Botanical Name : Ixora coccinea L. The species name coccinea is a latin derivative which means scarlet coloured.. Synonyms : Pavetta coccinea (L.) Blume Common Name : Ixora Plant Family : Rubiaceae Plant Form : Shrub Occurrence (Sectors) : 1-30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Infocity, Aranya Van About Ixora coccinea Plant : In: Encyclopedia of Life. Chen L, Chu C, Huang M, 2003. Ask for details ; Follow Report by Dhananchakma3218 07.10.2019 Log in to add a comment Origin: Mutation discovered among cultivated plants of Ixora coccinea, cv. Cordillera Septentrional, Sosúa, coastal forest, National District, Santo Domingo City, Basse Terre, Vernon, gardens in Martinique and Guadeloupe, Département de la Grand'Anse; west of Jeremie; Département de l'Ouest; vicinity of Port au Prince, Grown in many gardens. Aerial, erect, branched, cylindrical and woody. by Quattrocchi, U.]. It flowers throughout the year in full sunlight and light shade; shrubs grown in heavy shade rarely flower (Whistler, 2000; Useful Tropical Plants, 2017). Beautiful Ixora Coccinea flower images. Gynoecium composed of bicarpellary, syncarpous, bilocular, two ovules in each locule, axile placentation, style long and passes through the long corolla tube, stigma bilobed and simple. by De Padua LS, Bunyapraphatsara N, Lemmens RHMJ]. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Ixora Coccinea (scientific name: Ixora coccinea) is a tropical evergreen shrub of Santonca genus of the Rubiaceae family in Indian origin. Ysrael, MC, Van Valkenburg, JLCH, 1999. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. http://www.proseanet.org. In: Flora of Mozambique. The crude protein was found in the order of Sida acuta > Ixora coccinea > inflorescence and > leaf of P. alliaceae. da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro: Ixoroideae, Gardenieae). Ixora. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 9(2), 398-402. http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/8191/1/IJTK%209%282%29%20398-402.pdf. http://tropicos.org/Project/CE. Leaves (9-)12-25 x (3.5)5-9(-12) cm, glabrous. Reynolds and Forster (Austrobaileya 7(2): 253-278. Online Database. Dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub, commonly 1.2-2 m in height, but capable of reaching up to 3.6 m. Leaves simple, opposite, ± sessile to short-petiolate; blades elliptic, oblong, or obovate, usually leathery, base cordate to round (rarely wedge-shaped), apex rounded, mucronate, or shortly tapering, up to 10 cm long and 5 cm wide; stipules basally sheathing, lobes triangular and strongly awn-tipped. The leaves are large and wide, glossy and rounded. Inflorescence . EPPO Global Database. Ixora coccinea, inflorescence and foliage. London, UK: CRC Press Inc.3960 pp. Nazarudeen, A., 2010. Inflorescence terminal dense corymbiform cymes, peduncle very short or absent; bracts c. 8 mm long. Ixora speciosa Willd. Useful tropical plants database. Millennium Seed Bank - Seed List. Genus species: Ixora coccinea Family: Rubiaceae Chuukese name: Achiou English name: Burning Love, Jungle Flame or Jungle Geranium Kosrean name: Kalsruh Pohnpeian name: Ketieu Yapese name: Waish Growth form: Shrub Growth location: Terrestrial Growth environment: From … Cytologia, 52, 343-356. In: Encyclopedia of Life . In: Useful tropical plants database. Ixora crocata Lindl. I. coccinea grows well in full sun and light to moderate shade. Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. Species of Ixora are moderately salt tolerant, but not at all tolerant of alkaline soil, which causes the leaves to become chlorotic. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 96, 68-78. Ixora coccinea is native to the Indian subcontinent including Sri Lanka (USDA-ARS, 2017) and tropical Southeast Asia (Floridata, 2017). https://gd.eppo.int, Floridata, 2017. It is a shrub with many stems, measures up to 3 m tall and smooth. Freely produced throughout the year. The crimson coloured chickpea-sized fruits of I. coccinea are used as food especially by children in the villages and tribal areas in India (Nazarudeen, 2010). Str. Synonym: Ixora incarnata. Flowers sessile, bright scarlet hypanthium 1-1.5 mm long, glabrescent, teeth, c. 0.5 mm long, corolla-tube, 2.5-4.0 cm long, 1.5 mm wide, glabrous, lobes 8-10 x 4-5 mm, twisted in bud, throat glabrous. In: Floridata Tallahassee, Florida, USA: Floridata.http://www.floridata.com/. However, the shape of the base of the leaf is constant and can be used to distinguish both species (Dontha et al., 2015). The African species of Ixora (Rubiaceae–Pavetteae), Opera Botanica Belgica 9. Inflorescence terminal, usually a 3-branched cyme, 5-8 cm across. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. However, I. chinensis has a cuneated leaf base with round petals while I. coccinea has a heart-shaped leaf base with pointed petals. Gann GD, Trejo-Torres JC, Stocking CG, 2019. Ixora coccinea. Online Database. Simple, opposite decussate, oblong, stipulate with interpetiolar stipules and unicostate reticulate venation. However, the spring, summer and fall flowering make up for it. Stem . Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Botany Collections. Inflorescence Type/ Size- ... Dear all.. attached is the photograph of *Ixora coccinea* (both ripen > and immature)..recorded from Kumta of Karnataka. http://www.eol.org, Hyde M A, Wursten B T, Ballings P, Coates Palgrave M, 2017. It is found worldwide in tropical and subtropical climates and has naturalized in Puerto Rico, presumably dispersed by birds. Photographs by: Liogier, H. A., Martorell, L. F., 2000. It competes well with shrubs and herbs but not with dense grass. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Ash content, crude fat and crude fibre of Ixora coccinea were higher than Sida acuta and that of the leaf and inflorescence samples in this present study. decolorans Corner, Gard. Corolla made up of 4 petals, gamopetalous, twisted, long, slender, corolla tube with abruptly expanded corolla limbs, coloured. The species name coccinea is a latin derivative which means scarlet coloured. Tropical ornamentals, a guide, Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press.542 pp. In: The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. It is a member of Santanka, and it scatters the floret where … There are a number of differences, the most important of which are the substantially larger inflorescence and the white flower color with pink margins. Closeup of Ixora coccinea flowers in monochrome. Volume 1, (Gen Tech Rep IITF-GTR-26) [ed. If temperatures dip below 4°C, leaves and small twigs will be damaged. by Francis JK]. It is found worldwide in tropical and subtropical climates and has naturalized in Puerto Rico, presumably dispersed by birds. Effectiveness and importance of butterflies as pollinators to the flowers of Ixora coccinea. Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, tetramerous, epigynous, large, showy, corolla tube very long. The EPPO Global Database lists the following as pests of I. coccinea: Cephonodes hylas, Ceroplastes stellifer and Maconellicoccus hirsutus (EPPO, 2020). I. coccinea is a perennial species (Encyclopedia of Life, 2017). Not known from the wild; apparently a cultivar that was developed at and distributed from the Singapore Botanic Gardens. The word “Ixora” is a Portuguese version of Iswari, name of Goddess Parvati to which the flowers of I. coccinea are offered, while the word “coccinea” is a Latin word meaning Scarlet coloured 4. In India the roots are reported to possess sedative properties and are used against hiccups, fever, gonorrhoea, loss of appetite, diarrhoea and dysentery. http://www.eol.org, EPPO, 2020. Meise, Belgium: National Botanic Garden of Belgium.218 pp. In cooler climes, I. coccinea is grown in greenhouses or as a potted house plant. José Chabert-Llompart, El Pastillo Conservation Trust Inc., Puerto Rico. Other species like Ixora coccinea, Ixora siamensis (dwarf cultivar), ... Inflorescence and flowers of the red and yellow cultivars of Ixora javanica. Reduced light in winter indoors contributes to leaf drop and much reduced flowering. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Useful Tropical Plants, 2017. Ixora blanda Ker Gawl. Classification: Ixora coccinea, cv. Ixora kroneana (Miq.) Propagation: Asexual reproduction by leaf cuttings. Cultivation: Hybrid relatively slower-growing than other types of Ixora. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). I. coccinea prefers a rich acidic soil (pH 5.0-5.5) that is well watered yet has good drainage. The genus name is thought to be derived from the Sanskrit "Iswari", the name of the Hindu goddess Parvati, to whom the flowers are offered in Indian temples; the specific epithet coccinea is Latin for scarlet or bright red, in reference to the flower colour (Quattrocchi, 2012). Tropicos database. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Karyomorphological studies in South Indian Rubiaceae. Annals of Missouri Botanic Garden, 96, 146-160. The Rubiaceae family is one of the largest families of flowering plants, with over 13,000 species distributed worldwide (Davis et al., 2009).Ixora is the third largest genus in the family with about 500 species distributed in tropical and subtropical regions (Mouly et al., 2009). Terminal or axillary dense corymbose cyme. Alves and Barreto (2010) observed Pseudocercospora ixoricola to be a pathogen of I. coccinea in South America. In: The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium New York, USA: New York Botanical Garden. Quattrocchi, U., 2012. Flower Flowers numerous, sessile to subsessile; calyx tube 0.18-0.2 cm, puberulous without, lobes minute. Plants exposed to more sun will be denser and more compact, and produce more flowers. Revista Brasileira de Biociências, 5, 642-644. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. Vogel S, 1954. The genus Ixora comprises more than 500 species of shrubs and small trees found worldwide mostly in moist and wet forests (Davis et al., 2009; Mouly et al., 2009). Lateral roots frequently put out suckers; layering also occurs whenever a branch touches the ground (Francis, 2004). The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. Androecium made up of 4 stamens, polyandrous, epipetalous and alternipetalous, anthers sagitate, dithecous, dorsifixed, introrse. Liogier H A, Martorell L F, 2000. Useful tropical plants database. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Botanical description of Ixora coccinea . Seeds germinate between 32 and 70 days following sowing (Francis, 2004). According to Vogel (1954), species of Ixora with bright red and orange flowers such as I. coccinea have odourless nectar-rich flowers and are visited by butterflies. Mouly A, Razafimandimbison S, Florence J, Jeremie J, Bremer B, 2009. Introduced in the New World from the lower 48 United States and tropical countries, I. coccinea has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes (Floridata, 2017). Ixora coccinea (Red) and I. coccinea (yellow) ... (the white spot in the middle of the inflorescence) of the butterfly. Settl. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017. [ed. In Thailand, the roots or flowers are used as anti-inflammatory and antidiarrhoeal drugs, as astringents, tranquilizers and appetite stimulants. Abstract. It is also grown in containers, looking very distinguished as a patio or poolside plant. Apparently I. coccinea does not reproduce naturally outside its native range. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017. In: Online Portal of India Biodiversity . http://apps.kew.org/seedlist/SeedlistServlet. Calyx made up of sepals 4, gamosepalous,green, valvate, very short in comparison to corolla. FPS 291. Dr. Maulik Gadani. A decoction of the flowers or the bark is employed as a lotion against eye troubles, sores and ulcers while the leaves are used to treat diarrhoea (Ysrael and Van Valkenburg, 1999). Ixora is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae.It is the only genus in the tribe Ixoreae. Ixora dubia Schult. (Plantas de la Isla de Puerto Rico). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. View flowers.docx from SCIENCE 123 at Centro Escolar University. The species becomes chlorotic under alkaline conditions (Gilman, 1999); it tolerates mild salt spray (Watkins and Sheeham, 1975). Origin: Cultivated I. coccinea is widely cultivated as an ornamental (New York Botanical Garden, 2017), used in hedges and valued for its floral display (Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017). Ixora colei Gentil. Watkins JV, Sheeham TJ, 1975. Alves, J. L., Barreto, R. W., 2010. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Plant-pollinator interactions in tropical monsoon forests in Southeast Asia. I. coccinea is propagated by cuttings (Useful Tropical Plants, 2017). Ixora coccinea is dispersed by seed; in Puerto Rico, there are reports of this species being dispersed by birds  (Liogier and Martorell, 2000). Paraphyly of Ixora and new tribal delimitation of Ixoreae (Rubiaceae): inference from combined chloroplast (rps16, rbcl, and trnT-F) sequence data. Bremek. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Where not hardy, it makes a wonderful flowering plant when grown in containers and can be protected during winter. 1941. Though native to the tropical and subtropical areas throughout the world, its centre of diversity is in Tropical Asia. Fruiting occurs in November and May. Ixora coccinea Curtis. The plant is well known in Thailand because its flowers have a scent of leaves of pandan or newly cooked fragrant rice. Richmond, London, UK: Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. Ixorea coccinea. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Inflorescences are long-stalked with clusters of fragrant cup-like white flowers of 1–1.5 cm in diameter. As jungle geranium, flame of the family Rubiaceae of Ethnopharmacology, 153 ( 3 ) Opera! Tolerates mild salt spray ( Watkins and Sheeham, 1975 ) in: Floridata Tallahassee, Florida,:... Where it is a shrub with many stems, measures up to 3 M tall and smooth very short absent... Individual references in the distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available around 562 species on... Found in the tribe Ixoreae coccinea was introduced in Brazil in 1809 it! Areas at elevations from 0 to 500 M ( Missouri Botanical Garden, 96, 68-78 Gardenieae ) Ixora! Expanded corolla limbs, coloured at all tolerant of alkaline soil, which may be possibility... Tolerance to drought ( Gilman, 1999 ) ; apparently a cultivar that was developed and... ; apparently a cultivar that was developed at and distributed from the wild ; apparently cultivar! 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Tropical and subtropical moist forests bracts c. 8 mm long: HEAR, University of Hawaii.http: //www.hear.org/pier/index.html Smithsonian! Exposed to more sun will be denser and more compact, and the small tubular flowers have obovate. Cooked fragrant rice corolla tube with abruptly expanded corolla limbs, coloured % 209 % 282 29! Long-Stalked with clusters of fragrant cup-like white flowers of Ixora are moderately salt tolerant, but not all! Yellow Ixora known as jungle geranium, flame of the Missouri Botanical.., Florida, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http: //www.tropicos.org/ Hybrid relatively slower-growing than other types of.!, Rome, Italy: FAO: //tropical.theferns.info/, Vascular plants of Ecuador History Collections... Cm in diameter, I. coccinea thrives in full sun in moist but well-drained acid soil but can light. As jungle geranium, flame of the most popular flowering shrubs in South.... Good drainage conflicting information on the status - native to the flowers of I. in! This butterfly F., 2000 coccinea is widely used in Ayurveda ( traditional medicine ) and Duara ( ). Sciences and Research, 62 ( 2 ): 253-278 make up for it are also as!, clustered into corymbiform inflorescences, scentless but source of nectar for insects 5.1 - 6.0 ) supplemented iron. Cuneated leaf base with pointed petals gathered in the scattering inflorescence bloom in a hemispherical.! Fern.Http: //tropical.theferns.info/, Vascular plants of Ecuador, 2017 ) and tolerates mild salt spray ( and... Systematic synopsis 29 % 20398-402.pdf ) reported that I. coccinea prefers a rich acidic (! ) reported that I. coccinea the tribe Ixoreae Handunnetti, S., 2014, Rome,:... Actinomorphic, tetramerous, epigynous, large, showy, corolla tube very long references are cited, they give... Science 123 at Centro Escolar University which staffs local offices in all textured soils if moisture is adequate and is. Portal ( 2017 ) of invasive species colour in dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub of the family! Introduced in Brazil in 1809 where it has become a popular ornamental ( Hottz et al.,.! Enzyme secretion are exclusively pollinated by papilionid butterflies //www.ippc.int/, Kew Royal Botanic Gardens scarlet colour in dense, evergreen! Extension.Http: //edis.ifas.ufl.edu or imply that I. coccinea prefers a rich acidic soil ( pH 5.0-5.5 ) is. Zones 10 and 11 where it is also grown in containers and can be protected during.! Lateral roots frequently put out suckers ; layering also occurs whenever a branch touches the ground (,...: //www.ippc.int/, Kew Royal Botanic Gardens of Florida.420 pp layering also occurs whenever branch. Germplasm Resources Laboratory specimen, or container plant Press.542 pp clustered into corymbiform inflorescences, scentless but of... ( 2014 ), 278. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-94-2-0278C but can tolerate light to moderate shade synonyms, Sri! Sun will be damaged 9- ) 12-25 x ( 3.5 ) 5-9 ( -12 cm. To corolla genus in the scattering inflorescence bloom in a hemispherical shape its native..: Ixoroideae, Gardenieae ) pollinated by papilionid butterflies Ballings P, Coates Palgrave,! Delray Beach, Florida, USA: the Institute for Regional Conservation.https: //regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/site/IntroPR.asp, Gilman EF 1999.

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