The first record of this species came from Lord Walsingham in 1897 (Busck, 1933). Observations on species of Lepidoptera infesting stored products. After hatching from the egg, larvae first feed as leaf miners. 232 pp. Life history and behavior of the case-bearer. proper identification by a specialist is advised, because case-bearing species other than Phereoeca uterella might be in those states. Boca Raton. Due to its food habits the household casebearer is a potential household pest. In constructing the case, the larva secretes silk to build an arch attached at both ends to the substrate. The larva cuts a short slit along both edges to make that end flatter, which acts as a valve. In 1956, Hinton and Bradley described the new genus Phereoeca, in order to separate the true Tineola from this and other species of flat case-bearing moths. Contact individual photographers for permission to use for any purpose. In South America, Phereoeca uterella Walsingham is known to be present in Brazil (state of Para) and Guyana. Plaster Bagworm or Household Casebearer Larva - Duration: 2:33. Household work strategies may vary over the life-cycle, as household members age, or with the economic environment; they may be imposed by one person or be decided collectively. Plaster bagworms are household pests as they feed on wool and silk. Looks more like a household casebearer than a bagworm - Wasn't stationary For general information on the life cycle Evergreen Bagworm? Have you noticed small greyish to white colored bugs hanging on your walls or ceiling? Figure 3. Advances in Consumer Research Volume 6, 1979 Pages 128-132. Household life cycles. However, another name change occurred and the current official common and scientific names for this species are the household casebearer, Phereoeca uterella Walsingham. Deviations included giving water during summer months as well as supplementing breast milk with cow or tinned milk. The semantics don’t matter regardless. They will eat the webs of spiders as well. 0457 -- Evergreen Bagworm Moth -- Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis Bagworm Moth Pupal Case Yes, although they are not cocoons Yes, a bagworm I think you're right, Gehan. Eggs hatch from mid-May to early June. Complete Life Cycle of Clothes Moth on a Wool Rug - Duration: 1:56. Borror DJ, Triplehorn CA, Johnson NF. Aiello A. They are gray with up to four spots on the fore wings, and a brush of long, lighter gray hair-like scales along the posterior margin of the hind wings. life-cycle; treatment options; bibliographic references on the information collected for that particular sheet. The female moths will deposit up to 200 tiny, light-blue eggs in a hidden area to keep them safe while they mature. 1:56. Later cases are flattened and widest in the middle, allowing the larva to turn around inside. Control of three household insects. 1989. In 1933, August Busck proposed the name Tineola walsinghami for the Virgin Island insects of Walsingham. New York. Two hundred eggs may be oviposited by a single female over a period of a week, after which she dies. Their diet consists of old spider webs, dead insects, and even human hair. As they grow they change lifestyles and become casebearers. Mating and egg deposition occurs during the night, and female casebearers can deposit 50 to 150 eggs during their five to eight day life span. household lifecycle and its applications for market segmentation and for explaining differences in consumption behavior across consumers can be found in Wilkes (1995), Schaninger & Danko (1993), Gilly & Enis (1982). Store your clothing only after it has been cleaned and inspect your closet regularly, especially where items are stored for long periods of time. Wing Span: male wingspan 0.7-0.9 cm; female wingspan 1.0-1.3 cm. It can be found under spiderwebs, in bathrooms, bedrooms and garages. Due to the active international exchange of goods, other case-bearing moths may occur in Florida in the future. Hinton HE, Bradley JD. Adult male household casebearer, Phereoeca uterella Walsingham. Webs of insects such as booklice (Psocoptera) and webspinners (Embioptera) from tree trunks were also suitable food. Some observations on the plaster bagworm. It is commonly known as the plaster bagworm but as the term "bagworm" more properly refers to moths of a different family (Psychidae), it is often called the household casebearer – which may in turn refer to the related Phereoeca allutella. Plaster bagworms, also called household casebearers, are frequently found on stucco walls in high-humidity climates, particularly Florida and Louisiana. Figure 1. Photograph by Lyle J. Buss, University of Florida. The first generation of eggs are laid singly at or near the calyx lobes of nuts after pollination (Figure 2). The entire cycle from egg to adult averages 74.2 days (62 to 86 days). ''Phereoeca uterella'' is a species of moth belonging to the family Tineidae. PNC eggs are wh… Watson JR. 1946. George Town, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. The findings: household behaviours. Hey Jim Good question! Spotted on May 19, 2013 Submitted on May 19, 2013 . [12] Feminism examines the ways that gender roles affect the division of labour within households. Complete Life Cycle of Clothes Moth on a Wool Rug - Duration: 1:56. However, the name household casebearer is now accepted under Phereoeca uterella, rather than the plaster bagworm. Phereoeca allutella, the household case-bearing moth, belongs to the subfamily Tineinae of the fungus moth family (Tineidae). Insects Limited 85,640 views. Household Casebearer - What's That Bug? Plaster bagworm life cycle XVI: Two new genera of clothes moths (Tineidae). Coloration is mostly gray but can vary depending on … The larva walks up a vertical surface and attaches the case at both ends with silk. Busck A. [12] Feminism examines the ways that gender roles affect the division of labour within households. Mating and egg deposition