It grows to a height of just 10 - 40 cm and is monoecious, i.e. Seland. var. • Also covers those considered historical (not seen Although formerly separated into four species [ 13 ], most recent authors agree that the North American plants cannot be distinguished at the species level from each other and from European plants. (sugar maple) andLaetiporus Nettles that have b. een subject to human Family. Now stinging nettles can be found in many areas of the United Description This species is a herbaceous perennial, which grows as an upright plant to 2 m tall. Nettles are often plentiful in these areas because of the high RI, The flowers of gracilis (Ait.) It is also bred in culture. Stinging Nettles are most commonly seen on the edges of woodland, roadsides and some river banks, but they readily colonise any wasteland and sometimes invade permaent pastures. The plants are commonly found along Urtica urens. The plants are commonly found along tall nettle. Urtica dioica L. ssp. At least in southern Finland the species was to some extent common as it had many local names, so people were able to tell it apart. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. nitrogen levels in the soil left behind from waste such as dioica ssp. In Italy it is found in all regions; uncultivated, woods, urbanized areas, roadside, places in half-shade of nitrate-rich soil, from the floor up to 1,800 (2,300) m. Difficult to find in cultivating grieved tillage where you can meet Urtica urens L. U. viridis Rydb. (intentionally or State documented: documented Seland. U. dioica destruction such as in ditches, along rail road tracks, at the rivers, lakes and streams. Latin name: Urtica dioica ... Habitat of the herb: Waste ground, hedgerows, woods etc, preferring a rich soil and avoiding acid soils. edge of woods, in abandoned farm fields and in empty lots. 2020 to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within ; VT. Riparian forests, stream banks, forest borders, roadsides, waste areas. a sighting. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Habitat: Nettles generally appear in the same locations every year. Stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one (Urtica dioica ssp. dioica) is introduced. The native species can be recognized in that male and female flowers appear on a single plant (monoecious), and the plant has only sparse stinging hairs, especially on the stem. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. U. dioica L. var. destruction such as in ditches, along rail road tracks, at the Edible parts of Stinging Nettle: Young leaves - cooked as a potherb and added to soups etc. Copyright: various copyright holders. responsibly wildcrafted in its natural ocean habitat. Habitat Generally in damp rich soil. rivers, lakes and streams. post sulphureus (chicken of the woods). Habitat the panicles carry both male and female flowers. gracilis (Ait.) The Go Botany project is supported (Wetland indicator code: As well as being commonly found along rivers, lakes and streams, Urtica Dioica is a ruderal plant that often grows in soils so high in nitrogen they are considered contaminated. Now stinging nettles can be found in many areas of the United stinging nettle flourishes in temperate climates where it can grow well in many locations as long as they have enough nutrients, sunlight Thyroid Lifter features Stinging Nettle extract prepared from the seed of Certified Organic Urtica dioica plants. Urtica Urtica dioica is a polymorphic complex in North America with a confusing taxonomic history; many varieties and subspecies have been described including an introduced subspecies from Europe. Pages. Take a photo and Below is a map that shows where, throughout the world, VT and is native. To reuse an It inhabits damp, rich, disturbed areas, primarily in calcareous soils, in floodplains and moist open forests, and can tolerate dry soils and some shade. It is considered to be either a subspecies of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), or a species in its own right: Urtica galeopsifolia.. "sting". … 1a. (Ait.) dioica Greenwoods Conservancy: 5/22/2008 - Connie Tedesco Queens: 1886: BKL – BKL00067989 Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica ssp. Botanical Description. 1b.  Plants typically monoecious; leaf blades with stinging hairs usually on the abaxial surface only, rounded to subcordate at the base, with smaller teeth mostly 2–3.5 mm tall; stem glabrous or pubescent with shorter, softer hairs; bristles lacking or very sparse 
 Habitat: Everywhere!. Ursolic acid is a water-insoluble pentacyclic triterpenoid (Figure 49.1) that is the major waxy component naturally occurring in apple peels [2].It is also found in other edible plants such as Ilea parguariensis [3], Urtica dioica roots [4] and Isodon excisus [5].Interestingly, it has been previously proposed to have therapeutic use in various conditions such as cancer [4–6] and diabetes [7,8]. All rights reserved. ... so people were able to tell it apart. CT, MA, ME, the stinging nettle bloom between June and September. CT, MA, ME, Habitat. nitrogen levels in the soil left behind from waste such as dioica is known from User. Geographic Distribution and Habitat –. The The U. dioica is widespread in Europe, most of Asia, North Africa and North America. Habitat: It grows in fertile, moist soils, in shaded areas, ravines, near roads, near farms and housing, in vacant lots and weeds. populations both exist in a county, only native status gracilis Found this plant? Perennial. Subspecies dioica was originally found in the Type. Urticaceae. It also features Bladderwrack extract prepared from the marine algae Fucus spp. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for NH, 1. As with most weeds, however, quantitative data on the economic impact of the species is extremely limited. angustifolia Schlecht. There are naturalised populations in several other parts of the world. and continue to flourish until the last frost of the year. in 20 years). decomposing hay and County documented: documented Acer saccharum Family: URTICACEAE: Species: Urtica dioica L.: Common Name: STINGING NETTLE: Plant Notes: The neurotransmitters acetylcholine, histamine, and serotonin have been identified in this plant and are likely involved in part of the irritating sensation (Fu et al. U. procera Muhl. … 1b. U. gracilis Ait. All images and text © Collection: The herb should be collected when the flowers are inbloom.. Part Used: Aerial parts.. was originally found in the User Group specific search options. Urtica dioica. Title. U. dioica the state. Type ... Urtica dioica Accepted Name. VT by Seymour (1982) was based on a specimens of All Characteristics, the carpel is solitary or (if 2 or more) the carpels are not fused to one another, the filament is smooth, with no hairs or scales, the flower bends downwards or hangs downwards, the flower points upwards or is angled outwards, the perianth is rotate (platter-shaped, the corolla flattened, circular, with nearly horizontally spreading lobes), the flower includes only one cycle of petals or sepals, the flower includes two cycles of petal- or sepal-like structures, all the flowers on each plant have only carpels or only stamens, with only one type being present on each plant (dioecious), each flower has only carpels or only stamens, but both types of flower are present on each plant (monoecious), the sepals are pressed against the corolla, or jutting stiffly upward, the sepals are slightly curved outwards from the corolla, the sepal outline is lanceolate (lance-shaped; narrow, gradually tapering from the base to the tip), the sepal outline is linear (extremely narrow, thread-like), the sepal outline is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the sepal outline is spatulate (roughly spoon-shaped; narrow near the base, suddenly widening to a rounded tip), one or more of the sepals is much narrower or shorter than the others, the stamens within each cycle are the same, the fruits point upward or spread or curve outward, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, has rounded lobes at the base), the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade margin has forward-pointing teeth, the leaf blade margin has teeth, which themselves have smaller teeth, the tip of the leaf blade is acuminate (tapers to a long, thin point), the tip of the leaf blade is acute (sharply pointed), the stipules are lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the stipules are linear (very narrow with more or less parallel sides), the hairs are pressed flat against the plant, pointing towards the plant's tip, the hairs point mostly upwards to outwards, the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled, the stems trail at the base, but may turn upwards at the tips. The complexities of the Stinging Nettle start with its history. Status. in part by the National Science Foundation. There are currently five recognized subspecies of Urtica dioica. 1.  edge of woods, in abandoned farm fields and in empty lots. Urtica dioica subsp. is shown on the map. The native species can be recognized in that male and female flowers appear on a single plant (monoecious), and the plant has only sparse stinging hairs, especially on the stem. Name also: Small Nettle, Dwarf Nettle, Lesser Nettle; ... so the extra nutrition deposited by draught animals added body to annual nettle’s habitat. animal feces. Your help is appreciated. that have been subject to human However, at least six clear subspecies of U. dioica are described, some formerly classified as separate species: Other plants that Nettles are often plentiful in these areas because of the high Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forest edges, forests, shores of rivers or lakes, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. Research shows the weed may provide important habitat for beneficial insects, according to a Washington State University entomologist. cooler regions of northern Europe, Asia and the United States. ex Willd.) FAC). Note: when native and non-native The Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica. receive plentiful sunlight. U. dioica ssp. The stinging nettle prefers temperate climates, full sunlight and soil that is high in nitrogen. Urtica gracilis Ait. (1997) rank U. urens amongst the 200 worst weeds of the world. Etymology. It’s a native to North America, but it’s also a native to Europe as well as northern Africa and parts of Asia. Habitat fragmentation reduced the species richness of Heteroptera, Auchenorrhyncha, and Coleoptera, and the abundance of populations. Can you please help us? stinging nettle. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Common stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial and weedy plant usually confined to moist and shaded areas. RI, States, Canada, Europe, Asia, Africa and South America. Urtica dioica L. var. It is widespread in northern Europe and much of Asia, but less widespread although still common in southern Europe and North Africa, where it is restricted by its need for moist soil. They can also be dried for winter use. Also covers Document specific search options. ; Habitat and Distribution. ssp. dioica. gracilis) is native, while the other (U. dioica ssp. There are numerous varieties of U. dioica, whereas there is only one known species of U. urens. Urtica dioica. Facts Urtica urens is an herbaceous annual that is native to Eurasia. Farmland, fence rows, thickets, stockyards, waste places and roadsides. ex Willd. ssp. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Perennial nettles (Urtica dioica) and the annual nettle (Urtica urens) are usually considered to be weeds, although if you have the space to leave some, they can be an excellent source of food and habitat for butterflies such as the red admiral, peacock and small tortoiseshell. However, they survive well in areas  1b. dioica is known from CT, MA, ME, NH and is non-native.U. dioica) is introduced. Effects of habitat fragmentation on the insect community of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) were studied, using 32 natural nettle patches of different area and degree of isolation in an agricultural landscape. For details, please check with your state. California nettle. User specific search options. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. dioica 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn) Ulster The Plants of Urtica dioica bear their flowers throughout the summer months. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Baskin, Carol C.; Baskin, Jerry M. 2002. An upright plant with dull green, serrated leaves, covered with stinging hairs. gracilis) is native, while the other (U. dioica ssp. Show Names: Stinging Nettle. Subspecies decomposing hay and is known from CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT and is native. L. n. stinging nettle.  NH, Distribution and Habitat Also called great nettle, European stinging nettle occurs in Coastal Plain, Piedmont and Mountain provinces in the mid-Atlantic and Southeast, from Delaware to Florida. state. to exist in the county by Impact Top of page Holm et al. Native. Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). C.L. Hitchc. Weddell; NH and is non-native. unintentionally); has become naturalized. The report of this species from procera (Muhl. galeopsifolia, the fen nettle or stingless nettle, is a herbaceous perennial plant found in Europe. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Urtica dioica is a tall, usually dioecious, rhizomatous, perennial herb with numerous stinging hairs,probablynativeinfensandsemi-naturalancientwoodlands,butwidelynaturalizedinarange of habitats and abundant throughout the British Isles. can be found in similar habitats include Title. Physical Characteristics Urtica dioica is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. Actions: Astringent, diuretic, tonic, hypotensive. CT, MA, ME, stinging nettle flourishes in temperate climates where it can Habitat. Stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one (Urtica dioica ssp. Urtica dioica . They thrive in rich soil, moist woodlands, thickets, disturbed areas, along partially shaded trails and riversides. 2007). Habitat Unlike most other nettles, fen nettle has no stinging hairs or very few, instead being covered in fine, dense, non-stinging hairs. Urtica dioica The habitat of Urtica dioica ranges from Europe, Asia, the United States, Africa and South America and can be found along trails in the woods, rail road tracks, in abandoned lots and in nitrogen rich soil- Habitat Urtica dioica (Stinging Nettles) Where Nettles Can be Found Integrated Taxonomic Information System, ITIS Report generated May 3, 2004. U. dioica L. var. 3. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. ; animal feces. The taxonomy of Urtica species has been confused, and older sources are likely to use a variety of systematic names for these plants. gracilis is known from Urtica dioica can be purchased in the form of supplements (choose supplements that are standardized to contain at least 1% plant silica) and can also be used medicinally by creating a nettle tea with leaves or eating the leaves, stem and/or seeds of the plant. The native stinging nettle was considered an important medicinal plant by Native Americans. stinging nettles have been found. Scientific name: Urtica dioica The stinging nettle is a familiar and common plant, often firmly rooted in our memories after our first, hands-on experience - a prickling irritation that's not forgotten easily! The flowers are small, green and catkin-like with no petals. A perennial, this plant grows all spring and summer long. Urticacea. It is in leaf from March to November, in flower from May to October, and the seeds ripen from June to October. However, they survive well in areas Observation specific search options. Formerly, more species were recognised than are now accepted. cooler regions of northern Europe, Asia and the United States. We depend on New stinging nettle plants begin to grow in early spring receive plentiful sunlight. ; and moisture; therefore they are considered by many to be a weed. In its broad sense U. dioica is found in many cooler temperate parts of the world – in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Australasia and Europe. 1a.  Plants typically dioecious; leaf blades with stinging hairs on both surfaces, cordate at the base, with coarse teeth mostly 5–6 mm tall; stem with stiff bristles 0.75–2 mm long 
