first mentioned around 77 AD, so people have been eating them for a long, long time. My seedlings are getting to that stage where it is time to transplant. Choose a Seed Weight or Count from the drop down. Cut the stem with a sharp knife 2 or 3 inches below the bud. These seeds often produce slower growing and weaker seedlings that need some care and protection from weather and pests. Turn the container upside down while holding the top of the soil – then gently squeeze the plastic cell sides to loosen it. It’s important to be able to recognize when it’s time to transplant seedlings from the seed tray to a larger pot. Saw the soil back and forth a few inches to separate the roots of the shoot from the rest of the root ball. When removing a plant from a seedling tray cell or other small starter pot, do not pull the plant by the stem to remove it. To Seed or Not To Seed. They are short-lived perennials in warmer climates but are normally grown as annuals in cooler regions. I started the seeds indoors in February. In other words, they need to be “vernalized”, or exposed to cold, to make them think they’ve experienced winter. You'll need to plan ahead if you are starting an artichoke from seeds since it can take between 60 and 100 days before the seedlings are large enough for outdoor planting. Artichokes are known as tap-rooted plants, which means their roots grow deep, even as seedlings. A long-accepted axiom is that artichokes do not produce well from seeds, but this has been disproved. Set artichokes 4 to 6 feet apart. Knowing when to transplant basil seedlings is the next step you need to make once the delicate seedlings that you planted in nutrient-rich soil have already grown. If an unexpected late frost is in the forecast, be sure to use frost blankets or row covers to protect artichoke … So transplanting indoor seedlings … Typically, when the set or sets of true leaves of the seedling … Exposure to temperatures below 45 degrees helps to trigger flowering. Irrigate artichokes frequently during the growing season. Transplanting seedlings a few weeks after starting should be part of your seed starting routine. I will transplant the young seedlings in a week or two. Transfer the artichoke seedlings outdoors before the predicted last frost date. Transplant seedlings to a 1, 2 or 3-gallon pot (then to an even bigger final container if you desire) Instead of pulling the whole plant out of the container, sometimes you can just cut away the solo cup when you plan on transplanting. Set a dormant root segment or a shoot with root ball in a hole in the prepared bed with the growing tip pointing up. Artichokes (Cynara cardunculus var. AirnF.F. The key to hardening off is to be aware of the weather and make sure your still-tender plants don’t get left outside in strong winds or torrential downpours before they’re really ready for them. Transplant: These are seeds that perform well when started in trays or containers and then transplanted to their final position once they’re a bit stronger. Leaving them in the seedling medium will slow their development and in some cases cause the stems to rot and the plant to die. Hardening Off is just what it sounds like—preparing your coddled transplants for the harsh world outdoors. Expect 70% germination, so sow heavily. Starting seedlings indoors and then transplanting them outside can jump-start growing season, but can be a tricky process. Can you transplant mature artichokes. The hole should be deep enough so the transplant is at the same depth in the ground as it was in the pot (except for tomatoes). Today we are transplanting some seedlings from their bulk trays, and into some flats. Follow. And if you missed it, check out last week's post, A Complete Guide to Starting Seeds: Tools, Tips and Alliums (Part 1). Hi Pam, Here's the response from our Seed Production lead, Stephen Purdy: [...] trimmings are delicious in sandwiches & soups!) Withdraw the spade and reinsert it next to the first blade cut. After the first harvest, cut old stems near the plant base to encourage a second harvest during the growing season. The nasturtiums will help cover the surface soil in the container, keeping it cool and moist even in bright sun. Lift it with as much of the root undisturbed and intact, and plant with the addition of some compost or other organic material, and fertilise a little … And of course, if you don’t harvest the artichokes they’ll make giant purple thistle-like flowers that will knock your socks off. Also a photographer, she records adventures by camera, combining photos with journals in her blogs. The location should have good drainage and full sun and be well away from buildings, tree roots or other plants. When your list is complete click “add all to cart” on the bottom right. Transport seedlings to the garden 8 to 10 weeks later, but be sure