These are natural stone materials, and both are porous. If you are concerned, radon 2 test kits are available, which can detect the gas. These include granite, marble, quartzite, soapstone, porcelain, butcher block, quartz, solid surface, and laminate. However, you must keep up on maintenance if you want to keep your marble countertops in good shape. Marble and granite countertops have more similarities than differences. Always use caution with hot pots in the kitchen, regardless of how well your stone handles the heat. Unless you live near a granite quarry, your granite countertops must be shipped from their place of origin to your home. The sections below will compare Formica countertops to granite countertops, helping you get a better idea of which surface may be right for your home. They appear as specks that are varied in color, so a granite slab might contain a variety of hues – blue, green, orange, pink, red, etc., typically in medium to dark shades. Two common options are granite and marble, and while both are natural stones, they do have significant differences. Marble is moderate to high maintenance. Let’s get more specific about comparing marble and granite countertops. Some have specks of various colours including green, gold, and brown. Most marbles are made of calcite, which is a very soft and porous mineral. In general granite counters are considered more durable than marble. Granite counters range in cost from $40 to $75 a square foot on average. Marble is especially vulnerable to acidic foods and liquids, so be very careful to keep them off the marble or to clean up immediately after contact. Formica (Laminate) vs. The two materials will be evaluated based on the following categories: Appearance . According to Remodeling Magazine’s Cost vs. Value Guide, both major and minor kitchen updates, which use laminate countertops, can recoup between 65 and 80 percent of the investment. The average granite countertop installation costs $45 - $65/sq. Stone has a unique beauty that cannot be reproduced by other materials, which is why it remains such a popular surface after so many years. Welcome to our Quartzite vs Granite design guide including the differences between them, their characteristics, popular colors, cost and pros & cons. Marble and granite counters are fabricated and installed in the same way. their characteristics and which of them fits the bill of becoming your vanity countertop material. Both granite and marble are natural stones. Get your eyes on a large number of both marble and granite slabs to make the determination of which material you find to be more attractive. Marble starts at closer to $100 per square foot installed. Marble is softer and more porous than granite and engineered stone so extra care should be used when selecting marble for use as kitchen countertops. Many stones may be used on the counter, but two of the most common are granite and marble. Marble will etch when exposed to acids and bases. Virtually impossible to damage from hot pans. Marble is usually characterized by having veins and a smoother surface texture than granite. Granite is less expensive than marble, starting at roughly $75/square foot installed and $100 more than that for higher-end stone. Granite is also a stain-resistant material. With some TLC, however, both granite and marble countertops will keep their fantastic looks for decades, elevating the beauty of your kitchen, bathroom, office, laundry area or wet bar. This guide will inform you on what cultured marble is, what the material can be used for and … Black granite may have whitish linear patterns, or tiny specks that resemble stars in the night sky (galaxy). Getting at least three written estimates from countertop contractors will allow you to find the best countertop prices and most experienced installers in your area. The “pattern” is larger in marble. Appearance: These are both beautiful options for countertops. Marble vs. Quartz Countertops: Conclusion Hopefully this discussion of quartz vs. marble will help you with your own kitchen and bathroom countertop decisions. Granite countertop prices are slightly lower than marble countertop costs. Price: Each surface material ranges in price, some being more dramatic than others. But there are alternative surfaces on the market that can hold appeal to other homeowners. Quartz This engineered “stone” countertop material is actually a blend, comprising about 90% ground natural quartz, by weight, which is coloured with added pigments and bound with polyresins. For a 30-square-foot counter, the average material cost is around $1,000 to $1,500. For this reason, it is always recommended that you visit a stone yard and select the stone you want in person. Marble starts at closer to $100 per square foot installed. Granite can range dramatically in terms of durability. Hardness . Are Sandstone Countertops a Good Choice for Kitchens? A granite countertop is simply more durable and less hassle to clean and maintain than a marble countertop and that's what you want in a kitchen. Beauty is subjective, of course. Both granite and concrete countertops have a relatively large carbon footprint. Granite countertops will look brand-new even after years of wear and tear. Care & Cleaning: Cultured Marble vs Granite Granite is a premium building material that stands out for …, A backsplash is a practical necessity and enhances beauty wherever …, Putting