Regular coarse wool can be 40 micron or more, but merino is much finer, starting at about 24 micron down to 15 micron and below. Supposedly the manufacturing process is kinder to the environment. The invention of shears led humans to breed sheep for continuous fleece, and subsequently, land has been cleared and trees have been cut down to make room for grazing sheep, which has led to increased soil salinity, erosion, and … The amount of organic chlorine compounds in wastewater is an issue. If there was something better than wool, we would not be doing this! There are many new and promising opportunities for wool in the USA, but the current world-wide economic situation is a major concern for the entire wool trade. From a smoke free environment. We use superwash treated wool because it is important to us and our customers that the wool is machine washable. Superwash wool is still a popular choice for those who like to hand-dye yarns. Is Wool Bad for the Environment? Some acrylic is ok to work with, some is godawful. Reply Delete The high twist confers bounce and durability to this yarn. From a smoke free environment. Get access to nearly 50 years of journalism at the Ecologist Archive. This wool is special because itâs very soft and doesnât cause allergic reactions. A look at these tools, however, leaves us often surprised when it comes to the rating of wool. Project description: Background Approximately 75% of machine-washable wool is treated by the so-called Chlorine-Hercosett shrinkproofing process. This means that for millions of sheep worldwide, shearing is a terrifying, painful ordeal. Many experienced garment knitters prefer a non-superwash yarn in their sweaters, vests, hats. What is toxic is the process of making it. Is handwashing untreated wool really all that bad? This is a heavily processed product that has plastic coated fibres. Find out about our mission, and our team, here. âSuperwashâ means basically that the scales from the wool fibers have been removed so that the wool doesnât felt when washed. Yearn Worthy Yarn: Ceallach Dyes. The biggest concern that many people have is that the way that it’s been treated in order to make it so easy to care for may have negative impacts on the environment. The wool industry also inflicts “collateral damage” on wildlife they consider to be “pests.” Many landowners consider kangaroos to be such “pests,” and though there are some laws governing the killing of kangaroos, on their own property, landowners can do whatever they want to these animals without fear of repercussions. Descended from the first short-tailed sheep to arrive in Northern Europe during the Paleolithic Age, these hardy sheep still populate most of Icelandâs sheep herds today, producing meat, milk, and sturdy wool. Wool has been a precious raw material for people for a long time. Yes and no. If Iâm too much of a noob to hazard a trip for my superwash sweater to the washer/dryer, maybe a nice virgin wool would have done just fine (and better for the environment and feel of the wool mid-knit too). I've read that the amount of wool produced in the US, less than 1% of worldwide production8, is not large enough to make a Superwash production facility here economically feasible. This Snowflake color sets consists of coordinating colors that move in various semi tonal shades of taupe, grays, and blues. Buy choosing to use wood wool as an alternative to plastics you are helping to maintain the environment, safe in the knowledge that Wood wool is part of a balanced cycle with the end user able to dispose of it in a responsible way. Merino Wool knitted fabric keeps its shape well when blocked. Works to standard fingering/4ply weight patterns. Knitting with superwash wool has its advantages, mostly when it comes to caring for the finished project. I care deeply about the environment, but we can drive ourselves crazy without really trying on these issues. With organic merino wool, it is very important to follow the washing instructions, otherwise it can become matted. Perhaps they were referring to the fact that it is illegal to discharge certain pollutants without appropriate treatment. And that can be done by using enzymes, ozone or a chlorination process â or by coating the fibers with a polymer (which does not wash off) called polyamide-epichlorohydrin, which is also used in the paper industry and in the production of glycerin and epoxy â¦ I haven't used this yet either but cotton is more for summer/spring. You can get a superwash regular wool blanket which removes those ingredients that cause the itchiness but then you are trading natural material for toxic Certain wool garments can safely be dried in a tumble dryer without the item shrinking. Other environmentally sound wool replacements include Tencel, organic cotton, bamboo, hemp, soyabean fabric, linen, and recycled fibres. Sheep are sensitive prey animals who are prone to panic when held down. Manure generated by farmed animalsÂ â including in countries like Australia and New Zealand, where vast flocks of sheep have been expanded to meet the world's demand for wool âhas significantly contributed to the increase in atmospheric greenhouse gases over the last 250 years. The chemicals used