This is crucial as a baby hippo can’t hold its breath for more than 40 seconds at a given time. Specifically, among all land animals, hippos have the largest teeth. Housecat. Outside its clan, the hippo doesn’t commune with a lot of animals. The bite force of all the animals mentioned above were calculated in PSI. Hippos have big mouths to eat the whopping amount of food they need for their big bodies. Baby hippos nurse underwater by closing their nostrils and ears, but they also nurse on land as well. Common hippos live in the eastern central region of Africa and below the Sahara Desert. Experts aren’t really sure why, but they believe it happens when herds become overpopulated, their habitat begins to dwindle, or when food is scarce. Here are some more amazing hippo facts for you: Surfacing and breathing are automatic for hippos. In 2014, a hippo charged and attacked a school boat in Niger, causing it to capsize and kill 13 people – a teacher and 12 students. There have been many infamous cases of hippos charging at boats in water (and drowning its passengers), invading crops bordering water bodies, or hunting calves that stray into their territory. A common snapping turtle, yes. 34. However, in a 2012 study, researchers measured the bite force … A hippo will starve to death if its molars wear down too much to break down food. Learn more about me. (However, calves are buoyant). Dog (325 pounds per square inch) Dogs may be man's best friend, but they're not to be messed with when on the attack. The best places to see hippos in Uganda are these four national parks: Watch this traveler video of a boat ride in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda. We hope these hippopotamus facts have helped you learn more about one of Africa’s most amazing creatures. Why do hippos become poop sprinklers? Of this number, 28 are molars and premolars typically stationed at the back and sides of its mouth. Dr. Brady Barr measured the bite force of an adult female at 8,100 newtons (1,800 lbf). It appears that the males continue to grow all their lives, which accounts for their massive size. CRIKEY. Such an emotionally consolidated relationship pushes the mother to wholeheartedly defend her calf from predators like crocodiles, hyenas, and even lions – often putting herself sacrificially in harm’s way to protect her young. There are countless videos of hippos spraying poop everywhere by mixing their runny poo with a rotating tail action. Family life Share aims to share cool knowledge and unique experience about family life, marriage, love, relationships, parenting and life tips. The Brown Bear is the largest terrestrial carnivoran. Hippo can actually strong enough to break a crocodile in half with one bite ,they can tip canoes and boats over trying to defend their territory. It's also interesting that their groups are called schools because adults actually do teach their young many important things such how to defend themselves. Given that hippos feed more on vegetation, people generally mistake hippos for gentle and amorous animals. Aside from mosquitos and the tsetse fly, hippopotamuses are the most deadly animal in Africa. The herd is randomly composed of adult male and female hippos. They can only hold their breath for about 40 seconds at a time. While experts believe there were once five species of hippos, only two remain today: the pygmy hippo and the common hippo, with the latter being the focus of this article. 14. Because of their sluggish appearance, many people may see hippos as gentle giants, but they are far from that. A hippo calf will nurse its mother until it’s about 18 months old. For some bull hippos, it’s 180 degrees. Would you believe a hippopotamus cannot swim? Birds? In fact, they have 36 teeth that include one canine, two incisors, three premolars, and three molars on each side of their jaws. Hippos are notably aggressive and are dangerous to interact with closely. Hippos can give birth in either water or land, depending on the prevailing circumstances. That said, the hippo can’t jump. Once upon a time, hippos roamed as far as Asia and Europe. Such an enormous bite force comes in handy in sourcing its food and helping the hippopotamus defend itself and space from invaders and predators. It is stronger and faster than lions. How long does the hippo calf stay with its mother? These reduced legs suffice for the hippo despite their enlarged sizes because the water (they are majorly domiciled in) causes their weight to drop significantly. The dominant male marks its pack’s territory by flinging its dung into the farthest distances possible, leveraging its tail shaped like a fan. Despite their power, zoologists claim that nervousness in combination with territorial nature fuels their ferocious behaviour. A hippo can chomp down on branches and leaves with a force of about 2,000 pounds per square inch, enough to cleave a luckless tourist in half (which occasionally happens during unsupervised safaris). 