the danger of frost has passed. When you reach the other end of the knife cut, you should be able to pull the shoot and root ball out of the ground. How to Fertilize Artichokes. The traditional way to propagate artichokes is by dividing the roots of an existing plant. With cubes, you can see roots poking out telling you it’s time to pot up. Before replanting, make … It’s best to transplant artichoke seedlings into the garden after danger of frost, but don’t hold off too long. It should then easily fall or slide … The Moors were eating artichokes around 800 AD when they brought them to Spain and the Spanish were still eating them when they brought them to California in the 1600s. Fill in around the starter mix with soil and pat firmly. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. How to transplant the seedlings . Hardening off is simple to do, requiring just a little of your time and attention, but it makes a huge difference in terms of plant health and reducing “transplant shock”. Alternatively, you can divide an existing, mature artichoke plant. A Few Tips on How to Transplant Seedlings. Is it until they sprout? Here’s a tip for success: before starting your artichoke seeds, put them in an airtight container in the refrigerator with a small amount of slightly damp peat moss. It is well to protect the first winter with straw or hay. Artichokes are tasty treats and full of nutrition. Artichoke Seedling. In order to produce flowers (artichokes), they need to be convinced that they are in their second year of growth. Artichoke seedlings on a light shelf. Be sure to plant the seeds in a deep container. Repeat the loosening, withdrawing, and inserting the spade all the way around the shoot several inches from it. When late March arrives, your artichoke seedlings will require some fancy temperature- related attention. The artichoke (Cynara cardunculus) is a perennial thistle whose flower is harvested for food before maturity. Start artichoke seeds indoors in late winter, under bright florescent lights. It should be well away from structures, garden areas and tree roots. Prepare your garden bed, or pot, whichever you are going to plant your seedlings in, by making sure that the soil is nourished and slightly loose. The timing is different for annuals and perennials since the transplant date is different. When to transplant seedlings, start digging carefully and pull the plant with the root system in tact. Insert a garden spade next to the shoot at one end of the knife cut. In fall or winter during the dormant period, choose a mature plant that has one or more new shoots growing beside it. Use artichokes … Transplant seedlings to larger pots as soon as they’re strong enough to handle. All Rights Reserved, A Complete Guide to Starting Seeds: Tools, Tips and Alliums (Part 1), Getting Started: Growing Onions & Leeks from Seed | The Seed Hopper Blog from High Mowing Organic Seeds, A Guide to Seed Starting: Brassicas & Succession Planting (Part 3) | High Mowing Organic Seeds' Blog – The Seed Hopper, Meet Your Regional Commercial Grower Sales Team, 2021 Catalog: Stories of Resilience Part 2, 2021 Catalog: Stories of Resilience Part 1. I like the look of your big coldframe/low tunnel. xREE AND HEDGE SEEDS.—As tree seedlings make but a small growth the first season, it is best to plant in rows or beds and transplant to permanent places at one or two years old. Zestyrose. Work in water until the soil is very moist but not wet. About two weeks before your planting date, move your transplants outdoors to an area protected from strong wind. Assuming we are talking about globe artichokes … Remember to regularly take care by applying basic methods. Artichokes seedlings require a chilly period to signal the plants that they should work on flowering. However, if any of the seedlings are weak, you should get rid of it. If the weather threatens to dip below freezing in that period, move them indoors until the frost danger has passed. Prepare the garden bed by working manure, compost or other organic matter into the top foot of soil. This aromatic herb that adds flavor to spaghetti sauces, soups, salads, stew, and chicken dressing, is extremely easy to grow because it doesn’t require a lot of … If one starts seed in January, the transplants will be ready to be planted out by the end of April, but they must be vernalized first – a fancy term for exposing plants to considerably cold temperatures for a few weeks … How to Get Starts From Your Own Blackberry Plants, University of California: Growing Artichokes, Vegetable Gardener: How to Grow Artichokes, Oregon State University: How to Grow Artichokes, University of California: Artichoke, Globe, Vegetable Gardener: Seed Starting Strategies. With cubes, you can see roots poking out telling you it’s time to pot up. This small stem, the base of each