Walter Momper, the mayor of West Berlin, became the first mayor of the reunified city in the interim. It is also the most populous city of EU. der Häftling. [224] The Kookaburra and the Quatsch Comedy Club are known for satire and stand-up comedy shows. 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[135] [203], The Jewish Museum has a standing exhibition on two millennia of German-Jewish history. [49] In 1881, it became a city district separate from Brandenburg.[50]. The neighborhoods have no local government bodies. The largest religious denomination recorded in 2010 was the Protestant regional church body—the Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia (EKBO)—a United church. [28] The first written records of towns in the area of present-day Berlin date from the late 12th century. [1] The city's population density was 4,206 inhabitants per km2. Regional rail lines of the Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg provide access to the surrounding regions of Brandenburg and to the Baltic Sea. Apart from the Museum Island, there are many additional museums in the city. The borough of Spandau lies partly within the Berlin Glacial Valley and partly on the Nauen Plain, which stretches to the west of Berlin. Turkish and Arab immigrants brought their culinary traditions to the city, such as the lahmajoun and falafel, which have become common fast food staples. [250], In 2013 around 600,000 Berliners were registered in one of the more than 2,300 sport and fitness clubs. What is the capital of Germany? Berlin was devastated by air raids, fires and street battles during the Second World War, and many of the buildings that had survived in both East and West, were demolished during the post-war period. Berlin's official sister cities are:[121], Apart from sister cities, there are also several city and district partnerships that Berlin districts have established. [211] In the 1970s and 80s the SO36 in Kreuzberg was a centre for punk music and culture. Clusters of towers rise at various locations: Potsdamer Platz, the City West, and Alexanderplatz, the latter two delineating the former centers of East and West Berlin, with the first representing a new Berlin of the 21st century, risen from the wastes of no-man's land of the Berlin Wall. The industrial development of Germany in the second half of the 19th century and the formation of the German Empire (the collection of Germany) in 1871 made Berlin a world city and national capital, with an effervescent life, a center of magnificent character, a powerful business and institutions for all. Today, the East Side Gallery preserves a large portion of the wall. Tegel Airport was within the city limits, and Schönefeld Airport was just outside Berlin's south-eastern border, in the state of Brandenburg. Capital of Germany. The center portion was demolished in 1945 to stop the Red Army from crossing. The wireless networks are concentrated mostly in central districts; 650 hotspots (325 indoor and 325 outdoor access points) are installed. The city has a high density of internationally renowned research institutions, such as the Fraunhofer Society, the Leibniz Association, the Helmholtz Association, and the Max Planck Society, which are independent of, or only loosely connected to its universities. [98] 48 percent of the residents under the age of 15 have migration background. The Konzerthaus (Concert Hall), home of the Berlin Symphony Orchestra, stands between the two cathedrals. Berlin's nightlife is quite diverse and vibrant. It is the most significant place by area and population in Germany. Berlin is well known for its highly developed bicycle lane system. Question : What is the capital of Germany? Frequent official visits, and diplomatic consultations among governmental representatives and national leaders are common in contemporary Berlin. About 95% of the people living in Berlin are of German origin. Berlin is located in northern Germany.. probation. [24], Berlin contains three World Heritage Sites: Museum Island; the Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin; and the Berlin Modernism Housing Estates. The capital of germany is Berlin And one of sixteen states of Germany. The Senate consists of the Governing Mayor (Regierender Bürgermeister) and up to ten senators holding ministerial positions, two of them holding the title of "Mayor" (Bürgermeister) as deputy to the Governing Mayor. How To Play Wheel Of Fortune Spin Quiz. [189][190] The Universität der Künste (UdK) has about 4,000 students and ESMT Berlin is only one of four business schools in Germany with triple accreditation. [25] As early as 1841 it was designated a "district dedicated to art and antiquities" by a royal decree. The capital of germany is Berlin. Treptower Park, beside the Spree in Treptow, features a large Soviet War Memorial. In the mid-1950s it was closed to vehicles, and after the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, pedestrian traffic was heavily restricted. The German limited liability company (GmbH) is the most common business vehicle due to the simple incorporation procedure and the minimum share capital requirements. [199] In 2005, Berlin was named "City of Design" by UNESCO and has been part of the Creative Cities Network ever since.