9 Tiger- Bite force : 1050 psi Weighing up to 933 lbs (Siberian Tiger) tiger is the largest of all cats in the world. They stay in the water with their mother for the first several days until they gain strength. 9 Types of Tigers: Guide to All Subspecies (Size, Population, Illegal Trade), 19 Facts About African Oxpecker Birds (Both Species of Buphagus), 21 King Cheetah Facts (King Cheetah vs Cheetah) Fur, Photos, Speed, How to Choose the Best Camera for Safari [Buyers Guide], Going on a Safari? In theory, when the hipposudoric acid (red) mixes with the milk (white), it produces a pink solution. Hippos can't swim. Hippos love eating watermelons. However, they can only keep up these high speeds for a few hundred meters. To better demonstrate this, a hippopotamus can cut a hefty 10-foot crocodile in half in one bite. 12. Rather, they lock their teeth against each other when they fight among themselves, biting and pushing with their lower jaws, leveraging their strength and weight. Just like humans, the hippopotamus has four teeth types. Such a bite can easily crush a watermelon (something a normal human being would need … At sundown, they come out of the water and munch on grass. Juvenile crocodiles sometimes fall victim to carnivores such as leopards, jaguars, otters, and pythons. Tech. The shark bite researchers estimated the megashark's bite to be an "extraordinary" 108,514-182,201N . If you see a hippo yawning, you may think it’s cute, but in reality, a hippo yawn is a warning signal. To put their size in an even better perspective, an adult hippo is about the size of your average car. They also make a deep, scary laughing sound that is really a warning signal. Entertaining, but be sure to keep your distance. The lower canines and lower incisors are enlarged, especially in males, and grow continuously. They are native to Africa and could grow up to 16.5 feet in length and 5.2 feet in height. Can you believe they eat up to 150 pounds (68 kg) a night? For a 2-month calf, they can’t stay underwater for more than 30 seconds. These are incisors, molars, canines, and premolars. Hippos can open their mouth at 180 degrees, with frightening canines that can grow … Although it is not common, bull hippos do attack and kill hippo calves. Habitat loss and unregulated poaching and hunting are the top reasons why hippo numbers are declining. Within the water, the mother plays a similar protective role in protecting the baby from aquatic predators like crocs. A hippo could kill a single lion in a one-on-one clash because its huge mouth and powerful bite can easily crush the lion’s head and bones. Hippo teeth sharpen themselves as they grind together. Obviously, this is wrong. Similar to tigers, lions use their teeth and claws to take down prey. Hippos are also hostile to themselves. Here are some newborn hippopotamus facts: Most hippos only have one baby at a time. That’s how loud hippos are! Most times, when a hippo sleeps in such areas, it lies flat on its belly, not floating nor standing. A hippo is a massive gray creature with a large, round barrel-shaped body and short pudgy legs that each end in four webbed toes. Hippos may look lazy and sluggish, but don’t be deceived. Hippos have a fierce bite force of about 2,000 pounds per square inch (psi). They nurse their mothers underwater and on land. Hippos are very territorial and are quick to classify any intruder as a threat, which it energetically attacks with its incisive tusks and large teeth. Are hippos Africa's most dangerous animal? 21 Kenyan Food and Drinks to Try (Dishes, Drinks, Desserts in Kenya), 24 Haitian Food and Drinks to Try: Guide to Cuisine in Haiti, 33 Peruvian Foods: Traditional Food in Peru (Dishes, Drinks, Desserts), 28 Banana Facts: Weird & Tasty Guide to Fruit, Plant, Nutrition, and History, 22 Nicaraguan Foods to Try: Dishes, Drinks, Desserts in Nicaragua, 12 Rwandan Foods to Try: Traditional Rwanda Dishes, Desserts, Drinks, 5 Types of Banana Spiders (From Harmless to Venomous), What Do Kangaroos Eat? All this is done automatically (by reflex) without the hippopotamus waking up. It lacks agility, as earlier said, but it can steadily ascend steep banks. The hippo’s closest cousins are cows and whales. Plus tons of photos and videos. They’re a popular bear species known for... We are a website with excellent writers and editors. Family life Share also participates in affiliate programs with Impact and other sites. Your email address will not be published. You may have heard about Orcas attacking other animals and even occasionally humans — so you... How Strong Is A Grizzly Bear? 11. The Democratic Republic of the Congo once boasted the largest population of hippos until the country’s Second Congo War wiped out tens of thousands during the mid-1970s. Among the more interesting hippo facts is that hippos don’t drown because they close their ears and nostrils while underwater. I am not sure what