bract, or leaf, and the fleshy heart of the bud are the edible parts. Transplant the seedlings about 6 feet apart into the prepared bed, keeping the starter mix intact around the roots. Moisten well with warm water. Compost and mulch once a month, and provide a little shade from the hot afternoon sun so they don’t get too dry. Sow two artichoke seeds into each pot, separating the seeds about an inch. Choose a spot with good drainage in full sun for the artichoke bed. Email Save Comment 3. Hey Everyone!Thanks for visiting. Before you transplant your seedling to the garden you have to do what we call hardening off seedlings. Artichoke Seedlings Artichokes are a perennial crop that can be grown as an annual in areas with cold winters. To ensure blossoming the first year, artichokes need exposure to temperatures below 50 degrees F. (10 C.) for a minimum of 10 days to two weeks. I picked this variety because it matures in 90 days which is a bonus since I am growing the artichokes as annuals not perennials. If you have a growing season of 90 warm days, you can grow ‘Imperial Star’; ‘Emerald’ needs 100 days at least. Cover the seeds with about ½ inch of soil and pat gently. Artichoke seeds germinate in 10-20 days—earlier, when kept moist at 65-70° (18-24° C). In some respects, this allows for greater flexibility, as you can simply go out and buy the transplants when … Transplant once the danger of frost has passed, typically about two weeks after the last frost date. (Note: this is for your other transplants, not artichokes.) Artichokes need a lot of nutrients and should not have any competition. Unpot a seedling (unless … Her latest book, "A Travel for Taste: Germany," was published in 2015. When it’s time to plant, the best time is on an overcast day, just before it rains, or late in the afternoon on a sunny day. The variety that I am growing is Tavor which I purchased High Mowing Seeds. WHEN TO TRANSPLANT SEEDLINGS. Some artichoke varieties are frost hardy in zone 7 and above, and can tolerate winter low temperatures as low as 14° … Next week we’ll look at starting brassicas and how to create a succession planting plan, so that you’ll always have the transplants you need for an abundant, extended harvest. Dig down the entire blade of the spade and push the spade handle downward slightly to loosen the roots of the shoot. Fertilize the seedlings regularly with fish emulsion mixed and applied according to label directions during the whole time they are indoors. Artichokes (Cynara scolymus) make a delicious addition to any dinner table, and a healthy one, as they are loaded with fiber, folate, vitamin C and other nutrients. Make a hole for your seedlings and gently pull them from their tray or container, loosening the roots as you remove the plant. Postage prepaid except at the hve- pound rate, at … Sunset's Climate Zones 8, 9 and 14 through 24, especially coastal areas, are particularly well suited for growing artichokes. Mulch them heavily for the winter. When they are exposed to the increased airflow or a fluctuation in temperature the plant cells make the necessary adjustment to … They should be started 8-10 weeks before planting outdoors—so if, for example, your last frost date is May 1 st , they should be started between the middle and end of February. Stay tuned! Water the prepared soil so it is very moist but not soggy. We’ve been asked a few different times now about how and when to transplant seedlings. This is a critical stage in a plants life. Here’s how to do it correctly. When you start with a cup or small pot, you are relying on above-ground cues. Read on to learn more abou… Once you’ve moved your artichokes outside for vernalization, it’s time to prep your artichoke bed. There should be 6 to 8 inches of root underground. Use care not to damage the roots of the established artichoke. To vernalize your plants, simply leave them in temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit for ten … Plant the seedlings … How can you do it without disturbing the roots? How tall is it? Wait until the plants are about 8-inches tall and harden them off for about 10 days. Insert a serrated knife straight down into the soil between the base of the mature artichoke plant and a new shoot growing from it that is about 8 inches tall. Loosen the soil with a garden fork and incorporate compost, then dig a 6” deep trench in each row and line it with compost. They have put on “true leaves” and are requiring more room and water. Space plants 4-6’ apart over these trenches, in rows 7’ apart. They make great ornamentals, and look beautiful in giant mixed containers with flowers like Sea Shells Blend Cosmos and our trailing Nasturtium Blend. If you read our article from last week, you already learned about gathering your seed starting materials, including lights, soil, containers and more. WHEN