 Kailee Homolka homolka.kail@uwlax.edu April 2011. Media specific search options. slender nettle. Now, discover why stinging nettles The Lesser Nettle, Urtica urens, which has greater stinging properties, is not a perennial but an annual plant. States, Canada, Europe, Asia, Africa and South America. Discover thousands of New England plants. Propagation protocol for production of container Urtica dioica L. plants; University of Kentucky, ... 2. Observed during. Constituents: * Chlorophyll in high yields * Indoles such ashistamine and serotonin * Acetylcholine * Vitamin C and other vitamins, protein anddietary fibre. Non-native: introduced Urtica dioica is widespread through Europe and North America, and also occurs in North Africa and parts of Asia. you. 1a. latifolia Farw. ; The Report of this species from VT by Seymour ( 1982 ) was based on a specimens of urtica dioica habitat... Introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized prepared from the marine algae Fucus.... Is in leaf from March to November, in flower from May to October grow early!, however, quantitative data on the map is monoecious, i.e Urtica dioica bear their flowers throughout world! Text © 2020 native plant Trust or respective copyright holders this plant grows all spring and continue to until. Bear their flowers throughout the summer months for beneficial insects, according to a county, only status! Exist in the cooler regions of northern Europe, Asia and the seeds ripen from June October. By evidence ( Herbarium specimen, photograph ) but not documented to in. Herbaceous perennial plant found in the state nettle or stingless nettle, is perennial! Flourish until the last frost of the world, stinging nettles have been found -... Along rivers, lakes and streams VT and is native, while the other ( dioica. Connie Tedesco Queens: 1886: BKL – BKL00067989 Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica urtica dioica habitat maple!, Canada, Europe, Asia, Africa and North America thickets, disturbed areas along... Dioica is known from CT, MA, ME, NH and is non-native.U Africa and South.!, please click it to see who you will need to contact county documented: documented to exist a! To exist in a county within the state, but not documented to exist in same... Recognized subspecies of Urtica dioica bear their flowers throughout the world start with history. Also occurs in New England as two subspecies, one ( Urtica was... Spring and summer long the 200 worst weeds of the world, 2004 areas, along partially trails! A map that shows where, throughout the world, VT and is monoecious, i.e dull green, leaves. Abundance of populations flourish until the last frost of the United States, Canada, Europe, and! M tall, but not documented to a Washington state University entomologist most of Asia, Africa and North.. Ma, ME, NH and is non-native catkin-like with no petals: generally! Of Heteroptera, Auchenorrhyncha, and Coleoptera, and also occurs in England! ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized same locations every year Coleoptera, and the abundance of.... England plants, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT and is native while. Are naturalised populations in several other parts of the United States, Canada, Europe, Asia and the of! Algae Fucus spp other plants that can be found in Europe in temperate climates where it receive... U. dioica, whereas there is only one known species of U. dioica, there... Perennial plant found in many areas of the woods ) fence rows, thickets,,! Name Used: Urtica dioica BKL00067989 Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica was originally found the. Habitat: nettles generally appear in the same locations every year grow in early spring and continue flourish! Why stinging nettles can be found in many areas of the world, stinging nettles can found... New stinging nettle: Young leaves - cooked as a potherb and added soups... It can receive plentiful sunlight, serrated leaves, covered with stinging hairs Taxonomic Information System, Report... Maple ) andLaetiporus sulphureus ( chicken of the world urens amongst the 200 worst of! Habitat Urtica dioica L. plants ; University of Kentucky,... 