in the Superwash treatment cannot have been outlawed in the US for safety reasons, because, in fact, they are also used for a number of other industries which are still located in the US! It is made up of four double-plies. Other alternatives include peroxy compounds and enzymatic processes. Merino can create little fuzzballs known as âpillingâ which can be a little annoying. Snug: is a 4-ply blend of 75% superwash Merino wool and 25% Nylon. It pays to remember that, according to the researchers behind the "Pulse of the Fashion Industry" report, even when consumers purchase clothing made from synthetic materials, the impact on our planet isÂ, With so many fabulous vegan fabrics available, there's no need for anyone to buy or wear anything made of wool or any other animal-derived material. A great all-rounder breed of wool for exceptional next-to-skin comfort. With so many fabulous vegan fabrics available, there's no need for anyone to buy or wear anything made of wool or any other animal-derived material. The factories that process Superwash wool are located in areas that produce a lot of wool, such as South Africa 6, and also in Germany 7; the latter is worth noting because of the strict environmental protection rules in Germany. On top of the horrendous environmental impact of wool, sheep suffer terribly in the industry. The latest edition of Resurgence & Ecologist is out now, and available to buy from the Resurgence Trust website. On top of the horrendous environmental impact of wool, sheep suffer terribly in the industry. Treated wool (conventional wool) The majority of woollen underwear on the market is made from wool that has been treated. Untreated wool refers to wool which has not been through the environmentally damaging âSuperwashâ treatment but has instead been treated gently without changing the structure of the wool. Obviously, natural fibers such as cotton, hemp, wool, and linen are the way to go. Wool, a fiber from the hairs of animals such as sheep, goats, and yaks, is a textile with an immense number of uses.One of the major uses of wool is in garment production, but this fiber can be used for many other things. The factories that process Superwash wool are located in areas that produce a lot of wool, such as South Africa6, and also in Germany7; the latter is worth noting because of the strict environmental protection rules in Germany. Disturbing no? Superwash wool is the product of these processes. has significantly contributed to the increase in atmospheric greenhouse gases over the last 250 years. From a technical perspective, the diameter of wool is measured in microns, and the lower the micron the finer and more expensive it is. On another page10, the Patagonia people make a claim that the process of chlorinating wool is so toxic that it's illegal in the US; I cannot find any evidence for that, and believe that the claim must be the result of distortion by an advertising copywriter who is more concerned about sales than truth. Different companies use different processes and chemicals, and different countries have different environmental regulations for their wool industry. Eyewitnesses saw gentle sheep being kicked, punched in the face, and stamped on in a crude attempt to restrain them.Â, This violence has been documented inÂ Argentina,Â Australia,Â Chile, andÂ the USÂ â and recently, inÂ the UK, where workers were recorded slammingÂ sheep's heads into the floor.Â. Wool-pile is an excellent alternative to sheepskin. - getCategoryName("<$EntryCategoryFolder$>"); -. Watching sheep graze in lush meadows is a lovely way to pass a sunny afternoon. As the range of available fibres was limited in the past, wool used to be a very valuable commodity. Elisa Allen is the director of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). This has changed significantly in the European Union (EU) with the introduction of very strict environmental laws. InÂ stark contrast to that benign pastoral image is the ugly truth that the wool industry is wreaking havoc on the living planet. There is historical evidence proving that cotton was used over 7000 years ago in Mexico. Cotton wool is a staple in most households, especially those that have female residents. One of the most striking things about Central Oregon is the use of cinder in the winter instead of de-icer (which is terrible for the environment as is salt, just FYI). Those are made from plants and sheep, not coal and petroleum derivatives. Archive 2009-01-01. In episode 16 of the dunkelgrün podcast I talked about the âstandardâ superwash process (the Hercosett treatment), explaining how it changes the wool fibers and why it is bad for our environment.. As with other forms of animal agriculture, raising sheep for wool gobbles up precious resources. Superwash wool has Superwash wool is made by exposing the fiber to a chlorine gas that erodes the scales and then it is coated in a plastic called Hercosett 125. Now, to everyone who knows and loves wool, this will seem counter intuitive as wool is a natural, renewable an… - Conclusions Whilst wool has some advantages in terms of disposal and laundry impacts over synthetics, it is clear that it does not stack up very well against cotton, and other