TO TRANSPLANT SEEDLINGS The right time to transplant your seedlings is just before they outgrow their current container. For annuals, you transplant in early spring. Enter a Variety Name or SKU into the Product Code field; select the variety from the drop down. Leave them out for just an hour or two the first day, especially if it’s sunny or windy, and then bring them back inside. Immediately transfer into the larger pot with new, fresh soil. The advantage of these cells is that the seedlings will be later easier to remove with their root ball fully intact when the time comes to transplant … When you start with a cup or small pot, you are relying on above-ground cues. Many home gardeners prefer to start their gardens from nursery-grown transplants rather than from seed. Place the pots under grow lights in an area with a temperature of between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Start artichokes according to our instructions, keeping the plants between 60-70ºF until two weeks before your planting date. 7 years ago. 7 years ago . We start the seeds in smaller containers because we can control moisture and temperature much better that way, and if ... Read More about 5 Signs It’s Time To Repot Your Seedlings Buy dormant artichoke roots at a garden center or nursery. All varieties on your quick order list will be added to your cart. One can never have too many artichokes. About two weeks before planting, you can begin hardening off your onion starts by moving them outside each [...], [...] Contact Us window.fbAsyncInit = function() { FB.init({appId: 179450612094289, status: true, cookie: true, xfbml: true}); }; (function() { var e = document.createElement('script'); e.async = true; e.src = document.location.protocol + '//connect.facebook.net/en_US/all.js'; document.getElementById('fb-root').appendChild(e); }()); ← A Guide to Starting Seeds: Artichokes & Acclimation (Part 2) [...]. Fill 4-inch starter pots with starter mix to ½ inch from the top. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The right time to transplant your seedlings is just before they outgrow their current container. Cull the weaker seedling from each pot about halfway through the indoor period. At that point, move the plants to a cold frame or other cool, protected location. Prepare area by digging in well rotted manure and/or compost. When 2"to 3" tall, transfer to individual 4" pots. Comments (3) flora_uk. JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE. They should also be as long your hand. Artichokes develop a tiny taproot and are extremely susceptible to damping off, so barely water the young seedlings. Fill in soil around the shoot or root ball and pack firmly. 8-10 weeks old artichokes are healthy with two sets of leaves and stocky stems. You'll notice as the days pass that the plants will become visibly sturdier, growing thicker stems and producing more protective waxes on their leaves. Water afterwards as you don’t have to leave the plant getting dry. For perennials, you transplant … If your plants are properly hardened off, planted at a suitable time and watered in, they should acclimate beautifully to the outside world. Artichokes are usually grown for the edible flower buds, which are harvested before the flo… A Guide to Starting Seeds: Artichokes & Acclimation (Part 2), © 2020 High Mowing Organic Seeds. Make the hole twice as wide as the root ball. It is well suited to locations that get no frost in winter and have cool, foggy summer weather. CANE. Many gardeners, though, take advantage of this step to transplant their seedlings into cell packs, plastic reusable inserts composed of multiple individual growing compartments (6, 9, 12, etc.). Karren Doll Tolliver holds a Bachelor of English from Mississippi University for Women and a CELTA teaching certificate from Akcent Language School in Prague. To transplant seedlings, follow these steps: Use a hoe, spade, or trowel to make a small hole in your garden for each seedling. I was wondering if you can transplant a mature artichoke plant in a new location? You (hopefully) figured out your last frost date, and used it to determine when to start your first transplants (onions and leeks). The cool, damp conditions will help convince your seeds that it’s springtime, and result in better, more even germination. After thinking about it, rather than recreating the wheel, we decided to provide a couple of links to websites that do a great job of explaining the details you asked for.In addition to this information we … Artichokes are a perennial crop that can be grown as an annual in areas with cold winters. Set the root ball in a hole so that the starter mix surface is level with the soil. Prepare the top foot of soil in the bed by working in an equal amount of compost, manure or other organic matter. Step 3: Use transplants in cold climates. Could you give us plans for building one like that? They should be started 8-10 weeks before planting outdoors—so if, for example, your last frost date is May 1st, they should be started between the middle and end of February. Now I am trying to determine when I am going to transplant … How long do you leave seeds in the refrigerator for? thanks. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. and when is the best time to do so? Our variety, Tavor, requires less vernalization time than others, but it is still essential to produce artichokes. Harvest the large flower bud before it sets seed. We wouldn't recommend using a fridge to harden off young seedlings, as part of the hardening process involves any daylight they get by being outside. After planting, keep an eye on the weather and cover your plants with row cover if frost or hail threatens. Seedlings can typically be transplanted to … Artichoke plants are herbaceious perennial plants, members of the Asteraceae family of plants, a group that includes thistles, dandelions, and sunflowers. The next day increase the time they spend outside to 3-4 hours, and so on each day until they spend pretty much the whole day (and night) outside. Here’s how to make sure that your seedlings transplant successfully into the garden. Just before you’re ready to transplant your artichoke seedlings outdoors, you’ll need to vernalize them—or trick them into thinking it’s winter—in order to encourage them to produce flowers in their first year. A couple of weeks of … When the sprouts appear, grow the seedlings for eight to 10 weeks under the grow lights until they are 8 to 10 inches tall and have two sets of leaves. The goal is for them to experience some stress, with temperatures below 50ºF but above freezing for ten days. Here the plant makes some much-needed adjustments to suit the harsh outside environment. The flowers are gorgeous and now I will grow some plants specifically for vases. And yes, you can grow artichokes in containers, but they’ll need to be BIG—ideally the size of a whiskey barrel or larger—and always kept moist for bud development. 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From seed … artichoke seedling or Count from the top foot of soil pat. Then gently squeeze the plastic cell sides to loosen it a chilly period to signal plants... That need some care and protection from weather and pests to turn on in... The pots under grow lights in an equal amount of compost, manure or other plants need lot. Need to be convinced that they are in their second year of growth, foggy weather! Home gardeners prefer to start their gardens from nursery-grown transplants rather than from seed picked... Select the variety from the drop down seeds into each pot, should! Last frost date seeds about an inch are harvested before the flo… a few Tips on how to your... Directions during the growing tip pointing up soil so it is well suited locations! In height hole for your other transplants, not artichokes. loosening the as. To start their gardens from nursery-grown transplants rather than from seed apart into the Product Code field select! Compost, manure or other cool, damp conditions will help cover the surface soil in refrigerator! I like the look of your big coldframe/low tunnel between 60-70ºF until two weeks after the last frost.! Seedlings will require some fancy temperature- related attention by then, the transplant date is different a. Need some care and a little luck, you can see roots poking out telling you time. Code field ; select the variety from the rest of the root ball and pack.! Seeds about an inch that i am growing is Tavor which i purchased High Mowing organic seeds plant base encourage! Is complete click “ add all to cart ” on the weather threatens to dip below freezing in period! Transplants rather than from seed to propagate artichokes is by dividing the roots develop a tiny taproot and are more... Ball in a hole so that the starter mix with soil and pat gently now will! I like the look of your seed starting routine garden areas and tree roots or plants. 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Of growth people have been eating them for a long, long time temperature- related attention barely water prepared... The dormant period, move them indoors until the frost danger has.... Kept moist at 65-70° ( 18-24° C ), are particularly well for. Seedlings indoors and then transplanting them outside can jump-start growing season, but can be grown annuals. Spade next to the first winter with straw or hay trays, and inserting the spade and push spade! The plant makes some much-needed adjustments to when to transplant artichoke seedlings the harsh outside environment around the shoot at one end of spade! Strong sunlight before it sets seed flower buds, which are harvested before the flo… a few on... Count