[200][20]. [161] With 377 cars per 1000 residents in 2013 (570/1000 in Germany), Berlin as a Western global city has one of the lowest numbers of cars per capita. Its 3,769,495 inhabitants as of 31 December 2019 making it the most populous city of the European Union, according to population within city limits. Future applications for broadband networks are developed as well. Berlin maintains official partnerships with 17 cities. The metropolis experienced its heyday as a major world capital and was known for its leadership roles in science, technology, arts, the humanities, city planning, film, higher education, government and industries. The Independent Evangelical Lutheran Church has eight parishes of different sizes in Berlin. The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, a Holocaust memorial, is to the north.[89]. Berlin is subdivided into 12 boroughs or districts (Bezirke). Approximately halfway from the Brandenburg Gate is the Großer Stern, a circular traffic island on which the Siegessäule (Victory Column) is situated. Among the city's main topographical features are the many lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs formed by the Spree, Havel, and Dahme rivers (the largest of which is Lake Müggelsee). [25][196] The diversity and vivacity of the metropolis led to a trendsetting atmosphere. In 2009, approximately 249,000 Muslims were reported by the Office of Statistics to be members of Mosques and Islamic religious organizations in Berlin,[107] while in 2016, the newspaper Der Tagesspiegel estimated that about 350,000 Muslims observed Ramadan in Berlin. [170] Tegel Airport was a focus city for Lufthansa and Eurowings while Schönefeld served as an important destination for airlines like Germania, easyJet and Ryanair. die Bewährung. [198], The expanding cultural performance of the city was underscored by the relocation of the Universal Music Group who decided to move their headquarters to the banks of the River Spree. This was a successful attempt to centralise the capital in the very far-flung state, and it was the first time the city began to grow. One of Europe's largest delicatessen markets is found at the KaDeWe, and among the world's largest chocolate stores is Fassbender & Rausch.[233]. The West German government established itself in Bonn. However, the individual boroughs are not independent municipalities, but subordinate to the Senate of Berlin. [33] During the 15th century, his successors established Berlin-Cölln as capital of the margraviate, and subsequent members of the Hohenzollern family ruled in Berlin until 1918, first as electors of Brandenburg, then as kings of Prussia, and eventually as German emperors. [51] In fields such as architecture, painting and cinema new forms of artistic styles were invented. In Lichtenberg, on the grounds of the former East German Ministry for State Security, is the Stasi Museum. [229][230], Many local foods originated from north German culinary traditions and include rustic and hearty dishes with pork, goose, fish, peas, beans, cucumbers, or potatoes. The Neues Museum, which displays the bust of Queen Nefertiti,[202] Alte Nationalgalerie, Pergamon Museum, and Bode Museum were built there. Germany’s division after the war put Berlin entirely within the territory of the German Democratic Republic (GDR, or East Germany). The Oberbaumbrücke over the Spree river is Berlin's most iconic bridge, connecting the now-combined boroughs of Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg. Browse 500 sets of term:berlin = what is the capital of germany? Berlin is the capital of the country Germany. A series of lakes also feeds into the upper Spree, which flows through the Großer Müggelsee in eastern Berlin.[67]. [174], From 1865 until 1976 Berlin had an extensive pneumatic postal network, which at its peak in 1940, totalled 400 kilometres length. The bridge was completed in a brick gothic style in 1896, replacing the former wooden bridge, with an upper deck for the U-Bahn. The unemployment rate reached a 24-year low in November 2015 and stood at 10.0% . In the early 20th century, Berlin had become a fertile ground for the German Expressionist movement. [184] A record number of 175,651 students were enrolled in the winter term of 2015/16. [101], There are more than 20 non-indigenous communities with a population of at least 10,000 people, including Turkish, Polish, Russian, Lebanese, Palestinian, Serbian, Italian, Bosnian, Vietnamese, American, Romanian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Chinese, Austrian, Ukrainian, French, British, Spanish, Israeli, Thai, Iranian, Egyptian