Question formation in English is different from the formation of other sentences in two main ways. A written question in English always ends with a question mark: ? Let’s look at each type in more detail. He is working in the garage. Subject and verb change their position in statement and question. ), The verb ‘be’ can be used without a helping verb. Not an ESL Library member? Question Formation in English - by Viv Quarry (www.vivquarry.com) There are two basic types of questions in English. follow the usual patterns. The Inversion Method for Forming English Questions. A brief PPT showing how to ask questions in English Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. (For example, cognates, past tense practice, or 'get along with.') (Information questions begin with a question word like ‘who’ or ‘what’ and then the helping verb.). (Have you seen a doctor about your problem? Have you ever visited London? Generally speaking, there are two types of questions: object questions and subject questions. This is especially true for Spanish speaking students, where word order inversion is uncommon. Learn how to form Yes/No and Wh- questions in English by reviewing patterns and examples. What / Which / When / Where / Whereabouts / Why / Whose / How The most common question structure is: Question word + Auxiliary Verb + … he main verb follows the subject, and the rest of the sentence follows it. Question Formation. Beginner Know the answer? (Some include  phrases and direct or indirect objects). General or Yes/No Questions When they’ve finished writing their questions, collect the cards and shuffle them together. Question words in English. Subject, 4. Ala92 H ow long have you spent in Brazil last summer?. Note that if there are two auxiliary verbs, only the first comes before the subject. skills-- and more prepared for big tests & challenges. 1331 Question words in English – Exercise 2 3339 Questions and answers – contrasted – Exercise 4689 Questions and short answers in English – Mixed Exercise Question: Are you from Germany? Study the examples given below. Forming Questions in the Present Simple. The questions in the activity above all have specific answers: “Have they left yet?” Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love HubSpot. See the examples below for the usual ways to use 'be. (You can give students free reign or choose to practice only Yes/No questions, Wh- questions, questions in a certain tense, etc.). We use have or had with the present or past perfect tenses. When we just need a yes or no answer, we omit the question This post titled, Tag Questions in English: Formation, Rules and Examples, focuses on tag question which is a short question which we add to a statement, to elicit a confirming response from the hearer. Sign up for our free newsletter, English Detective. Remember that in English you need AUXILIARY VERBS to make negative sentences and questions. Forming Questions The use of question words and how to ask questions in English. 4675 Questions and short answers in the Simple Present – Exercise; 4685 Questions and short answers in the will-future – Exercise; 1353 Questions in English and the tenses – Exercise; 1401 Questions in English in different tenses – Exercise 1; 1413 Questions in English in different tenses – Exercise 2 Learn about new and updated pages on EnglishHints, with just enough information to decide if you want to read more. But that doesn't make it a question; there are other uses for that rule. When the Be verb is the main verb in a question, it has a different pattern in the simple present and past tenses. You must capitalize the first word of any sentence. By Tanya Trusler on June 15, 2017 Grammar & Usage. You must end a question with a question mark. Is she a nice girl?. The rules given below apply to almost all written questions and most spoken questions. Question Formation in English There are two basic types of questions in English. For an easy warm-up or filler activity, try doing a student-designed Q&A. You cannot mention a specific time (last summer) if the verb in the same clause is in the present perfect tense (have spent).Ala92 H ow long did you spend in Brazil last summer?. and then gradually add other “non-be” question words: can, could, will, etc. Who - asking for a person and animal: object: do, does, did. 1. Then I separate the questions and first teach “be” questions (Was she in Spain last year?) Impossible. With young learners, passing a ball, toy car etc back and forth makes question formation already seem a bit like a game, especially when it is combined with trying to think of new questions that no one else has before. Helping Verb  3. Auxiliary phrases like be going to, be able to, have to, etc. (Have you seen a doctor about your problem? word and begin directly with the helping verb. : If there is no auxiliary (helping) verb, we put do, does or did before the subject. Check out these explanations &  examples of the word order for many kinds of sentences (including those with phrases and direct or indirect objects). What Which When Where Whereabouts Why Whose How. Question Word 2. NEGATIVE & QUESTION FORMATION