To the north stands the granite arête called Aleta de Tiburón (English: Shark's Fin). A study of the exact chemical components of the precipitation in the park has been carried out.[20]. [19], The rainiest months are March and April, with a monthly average rainfall of 80 mm. [10], In 1985, a tourist started a fire that burned about 150 km2 (58 sq mi) of the park. Padre Mariano 391 - Oficina 1102Providencia - Chile, un sitio de Discover Chile SPA – Prohibida la reproducción del texto o fotografías sin autorización de Torresdelpaine.com – © Derechos reservados a Torresdelpaine.com, Prohibida la reproducción del texto o fotografías sin autorización de Torresdelpaine.com, © Derechos reservados a Torresdelpaine.com, Schedule and Information Season 2019 – 2020, Plants and animal life of Torres del Paine. Cooking with the campstove is not permitted except in refugio locations. Torres del Paine National Park was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1978, the Torres del Paine National Park (situated in the Magallanes 12th region in Chile) is internationally recognized as one of the most beautiful, unique and uncontaminated places on the planet. Cover photo full. The Cordillera del Paine is the centerpiece of the park. It lies in a transition area between the Magellanic subpolar forests and the Patagonian Steppes. The Torres del Paine are the distinctive three granite peaks of the Paine mountain range or Paine Massif. Cerro Catedral is named so because its east face resembles a cathedral's facade. The longitude of the glacier in its path towards the interior of the park is 15 km. Mirador Las Torres (The Towers) Distance: 8km (5miles) Duration: 4.5 hours. Visit Torres del Paine National Park to sail the Pehoé River and observe the immense floating icebergs of Grey Lake Beach. The last study of significant scope carried out concerning the flora of the park was realized by Pisano in 1974. [6], In 1976, British mountaineer John Garner and two Torres del Paine rangers, Pepe Alarcon and Oscar Guineo, pioneered the Circuit trail which circles the Paine massif. This study examined four biotic zones that made up the territory of the park, determined by their vegetational type. Among the lakes are the Dickson Lake, Nordenskjöld Lake, Lake Pehoé, Grey Lake, Sarmiento Lake, and Del Toro Lake. From left to right they are known as Torres d'Agostini, Torres Central and Torres Monzino. Located in the south, Torres del Paine National Park is probably the most popular park in Chile for its amazing Patagonian landscape that includes glaciers, lakes, rivers and mountains. Visiting the park is recommended between September and April, during the southern spring, summer and early autumn. Torres del Paine National Park . Torres del Paine National Park. The eighth natural wonder of the world and home to some of South America's best treks. Only a portion of the latter is within the borders of the park. [11], In February 2005, an accidental fire started by a Czech backpacker, which lasted for about ten days, destroyed 155 km2 (60 sq mi) of the park,[11] including about 2 km² of native forest. Torres del Paine National Park is part of the Sistema Nacional de Áreas Silvestres Protegidas del Estado de Chile (National System of Protected Forested Areas of Chile). Small valleys separate the spectacular granite spires and mountains of the massif. Well, get ready to feel precisely that way among the turquoise waters, glaciers and towering granite horns of the Torres del Paine National Park. How to get from Puerto Natales to Torres del Paine National Park . The name of the park can be roughly translated as ‘blue towers’ after the hallmark mountain range resembling a … Torres del Paine National Park covers 181,414 hectares of Patagonian land and includes a massive variety of landscapes ranging from grasslands to subpolar forests and even glaciers. A good example of the latter is the Cuernos del Paine, whose central bands of exposed granite contrast strongly with the dark aspect of their tops, which are remnants of a heavily eroded sedimentary stratum. Cerro Cota 2000 is named for its elevation; its highest contour line is about 2,000 m (6,562 ft). The vegetation of the Patagonian steppe is dominated by Fescue species (mainly Festuca gracillima), which are resistant to harsh winds and weather conditions that are typical of the Patagonian region. Torres del Paine National Park is adorned with beautiful vegetation, including the evergreen Embothrium coccineum, which produces vivid red flowers grouped in corymbs, and Calceolaria uniflora, of striking shape and colors. Studies of the glaciers in the park have given scientists a clearer picture of the epochs of the earth, or what happened after the last glacial age.