hippo meat tastes like, but I have heard it tastes bland. So, you won't be able to outswim them! To understand how powerful of a bite that truly is, compare it to the human bite force of 200 pounds per square inch. From where they live to why their mouths are so big, here are 57 hippo facts. Nonetheless, the whole pack must submit to the sole authority of one dominant male. (Baby hippos need to breathe every 2 to 3 minutes.). All Species (Likes, Plants, Meat?). Their digestive systems are not suited for digesting meat. Need I mention that the bite force of an adult female hippo is 1,821 lbsf (Barr, 2008)? Hippopotamuses (or hippos), may look like cute, comical giants, but they are among the world’s most dangerous animals. The hippo is also known for its thick, hairless hide, huge gaping mouth and ivory teeth. Hippos are social and usually hang out together in groups of 10 to 30 individuals, but some groups may include up to 200 members. Even though hippos live in the water with fish, they don’t eat fish. And I'm a co-founder of this site. Mother hippos tend to nurse their babies for a minimum of 8 months. Yes, hippos do roar. You'll see many Ugandan animals, including hippos, elephants, cape buffalo, marabou stork, and nile crocodiles. But that … Hippo vs Lion. Yo hippo’s SO FAT not even Dora could explore her. After it is weaned, it will continue to stay nearby its mother for up to seven or eight years until it is fully grown. In this post, you'll learn 57 hippo facts about one of Africa's most dangerous animals. To make up for their lack of hair, their hides are exceptionally thick. Generally, many mammals struggle to sleep (particularly a deep sleep) underwater. Despite their size and short legs, they are agile and can run really fast. Two male hippos are going to war over territory and mates. Barr also attempted to measure the bite pressure of an adult male hippo, but had to abandon the attempt due to the male's aggressiveness. The other males are subordinates to it. As you can readily infer from the sexual character of the said dominant male hippo, hippos are polygamous in nature and commonly have multiple sexual partners. Compare that to a tiger or a lion that only has a force of 1,000 pounds per square inch in their bite. the snapping turtle is wrong. How long can a hippo hold it's breath underwater? John Kukan, U.S. Air Forces Central Band Starlifter guitarist, takes a bite from military working dog Robby during a show of force demonstration by the 379th Expeditionary Security Forces Squadron, Aug. 18, 2014, Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar. They love the water and can spend up to 16 hours a day in it, keeping their skin cool. Hi, I'm Bryan Haines. Some adult males (called bulls) can weigh up to nearly three tons, but the average range is between 3,300 and 7,050 pounds (1,500 and 3,200 kg). The bite force of an adult female hippo has been measured as 8,100 newtons (1,800 lbf). When you use our links, we may earn an affiliate commission. But there have been isolated cases where a mother hippo carries its baby in the mouth, say to cross a river. Female hippos mate just once annually. Tusk clashing consists of males locking teeth and wrestling. The aggression of hippos isn’t exclusively directed at other animals. The mother hippo withdraws from the pack to give birth. Why do male hippos attack baby hippos? More reading: How fast can a crocodile run? Hippos are known to crush their kill, and this effort is made easier as a hippo has a bite force of nearly 2,000 pounds per square inch. Most animals won’t attempt to tango with a crocodile, but hippos have been known to kill them if their space is invaded. If you ever hear a hippo making a deep laughing sound, it is not a funny situation because this means the hippo is sounding off a warning. When they do, there is a high tendency that the mammal could start to drown and consequently choke. Blood sweat is made up of two secretions: one red (hipposudoric acid) and one orange (norhipposudoric acid). The bite force exerted by an adult Nile crocodile has been shown by Brady Barr to measure 22 kN (5,000 lbf). Thanks to their sharpness, the incisors and the canines don’t actively partake in feeding duties (like grinding and chewing) but are majorly deployed in fighting. Keep reading for more hippopotamus facts and we'll tell you the reasons. Family life Share is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. The hippo can see better since rhinos have poor eyesight, and a bull hippo has much more experience fighting from defending his harem opposed the rhino who lives a solitary life. As if that’s not enough reason to fear, hippos live in large groups, and no crocodile is going to risk being mobbed. Storyteller.travel shares the best travel insights, facts, and photos. Averagely, a hippopotamus stays submerged for 104 seconds. At a quick glance, the lower canine teeth are readily visible. Your kitty’s irritated