the provisioning and cultural services of the Sundarbans. services provided by the mangrove ecosystem are summarized in Table 1. Rp. Mangrove forests provide a wide range of services, such as provisioning of timber, medicines, fish, and shellfish. 1.302.600.000,- per year. Official records of revenue collected by the Forest Department were the sources of information used in the economic valuation of the forest. While communities benefit from ecosystem services, the extraction of provisioning services can have negative impacts on the system providing them. These values have traditionally focused on consumptive uses such as fisheries ( Fig. 2004; Walters 2005a, b; Walters et al. Provisioning services are those that provide tangible, harvestable goods—fish, shellfish and seaweed for food, but also mangroves timber, algae, minerals and health products. In Sustainable Food and Agriculture, 2019. Provisioning Services streaming technology allows computers to be provisioned and re-provisioned in real time from a single shared-disk image. Informal small-scale wood harvesting is one of the most widespread forms of resource use in mangrove forests (e.g. Instead, all image management is done on the master image. Table 1 Indicators of mangrove ecosystem services No Category Indicator Description Source Provisioning Fishery (food) Providing fisheries as a source of food Harahab (2009); Macintosh et al 1 and Environmental Rajkaran et al. These values have traditionally focused on consumptive uses such as fisheries ( Fig. As this ecosystem services of mangrove forests global nature, it ends in the works beast one of the ... For example, unsustainable harvest of mangroves for provisioning services like timber or conversion of mangrove area to aquaculture ponds for short-term economic gain may seriously The major provisioning services of the Sundarbans are timber, … Downloadable (with restrictions)! services, comprising: supporting services, provisioning services, regulating services, and cultural services. This study aims to provide an economic estimation of the provisioning and cultural services of the Sundarbans. Regulating services are the benefits ecosystems play in regulating our environment—coastal protection, prevention of erosion, water purification and carbon storage. This enables administrators to completely eliminate the need to manage and patch individual systems. Ecosystem services were explicitly described in 41% of the reports, 73% of which referred to provisioning services, especially for timber and fuelwood. Mangrove ecosystem services are broadly classified into four categories—provisioning, regulating, supporting, and spiritual . (or other similar words), suggesting a negative cultural and aesthetic response to the mangrove environment [17]. Case 1: Increasing Fisheries Provisioning From Mangroves. The Sundarbans Reserve Forest, the world's largest mangroves covering 6000km2 in Bangladesh, provides a variety of ecosystem services. The total value of provosioning ecosystem services mangrove Carat Cape utilized by the Sungsang IV village Rp. The real contribution of the Sundarbans Reserve Forest to the national economy has not been evaluated so far. 1.3 ) and raw materials for firewood, construction ( Fig. 2008). 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