IN ENGLISH Two charts to show you the structures of negative sentences and questions in English. Finally, have students take turns choosing a question and asking it to one or more of their group members. and then do-does-did questions (Did she get a new apartment?) Is he from India? Questions are an essential part of communicating in English. (Question) That was a silly question. If you’re at least a beginner English learner, you probably know how to form simple sentences (here’s a guide if you need a reminder).Fortunately, we can use those same sentence-building skills to form questions in English, too. That's the way how to form Questions. The subject comes after the helping verb. 12345Rohit Expert; A question is a linguistic expression used to make a request for information, or the request made using such an expression. So how exactly do we form questions in English? From classroom instruction to small talk, English language learners need to grasp the basics of question formation early on in their studies. Grammar & Usage. Second, questions almost always need a helping verb along with the main verb. NEGATIVE & QUESTION FORMATION IN ENGLISH Two charts to show you the structures of negative sentences and questions in English. The main verb follows the subject, and the rest of the sentence follows it. (Statement) Is he working in the garage? These can have several (or many) answers. Learn how to ask questions in English! (You can choose a time limit, such as 20 minutes, or let them talk until their cards run out.). 5. Who - asking for a person and animal: subject: no do, does, did. Instead of beginning with … The auxiliaries do, be, and have take an -s in the third person singular form (with he, she, it, singular count nouns, and non-count nouns). 4 Types of Questions in English. Get unlimited access to 800+ lessons and 2000+ flashcards. or 'what.'. Remember that in English you need AUXILIARY VERBS to make negative sentences and questions. A question must have an auxiliary verb. The first thing to remember is that there are two main kinds, 'yes / no' and 'wh': The 'yes / no' kind need the answer 'yes' or 'no'. ', The helping verb at the beginning of a question is important for communication. other sentences in two main ways. It tells us to listen for a question. I have two suggestions based on what happens in the classroom after discussing and practicing yes-no and WH-questions. Questions are an essential part of communicating in English. 1. 1.1 How to form Questions in the Present Simple. Was it not surprising? If there's a specific part of the explanation you have a question about, please let us know. Writing in Cyberspace Nancy McKeand. In some cases, you may also need to add additional words and phrases. A question requires an answer. (Less common Wh- words include whom, which, how many, ), The verb ‘be’ can be used without a helping verb. The most common question structure is: Question word + Auxiliary Verb + Object or Main Verb. I often did that with my students too (as described in the fun activity above). Question Formation in English. I think I need more excersis becouse I want to speak English very very well!! Questions in general If we want to ask a question in English, the order is QWASM: Question word, Auxiliary verb, Subject, Main verb.In Yes-No questions (questions where the answer is yes or no), there is no Question Word.. A subscriber recently asked us for a resource on question formation, and we decided to share it on our blog as well. I like your suggestion to ask questions that need to be answered with a personal opinion. Speaking English; Grammar 3 Generations Exercise 1 - Question forms. Add it here! Are they happy?. Wh- words usually act as the object of a sentence. For example: Do you like chocolate? 1.When there is no auxiliary in the sentence we use Do to form questions in the Present Simple. That means who, what, when, where, why, or how. They greet their teacher.Who do they greet? Questions without question words and be. The LearnEnglish Team. This is a case of subject-auxiliary inversion, all right. Question order – grammar chart . We use have or had with the present or past perfect tenses. Open response questions leave room for inserting opinion–“Why did you like Louisville better than Chicago? This is a two-step process. Another suggestion is to add open response questions. Main Verb (usually base form), & 5. Subscribe today! However, some Wh- words, especially who and what, can also act as subjects in English. Each auxiliary verb is different depending on the VERB TENSE the sentence is. Note that if there are two auxiliary verbs, only the first comes before the subject. Includes notes about the Be verb and other special cases. Questions can be a little difficult in English. Includes notes about the Be verb and other special cases. Questions. Wasn’t it surprising? My suggestion then would be for ESL library to have another question-making activity that introduces be questions and contrasts them with the other types of questions. A question is a sentence that asks you something. Question forming is often difficult for foreign language speakers due to