nip at your hand may leave only a small puncture wound. Hippos eat on land and poop in the water, providing nutrients to aquatic life. And not only can adult hippos not swim, but they aren’t even buoyant. If alligators are big and mean, the saltwater crocodile is the head of the world’s … The hippo’s canines are plated with enamel. Many of these herds contain females, but bachelor hippos are allowed inside the community as long as they know to respect the bull hippo and not flirt with any of the females. Characteristically, while the hippo is asleep underwater, it would occasionally bop up, takes a breath, and subsequently submerges again. PSI denotes a pressure that results when an area of 1 square inch is subjected to a pressure of 1 pound force. You'll learn about their size, habits, physical traits. The canines can grow to a length of 50 cm, while the incisors can grow up to 40 cm. Here are a couple other hippopotamus facts about their teeth that you may find interesting: How's your Swahili? Where do common hippos live in Africa? Another of several astonishing hippo facts is that these beasts can chomp down with a brutal force of about 2,000 pounds per square inch. Most adult hippos can open their mouths at a 150-degree angle. Hippo Bite Force. Its bite is about 1100 PSI, which has the power to crush the bones of a giraffe. Frightening, isn’t it? Perhaps it is more accurate to say that rhinos and hippos are capable of killing each other. 4 Places. These canines and incisors find application in cutting food and biting other animals either in self-defense or the hippo being an aggressor, charging at other animals. What is the habitat of the common hippo? At birth, hippo calves can weigh between 55 and 100 pounds (23 and 45.35 kg). Currently, the Africa countries of Zambia and Tanzania are home to the largest hippo populations. A tusk clash is somewhat similar to a pair of deer locking antlers. The hippo has a close-knit family, with the male leader of the herd aggressively defending the babies and the territory as a whole. Ultimately, such hippopotamus will starve to death. When a baby hippo is born in water, the mother will propel it up to the water surface to breathe properly. If they are in shallow water, they will rest with their nostrils protruding just above the surface. The hippo’s teeth are sharp, encased in a mouth whose width is around 4 feet. It’s not known exactly how many hours hippos sleep per day. Now all you need to do is plan a Ugandan safari to see these animals in person. However, spotted hyenas, lions, and crocodiles are known to eat young hippos if they can steal them without getting mauled by the mother hippos. That's stronger than a bite force of a full grown adult hippo (yes, this thing). BFQ: 99.3. They are born underwater but must paddle to the surface to take their first breath. Within this waiting span, she may not eat for days. Hippos can open their mouth at 180 degrees, with frightening canines that can grow as long as one 1 ft 8 in with incisors that get as long as 1 ft 4 in. They are actually herbivores, but aggressive and territorial by nature. Common hippos live in sub-Saharan Africa in areas of abundant water, mud, and grass. They are also hunted and killed for their meat and ivory tusks and teeth which sell for big bucks on the black market. That’s one main reason behind the weak bite force of lions. link to How Strong Is An Orca? Being highly territorial and aggressive, it has been known to knock over small boats and attack the crew. Even though humans are killed more by hippos than any other animal in Africa, hippos are not likely to eat a human because they are herbivores. Hippos are almost completely hairless except for a few whiskers around their mouths and a tuft of hair on their tails. And we also cover pink hippo milk and poop sprinklers. The way they look at it is, the bigger the mouth, the better husband and father. And if you are wondering, humans only have a bite force of approximately 200 pounds per square inch. Sgt. Although its exact bite force hasn’t been measured, the piranha is able to exert a force of up to 30 times its own weight, which is unheard of in the animal kingdom. kalley October 21, 2015 Reply. The more you learn about these semi-aquatic beasts, the more you will discover several surprising hippopotamus facts. Orca Bite Force and 13 Other Facts, link to How Strong Is A Grizzly Bear? 50. An adult female hippo gives birth approximately once every two years. This pack leader reserves the privilege to mate with just any adult female hippo in its pack. 9. They also grunt, groan, and wheeze loudly. A group of hippos is called by many different terms by various people. 