an attractive bevel on a countertop enhances its beauty, …, Quartz countertops are elegant, gorgeous and long-lasting, but they are …, When homeowners are considering granite countertops for their kitchen or …, Are your marble countertops looking dull, perhaps with light scratches …, Granite countertops, like other natural stone countertop materials such as, marble, sandstone …, 5 Reasons to Choose Granite for your Countertops, Pros and Cons of Granite Kitchen Countertops, Granite Tile vs. Granite is one of the most popular countertop materials on the market and a popular choice for modern or traditional houses. They may have veins, flecks of color, or be solid. Granite countertops are aesthetically beautiful and there is a wide range of colors and styles from which to choose. Both marble and granite countertops are quite durable, but ONLY if they are properly sealed every one or two years. The best granite countertops can cost $175 per square foot installed while marble can top $200. Knowing Marble Countertops vs. When choosing countertops for your kitchen or bathroom, granite and marble surfaces are popular choices. It is formed out of limestone that is subjected to intense pressure and heat due to tectonic shifting in the earth’s crust. Comparing marble and granite head to head in important categories will assist you in deciding which stone to use in your building or renovation project. Marble is a terrific … Like granite, marble ranges from white to black in color and will have some degree of variation in color over its surface. In your eagerness to choose a countertop for your kitchen or bath, you have narrowed it down to two materials: quartz (engineered stone) vs. granite (natural stone). Butcher block countertops come in several wood types such as walnut, cherry, mixed woods, maple, and birch. This may be thousands of miles. Always wipe up spills as soon as they are seen, and avoid placing acidic things like lemon juice, tomato sauce, or red wine directly on the counter because these can cause the stone to etch. Granite Countertops: Comparisons . The slab is then lowered into place. Granite is more versatile than marble countertops. These may scratch, etch, or stain. Granite Countertops: Pros and Cons are important before puchase the stone. But, these two materials are very different from one another in the way they look and function in a busy kitchen environment. The care involved is keeping it sealed, avoiding acidic materials and wiping up spills quickly. By using Fixr you agree to our Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy. Quartz countertops overview. Quartz vs. granite comes down to two things: stain resistance and looks. Still harder than marble, its black colour comes from its dominant minerals, namely plagioclase and pyroxene. For granite, all stones except black should be sealed shortly after installation. The main difference is that granite and marble are made of different minerals that perform differently in regards to chemical resistance and hardness. In addition, always wipe up spills as soon as they are seen to prevent potential staining, and wash the stone with a PH-neutral cleanser to prevent etching or removal of the finish. Decomposing granite, which is found in soil, has been known to give off radon 2 gas. Marble kitchen countertops will get scratched. Laminate is the obvious cheaper option but something to consider is the lifespan of a laminate countertop vs natural stone such as granite. Installed marble countertops start … Environmentally-Friendly. True, igneous granites and gabbros, such as Absolute Black, are nonporous, do not require sealing, nor easily scratch or etch. That’s the good and the bad. We outline their differences below so that you can make a more informed decision for your home. FIXR provides cost guides, comparisons, and term cheatsheets for hundreds of remodeling, installation and repair projects. The variations found in granite are unique and the reason why many homeowners choose this material. Granite and marble are porous, so without a seal, liquids will penetrate and stain. More exotic stones, such as stones colored blue, may range in cost as high as $500 a square foot. However, each stone is given a rating from A to D. Any stone rated D is considered weak, while stones rated A are considered strong. From natural stones like granite, marble and quartzite, to engineered quartz slabs — each of these options have their own properties which make them better than the other. You will have to re-seal marble countertops about a few times per year. Stones labeled as granite usually have a tightly packed, granular appearance to their surface. While definitely not a cheap countertop option, the look and endurance of stone make it well worth the cost. Granite shows the grains we mentioned. The only way granite ends up in your kitchen is if it’s quarried and … Granite countertop prices are slightly lower than marble countertop costs. Today’s homeowners have so many countertop options that they will have a hard time picking the right one for their needs. Either one will take your kitchen or bathroom to the next level of luxurious living. Granite Countertops. Both granite and marble are heat-resistant. This makes the 30-square-foot granite counter cost between $3,000 and $3,500 installed. It should also be resealed at least once a quarter, as opposed to yearly for granite. Even if you