[21][22][23]. The eastern arm measures about 1.2 km while the western has a width around 3.6 km. These are: Valle del Francés (French Valley), Valle Bader, Valle Ascencio, and Valle del Silencio (Silence Valley). The Advanced Land Imager (ALI) on NASA’s Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite captured this summertime image of the park on January 21, 2013. Go on a 2-hour trek to… Duration: 15 hours [2] It is a popular hiking destination in Chile. [8], In 1977, Guido Monzino donated 12,000 hectares (30,000 acres) to the Chilean Government when its definitive limits were established. This world-class tourist attraction attracts visitors from around the world for its various hiking trails, in particular the popular "W Circuit". The sun has since removed a lot of clouds, but unfortunately the highest … The zone is characterized by cool summers, with temperatures lower than 16 °C (61 °F) during the warmest month (January). [37] The refugio locations also have campsites and tent for hire. Torres del Paine National Park is located about five hours north of the town of Punta Arenas, the closest major city. Most of the rivers and lakes of the park drain into Última Esperanza Sound via Serrano River. Since October 2016, it is mandatory to book campsites or refugios before entering the park. The park is located 112 km (70 mi) north of Puerto Natales and 312 km (194 mi) north of Punta Arenas. The park borders Bernardo O'Higgins National Park to the west and the Los Glaciares National Park to the north in Argentine territory. The windiest months are November - January,[18] which coincides with the peak tourism season. All are vividly colored, most due to rock flour suspended in their waters. History Peek into Patagonia’s historical past, starting from the region’s indigenous inhabitants to the modern tourism we know today. The Southern Patagonian Ice Field feeds four main glaciers; they are from north to south the glaciers: Dickson, Grey, Zapata, and Tyndall. It lies in a transition area between the Magellanic subpolar forests and the Patagonian Steppes. Just on April 30, 1970, the park adds 11,000 new hectares to its protected terrain and is baptized as it is known today: Torres del Paine National Park. Torres del Paine - Chile - Sudamérica, tour operador oficial The area also boasts valleys, rivers such as the Paine, lakes, and glaciers. The park is one of the 11 protected areas of the Magallanes Region and Chilean Antarctica (together with four national parks, three national reserves, and three national monuments). There are buses that leave from Puerto Natales. www.torresdelpaine.com - contacto@torresdelpaine.com The blaze affected the areas east and south around Lake Pehoé. When threatened, they have a habit of spitting. A sight with one of a kind mountains, blue lakes, desert pampas, rivers full of icebergs and ice fields the size of Hawaii, all await you at the Torres del Paine National Park. The courses of water come from a longitudinal profile and are very turbulent with brusque changes in course, generated by waterfalls and rapids. [12], In late December 2011 through January 2012, an Israeli backpacker was found by guilty to have started a fire after being caught by a park ranger when lighting up some paper roll in a forbidden area. This is probably what … Torres del Paine National Park is a beautiful nature park In Torres del Paine National Park we take a nice walk to the Cuernos viewpoint, the closest possible location to fully admire the mountains. [38][39] For less adventurous visitors, there are several hotels located in and around the park. [43], The park can be reached by Chile Route 9, which is paved and connects Punta Arenas and Puerto Natales and continues as an asphalt road for 100 km and then becomes a gravel road. [13] This burned about 176 km2 (68 sq mi) of the reserve,[14] destroying about 36 km² of native forest[15] and affecting most of the areas around Lake Pehoé and the western areas around Lake Sarmiento, but moving away from the Cordillera del Paine, the park's centerpiece. Torres del Paine National Park is a maze of towering mountain peaks, turquoise lakes, and sparkling glaciers, but the three more important ones are: Las Torres, Los Cuernos del Paine… The jaw-dropping landscapes of this eighth wonder of the world are humbling indeed. These arrangements need to be made before entering the park. [28] During the late Pleistocene and early Holocene a series of proglacial lakes existed in the Torres del Paine area. Much of the geology of the Paine Massif area consists of Cretaceous sedimentary rocks that have been intruded by a Miocene-aged laccolith. Hikers can opt for a day trip to see the towers, French Valley or Glacier Grey or a multi-day trek. Best Dining in Torres del Paine National Park, Magallanes Region: See 719 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 16 Torres del Paine National Park restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. [44], National park in southern Chilean Patagonia, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "CONAF, Por Un Chile Forestal Sustentable", "Blown Away in Patagonia – Hiking Torres del Paine National Park", "60th Anniversary of Torres del Paine National Park", "Chile and Czech Republic work to restore Torres del Paine Park — MercoPress", "Feasibility study of using a Small Satellite constellation to forecast, monitor and mitigate natural and man-made disasters in Chile and similar developing countries", "Cómo el fuego destruye esta reserva de la biósfera", "Infografía: Áreas afectadas por el incendio en Torres del Paine", "Historia paleoambiental del ecotono bosque-estepa al interior del Parque Nacional Torres del Paine (Región de Magallanes, Chile) durante los últimos 14.800 años", "Processes controlling the composition of precipitation at a remote southern hemispheric location: Torres del Paine National Park, Chile", "Ice Elevation, Areal, and Frontal Changes of Claciers from National Park Torres del Paine, Southern Patagonia Ice Field", 10.1657/1523-0430(2004)036[0379:IEAAFC]2.0.CO;2, "Tectonic controls and Cenozoic magmatism at the Torres del Paine, southern Andes (Chile, 51°10'S)", "Incremental growth of the Patagonian Torres del Paine laccolith over 90 k.y. [CITATION NEEDED], Nevertheless, recent paleoenvironmental studies performed within the Park indicate that fires have been frequent phenomena at least during the last 12,800 years.