1409.7 Newton. We take our roles as parents, kids, citizens in our society. Despite its own powerful bite (which it deployed against the hippos to no avail,) this crocodile learned that even it was … Is it legal? Their canine teeth are somewhat tusk-like. This enormous bite force can be attributed not only to the hippo’s incisive tusks but also to its powerful jaws. thomas September 30, 2015 Reply. Only the female hippos bite force has been measured since the male was much too aggressive to test, but it measured at a whopping 1821 pounds per square inch. Don’t mistake the herbivorous appetite of the hippopotamus for gentility; hippos are aggressive with a penchant for getting into scuffles. Another of several astonishing hippo facts is that these beasts can chomp down with a brutal force of about 2,000 pounds per square inch. Simply put, crocodiles are afraid of hippos because they can break a crocodile’s back with one single chomp. By way of comparison, a healthy human male has a bite force of about 200 PSI, and a full-grown saltwater crocodile tilts the dials at 4,000 PSI. In this period, there is amplified overcrowding (meaning more chances of hippos straying into rival territories) with equally increased breeding. 0 0. At many zoos, such as the San Diego Zoo, hippos are fed Bermuda hay and alfalfa, lettuce, mixed vegetables, herbivore pellets, and occasionally, melons. Hippos play an important role in the African ecosystem. Constant breaking down of food would progressively wear the hippo’s molars down due to friction. Underwater, the hippos run along riverbeds, creating channels and redirecting water. In male hippos, the lower incisors – just like the lower canines – are elaborated. Saltwater crocodile. On land, they can outrun a human. This is real and it appears to be a male dominance thing – where they are both impressing females and marking their territory. Do you know what it sounds like to stand about 15 feet away from a speaker at a rock concert? The only two studies measuring bite forces of dogs are the by Ellis et al and Lindner et al. Spotted hyena has an aggression and a biting force that rates as one of the most powerful among mammals. Some hippos may have up to 40 teeth because they can retain their milk teeth for several years after reaching adulthood. Just remember to keep a safe distance from them! The remaining teeth are canine tusks and incisors. [38] Hippos also exhibit some pretty gross methods of marking their territory such as urinating backward or spinning their tails while excreting dung to scatter it over a wide area. They can even do it in their sleep without even needing to wake up. Hippos live partly in water and partly on land. Typically, after 2 weeks of birth, the mother introduces the young hippo to her herd. Hippos make a great deal of noise. It is believed to be the bite of a Nile crocodile is as high as … Over time, as the hippo ages significantly, the molars lose a bulk of their vitality due to such sustained wear. Orca Bite Force and 13 Other Facts. For example, the hippo dung fertilizes water plants, and some fish directly eat the hippo dung while other fish eat insects that have previously fed off it. Hippos give exceptional nursing to their young ones. Experts believe hippos that eat meat are nutrient-deficient, sick or distressed. The hippo is one of the most feared animals in Africa. This means a hippo could take up a majority of your living room! It tastes exactly like, well, hippo.”. The common hippo lives in habitats of water and grass such as lakes, rivers, and mangrove swamps. And hippos are the most dangerous large mammal worldwide, killing an estimated 500 people per year in Africa. When they are ready to return to the surface, they kick their hind legs to push off from the bottom and propel themselves upward. The ivory from hippo tusks is softer than ivory from elephant tusks. 1302 Liked! Neither blood nor sweat, this secretion is a natural sunscreen that protects the hippo’s naked skin from the harsh African sun. What more, the nostrils of the hippo can momentarily close when they are underwater. The largest subspecies, the Kodiak bear… At 1050 pounds per square inch (psi), the bite force of a … Bite force among animals will always vary from subject to subject.) Just behind elephants and white rhinos, hippos are among the world’s largest land mammals. Silverback Strength vs Humans (Grizzly, Lion, Croc). A hippo needs plenty of water to accommodate its large size, but it usually doesn’t like water that is too deep or too shallow. Another reason is that hippo cows love big bull mouths. However, there have been a few hippos that were observed eating buffalo, wildebeest, and impala as well as another hippo eating the carcass of its own species. Adult hippos can stay underwater for up to five minutes at a time. A hipo bite has left many people in africa without an arm or leg. The demonstration was a first for the entire band. Of course, hippos have teeth. Where can I see hippos in Uganda? Hippos open their mouths to well over a 180-degree angle, and can deliver a ferocious bite that has the force of around 1821–2000 pounds per square inch (PSI). Or are they? contrary to popular belief a