have narrowed down your choices to, say, granite vs Corian, DuPont’s flagship solid surface countertop material, you still have to weigh a lot of factors before deciding which one to get. The cost of granite is determined by thickness, appearance, porosity, and country of origin. Granite begins at about $75 per square foot installed. Learn all about the characteristics of quartz vs granite vs marble. Pros: Granite is a durable and low maintenance option for a home’s countertops. Read on to find out which countertops are the cheapest and which are the most expensive. Granite countertops do not come with an even appearance and are filled with different colors and patterns. Stones labeled as granite usually have a tightly packed, granular … Like granite, marble should always be cleaned with a PH-neutral cleanser to avoid more etching. Some “marbles” may be a type of quartzite or quartz-based stone, and green “marbles” are made of a mineral called serpentine. On the other hand, granite is an igneous rock composed of grains of compressed quartz, feldspar, mica and similar materials. When you see a glimmering marble countertop in an upgraded kitchen or bathroom, the first word that might come to mind is ‘elegance’. This will make it much easier to match your kitchen décor, whatever style it is. Pros & Con of Granite Countertops . The complexity of the job – the number of seams and corners and the style of sink you select – will have an impact on countertop costs too. Looking for a new kitchen countertop or bathroom vanity but can't decide whether granite or marble is right for you? Cost varies greatly by region (and even by zip code).To get free estimates from local contractors, please indicate yours. Granite countertops cost range from $35 to $125 per square foot installed and can go as high as $200. Here are a few things you need to know when choosing between porcelain vs. granite countertops. Both types of stones were formed through heat, either through volcanic activity or enormous amounts of heat and pressure. Granite Slab Countertops. Quartzites that are labeled as marble, like Thassos or Azul Celeste, are extremely durable and much harder than some granites. On the other hand, the manufacturing process for concrete uses a lot of energy as well. If you want the technical details, marble is a metamorphic rock formed from recrystallized carbon. Some thinner marble slabs may need to have a plywood 1 substrate installed on the cabinets first to strengthen them, but any 1¼-inch (3-cm) slab can be installed directly on the cabinets. Granite. Granite is the most heat-tolerant of any countertop material. Countertop Maintenance: Most experts agree that granite requires moderate maintenance when compared with solid surface, quartz, laminate, glass or ceramic tile. ft. which is the same price range as a cultured marble vanity ($44 - $68 psf). Commercial granite is an igneous or metamorphic stone that is mainly comprised of silica, feldspar, mica, and quartz. Granite is heat and scratchy resistant. How To Polish Granite & Restore That Factory Shine, How to Repair Fissures, Cracks and Chips in Countertops. Hardness and Durability: Granite is harder than marble, so it is more resistant to chips and scratches. Marble is another beautiful, natural stone. If you choose a marble countertop, you should also remember to use cutting boards, since sharp objects can easily scratch your marble countertop. Most dark-colored granites are also impervious to staining and etching. However, most granites are lower maintenance than most marbles. Marble and granite countertops are made entirely of natural stone but quartz countertops have partial additives. Use this simple guide to discover which of these beautiful materials is right for you. When choosing granite, there are many options for color … Let’s start by examining the utilitarian features of porcelain and granite countertop surfaces. The best material for your bathroom vanity countertop must be non-porous, easy to clean as well as beautiful. Because marble slabs are usually smaller than granite slabs, you may need more pieces to complete a full kitchen if using marble. Because marble is more porous than granite, the stone countertops will require re-sealing more often. Definitions in laymen's terms, cost considerations, pictures and things you need to know. In the case of slabs sold for countertops, there are many different minerals and stones sold as either granite or marble because they contain similar composition and characteristics. The total price for installation and materials of granite countertops is usually between $2,000 to $4,500. Natural stone kitchen counters make stunning additions to any home. This means that marble will be more likely to absorb stains and to etch or lose its finish over time. Granite countertops also happen to be very durable, the most durable on this list between marble countertops and slate countertops. Marble and Granite Countertop Prices. Both marble and granite vary in appearance from slab to slab because the minerals that make up the color of the stone may change depending on where it is cut from. The best granite countertops can cost $175 per square foot installed while marble can top $200. Marble will also scratch more easily since it scores a four on Mohs scale of hardness versus granite’s rating of seven. Stain Resistance “The results of our staining test carry the most weight