the mandatory word order inversion in English questions. It is important to know how to form questions. Learn the basic forms of English verbs to increase your confidence in English. ESL Library is owned and managed by Red River Press Inc. First, cut up enough blank cards to have five (or ten) per student. Each of these different types of questions is used commonly in English, and to give the correct answer to each you’ll need to be able to be prepared. Questions with verbs - do, does A statement does not require an answer. How to form questions in english lola Forriol. The main question words are: What (for a thing, when there are many things) Which (for a thing, when there aren’t many things) Who (for a person) Where (for a place) Why (for a reason) When (for a time) How (for a method) Whose (to ask about possession) Examples. In a negative question the word not can have two positions.Study the examples given below. Download full-size image from Pinterest . For continuous tenses the helping verb is ‘be’ and the main verb is in the present participle form (-ing). How many stickers have you got?. Next, get students to write conversation questions of their choosing on their cards. Download full-size image from Pinterest . Downloadable worksheets: present simple - question formation (1/5) Level: elementary Age: 11-17 Downloads: 395 : Past Simple - Question formation (3/5) Level: elementary Age: 12-17 Downloads: 369 : Past Continuous - Question Formation … Question order – grammar chart . Ss make 6 sentences using the words and then ask each other . ... English Result Pre-Intermediate Student's Book. Learn how to form Yes/No and Wh- questions in English by reviewing patterns and examples. Information Questions (Who, What, Where, etc.) ; If you have an auxiliary in the sentence you must use the same one in the question. Had you noticed any dizziness before you fell? Present simple questions - Exercise 5 - do, does, forms of to be. 'Wh' questions ask for specific information and start with a question word. Do you have questions about English sentence structure? Instead of beginning with the subject, questions begin with a helping verb. Question formation games. In each question, students are presented with a group of words. Click on the words in the correct order. What time will they be here? Have you been to Japan? Other helping verbs include can, could, should, would, will, have or had, and be (is, are, etc.). how much, how long, etc.). 1. Any short period of 5 to 10 minutes at the start or end of a class can be filled with asking students random questions of all types. We don’t use the verb ‘do’ together with ‘be,’ except as a negative command: Don't be late!" (Statement) Was that a silly question? 1. In this section, we’ll walk through each question type and provide real-world examples. All rights reserved. Question formation practice . (Here not goes after the subject.In this case it is not contracted.) Learn how to form Yes/No and Wh- questions in English by reviewing patterns and examples. Present simple questions - Exercise 2 - do, does, forms of to be, can. First, the beginning word order is reversed. Questions in general If we want to ask a question in English, the order is QWASM: Question word, Auxiliary verb, Subject, Main verb.In Yes-No questions (questions where the answer is yes or no), there is no Question Word.. All Rights Reserved, (Information questions begin with a question word like ‘who’ or ‘what’ and. Have you got a dog?. Sentence: You are from Germany. Auxiliary verb before subject. Tom helped in the garden.Who helped in the garden? Question formation in English is different from the formation of Question Tags. A brief PPT showing how to ask questions in English Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. In a question, the auxiliary verb comes before the subject. I also like your idea of using questions as a way to begin or end a class. Structures of questions: If there is an auxiliary (helping) verb (be, have, can, will, etc), we put it before the subject (he, she, I, etc).Is anybody in the office? Question forms - corrections . Includes notes about the Be verb and other special cases. Global Intermediate Coursebook. The most common helping verb is 'do.' From classroom instruction to small talk, English language learners need to grasp the basics of question formation early on in their studies. See the charts below for examples of each kind of question in health So do question words like 'who' 'how.' Forming questions in English can be confusing. ID: 118689 Language: English School subject: Use of English Grade/level: 5th form Age: 10-11 Main content: Question formation Other contents: Add to my workbooks (3) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom I introduce questions in the same way. All the best, Kirk. Our Grammar Practice Worksheets lesson (under Related Resources in the post) includes plenty of practice with all types of questions. Jane opened the door.Who opened the door? When we are asking for information we begin a How much do you weigh?eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'englishhints_com-banner-1','ezslot_5',124,'0','0'])); Do you have questions about English sentence structure? 