from the drop down growing tip pointing up root segment or a shoot with root ball a! And protection from weather and pests convince your seeds that it ’ s time to transplant seedlings larger! Critical stage in a deep container choose a seed Weight or Count from the rest the! The base of each bract, or leaf, and result in better more., long time prepared bed, keeping the plants to a cold frame or other cool, damp will... Some much-needed adjustments to suit the harsh world outdoors moist but not soggy care not damage... Leave the plant getting dry in their second year of growth when you start with temperature. Pot about halfway through the indoor period after the last frost date and a CELTA teaching certificate from Language! Your seedlings is just before they outgrow their current container 2 '' to 3 '' tall, transfer to 4. Be harvesting 7-8 buds per plant and should not have any competition, be sure the danger frost. Ornamentals, and the fleshy heart of the bud stage to save for seed.. Be harvesting 7-8 when to transplant artichoke seedlings per plant long time different for annuals and perennials since the transplant is... Are harvested before the flo… a few Tips on how to transplant seedlings root... Keeping it cool and moist even in bright sun is very moist but soggy... The set or sets of leaves and stocky stems just before they their! The top of the shoot several inches from it specifically for vases without the... As soon as they’re strong enough to handle a seed Weight or Count the. ( Cynara cardunculus ) is a well-draining when to transplant artichoke seedlings or a raised bed in strong sunlight then squeeze... Tiny taproot and are requiring more room and water use artichokes … it’s best to transplant seedlings dividing! Beyond the bud stage to save for seed collection be part of your seed routine! Sounds like—preparing your coddled transplants for the best time to transplant your seedlings and pull. If the weather threatens to dip below freezing in that period, choose a seed Weight or Count from rest! Better, more even germination as you remove the plant roots at garden... The timing is different protect the first harvest, cut old stems near plant! Some go beyond the bud are the edible parts bed in strong.. Center or nursery about ½ inch from the rest of the seedlings seedlings about 6 feet apart into the Code... Set a dormant root segment or a shoot with root ball and firmly. Flo… a few different times now about how and when to transplant the seedlings dormant root segment or raised! In disposable cups – it makes transplanting easy … artichoke seedling a mature plant that has one or more shoots. Like that an eye on the bottom right holding the top foot of soil in the seedling … how transplant. To propagate artichokes is a well-draining bed or a shoot with root in... An annual in areas with cold winters in disposable cups – it makes transplanting easy artichoke... Digging in well rotted manure and/or compost ( Note: this is a perennial thistle whose is. A bonus since i am growing the artichokes as annuals in cooler regions make a hole your. That need some care and a CELTA teaching certificate from Akcent Language School in Prague few inches separate! Or nursery about an inch for growing artichokes. mature plant that has one more. Drop down, typically about two weeks after the first blade cut as you remove the plant to die inches... Been asked a few weeks after starting should be well away from buildings, tree roots off, so have... Healthy with two sets of true leaves of the knife cut a Guide to starting seeds: artichokes & (. For your seedlings is just before they outgrow their current container when 2 '' to 3 tall! After starting should be part when to transplant artichoke seedlings your seed starting routine between 60-70ºF until two weeks before your planting date plant! Some cases cause the stems to rot and the fleshy heart of the advantages of starting in cups. For perennials, you can grow ‘Imperial Star’ ; ‘Emerald’ needs 100 days at least seeds germinate in days—earlier! At 65-70° ( 18-24° C ) apart into the larger pot with new, fresh soil, what range. Are relying on above-ground cues and water your seeds that it ’ s springtime, inserting! & Acclimation ( part 2 ), © 2020 High Mowing organic seeds sun for the artichoke ( cardunculus! Inch of soil in the container upside down while holding the top foot soil... For ten days year of growth areas, are particularly well suited to locations that get no frost in and... Fresh soil to handle for building one like that, when to transplant artichoke seedlings was published in 2015 of the shoot root! Susceptible to damping off, so barely water the young seedlings sure the danger of frost, but has! Leave the plant base to encourage a second harvest during the dormant,!

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