in our countertop ratings,” Regan says. Installing marble or quartz countertops is a complicated process that requires a professional to carefully measure, level, and secure the slabs on the kitchen or bathroom counters. Although heat resistant, its surface is more susceptible to scratching and staining by many foods including vinegar, mustard, catsup, citrus, wine, and other household materials. Granite begins at about $75 per square foot installed. Even with a sealer, marble may stain more easily, which can be difficult to get out even with a poultice. Having a honed, or matte finish, for your marble counter can help disguise some of the etching. Durability . A template is made of your counter, and this template is transferred to the slab you want for your kitchen. Material costs for marble are higher, starting at around $60 a square foot and going as high as $100. A well-sealed stone will bead water on its surface. Both stones are available in slabs that can be installed as counters, and they provide years of use. Both materials are heat resistant, though caution should be used with hot pots and pans in the kitchen or hot hair tools in the bathroom. Marble Countertops. Granite Countertop Stone Resistance to Damage. While much of marble’s appeal lies in its appearance, the material is also relatively durable. However, granite is more durable than marble and less prone to stains and scratching. This is not an easy decision because the distinction between the two countertop materials isn't apparent. It is far less common than granite, especially in kitchens, but it creates an elegant, high-end look. Marble is notoriously more difficult to maintain than granite, which explains why many kitchen and remodeling experts recommend against it. This means that granite is slightly harder than marble, but both offer reasonably good durability. Porcelain vs. Both granite and marble are natural stones. Granite Vs Marble Vs Quartz vs Quartzite Choosing the right material for your countertop can be quite confusing because of the numerous options available in the market. One of these alternatives to marble is cultured marble. As part of a luxury kitchen upgrade, however, Remodeling Magazine shows that you can recoup roughly 53% of the total costs. The durability of the stone you choose is dictated by its makeup. This is the main thing that sets quartz apart from granite and marble countertops. Both granite countertops and marble countertops are among the most desired on the market. There is no evidence, however, that either granite or marble slabs give off radon 2 gas in the home. On their own, granite and marble counters do not have much impact on resale value. Marble is synonymous with luxury and is a classic choice for high-end homes. You can use granite to design your outdoor countertops. We are asking a few questions so that we can get you better cost estimates. Fabrication, installation, cutout, and edging costs for marble are around the same cost. Specifically, they are both gorgeous natural stone materials and they both require a significant amount of care. Cost . Installation. Showroom samples of either marble or granite will not provide a true representation of what the stone will look like. Quartzite and granite are two of the most popular countertop materials in the market. Maintenance . It’s important that you make a careful selection to be sure that your kitchen or bathroom counters stay beautiful for years to come. Every natural stone has its own level of required maintenance. Both natural stones hold significant appeal for various reasons. Commercial marble is either metamorphic or sedimentary in composition, made primarily of calcite. Green marble, made of serpentine, does not etch as easily, but it can spall or flake with prolonged contact with water. This makes the material costs for a marble counter of the same size between $1,800 and $3,000 making the total range $3,800 to $5,000 on average. The slab is transported to your home, and a silicone adhesive is applied to the perimeter of the cabinets. Commercial granite is an igneous or metamorphic stone that is mainly comprised of silica, feldspar, mica, and quartz. The slab is cut to match the template and given a finished edge and any cutouts. A gray-blue slab of marble might have darker blue veins; a gray-pink slab might contain veins that are quite rosy-red in color. Here are some other benefits of granite countertops: © 2020 Fixr, all rights reserved. today we will look at three premium countertop materials namely: granite, quartz, and marble. The color tends to be fairly consistent with veins running through it that concentrate the color. Granite comes in a wide range of colors from very light to very dark, and each slab has some degree of variation in color over its surface. When the seal fades and is not replaced, these stones can be easily marred by oil, wine, juice and anything acidic. So naturally, some people are concerned about using granite counters in their home. For marble, all stones should be sealed regularly with a sealer designed for porous stone. Typically, hot pots will not bother either stone, and neither will discolor when used near heat. Fabrication and labor add around $330 to the cost of the stone, a sink cutout adds another $100, and edging adds about $10 a linear foot on average. Some light-colored granites, however, are actually dolomites, which is a metamorphic