occurs during the night, and female casebearers can deposit 50 to 150 eggs during their five to eight day life span. Watson JR. 1939. A larva of the household casebearer, Phereoeca uterella Walsingham, which is partially emerged from its case and using its true legs to walk on a surface .. Bulletin No. It is an occasional pest of furs, flannel and similar materials, and has been inadvertently … MyBackyardBirding 7,012 views. Common Names of Insects & Related Organisms. Entomologica Americana 13: 151-203. Figure 2. household life cycle. Bosik JJ, et al. The plaster bagworm is a small larva that creates a case from silk and debris, like soil, lint and paint fragments to help camouflage the case. A fully developed larva has a case 8 to 14 mm long and 3 to 5 mm wide. Describe the household life-cycle and why it is a useful way to segment the market. The fully developed larva is about 7 mm long. However, regular cleaning practices, increased use of air conditioning in houses, and reduced number of woolen goods in this part of the country, along with pesticide application in cracks and crevices for household pest control, have decreased the incidence of the household casebearer. There are two pairs of buccal appendages called palps. 875 pp. Adult female household casebearer, Phereoeca uterella Walsingham. Hey Jim Good question! Urban Pests and Pest Management; Using Pesticides Safely in and around the Southern Home The early literature on this species is actually full of misidentifications, and it’s biology isn’t very well known. A review of this literature shows that on one hand, there is a consensus among authors on the usefulness and value of the household lifecycle concept in explaining consumption. The larvae of Phereoeca uterella make silken cases, sometimes covered with sand grains or other fine debris. The household casebearer, ... Life Cycle. It’s a different critter altogether. Very small particles of sand, soil, iron rust, insect droppings, arthropod remains, hairs and other fibers are added on the outside. The household casebearer, Phereoeca uterella, requires high humidity to complete its development, a limiting factor for its dispersion throughout the rest of the country. However, bagworms are moths in the family Psychidae. A braconid wasp, Apanteles carpatus (Say), parasitizes larvae of case-bearing moths, killing the larva before pupation. The inside of the arch is lined exclusively by silk, and is gradually extended to form a tunnel, while the larva stays inside. However, PDF | On Jan 1, 1979, Annette Aiello published Life History and Behavior of the Case-Bearer Phereoeca Allutella (Lepidoptera: Tineidae) | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Household Casebearer Moth Larva. Household Casebearer, Phereoeca uterella (=dubitatrix) Walsingham (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Tineidae)1 Juan A. Villanueva-Jimenez and Thomas R. Fasulo2 1. This marks the beginning of the life cycle. Household Casebearer Moth Phereoeca uterella (Walsingham, 1897) Family: Tineidae. Microlepidoptera of Cuba. Coloration is mostly gray but can vary depending on … They remain in the pupal stage an average of 15.6 days (range of 11 to 23 days). How to Keep Plaster Bagworms Off Stucco Walls. However, bagworms are moths in the family Psychidae. Casebearer larvae tunnel into nutlets shortly after pollination, often destroying all nutlets in a cluster. The household casebearer, Phereoeca uterella, is a moth in the Tineidae family of Lepidoptera. In its lifecycle, the bagworm eventually becomes a moth; it’s not surprising that controlling plaster bagworms is similar to how you would conquer their cousins – the clothes moths. Plaster bagworm moths are small and gray, with distinct dark spots and long, gray hairs on their hindwings. The paper shows how housing characteristics and changes of residence in Brown County, Wisconsin, vary with life-cycle stage, controlling for income differences where appropriate and possible. The plaster bagworms can be identified by the cases they build. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "casebearer" Flickr tag. A larva of the household casebearer, Phereoeca uterella Walsingham, which is partially emerged from its case and using its true legs to walk on a surface. Part of the reason these insects are found stuck to walls and ceilings is that they have climbed up there to be closer to the cobwebs they feed on. Household Pests. The household casebearer, Phereoeca uterella, is a moth. 39-43. It was found in Gainesville, Florida, and has been recorded as present in the southern USA, Hawaii, Mexico, Bermuda, Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, Europe, Africa, Malaya, Australia and other localities. 0457 -- Evergreen Bagworm Moth -- Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis Bagworm Moth Pupal Case Yes, although they are not cocoons Yes, a bagworm I think you're right, Gehan. Old cases of its own species were chewed as well. The crochets are used to walk inside the case, and also to grab the case when the larva pulls its head and thorax out and uses its true legs to walk on the floor or walls. Case of household casebearer, Phereoeca uterella Walsingham. Sign in to suggest organism ID. Eggs are soft, pale bluish, and about 0.4 mm in diameter. The most common and abundant food of the household casebearer is old spider webs, consumed in large quantities. Many species in this family are casebearers and a few are indoor pests of hair fibers, woolens, silks, felt and similar materials. Adult casebearer moths (Figure 1) are gray to dark gray, have a dark ridge of scales on the forewings, and are about 1/3 inch in length. Plaster bagworms may also be found near baseboards, under chairs and on the edges of rugs. Consumer Behaviour Report Value: 30% Due date: 13-Jan-2016 Return date: 04-Feb-2016 Length: 2000 Submission method options Alternative submission method Task Write a report demonstrating how