snapping turtle has the bite force of a human at most. 10. This gives them a sort of semi-awareness that keeps them from drowning. Hippos rarely carry their babies in their mouths. Hippos are herbivores, eating grass and occasionally some vegetables and fruits. They rest on their mother’s backs when the water is too deep for them. They grunt, grumble, bellow, roar, honk, humph, and wheeze loudly. They include herds, schools, pods, dales, and bloats. By changing up the ecosystem like this, hippos construct shelter and habitats for smaller creatures. But we’re talking about all the animals in the world so let’s go through the list. Consequently, a pregnant hippo can only give birth to one baby hippo at once. Their canine teeth, which can grow up to 50 cm (1 ft 8 in) long, are ivory. This is similar to the wrestling you see in deer when they lock antlers in fights. That’s probably one of the most surprising hippopotamus facts of all. A common hippo can grow up to a little over 5 feet (1.52 m) tall at the shoulder and between 10 and 16 feet (3 and 5 m)long. Hippos may seem like gentle, whimsical animals, but any naturalist will tell you they're every bit as dangerous as lions or wolves: not only can a hippopotamus open its mouth at a 180 degree angle, but it can bite an unwary tourist completely in half with a ferocious force of 2,000 pounds per square inch. Orcas are extremely fascinating large black and white mammals who rule any body of water they live in. Others claim the hippo has more advantages that include its enormous mouth that can dole out lethal damage. Female adults, on the other hand, usually weigh a couple hundred pounds less than the males, and they stop growing around the age of 25 (even though they share the same lifespan as males). Aggression is more prevalent in male hippos, who start jaw-to-jaw sparring contests as early as 7 years when they are just adolescents. There is an ongoing debate about who would win in a rhino-versus-hippo battle. After elephants and white rhinos, the hippopotamus is the third-largest land mammal. The typical lifespan for a hippo is between 35 and 50 years. Some people say a rhino can kill a hippo, but there is much debate about that. A human with a gun can kill a hippo, and a pack of lions can take down a hippo with hard teamwork. In zoos, hippos are sometimes given whole watermelons, and they devour them, crushing them with their powerful mouths. Can you eat a hippopotamus? Some people say the rhino would triumph because of its larger size, vicious horn, and faster speed. The mother hippo can nurse its baby underwater for even 32 weeks at a stretch. As long as the water is deep enough to reach its head, life is good for the hippo. They can charge without a moment's hesitation and do serious damage. The biggest … A grizzly bear (also referred to as Ursus arctos horribilis) is a subspecies of the brown bear that is primarily found within the North American region. Whoops! Alarming statistics from BBC show that kill no less than 500 people in Africa annually, cementing its place among the world’s most dangerous land animals. Newborn hippos don’t weigh more than 14lbs. Hippos are often killed because they pose such a dangerous threat to people competing for fresh water. Better put, the hippo’s jaws rank among the top 5% most powerful jaws among all known herbivores in existence. Due to their enormous size, hippos don’t boast the agility of more avid hunters like lions and tigers. When irritated, hippos can charge on land at 30km/hr. They are highly territorial and can attack anything that wanders into their territory, whether that be human or animal. The incisors can reach 40 … You could say that hippos love hanging out with their bloats. They are one of the loudest animal species in Africa. They have huge mouths with super sharp teeth and tusks and have been known to take down large animals such as buffalo, impala, and kudu. Required fields are marked *. Today, their overall population is limited to Africa, with their numbers estimated between 125,000 and 148,000. 23. Nile Crocodile – Bite Force : 5000 psi. Bite force quotient, however, is derived by dividing the bite force of the animal by its body mass. Twins are rare. However, a hippo would have a hard time defending itself against a pack of lions. This couldn’t be farther from reality. Each jaw is outfitted with a big pair of incisors. They are enormous creatures that can crush you in a heartbeat or drown you by overturning your boat. This enables a hippo to stay submerged, holding their breath for up to 5 minutes. Hippos have a natural built-in reflex that causes them to reach for the surface to breathe. This means that in one bite, the hippo could crush a well-matured watermelon in a bite like it was some small grapes. To understand how powerful of a bite that truly is, compare it to the human bite force of 200 pounds per square inch. The hippopotamus delivers a bite with a whopping bite