'Do' (or 'does' or 'did') doesn't change the meaning of a question but alerts the listener that a question is coming. It is one in which an imperative or a declarative sentence is changed into a question with an interrogative tag. An easy way to form (almost) any question in English. The main question words are: What (for a thing, when there are many things) Which (for a thing, when there aren’t many things) Who (for a person) Where (for a place) Why (for a reason) When (for a time) How (for a method) Whose (to ask about possession) Examples. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 'Wh' questions ask for specific information and start with a WH- word. © 2020 Red River Press. Question-making can help in classroom management, too. A 'wh' one needs more information in the answer. The question word (what, ...) always comes first!. Question formation. How to make negative sentences in English: a guide to helping verbs, negative words, and traps to avoid, with examples of each. Hi Mark, thanks for sharing what you do in class regarding questions! English Exercises > questions exercises. Don’t worry – I’m going to teach you a simple formula that works for asking questions in almost ALL the verb tenses! Forming questions in English can be challenging when you are trying to learn the language! Moodle for Langauge Learning Nancy McKeand. Questions with am - is - are - can - must - have got. A rising intonation is used to show that the question is real and you expect an answer, whereas a falling intonation shows that the speaker just wants confirmation from the person being spoken to. Didn't find what you (This is also true for negative sentences but not affirmative statements.). First, the In my beginning classes (and sometimes in intermediate, too), the source of some students’ confusion is that the questions are mixed–there are both questions formed with “be” and those that are not. Home > English Grammar Lessons > Question Formation. Present Simple Questions. Explain what you want in the search box below. What to Upload to SlideShare SlideShare. Learn how to form Yes/No and Wh- questions in English by reviewing patterns and examples. In a question, the auxiliary verb comes before the subject. What can you draw?. I like to start by mixing them, as you do, and use a “teachable” moment to explain that recognizing the kind of question that someone needs is very important. Students > Solutions > Upper-Intermediate > Grammar > Exercise 1 - Question forms. Depending on the type of question you want to ask, you may need to move words around in the sentence. have five parts:eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'englishhints_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_1',122,'0','0'])); 1. The rest of the sentence (if any.). Present simple questions - Exercise 6 - … One of these uses is when a negative adverbial of time, space, or circumstance (as opposed, for instance, to adverbials of manner, purpose, or instrument) is preposed to the beginning of a sentence. 'Do' (or 'does' or 'did') doesn't change the meaning of a question. What is the time?. The following rules apply to question formation in English. for perfect tenses the helping verb is ‘have’ and the main verb is in past participle form. Grammar & Usage. Start with the answer and change it into the question. We always use the short answer, not only Yes or No.That's why questions without question … Other helping verbs include can, could, should, would, will, have or had, and be (is, are, etc.). It is a helping verb for the continuous tenses, but it can also stand alone. Had you noticed any dizziness before you fell? care settings. Each auxiliary verb is different depending on the VERB TENSE the sentence is. This formula is called QUASM: QU estion word Question Formation. Question words in English. Correct as shown. Adding a third person to the conversation creates more possibilities: “Why do your parents want you to change your major?” Here the answer describes the parents’ views and leads into the student’s views of the parents’ opinion. Can you swim?. If needed, put some examples on the board (e.g.. ENGLISH QUESTION FORMATION 2 Abstract Interlanguage is a learner’s emergent system of language knowledge and use, and despite often being characterized by grammatical inaccuracy, in regards to particular linguistics systems (e.g., negation) it has been demonstrated to emerge in fixed sequences with “remarkable” (Lightbown It, English for Researchers & Health Professionals. Present simple questions - Exercise 4 - do, does, forms of to be. (Here not goes after the auxiliary verb.In this case it is usually contracted.) A statement is a sentence that tells you something. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Cut up grid. beginning word order is reversed. Great ideas. needed? Question formation jeselen. Present simple questions - Exercise 3 - do, does, forms of to be. In a few minutes twice a month you can: For information (and a free bonus), see Building Vocabulary, Home  | About me  |  Privacy Policy  |   Contact me  |  Affiliate Disclosure, Copyright© 2011-2020. Includes notes about the Be verb and other special cases. Now put students into small groups and divide the cards up evenly. : Do you know my older brother?Did he come in time? question with a ‘Wh-‘ question word. Click to see the related pages on EnglishHints. Improve your reading fluency with  selected articles & talks on one subject (for repeated use of key words), Understand and practice those words using explanations, crosswords, and more, Feel more confident about your English reading and vocab. Where are the children?. or “What are the main differences between Spanish and French?” People can have opinions on these. Study the examples given below. Unit 1 Personal details Page 11 be and do in questions . The most common helping verb is 'do.' While a number of more advanced ways to form questions in English exist, simple English questions always follow these rules. Check out these explanations &  examples. Question tags are often used in spoken English. Students > English File Student's Site > Upper-intermediate third edition > Grammar > File 1 > 1A question formation. Not contracted. ) talk, English language learners need to grasp the basics question... Basic types of questions in English structures of negative sentences and questions in English two charts show... Some include phrases and direct or indirect objects ) or a declarative sentence is changed into a question students. ) is he working in the present or past perfect tenses enough information to decide if you have a word. For information we begin a question about, please let us know is changed into a question with Personal. Love HubSpot more detail around in the present simple questions - Exercise 2 - do, does, of! 1 - question forms given below ‘have’ and the rest of the sentence is question, it a. Now put students into small groups and divide the cards up evenly - is - are - can must. - have got stand alone subject.In this case it is important to know how to form and. Word of any sentence case it is important to know how to form Yes/No and Wh- questions in English,... And the main verb is ‘have’ and the main verb follows the.... Of other sentences in two main ways n't make it a question with a mark. Exercise 4 - do, does, forms of to be year? Company Customers Love.. Through each question type and provide real-world examples after discussing and practicing yes-no and WH-questions working the. Learn about new and updated pages on EnglishHints, with just enough information to decide if you have a is! Must end a question is a case of subject-auxiliary inversion, all.. Like your suggestion to ask questions in English, questions begin with a question mark Rights Reserved, information! Not goes after the auxiliary verb is different from the formation of other sentences in two main ways also! Almost always need a helping verb. ) but not affirmative statements. ) English very! On EnglishHints, with just enough information to decide if you continue browsing site. ' or 'did ' ) does n't make it a question with a question example cognates. Let question formation in english talk until their cards run out. ) look at each type in more detail we do! Brother? did he come in time is especially true for Spanish speaking students where. The most common question structure is: question word and begin directly with the subject two to. Case of subject-auxiliary inversion, all right which an imperative or a declarative sentence is changed into a question students... Of question formation mandatory word order inversion is uncommon and animal::! Free newsletter, English language learners need to be n't be late! 1.when is! When the be verb is in past participle form ( -ing ) question and asking it one..., questions almost always need a yes or no answer, we put do does! ) always comes first! provide real-world examples must end a question word + auxiliary verb + object or verb! Question type and provide real-world examples also act as the object of a question word Reserved, ( questions! The classroom after discussing and practicing yes-no and WH-questions the formation of other sentences in two main ways Personal.. Ve finished writing their questions, collect the cards and shuffle them.... Finished writing their questions, collect the cards up evenly groups and question formation in english the cards and them! Mandatory word order inversion is uncommon ‘what’ and then gradually add other non-be. Forming English questions a declarative sentence is put students into small groups and divide the cards evenly... Real-World examples often difficult for foreign language speakers due to the mandatory order... Of a question word like ‘who’ or ‘what’ and formation in English their choosing their... English question formation in english learners need to move words around in the answer and it. Related Resources in the fun activity above ) can be used without a helping verb )... To add additional words and how to form Yes/No and Wh- questions in.! For information we begin a question, it has a different pattern in the fun activity )! The same one in which an imperative or a declarative sentence is could will! Yes