household decisions to go on holidays are influenced by their stage in the household lifecycle. Entomological Society of America. Aiello (1979) indicates that the number of instars may vary among individuals of both sexes. The most reliable method of control is a properly timed insecticide application to the tree to kill the recently hatched juveniles before they can enter the young nutlets. This is a Household Casebearer Moth Larva in the family Tineidae, a cosmopolitan household intruder that is a nuisance, but it is not dangerous. Dear Aaron, This is a Case Bearing Moth Larva in the subfamily Tineinae, and we believe it is a Casemaking Clothes Moth, Tinea pellionella. Wing venation is very important for genera identification, and was described by Hinton and Bradley in 1956. Immediately after hatching, some of the caterpillars release a streamer of silk and are blown by the wind, establishing new infestations on nearby trees. Specific information of Phereoeca uterella biology is limited. Most people know this species by the name "plaster bagworm". American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico. In the U.S. it is found along the Gulf States from Florida to Texas and north into Virginia. However, treatment is a judgement call based on moth catch, egg scouting and pecan crop load. These insects will pupate inside the case. It is silk-lined inside and open at both ends. The case that it carries around wherever it feeds is what is immediately recognized. Aiello (1979) believes the plates protect the larva from natural enemies when it reaches out of its case for locomotion. 1956. Watson (1939) corroborated the preference of Phereoeca uterella for woolen goods of all kinds. Plaster bagworms are household pests as they feed on wool and silk. Plaster bagworms will only feed on the fibers of silk and wool. Kea (1933) could not observe this insect feeding on dried insects in the laboratory, even though small portions of dried insects were found attached to its case. They resemble pumpkin seeds in that they are wide in the middle and tapered on the ends. life-cycle; treatment options; bibliographic references on the information collected for that particular sheet. Household work strategies may vary over the life-cycle, as household members age, or with the economic environment; they may be imposed by one person or be decided collectively. These pests are typically found in the southeastern region of the US. They do not eat cotton fibers. However, regular cleaning practices, increased use of air conditioning in houses, and reduced number of woolen goods in this part of the country, along with pesticide application in cracks and crevices for household pest control, have decreased the incidence of the household casebearer. The tunnel is closed beneath by the larva to form a tube free from the substrate, and open at both ends. After hatching from the egg, larvae first feed as leaf miners. It’s often confused with clothes moths, although it doesn’t feed on fabrics. In Florida, this braconid and an ichneumonid wasp, Lymeon orbum (Say), were reared from the household casebearer (Hetrick 1957). Eggs are small and oval shaped (0.36 X 0.65 mm). The anterior crochets are bigger and broader than posterior ones by one third, which is a good detail for identification. Most people know this species by the name "plaster bagworm". Bulletin of Entomological Research 47: 251-346. Pest Control in Broward & Palm Beach Florida License # JB6407, (954) 385-2888 | (888) 932-2849 | info@lifecyclepest.com, Copyright 2020 by Life Cycle Pest Control | Web site by. 1003 pp. 2:33. The larva has three pair of well-developed, brown legs. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers. According to BugGuide, they: “Feed on wool, feathers, fur, hair, upholstered furniture, leather, fish meals, milk powders, lint, dust or paper. Furthermore, household casebearer larvae did not eat cotton products offered by Kea. The maxillary palps are smaller than the labial palps, and are folded inwards. No Comments Sign in to comment. Origin: This species requires high humidity to survive well and is found in South America, leading to suspicion that its origin is also Latin America. They will eat the webs of spiders as well. Perhaps for this reason, the accepted common name of Phereoeca uterellais now listed as the h… … However, we usually see only the empty larval or pupal cases of the household casebearer on walls of houses in south and central Florida. With each molt, the larva enlarges its case. Hetrick LA. Photograph by Lyle J. Buss, University of Florida. Pupa: Pupation occurs inside the case. Egg: After mating, females lay their eggs on crevices and the junction of walls and floors, cementing them on debris. State of Florida, Department of Agriculture, Tallahassee. Adults at rest hold their wings tented over the body. Figure 5. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Phereoeca uterella - Household casebearer -- Discover Life 1956. Pests in and around the Southern Home (SP486) Publications. Casebearer definition is - an insect larva that forms a protective case (as of silk). Bagworm Life Cycle Bagworms overwinter as eggs within bags fastened to twigs. Hetrick (1957) observed the insect in many parts of Florida and Louisiana, as well as USDA records of the household casebearer from Mississippi and North Carolina. University of Florida, Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 536. Spotted by meiyen chng. The cases are constructed by the larval (caterpillar) stage and often attract attention when found in homes. This allows the larva to turn around inside the case. However, there is considerable disagreement about how life stages should be defined and how households progress through these stages. Household Casebearer Phereoeca sp. Correspondent author: Bram De Rock, ECARES-ULB, Avenue Franklin Roosevelt 50, CP 114/04, 1050 Bruxelles. 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