and Syrian communities. Berlin remained divided throughout the Cold War. In 2006, the FIFA World Cup Final was held in Berlin. Bonn was the capital of West Germany and Berlin was the capital of East Germany. [22] The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts and a very high quality of living. Berlin has a special bilingual school program in the Europaschule, in which children are taught the curriculum in German and a foreign language, starting in primary school and continuing in high school. In 2014, 67 airlines served 163 destinations in 50 countries from Berlin. Of the estimated population of 30,000–45,000 Jewish residents,[111] approximately 12,000 are registered members of religious organizations.[106]. In the 1990s the Aussiedlergesetze enabled immigration to Germany of some residents from the former Soviet Union. Since 2014 this office has been held by Michael Müller of the Social Democrats.[120]. In 2012, around 7,600 mostly beige colored taxicabs were in service. Although it was possible for Westerners to pass to the other side through strictly controlled checkpoints, for most Easterners travel to West Berlin or West Germany was prohibited by the government of East Germany. As of 2011[update] Berlin is home to 138 museums and more than 400 art galleries. Berlin was one of the leading cities in science, technology, film, arts, and humanities as well as higher education during the 20th century. It is also a state-city. areas of cultural life. The Straße des 17. The most-commonly-spoken foreign languages in Berlin are Turkish, Polish, English, Arabic, Italian, Bulgarian, Russian, Romanian, Kurdish, Serbo-Croatian, French, Spanish and Vietnamese. Starting in early 1943, many were shipped to death camps, such as Auschwitz. What is the capital of Germany? The sector comprises music, film, advertising, architecture, art, design, fashion, performing arts, publishing, R&D, software,[149] TV, radio, and video games. Berlin has a long history of discoveries in medicine and innovations in medical technology. der/die Bewährungshelfer/in. 2. Berlin is located in northern Germany, the sandy region between the Spree and Havel rivers. It is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. About 500 top athletes (15% of all German top athletes) are based there. Many residents strongly identify with their neighbourhoods, colloquially called Kiez. On 3 October 1990, the two parts of Germany were reunified as the Federal Republic of Germany and Berlin again became a reunified city. The city of Berlin also serves as a center for transport, communication, and entertainment. 55 terms. [245] The city hosted the Basketball Euroleague Final Four in 2009 and 2016. My Telenor Daily 5 questions you have select answers from giving 4 options on my Telenor. There are also 86 public libraries in the city. At first download Amazon app from play store. At the end of 2018, the city-state of Berlin had 3.75 million registered inhabitants[2] in an area of 891.1 km2 (344.1 sq mi). 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The founding of the two German states increased Cold War tensions. [181] The John F. Kennedy School, a bilingual German–American public school in Zehlendorf, is particularly popular with children of diplomats and the English-speaking expatriate community. Albert Einstein rose to public prominence during his years in Berlin, being awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921. [11] In 1307, they formed an alliance with a common external policy, their internal administrations still being separated. It began construction in 2006, with the intention of replacing Tegel Airport (TXL) and Schönefeld Airport (SXF) as the single commercial airport of Berlin. [212] The central boroughs are home to many nightclubs, including the Watergate, Tresor and Berghain. [185] Among them around 18% have an international background. [153], According to Monocle, Berlin occupies the position of the 6th-most-livable city in the world. Many Classical buildings line the street and part of Humboldt University is there. Both offer electric power and natural gas supply. Typical Germanised place name suffixes of Slavic origin are -ow, -itz, -vitz, -witz, -itzsch and -in, prefixes are Windisch and Wendisch. One third of its houses were damaged or destroyed, and the city lost half of its population. Despite being infamous for the Berlin Wall of the late 20th century, Berlin is one of the most frequented cities in the European Union, attracting millions of visitors annually. Both airports together handled 29.5 million passengers in 2015. With an area of 357,022 sq. Of Berlin's twelve boroughs, five bear a (partly) Slavic-derived name: Pankow (the most populous), Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Treptow-Köpenick and Spandau (named Spandow until 1878). [92][1], In 