natural fibers such as hemp. The short answer is yes. The sides of the roads are all red because of the cinder pileup by the end of winter. On the other hand, synthetic fibers are organic polymers, mostly derived from petroleum sources, for example, polyester, polyamide, rayon, acetate and acrylic [ 37 , 39 , 42 ]. Wood wool is produced totally from sustainable softwood forests and for every tree that is felled to make Wood wool, at least 2 new trees are planted in it's place. It pays to remember that, according to the researchers behind the "Pulse of the Fashion Industry" report, even when consumers purchase clothing made from synthetic materials, the impact on our planet is still lower than that of buying wool items. This is a soft machine washable superwash merino yarn ideal for most Aran projects. This is partly due to the demand from their customers and friends. ... 75% SuperWash Wool, 25% Nylon 150 gram (5.29 ounces) 246 yard skeins (225 meters) Gauge: 16.0 to 20.0 sts = 4 inches Needle size: US 7 - 9 or 4.5 - 5.5mm Hook ... Good for you and the environment! Jacquard Acid Dyes are concentrated, powdered, hot water dyes that produce the most vibrant possible results on protein fibers including silk, wool, cashmere, alpaca, feathers, and most nylons. This doesn’t even include the toxic chemicals that are used in the overall process. Or try your hand at Twist, a worsted weight, merino, superwash blend. It is very comfortable due to its light weight and anti-perspiration qualities, and allows moisture to evaporate, while blocking humidity from the outside. Concerns have been growing about the health risks of mineral wool (also known as Man-made Vitreous Fibres (MMVF), or by the brand name Rockwool). If the latter, make sure you get yarn labeled âsuperwashâ. The major buyers/wool brokers, warehouses, growers and wool industry participants at the ASI meeting were all cautiously optimistic and hoped that wool prices will remain firm in the USA. Unlike sheepskin, it can be up to 60" wide and as long as needed. The ï¬exibility of the wool ï¬ber also makes it more durable. They are warmer than superwash yarns as they have not had any of the protective cells surrounding the fiber core stripped away. If you are a fan of Schittâs Creek, youâll love this color! These rating tools look at certain parameters to calculate the environmental impact of the fibre. And thank you for the chance! Fleece is a synthetic insulating fabric made from a type of polyestercalled polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or other synthetic fibres. Sign up for our WEEKLYÂ and MONTHLY newsletters - and never miss out on the amazing news and comment articles we publish, day in day out. Approximately 75% of all superwash wool is produced using this method. Merino. "Abador's Waters" 100% Superwash Merino Wool 273 yds (250 m)/100 g skein. As it uses only synthetic fibres, fleece is also a vegan alternative to … Naturally renewable, biodegradable, and compostable. To be done safely, the Superwash process requires industrial equipment and methods that hand-dyers do not have access to. If you have a chance to use Merino wool though such as Cascade Yarn â 100% Superwash Merino Wool, go for it! This type of wool is also available in a broad rib (8/1), which gives the material a nice striped structure. Alpaca are also very hardy animals that can survive in a variety of harsh conditions and they can be sheared annually. 400 yards, 3 oz. Alpaca wool is similar to sheep wool in its renewability and biodegradability. This is a fingering weight, superwash, merino wool yarn. And they go not just for sheep, but for alpaca and llama and all other fiber animal (including, oddly, the silkworm). 5 Reasons Superwash Yarn is Harmful for the Environment Inspired by the colors in the poster for the 6th season, the mauve pink of the Rosebud Motel, the gold of the lettering and of course all the black and white of the wardrobes. I've got some 50% cotton 50% nylon but I haven't tried it out yet. Made with high quality 100% Superwash Merino Wool. Superwash Wool. Why wool is the best choice for the environment With concern about the harmful effect of plastic litter on marine species and habitats growing world-wide, how can the use of natural fibres – such as wool – reduce this impact? The Ecologist is the worldâs leading environmental affairs platform. Good news! It is machine washable and because it is made from SuperWash Wool, it can be safely placed in the dryer. NOTE: Not all " wool-pile " in the market place is made from pure new wool. This may be the source for the wilder claims you saw. Is Cotton Bad for the Environment? Alpaca wool is simply a better version of regular wool making your nights warmer, drier, and less itchy. I have bad news for you - most, if not all, Opal yarns are superwash. They don't always specify this on the yarn labels, but if your yarns have a sign on their labels noting that the yarn is machine washable at 40 degrees or if the label says 'waschmaschinenfest', then it's superwash wool. Then there's Nullarbor, a vegan wool made from coconut by-products. In theory, cashmere is the TreeHugger's ideal natural fiber. 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