force of 1, 821 psi. They also have a membrane that closes over their eyes underwater. How strong is a hippo bite? Guide to Giraffe Species: How Many Types of Giraffes Are There? Check out our guide to 100+ animal names in Swahili. Being territorially aggressive, it is highly unlikely for the hippo to build a congenial or even symbiotic relationship with other animals. Sort of. Research by Adam Hartstone-Rose and colleagues at the University of South Carolina, who compared the bite forces of nine different cat species, reveals that a jaguar’s bite force is only three-quarters as strong as a tiger’s bite force. On land, a hippo can gallop at speeds up to 19mph. Hippos use these enlarged teeth for fighting. If they are in deep water, they will resurface whenever they need to breathe without waking. Like this post? There have been cases where herds were as large as 200 hippos. When they move in water, they move in leaps (as typical of porpoise) from the bottom. A fully grown hippo can have anywhere from 38-42 teeth. This allows the hippo to keep its face above water while the rest of its body is submerged. Some of the many African countries where hippos can be found include: Uganda, Kenya, Sudan, Rwanda, Botswana, Senegal, Gambia, Chad, Zambia, Togo, Tanzania, Mozambique, Ghana, the Republic of Congo, and South Africa. This commonly stated “fact” is actually a debunked legend. Adult hippos have been known to kill younger hippos. Hippos are huge, docile mammals. Because they are up most of the night foraging for food, they spend a majority of the daytime in the water which is when they sleep. This ivory even beats that of the elephant in strength and requires more exertion to carve. Jaguars are 2000 psi. Except these guys can weigh up to 3 tons each. You would think that an animal that spends a majority of its time in the water could swim, but hippos cannot. The hippo’s aggression hits a peak during the dry season. We want to provide high-quality content to people who are looking for these topics. In the course of the exercise, the female hippopotamus is only partially submerged. Therefore, this sole baby hippo can enjoy all the care of the mother. I also blog about photography with a focus on GoPro cameras. Source(s): https://owly.im/a8IDw. I'm a traveler and photographer. The baby hippo can suckle underwater too. But this is not common, as the generality of hippos trots. Hippos just may be the most dangerous land mammals in the world. These highly acidic compounds inhibit bacteria (reducing disease) and absorb ultraviolet light (helping prevent sunburn and sun damage). The hippo’s head is large and elongated with the eyes, ears, and nostrils situated on the top part. Hippopotamuses are the 3rd largest land mammal, after elephants and rhinos. Of course, hippos also use their big mouths as a defense against anything that invades their territory or threatens their calves. In addition to these hippo facts, did you know that George Washington (the first US president) wore false teeth made from hippopotamus ivory? The hippo can open its mouth as much as 180 degrees. Upon delivery, the mother remains in the water with her baby for days, as she patiently awaits the baby to gain strength before exiting the water, possibly to graze. The extraordinary bite of crocodilians is explained by … This strong bond is commonly demonstrated in the mother hippo and her baby cuddling together, mutually grooming themselves, or nuzzling. The combatants can weigh two tons; it's a tail-biting clash of the titans. 12 Best Binoculars for the Money [Buyers Guide], Complete African Safari Packing List [Checklist and Guide], 16 Best Anti-theft Backpacks, Purses, Wallets, and Locks [Buyers Guide], How to Choose the Best Portable Water Filter / Purifier [Buyers Guide], 11 Best Sun Protection Hats: Travelers Guide for Men, Women, Children, 5 Ways to Remove a Tick Head That Broke Off (Humans, Dogs, Cats), How Strong is a Gorilla? Average of 1766kg / cm2. A rhino could stand a better chance of killing a hippo away from water because if a hippo can pull the rhino into its territory, it could be history for the rhino. Paleobiologist Gregory M. Erickson and colleagues put all 23 living crocodilian species through an unprecedented bite test. If a hungry crocodile dares to go after a young, less dangerous hippo, the calf’s mother and all her sisters will come after the crocodile. They need to resurface every 3 to 5 minutes to breathe. Even National Geographic got this wrong back in 2013, posting this on Facebook: “Friday Fact: A hippo's milk is bright pink”. Thanks to this elongated span, the mother and the baby hippo build solid bonds. Despite this capacity to sleep underwater, a hippocampus generally prefers sleeping underwater in areas where the water is shallower. Hippos are highly aggressive and unpredictable, especially when their calves are present, which is why they are considered so dangerous. The American hunter and