2014, the city state Berlin had 37,368 live births (+6.6%), a record number since 1991. Berlin has Germany's largest number of daily newspapers, with numerous local broadsheets (Berliner Morgenpost, Berliner Zeitung, Der Tagesspiegel), and three major tabloids, as well as national dailies of varying sizes, each with a different political affiliation, such as Die Welt, Neues Deutschland, and Die Tageszeitung. Study sets. Several technology and media art festivals and conferences are held in the city, including Transmediale and Chaos Communication Congress. NSDAP rule diminished Berlin's Jewish community from 160,000 (one-third of all Jews in the country) to about 80,000 as a result of emigration between 1933 and 1939. Berlin has numerous museums, galleries, libraries, orchestras and sporting events. Present-day Saxony is composed largely of hill and mountain country, with only its northernmost portions and the area around Leipzig descending into the great North European Plain. The Volksbühne at Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz was built in 1913–14, though the company had been founded in 1890. The Rathaus Schöneberg, where John F. Kennedy made his famous "Ich bin ein Berliner!" Live Quiz Amazon Philips Shaver Quiz Answers Win Rs.10000 Amazon Pay; Amazon Microsoft Modern PCs Quiz Answers Rs.10000; Amazon Pantry Spin … [193] The KIC is based at the Centre for Entrepreneurship at TU Berlin and has a focus in the development of IT industries. Questions » Geography » Europe » Germany » Germany - Essentials. flashcards. It is the only observation tower which stands on insulators and has a restaurant 55 m (180 ft) and an observation deck 126 m (413 ft) above ground, which is reachable by a windowed elevator. As of 2014[update], Berlin had 878 schools, teaching 340,658 children in 13,727 classes and 56,787 trainees in businesses and elsewhere. A Vote to Decide the Capital . [146] The city recorded 28.7 million overnight hotel stays and 11.9 million hotel guests in 2014. Cölln on the Fischerinsel is first mentioned in a 1237 document, and Berlin, across the Spree in what is now called the Nikolaiviertel, is referenced in a document from 1244. [37], The Thirty Years' War between 1618 and 1648 devastated Berlin. The expanded Deutsches Historisches Museum re-opened in the Zeughaus with an overview of German history spanning more than a millennium. Rudolf Virchow was the founder of cellular pathology, while Robert Koch developed vaccines for anthrax, cholera, and tuberculosis.[177]. The city has four public research universities and more than 30 private, professional, and technical colleges (Hochschulen), offering a wide range of disciplines. Discussions about moving the remaining ministries and departments to Berlin continue. At the end of the First World War in 1918, a republic was proclaimed by Philipp Scheidemann at the Reichstag building. With a population of 3.4 million in its city limits, Berlin is the country's largest city. Please read these terms and conditions ("T&Cs") before entering the Contest. [239] Tempelhofer Feld, the site of the former city airport, is the world's largest inner-city open space. [131] From 2012 to 2015 Berlin, as a German state, had the highest annual employment growth rate. Snowfall mainly occurs from December through March. 01280. If you want to find the capital of Germany on … [126] Berlin is the seat of the German Chancellor (Prime Minister), housed in the Chancellery building, the Bundeskanzleramt. [68] The Müggelberge at 114.7 metres (376 feet) elevation is the highest natural point and the lowest is the Spektesee in Spandau, at 28.1 metres (92 feet) elevation. Starting here the Karl-Marx-Allee heads east, an avenue lined by monumental residential buildings, designed in the Socialist Classicism style. [249] A Fan Fest at Brandenburg Gate, which attracts several hundred-thousand spectators, has become popular during international football competitions, like the UEFA European Championship. It is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with Potsdam, Brandenburg's capital. Verlag CH Beck, 2010. [14] East Berlin was declared capital of East Germany, while Bonn became the West German capital. The two cities are at the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region, which is, with about six million inhabitants and an area of more than 30,00… [137][138], Many German and international companies have business or service centers in the city. The population almost doubled and Berlin had a population of around four million. Friedrichstraße was Berlin's legendary street during the Golden Twenties. With the world's oldest large-scale movie studio complex, Berlin is an increasingly popular location for international film productions. It is also a state-city. [166] Previously set to open in 2012, after extensive delays and cost overruns, it opened for commercial operations in October 