[17]. In 2013, it measured approximately 181,414 hectares. There are clearly marked paths and many refugios which provide shelter and basic services. Other mammals include foxes and pumas. A study on the beech trees and forest regeneration patterns in the park was published in 1992. Torres del Paine National Park, located in the extreme south of Chilean Patagonia, is world-renowned for its spectacular views, formidable mountain ranges, and unpredictable weather. Above the tree line in the Andean Desert, Escallonia rubra, Empetrum rubrum, and Senecio skottsbergii take the place of Nothofagus pumilio trees. The finding came after melting glaciers revealed new rock faces beneath. [16] The Israeli government sent reforestation experts to the zone, and has committed to donate trees to replant the affected areas. Torres del Paine National Park lies within the commune.Paine means "blue" in the native Tehuelche (Aonikenk) language and is pronounced PIE-nay. Winter is relatively cold, with an average high temperature in July of 5 °C (41 °F), and an average low of −3 °C (27 °F). [9] The park was designated a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1978. The sun has since removed a lot of clouds, but unfortunately the highest … Torres del Paine National Park is one of the last remaining places where truly wild guanacos can be found. The Czech government offered aid after the fire and donated US$1 million to reforestation efforts. The park averages around 252,000 visitors a year, of which 54% are foreign tourists,[2] who come from many countries all over the world. This represents double the July–October (winter) rainfall, which are the drier months. To the east, from north to south, lie the peaks Fortaleza (Fortress), La Espada (The Sword), La Hoja (The Blade), La Máscara (The Mummer), Cuerno Norte (North Horn), and Cuerno Principal (Main Horn). ", "Video: Dinosaur 'graveyard' discovered in Chile - Telegraph", 20.500.11820/d73c13fd-aeb3-4417-9158-4618d8263360, "Evolution of the Great Tehuelche Paleolake in the Torres del Paine National Park of Chilean Patagonia during the Last Glacial Maximum and Holocene", "Catálogo preliminar de la familia Orchidaceae del Parque Nacional Torres del Paine, XII Región, Chile", "Plantas introducidas en el Parque Nacional Torres del Paine, Chile", "A Wild But Fragile Chile: Torres del Paine National Park", "Las rapaces del Parque Nacional Torres del Paine, Chile: biodiversidad y conservación", "National Geographic The World's Most Beautiful Places Special Issue", Parque Nacional Torres del Paine at CONAF, Torres del Paine at the Chile Tourism Board, Torres del Paine National Park Travel Coverage at, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Torres_del_Paine_National_Park&oldid=991245468, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 01:59. Torres del Paine is a national park in Chilean Patagonia.It is in the southern tiers of the Andes and features mountains, lakes, and glaciers.. Torres del Paine National Park is considered the 8th Wonder of the World. The park borders Bernardo O'Higgins National Park to the west and the Los Glaciar… Outside of this time frame, the weather becomes extreme for the majority of the public. The park has been elected as the fifth most beautiful place in the world by National Geographic,[42] and the 8th Wonder of the World by TripAdvisor. In the winter using tyre chains is recommended due to unstable climatic conditions. [1] It is one of the largest and most visited parks in Chile. [31], In the park 85 non-native plant species have been recorded, of which 75 are of European origin and 31 are considered to be invasive.[32]. [29] The last of these lakes, the Great Tehuelche Paleolake, covered what is now Sarmiento and Del Toro lakes plus a large area to east making Cazador Range a peninsula. The puma's predation on guanacos in the park has been studied.[35]. The park is also known for its flora and fauna. Torres Del Paine National Park . The park is located 112 km (70 mi) north of Puerto Natales and 312 km (194 mi) north of Punta Arenas. [24] Orogenic and erosional processes have shaped the present-day topography, and glacial erosion is mainly responsible for the sculpturing of the massif in the last tens of thousands of years. The colossal walls of Cerro Cota 2000 and Cerro Catedral punctuate the western region of the Valley. There is plenty of public transport to get you from Puerto Natales to Torres del Paine National Park. Camping is only allowed at specified campsites and wood fires are prohibited throughout the park. It is divided into two arms, because of the appearance of a peninsula of ice, commonly called the Island or Nunatak, that becomes apparent a little more with each year that passes. 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