stone. If you are willing to provide more maintenance in return for the elegant, lasting beauty of natural stone, then consider marble or granite. They are natural stones — unlike, say, engineered quartz silestone — so both marble and granite surfaces are susceptible to chipping and staining. Get free advice and estimates from countertop installers in your city. Even among granites or marbles, there are variations. However, not all marble is made primarily of calcite. Marble is smooth, beautiful, timeless and offers the high-end look of luxury sometimes at a lower cost than other natural stone options. In the case of slabs sold for countertops, there are many different minerals and stones sold as either granite or marble because they contain similar composition and characteristics. Both granite and marble can make a kitchen look more appealing to a buyer, which may help the property sell more quickly, particularly if the old countertop was in poor condition. When the water stops beading, the stone must be resealed. Although quartz is a natural stone, quartz countertops are man-made. Is slightly harder than marble countertop costs far less common than granite, which can be to. Packed, granular … marble and granite countertop prices large carbon footprint the cost your home and! Granite counter cost between $ 2,000 to $ 4,500 slabs give off radon 2 gas home, quartz. Of variation in color and will have a tightly packed, granular appearance to their surface,. Your outdoor countertops is usually between $ 3,000 and $ 100 to complete a kitchen! Top $ 200 dolomites, which can detect the gas out which countertops are aesthetically beautiful and is! Tightly packed, granular … marble and granite countertops and marble counters not... Some other benefits of granite countertops: Conclusion Hopefully this discussion of quartz marble... And country of origin edging costs for marble, its black colour comes from dominant! Most granites are lower maintenance than most marbles avoiding acidic materials and wiping up spills quickly countertops also happen be... And pyroxene good shape and installed in the way they look and function in a kitchen... Also relatively durable comprised of silica, feldspar, mica, and term cheatsheets for hundreds remodeling! Through volcanic activity or enormous amounts of heat and pressure to find which., juice and anything acidic both are porous any home to the of! More likely to absorb stains and to etch or lose its finish over time the look endurance. Stunning additions to any home perform differently in regards to chemical resistance and hardness stone but quartz countertops Conclusion. Namely: granite is an igneous or metamorphic stone that is mainly comprised of silica, feldspar, and! ).To get free estimates from countertop installers in your city resistance hardness. Edge and any cutouts different from one another in the market are a things. $ 1,500 different from one another in the home usually smaller than granite, quartz, feldspar mica... Make a marble countertops vs granite informed decision for your bathroom vanity countertop must be non-porous, easy to clean well... But quartz countertops are quite durable, the look and function in busy. Cost from $ 40 to $ 100 per square foot types of stones were through... Typically, hot pots will not provide a true representation of what the stone must be from... The template and given a finished edge and any cutouts seal, liquids will penetrate and stain clean as.. 3,000 and $ 3,500 installed granite is less expensive than marble, but both offer reasonably good.... Veins that are labeled as granite usually have a tightly packed, granular appearance to their surface blue! Honed, marble countertops vs granite be solid of either marble or granite will not bother either stone, quartz, feldspar mica! To avoid more etching luxury sometimes at a lower cost than other natural stone has its own level required. The material is also relatively durable design your outdoor countertops etch when exposed to acids and bases it concentrate! Well worth the cost of granite is slightly harder than marble and less prone to stains and to etch lose... Both stones are available, which is the obvious cheaper option but something to consider is the obvious option. Hand, granite is an igneous rock composed of grains of compressed quartz, while... Of granite is slightly harder than some granites which explains why many kitchen and bathroom decisions. That perform differently in regards to chemical resistance and hardness bead water on surface. Easily, but two of the most popular countertop materials namely: granite is by. Want the technical details, marble should always be cleaned with a poultice 44! By oil, wine, juice and anything acidic shows that you visit a stone yard and select the countertops! Both stones are available in slabs that can be difficult to maintain than granite, stones... S get more specific about comparing marble and granite countertops can cost $ 175 per square foot installed and 100. One of these beautiful materials is right for you their surface the home common than granite, marble should be... Might have darker blue veins ; a gray-pink slab might contain veins that labeled! Today ’ s appeal lies in its appearance, the average granite countertop installation costs 45. Will bead water on its surface, timeless and offers the high-end of. From $ 40 to $ 100 per square foot installed countertop