2020. The Weekend Club near Alexanderplatz features a roof terrace that allows partying at night. The Bundesrat ("federal council") is the representation of the Federal States (Bundesländer) of Germany and has its seat at the former Prussian Herrenhaus (House of Lords). The Berlin airlift, conducted by the three western Allies, overcame this blockade by supplying food and other supplies to the city from June 1948 to May 1949. Following German reunification in 1990, Berlin once again became the capital of all of Germany. [205], In Dahlem, there are several museums of world art and culture, such as the Museum of Asian Art, the Ethnological Museum, the Museum of European Cultures, as well as the Allied Museum. probation officer. [19][20] Berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network. It is the seat of the President of Germany, whose official residence is Schloss Bellevue. The Volkspark in Friedrichshain, which opened in 1848, is the oldest park in the city, with monuments, a summer outdoor cinema and several sports areas. West Berlin was surrounded by East German territory, and East Germany proclaimed the Eastern part as its capital, a move the western powers did not recognize. Cologne. Young people, international artists and entrepreneurs continued to settle in the city and made Berlin a popular entertainment center in the world. [218] Berlin is also well known for the cultural festival, Berliner Festspiele, which includes the jazz festival JazzFest Berlin. The Komische Oper has traditionally specialized in operettas and is also at Unter den Linden. [74], Summers are warm and sometimes humid with average high temperatures of 22–25 °C (72–77 °F) and lows of 12–14 °C (54–57 °F). [234] Asian cuisine like Chinese, Vietnamese, Thai, Indian, Korean, and Japanese restaurants, as well as Spanish tapas bars, Italian, and Greek cuisine, can be found in many parts of the city. [86][87] Also on the island and next to the Lustgarten and palace is Berlin Cathedral, emperor William II's ambitious attempt to create a Protestant counterpart to St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. This is why most of the cities and villages in northeastern Germany bear Slavic-derived names (Germania Slavica). St. Hedwig's Cathedral is Berlin's Roman Catholic cathedral. Berlin is one of the most remarkable characteristic, It is covered trees everwhere. The ministries and the Bundesrat are also located within the city. Berlin is home to 44 theaters and stages. Historically, 67 Nobel Prize winners are affiliated with the Berlin-based universities. Population and area in km² as of November 2014. Berlin's transport infrastructure is highly complex, providing a diverse range of urban mobility. German tribes such as Semnones and Burgundians built villages in modern day Berlin from around 500BC. Posted by: Ahtesham 00:02 Post a comment Q1.What is the capital of Germany? Its musical director is Daniel Barenboim. [36] Berlin-Cölln, however, had to give up its status as a free Hanseatic city. [75] Annual precipitation is 570 millimetres (22 in) with moderate rainfall throughout the year. Large parts of the boroughs Reinickendorf and Pankow lie on the Barnim Plateau, while most of the boroughs of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Tempelhof-Schöneberg, and Neukölln lie on the Teltow Plateau. [32] Officially, the Berlin-Cölln palace became permanent residence of the Brandenburg electors of the Hohenzollerns from 1486, when John Cicero came to power. German international public broadcaster Deutsche Welle has its TV production unit in Berlin, and most national German broadcasters have a studio in the city including ZDF and RTL. Berlin is the seat of the Roman Catholic archbishop of Berlin and EKBO's elected chairperson is titled the bishop of EKBO. 1. The borough's mayors make up the council of mayors (Rat der Bürgermeister), which is led by the city's Governing Mayor and advises the Senate. EKBO is a member of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) and Union Evangelischer Kirchen (UEK). [219][220] Every year Berlin hosts one of the largest New Year's Eve celebrations in the world, attended by well over a million people. [132], Important economic sectors in Berlin include life sciences, transportation, information and communication technologies, media and music, advertising and design, biotechnology, environmental services, construction, e-commerce, retail, hotel business, and medical engineering. Facing the Chancellery is the Bundestag, the German Parliament, housed in the renovated Reichstag building since the government's relocation to Berlin in 1998. East Germany selected East Berlin as its capital. [73][72], Due to its transitional climate zones, frosts are common in winter and there are larger temperature differences between seasons than typical for many oceanic climates. Before the opening of Bradenburg Airport, Berlin was served by Tegel Airport and Schönefeld Airport. The victorious powers divided the city into four sectors, analogous to the occupation zones into which Germany was divided. [96] Young Germans, EU-Europeans and Israelis have also settled in the city. Its two main locations are on Potsdamer Straße and on Unter den Linden. [194], One of Europe's successful research, business and technology clusters is based at WISTA in Berlin-Adlershof, with more than 1,000 affiliated firms, university departments and scientific institutions.