or no answer, we put do, does, did 1 Personal details Page 11 and... Subscriber recently asked us for a resource on question formation in English exist, simple English questions answer. Of beginning with the subject estion word question formation in English may need to move around. Garden.Who helped in the present simple questions - Exercise 6 - … forming questions the use of cookies this! A helping verb is different from the formation of other sentences in two main ways and updated on... In more detail the questions and first teach “ be ” questions ( who,,! And 2000+ flashcards ', the question formation in english TENSE the sentence you must use verb... More information in the garden questions are an essential part of the sentence follows.! Love HubSpot in health care settings a class English questions new and updated pages EnglishHints!,... ) always comes first! provide real-world examples information we begin a question and asking to! English is different depending on the type of question in question formation in english often difficult for foreign speakers. Usual ways to use 'be no answer, we put do,,! Apply to question formation in English always ends with a ‘Wh-‘ question word and begin directly with the or! Interrogative tag generally speaking, there are two auxiliary verbs, only the first comes before the subject, the. First comes before the subject a resource on question formation in English without a helping verb at the of... Question forming is often difficult for foreign language speakers due to the use cookies... Do question words: can, could, will, etc. ) must use same! Word not can have opinions on these are asking for information we begin a question word like ‘who’ or and... The charts below for examples of each kind of question in health care settings specific part of in! These rules for continuous tenses the helping verb question formation in english ) inversion, all right the TENSE! Question and asking it to one or more of their choosing on cards... Let them talk until their cards: if there are two basic types of questions in the answer and the... Speaking students, where, etc. ) of each kind of question in English is often difficult for language. Reviewing patterns and examples a resource on question formation in English is different on.: can, could, will, etc. ) main ways using the words phrases. Auxiliary ( helping ) verb, we put do, does, forms of to be did she get new! Please let us know so do question words like 'who ' 'how. ' ) does n't the. Using questions as a way to begin or end a class ‘be’ and the main verb is different the! Past perfect tenses the helping verb for the usual ways to form and! Together with ‘be, ’ except as a negative command: do n't be late ''. Excersis becouse i want to read more a class sentence follows it how to ask, you to. Question forming is often difficult for foreign language speakers due to the of! Recently asked us for a person and animal: object questions and subject questions decide if you to... Walk through each question type and provide real-world examples question with a Wh-.. The answer and change it into the question and WH-questions in a question word sentence is - by Viv (... Subject, and the main verb in a negative question the word not can have opinions these! 'Does ' or 'did ' ) does n't make it a question is important to know how to Yes/No., past TENSE practice, or 'get along with. ' ) does n't make a! Who - asking for a person and animal: subject: no do does! Or “ what are the main verb is in the classroom after discussing and practicing yes-no and WH-questions almost need. And other special cases apartment? Reserved, ( information questions ( who what! Students to write conversation questions of their choosing on their cards run out. ) past... Have an auxiliary in the present simple questions - Exercise 2 - do, does, of! We use have or had with the main differences between Spanish and French? People... The questions and subject questions, or how - … forming questions the use of question words like '! One in which an imperative or a declarative sentence is it is not.! Notes about the be verb and other special cases n't be question formation in english! begin end... While a number of more advanced ways to use 'be some cases, you may need... Other uses for that rule, ( information questions begin with a question mark: speaking, are. Grasp the basics of question in English negative question the word not can have opinions on these garage... Act as subjects in English always ends with a question mark however some... Can, could, will, etc. ) practice Worksheets lesson ( under Related in! Prepared for big tests & challenges this case it is one in which an imperative or a declarative is... English very very well! ve finished writing their questions, collect cards. Verb is ‘be’ and the main verb. ) words around in question formation in english sentence follows it is usually.! Answer, we omit the question word and begin directly with the present simple questions - Exercise 5 do... Estion word question formation, and we decided to share it on our blog as well, right!

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