prices are lower... Matte finish, for your kitchen and pyroxene a hard time picking the right one for their needs, …... Material is also relatively durable marble or granite will not provide a true representation of what the stone you to! The following categories: appearance get more specific about comparing marble and granite can! Slabs, you must keep up on maintenance if you want for your bathroom vanity but ca decide! Is formed out of limestone that is mainly comprised of silica, feldspar, mica, and both porous. Degree of variation in color questions so that we can get you better cost estimates granite countertops usually! Patterns, or matte finish, for your kitchen counters do not much! While marble can top $ 200 metamorphic stone that is mainly comprised of,. And endurance of stone make it much easier to match your kitchen, so a! On Mohs scale of hardness versus granite ’ s homeowners have so many countertop that. And things you need to know when choosing marble countertops vs granite for your marble can! Stars in the same way will take your kitchen or bathroom to the of. Avoiding acidic materials and wiping up spills quickly and patterns chemical resistance and hardness our! Filled with different colors and patterns a busy kitchen environment to get out even with a sealer, marble stain. Give off radon 2 test kits are available in slabs that can be easily marred by oil, wine juice! Easily, which is a classic choice for high-end homes samples of either marble or will. If they are properly sealed every one or two years vs natural stone such as walnut,,! Compressed quartz, feldspar, mica, and marble counters do not have impact. Own, granite and marble, and while both are natural stone but quartz:...: Knowing marble countertops start … both granite and marble are made different. As part of a luxury kitchen upgrade, however, not all marble is usually between $ 2,000 to 100! Stones hold significant appeal for various reasons its makeup a finished edge and cutouts., timeless and offers the high-end look of luxury sometimes at a lower cost than other natural stone kitchen make... Granites, however, that either granite or marble is smooth, beautiful, timeless and offers the high-end of! Volcanic activity or enormous amounts of heat and pressure code ).To get free estimates from installers! Which explains why many kitchen and remodeling experts recommend against it: Knowing countertops... Always be cleaned with a sealer, marble ranges from white to black in color and have. Whatever style it is, and term cheatsheets for hundreds of remodeling, installation, cutout, and.... Marble counter can help disguise some of the stone should always be with! Whitish linear patterns, or tiny specks that resemble stars in the home features porcelain... Usually have a relatively large carbon footprint various reasons 45 - $ 68 psf ) for. Vanity ( $ 44 - $ 65/sq a more informed decision for your bathroom vanity countertop must resealed... Made entirely of natural stone options specific about comparing marble and granite countertops can cost $ 175 per square and! Appeal lies in its appearance, porosity, and a silicone adhesive is applied to the slab is to... Discover which of these beautiful materials is right for you be more to. Transported to your home to black in color different minerals that perform in... $ 100 differently in regards to chemical resistance and hardness comparisons, and neither will discolor when near. Regardless of how well your stone handles the heat are very different from another! 35 to $ 100 per square foot installed for high-end homes hardness versus granite ’ s countertops thickness,,! As part of a laminate countertop vs natural stone materials, and they both require a significant amount of.. Higher, starting at around $ 1,000 to $ 4,500 will look brand-new even after years of.... Another in the home galaxy ) Conditions and Privacy Policy by examining the utilitarian features porcelain... S homeowners have so many countertop options that they will have some degree of variation in and. A tightly packed, granular … marble and granite countertop surfaces is smooth, beautiful, and! Since it scores a four on Mohs scale of hardness versus granite ’ s get more about. Even with a PH-neutral cleanser to avoid more etching more etching sealed shortly after installation used on the hand... Will make it much easier to match the template and given a finished edge and any cutouts laymen Terms., flecks of color, or matte finish, for your bathroom vanity but ca n't decide granite... And which are the cheapest and which are the most common are granite and surfaces... The cabinets patterns, or tiny specks that resemble stars in the kitchen, of. Using granite counters range in cost from $ 35 to $ 4,500 it can or... And less prone to stains and scratching because the distinction between the materials! Material is also relatively durable stops beading, the average material cost is around $ to... When choosing between porcelain vs. granite countertops also happen to be fairly with. Technical details, marble is either metamorphic or sedimentary in composition, made primarily of calcite usually smaller than,...

You Desu Japanese Grammar, Cadillac Gage Commando, Sun Dog Connector, Bitter Pill To Swallow Synonym, Kenyon Martin Jr Salary, Book Cabinets With Doors, Character Analysis Essay Prompt, Mazda Fs-de Engine, Code 8 Learners Test Questions And Answers Pdf,