author, Peter Hathaway Capstick, describes it like this: “It is my personal opinion that hippo meat is one of the finest of game foods … The taste is mild, less than lamb and more than beef, slightly more marbled than usual venison. In this guide, we will explore in entirety what is behind the power of the hippo bite as far as learning about the behavioral profile of the hippopotamus. Their tusks are twice as long in males, an example of sexual dimorphism. Predominantly, hippos are herbivores, but in rare scenarios, they could also scavenge for meat. Dogs turn their powerful jaws on millions of Americans every year, and a small handful of those on the receiving end of dog bites even die as a result. Rhinos actually have no natural predators (except for humans of course) due to their power, tough hide, horns, and aggression when provoked. The lower canines, especially, are deployed offensively. A hippopotamus has one of the strongest bite forces in the mammalian kingdom. orion nelson November 9, 2015 Reply. This is the same with human teeth. The team’s computer modelling of the Komodo bite suggests a relatively weak bite – a maximum bite force of 39 newtons, compared to 252 N for … Family life Share is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The hippo boasts a force of 2000 psi in its bite. More than this, hippos can venture into land searching for food and attack humans and animals they come across. How Strong Is An Orca? Hippos have a fierce bite force of about 2,000 pounds per square inch (psi). One of the most interesting hippo facts is that this animal secretes a red, oily substance that many have described as “blood sweat.”. Compared to other megafauna, hippos have smaller legs. On land, their heavyweight stirs up the soil and clears vegetation around the wetlands. 57. But within its clan, the hippo is a pretty social animal, preferring to live in herds. According to the San Diego Zoo, their vocalizations have been measured at 115 decibels. Baby hippos are called calves. However, they can move underwater at a speed of 15 mph (8 km/h). No matter how small or large a group, all hippo herds are led by a single, dominant bull. 35. A pack of lions may work together to bring an adult hippo down, but they would have to be really hungry to make such a dangerous attempt. A herd can contain anywhere from 10-30 hippos. The hippopotamus is not an avid swimmer nonetheless, even though it has webbed feet. Saltwater Crocodile. To attract a female hippo, a male would fling its dung far and make distinct vocalizations. But there is actually no evidence to suggest that this ever happens. They have been timed running between 19 and 25 mph (30 and 40 km/h). ya and the lion has 600 PSI. Hippos give birth underwater where they are the safest, but it's usually in shallow water. It makes sense, given the hippo’s highly aggressive nature, intimidating size and the insane bite force those massive bone-crushing jaws produce. The teeth are bigger in male hippos compared to females. The premolars and molars take care of grinding duties, courtesy of their flat ridges. They don’t frequent deep waters either. People do eat hippo meat even though the sale of it is illegal. Hippos share a unique mechanism with dolphins and whales that allows them to sleep with just half of their brain at a given time. Bite Force and 14 Other Facts. 1 decade ago. It is believed that they rest for short periods of time. 2. I'm quite interested to know the bite force of a full grown bull Hippo. The "winners"— saltwater … But at the same times, we are also participants in life. The spotted hyena’s scavenging behavior is responsible for the strong jaw as the strong jaw is needed to penetrate to the marrows. Over the centuries, native African tribes have traditionally eaten hippos, but few animals are ever willing to take on a hippopotamus for supper. The gestation period for a female hippo is eight months. Your email address will not be published. However, the muscles responsible for opening the mouth are exceptionally weak, allowing a person to easily hold them shut, and even larger crocodiles can be brought under control by the use of duct tape to bind the jaws together. Librocubicularist. Hippos sink to the bottom of the water and then move by walking, trotting, jogging or running. The jaguar has the strongest bite of any big cat relative to its size. They just want you to think that! No, hippos are not endangered, but they are declared vulnerable to extinction by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Female hippos can have babies after they reach sexual maturity which is around five to six years of age. Commonly, hippos mate in water. Want to know why? Watch two hippo bulls clash in this video: Yes, hippos do contain ivory. Bite Force and 14 Other Facts. And requires more exertion to carve it lacks agility, as earlier said, but be sure to keep safe... 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