[195]. Travelers can access all modes of transport with a single ticket. Unter den Linden is a tree-lined east–west avenue from the Brandenburg Gate to the site of the former Berliner Stadtschloss, and was once Berlin's premier promenade. [231][232] German bakeries offering a variety of breads and pastries are widespread. [52] Berlin is the most heavily bombed city in history. [254] The team represented Berlin as a founding member of the Bundesliga, Germany's highest football league, in 1963. Since 2011, a number of app based e-car and e-scooter sharing services have evolved. [251] The city of Berlin operates more than 60 public indoor and outdoor swimming pools. The 19th-century industrial revolution saw the growth of the city into one of the most important economic, political, residential, and transport centers. The share capital for GmbH and AG in Germany. Much of this demolition was initiated by municipal architecture programs to build new business or residential districts and the main arteries. According to Mercer, Berlin ranked number 13 in the Quality of living city ranking in 2019. Berlin is home to many magazine, newspaper, book and scientific/academic publishers, as well as their associated service industries. [247], The annual Berlin Marathon – a course that holds the most top-10 world record runs – and the ISTAF are well-established athletic events in the city. The capital of Germany is Berlin. Among them are the German Heart Center, one of the most renowned transplantation centers, the Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine and the Max-Planck-Institute for Molecular Genetics. City-wide elections in December 1990 resulted in the first "all Berlin" mayor being elected to take office in January 1991, with the separate offices of mayors in East and West Berlin expiring by that time, and Eberhard Diepgen (a former mayor of West Berlin) became the first elected mayor of a reunited Berlin. Berliners would achieve seven gold, twelve silver and three bronze medals.[253]. [248] The Mellowpark in Köpenick is one of the biggest skate and BMX parks in Europe. Berlin, the capital of Germany is worth a visit. In a 2016 terrorist attack linked to ISIL, a truck was deliberately driven into a Christmas market next to the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church, leaving 12 people dead and 56 others injured. [106] According to the Berlin residents register, in 2018 14.9 percent were members of the Evangelical Church, and 8.5 percent were members of the Catholic Church. [236] The city's other zoo, Tierpark Friedrichsfelde, was founded in 1955. The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG) and the Deutsche Bahn (DB) manage several extensive urban public transport systems.[164]. The city's appearance today has been predominantly shaped by the key role it played in Germany's history during the 20th century. [147] Some of these congress events take place on venues such as CityCube Berlin or the Berlin Congress Center (bcc). About one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers, canals and lakes. It is spoken in Berlin and the surrounding metropolitan area. Subsequently, the Altes Museum was built in the Lustgarten. From 1961 to 1990, the city divided into two, East and West Berlin, was named after the wall that … Long-distance rail lines connect Berlin with all of the major cities of Germany and with many cities in neighboring European countries. [99] Berlin in 2009 was estimated to have 100,000 to 250,000 non-registered inhabitants. The Bauhaus Archive is a museum of 20th century design from the famous Bauhaus school. It is also the 2 nd most populous country in Europe and the most populous member-state of EU. It partners with major multinational companies such as Siemens, Deutsche Telekom, and SAP. The number of deaths was 32,314. The shareholders may contribute with … The relocation of the federal government and Bundestag to Berlin was mostly completed in 1999, however some ministries as well as some minor departments stayed in the federal city Bonn, the former capital of West Germany. The Brücke Museum features one of the largest collection of works by artist of the early 20th-century expressionist movement. [40], By 1700, approximately 30 percent of Berlin's residents were French, because of the Huguenot immigration. In addition to the university-affiliated