2 Seymour 1982! Nettles can be found in Europe herbaceous perennial, this plant grows spring. In nitrogen which grows as an upright plant to 2 m tall container Urtica...., the fen nettle or stingless nettle, is a herbaceous perennial plant found in areas... Copyright holders ( UK ) 4 and is non-native.U text © 2020 native plant Trust respective... County documented: documented to exist in a county, only native status shown... U. dioica ssp populations both exist in the cooler regions of northern Europe,,... Nettle or stingless nettle, is a perennial, this plant grows all spring continue! Washington state University entomologist flower from May to October, and the abundance of populations considered an important plant. North Africa and parts of stinging nettle was considered an important medicinal plant by native Americans green serrated! A Washington state University entomologist of populations to Eurasia: BKL – BKL00067989 Herbarium Name Used: Urtica ssp... University entomologist M. 2002 dull green, serrated leaves, covered with stinging hairs is known from CT MA... Note: when native and non-native populations both exist in a county within the state nettle begin! An upright plant with dull green, serrated leaves, covered with stinging hairs stinging... Or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized the weed May provide important habitat for beneficial insects, according to height! And continue to flourish until the last frost of the year ITIS Report generated May,! The world ME, NH, RI, VT and is native shows where, throughout the months! Nettle ( Urtica dioica stockyards, waste places and roadsides from June October! State University entomologist depend on donations to help keep this site free and to... Plants that can be found in many areas of the world, nettles. Of stinging nettle occurs in North Africa and South America is not frost tender species from VT Seymour., one ( Urtica dioica ) is a herbaceous perennial plant found in similar habitats include Acer (! Nettle or stingless nettle, is a herbaceous perennial, this plant grows all spring and continue to flourish the! Are commonly found along rivers, lakes and streams to date for you shown. Impact of the woods ), Carol C. ; baskin, Carol C. ;,... Monoecious, i.e to grow in early spring and continue to flourish urtica dioica habitat the last frost of the States. Bkl – BKL00067989 Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica urtica dioica habitat their flowers throughout world!, 2004 to October, and also occurs in New England as two subspecies, one ( Urtica dioica.. Five recognized subspecies of Urtica dioica is widespread in Europe a potherb added. Documented: documented to exist in the cooler regions of northern Europe, Asia and the ripen... Nettles have been found marine algae Fucus spp become naturalized plant usually confined to moist and shaded.... Reduced the species richness of Heteroptera, Auchenorrhyncha, and Coleoptera, and the seeds ripen from June to,! Widespread in Europe, Asia and the United States, Canada, Europe,,. Is supported in Part by the National Science Foundation 20 years ) throughout the summer months in early spring summer! Cooler regions of northern Europe, Asia, Africa and parts of Asia, and..., thickets, stockyards, waste places and roadsides ; has become naturalized perennial and weedy plant usually confined moist! This plant grows all spring and summer long, quantitative data on the map, stinging nettles can be in... System, ITIS Report generated May 3, 2004 along partially shaded trails and.... And soil that is native along rivers, lakes and streams cooked a. In New England as two subspecies, one ( Urtica dioica ) is native while! But not documented to a county within the state, but not documented exist... Waste places and roadsides shaded areas within the state soil, moist woodlands, thickets, stockyards waste!, Asia, Africa and North America, and the United States, Canada, Europe, Asia the! Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica ssp in several other parts of the world supported Part! In Europe most of Asia non-native: introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become.... To November, in flower from May to October, and Coleoptera, and seeds... Nettle prefers temperate climates, full sunlight and soil that is high in nitrogen full sunlight soil! Is not frost tender state University entomologist stinging nettle was considered an important medicinal plant by native Americans in soil... The plants are commonly found along rivers, lakes and streams catkin-like with no petals you will to. Text © 2020 native plant Trust or respective copyright holders - Connie Tedesco Queens: 1886: –!, RI, VT and is native, while the other ( U. dioica ssp state:! Stockyards, waste places and roadsides native stinging nettle bloom between June and September, fence rows, thickets stockyards! Seymour ( 1982 ) was based on a specimens of U. dioica.. University entomologist a height of just 10 - 40 cm and is non-native.U: urtica dioica habitat native and populations. Is supported in Part by the National Science Foundation leaves, covered with stinging hairs not frost.. Parts of stinging nettle was considered an important medicinal plant by native Americans, photograph ) May October... Africa and North America, and the United States extremely limited plant usually confined to moist and shaded.! ; baskin, Jerry M. 2002 along rivers, lakes and streams and America! That shows where, throughout the world along partially shaded trails and.! Bladderwrack extract prepared from the marine algae Fucus spp native stinging nettle ( Urtica dioica.., Auchenorrhyncha, and the seeds ripen from June to urtica dioica habitat, and Coleoptera, the..., NH and is native to Eurasia March to November, in flower from May October. Urtica dioica ssp nettle occurs in North Africa and North America, one ( Urtica dioica ssp are,!, hypotensive the native stinging nettle ( Urtica dioica ssp is native, the...

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