libraries, the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin is a major research library. Due to the influence and international partnerships of the Federal Republic of Germany, the capital city has become a significant centre of German and European affairs. [237], The Tiergarten park in Mitte, with landscape design by Peter Joseph Lenné, is one of Berlin's largest and most popular parks. The Pharmaceuticals division of Bayer[145] and Berlin Chemie are major pharmaceutical companies in the city. The area around Potsdam in particular Sanssouci is known for a series of interconnected lakes and cultural landmarks. [162] Deutsche Bahn runs high speed Intercity-Express trains to domestic destinations like Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Frankfurt am Main and others. Clubs are not required to close at a fixed time during the weekends, and many parties last well into the morning, or even all weekend. Before Germany was united as a whole country, there was two separate places called East Germany and West Germany. : Stöver B. Geschichte Berlins. The focal point is the Brandenburg Gate, where midnight fireworks are centred, but various private fireworks displays take place throughout the entire city. Berlin has a long history of gay culture, and is an important birthplace of the LGBT rights movement. Die Afrikaner kommen – Nachrichten Welt am Sonntag – Welt Online", "Zweites Afrika-Magazin "Afrikanisches Viertel" erschienen Bezirksbürgermeister Dr. Christian Hanke ist Schirmherr", "457 000 Ausländer aus 190 Staaten in Berlin gemeldet", "Fast jeder Dritte in Berlin hat einen Migrationshintergrund", "Migration: Berlin will illegalen Einwanderern helfen – Deutschland – Politik – Tagesspiegel", "Zahl der Ausländer in Berlin steigt auf Rekordhoch", "Studie – Zwei Millionen Berliner sprechen mindestens zwei Sprachen – Wirtschaft – Berliner Morgenpost – Berlin", "Zensus 2011 – Bevölkerung und Haushalte – Bundesland Berlin", "Ramadan in Flüchtlingsheimen und Schulen in Berlin", "Wird der Islam künftig die stärkste Religion in Berlin sein? [23] Since the 2000s Berlin has seen the emergence of a cosmopolitan entrepreneurial scene. Berlin (/bɜːrˈlɪn/; German: [bɛʁˈliːn] (listen)) is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population. [125], Berlin is the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany. [2] The government keeps a register of members of these churches for tax purposes, because it collects church tax on behalf of the churches. With an area of 43 hectares (110 acres) and around 22,000 different plant species, it is one of the largest and most diverse collections of botanical life in the world. [243] The city hosted the 1936 Summer Olympics and was the host city for the 2006 FIFA World Cup final. Its Zoological Garden is the most visited zoo in Europe and one of the most popular worldwide. Since reunification on 3 October 1990, Berlin has been one of the three city states in Germany among the present 16 states of Germany. Instead, digital insights will be available from 16 December onwards in the form of live streams and online guided tours;[65] The opening of the Giga Berlin Tesla, Inc. factory, which is actually located in Brandenburg and is expected to commence operation at a date still to be announced, in late 2021. The modern fast food version of the doner kebab sandwich which evolved in Berlin in the 1970s, has since become a favorite dish in Germany and elsewhere in the world. [48] In 1871, Berlin became capital of the newly founded German Empire. According to figures from the International Congress and Convention Association in 2015 Berlin became the leading organizer of conferences in the world hosting 195 international meetings. The Exberliner, a monthly magazine, is Berlin's English-language periodical and La Gazette de Berlin a French-language newspaper. [208] The Berlin Wall itself has become one of the largest open-air canvasses in the world. [223] The Konzerthausorchester Berlin was founded in 1952 as the orchestra for East Berlin. The Brandenburg Gate is an iconic landmark of Berlin and Germany; it stands as a symbol of eventful European history and of unity and peace. Present, Berlin is the most diverse and vibrant of its houses were damaged or,. Foreign residents of Berlin. [ 106 ] develops mobile and stationary broadband communication and! International journalists, bloggers and writers live and work in the city include the Britzer Garten and! Over the southern part of the Spree in Treptow, features a roof terrace allows! Important spectator team sports in Germany. [ 120 ] built from scratch after the royal in. For its rich historical heritage and there many museums and other cities began with observation. 1992 and 2011 the Muslim population almost doubled and Berlin was also divided East. Of World War in 1918, a monthly magazine, is still.! 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