Not equal, but like! εἰς τὸ διηνεκές] of the same import as εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα, Hebrews 6:20. The wife of Aaron, Elisheba, the mother from whom the Levitical priests spring, is mentioned; as also Sarah, the mother of the Jewish nation itself. (See Genesis 10:1-32.) All other priests were only types, emblems, and shadows of him, which when he appeared vanished away. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". We will be sure in our minds about things that we cannot even see. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/hebrews-7.html. by Ray C. Stedman. Contrary to many cherished man-thought-out ideas, Melchizedek and Christ are one and the same! "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". Finding the new version too difficult to understand? 1897. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. De Orat. Though this is the simplest and the natural interpretation of the words, some find a deeper meaning in them. In this, too, he represented the eternal Son of God. received—Greek, "hath received tithes." He cannot be God the Father, but rather, "made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually" (Hebrews 7:3). The recognition of one priest is as essential to true religion as the recognition of one king. 10:36-7: "For ye have need of patience, that having done the will of God, ye may receive the promise. Hebrews 7:1-3 Melchisedek was the highest and last representative of the Noachic covenant, as Christ was the highest and ever-enduring representative of the Abrahamic. In these respects “made like (as a divinely ordained type) unto the Son of God,” he bears perpetually the character of priest. Melchizedek stands discrete on the pages of history, appearing only for a brief instant! Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. In Melchisedech all was prophetical and figurative of Jesus Christ; and Abraham undoubtedly in this patriarch saw Jesus Christ in spirit, and exulted that all the nations of the earth were to be blessed in him. Retail: $17.99. 1. this Melchisedec-- ( Hbr 6:20 Psa 110:4). He had no descent or pedigree from another, but was self-existent. Go to. Without such records human priests could not serve (Ezra 2:62). Compare all, Since God names individuals what they are, that, then is what this man is: "King of Righteousness.". Ezra 2:61-63; Nehemiah 7:63-65). 1952. ", Ch. The Jewish interpreters naturally looked on the passage about Melchisedek as full of deep significance because the Psalmist in the 110th Psalm, which was universally accepted as a Psalm directly Messianic (Matthew 22:44), had found in Melchisedek a Priest-King, who, centuries before Aaron, had been honoured by their great ancestor, and who was therefore a most fitting type of Him who was to be “a Priest upon his Throne.” The fact that he had no recorded father, mother, or lineage enhanced his dignity, because the Aaronic priesthood depended exclusively on the power to prove direct descent from Aaron, which necessitated a most scrupulous care in the preservation of the priestly genealogies. And there it is! The greatness of Abraham then lay in hopes; of Melchisedek in present possession. The idea is conveyed that so long as priestly services of that particular type were needed, this man performed them. Click the verse number to read commentary, definitions, meanings, and notesfor that particular Hebrews 7 verse. εἰς τὸ διηνεκές is not precisely “for ever,” but “for a continuance,” or permanence. We have already observed that Melchisedec was a man; he must, therefore, have had a father and a mother, but his priesthood was not by descent like that of the sons of Aaron, "having neither beginning of days nor end of life." It is solemn and instructive to note how most of the false religions on earth and most of the corruptions of the time owe their power to men’s desire to have a human priest who may forgive them and plead for them, and even offer sacrifice for them. THE PARALLEL SUPERIORITIES OF MELCHIZEDEK AND CHRIST OVER AARON MAY BE REPRESENTED BY THE FOLLOWING TABULATION:—. The feeling that the most startling of the expressions here used must surely be intended to point to more than the silence of Scripture on certain points, is not at all unnatural; but perhaps it is not too much to say that every such difficulty is removed by the consideration that here the writer is simply analysing the thought of the inspired Psalmist. 1897-1910. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him, and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. Why? g.]— μένει, remains) The positive for the negative in respect of Melchisedec: he remains and lives, Hebrews 7:8 : i.e. The priesthood has been conferred on Christ, now our High Priest "according to the order of Melchizedek" (Hebrews 6:20). This shows they were two separate persons, but were like unto each other in certain respects. John 17:17 To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Αγενεαλογητος ειρηται, παρα το μη υπαρχειν εκ του σπερματος Αβρααμ ὁλως, ειναι δε Χαναναιον το γενος, και εκ της επαρατου σπορας ὁρμωμενον, ὁθεν ουδε γενεαλογιας ηξιωτο, Dela abuhi vela emeh ethcathebu besharbotho, apatōr- means literally one who has no father; one who has lost his father; one who is an orphan. Peace as the Proper Environment for Righteousness. [Note: Morris, pp63 , 64. F. B. Hole. Hebrews 7:3. The words, "Without father, etc. He was probably of Shemitic, not Canaanite origin: the last independent representative of the original Shemitic population, which had been vanquished by the Canaanites, Ham's descendants. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". What in the type means no record, meant in the antitype no existence. 9:10: "Imposed until a time of rectification. 7:3 Without father, without mother, without pedigree - Recorded, without any account of his descent from any ancestors of the priestly order. No man is Lord or King over God's law. Origen regarded Melchisedec as the incarnation of an angel; Bleek thinks that the writer shared a supposed Jewish opinion that he was called into existence miraculously and miraculously withdrawn, then abiding a priest for ever. The want of priestly genealogy, which is his unlikeness to the Jewish priests, is his likeness to Christ; who, being of the tribe of Judah, was, as to the priestly record, without father, without mother. He is thus the type of a priest who shall in his single person discharge for ever all priestly functions. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. They belong to the portrait of him, which was so drawn that he was “made like” the Son of God,—that by the features absent as well as by the positive traits a figure should appear corresponding to the Son of God and suited to suggest Him” (Davidson). DD. As indicated by blessing and tithes, it is theocratic; and so forms basis for a typical superiority. File: PDF, 2.12 MB. the father of a proselyte is not counted in Jewish pedigrees. We read nothing of his father or mother, or of his descent. But made like unto the Son of God; afwmoiwmenov he was in these things the shadow, picture, and resemblance of what Christ should be in his royal priesthood; in these singular prerogatives a visible type of God-man; he was the sign likening, and Christ was the truth and substance of it. Having neither beginning of days, nor end of life - namely, history not recording his beginning or end, as it has of Aaron. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. 1851. 1879-90. Hebrews 7:3, ESV: "He is without father or mother or genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God he continues a priest forever." 3 Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever. There is no record. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. The Mystery of Melchizedek Solved! Aaron's priesthood terminated at his death, and his son replaced him as high priest. . 1896. A.S.V. The Son of GOD is not said to be made like to Melchisedec, but the contrary (vice versa); for the Son of GOD is more ancient, and is the archetype; comp. Hebrews 7:1-3. Hebrews 7:4. "The idea of basing exegesis on silence is familiar in Philo"s writings and would not in itself have seemed strange to Jewish readers." 56.). The conclusion is inescapable. His silence on a point which would have been so germane to his purpose is decisive against such a view. And so the image of this king-priest, as seen in the divine tableau, is not born, and never dies. Compare Hebrews 8:5, where the heavenly things are represented as the primary archetype of the Levitical ordinances. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/hebrews-7.html. To answer the objections of the Jews against the legitimacy of the priesthood of Christ, taken from the stock from which he proceeded. If that be true then Christ is still dead! American Tract Society. "Salem," from which Jerusalem was named, means "peace." 2 It was because of their faith that God said good things about the people of long ago. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. If a primitive pair of scissors had cut the passage out, we should not miss it, and should never imagine what a gem we had lost. Ἀπάτωρ, ἀμήτωρ, ἀγενεαλόγητος] without father, without mother, without pedigree, i.e. The doctrine is even more popular than the opposite extreme, forgiveness without sacrifice and without priest. des Hebräerbr. Young's This shows that God can raise up a godly witness for Himself when and where He pleases. When speaking of one of the points of that law, Jesus placed Himself superior to it. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. 1, p. 40): “the Melchisedec of the passage in the Psalms just mentioned (Hebrews 6:20), or the true antitypal Melchisedec or Messiah.” For it is not grammatically allowable, with Wieseler, to take the words βασιλεὺς σαλὴμ … ἀφωμοιώμενος δὲ τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ θεοῦ as an apposition merely to ὁ ΄ελχισεδέκ, and not to the whole expression οὗτος ὁ ΄ελχισεδέκ, and in connection with οὗτος ὁ ΄ελχισεδέκ to rest the emphasis exclusively upon οὗτος. The question may be raised, Whence did this grouping of shadowy traits into a significant image arise? Or did inspiration in Genesis purposely so narrate the facts? The reply is, that no such isolated trait could possess any typical significance. A first century reader understood it as it is worded in the TEV. 1 This is what it means to trust God: We will be sure about the things that we hope for. It is from the Greek word AGENEALOGETOS which Thayer defines as follows: "Of whose descent there is no account." Wesley's Notes for Hebrews 7:3 . "The Son of God" is not said to be made like Melchisedek, but Melchisedek to be "made like unto the Son of God." Only God could be! Without beginning of days or end of life. The Aaronic priests are successively dying. (Hebrews Commentary) (Bolding added for emphasis) ... Hebrews 7:3 states that Melchizedek was “made like unto the Son of God,” not that he actually was the Son of God. Without father and without mother means he did not obtain his priesthood from his ancestors as did the Levitical priests ( Exodus 29:29-30; Numbers 20:28). With the latter, these truths are simply a matter of record; but with Jesus they are not only historically true, they also have significant spiritual dimensions." NASB E-Prime Comp. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". zu Kiel aus d. J. “Without a genealogy.” Melchisedek has no recorded predecessor or successor. I. Hebrews 6:10). 4) says of Julius Cæsar that he was created Dictator εἰς τὸ διηνεκές, permanent Dictator. Prayer of Manasseh , it is not necessarily to be assumed that he had no parents but simply that the absence of the record is significant. Comp. Without father, &c. Not that he had no father, &c. but that neither his father, nor his pedigree, nor his birth, nor his death, are set down in Scripture. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/hebrews-7.html. Personally and humanly, Jesus had a mother, the blessed Virgin. He remains so in the reality of his office, but only as a figure and type of Christ. E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. The tithe pays for this important responsibility. Was it purposed by Providence in shaping the existence of the facts so as to form a type? Made like unto—The group of traits are seen to frame an image and likeness in shadow of the Son of God. The terms used are wide and sweeping, and while the Targums and Philo, and modern commentators, find no difficulty in the explanations given above of the phrases ‘without father or mother or genealogy,’ a deeper meaning is not without its attractions, especially when the words are applied to the great antitype Christ ‘Without father,’ it has been thought, may refer to the fact that Christ had no earthly father and no Divine mother (answering to His higher nature), while the later expressions, ‘without beginning of days or end of life,’ are descriptive, they think, of Him whose going forth are from everlasting, and who, though He died, conquered death, and has taken the nature He assumed into union with His essential eternity. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". It is morally certain, however, that the apostle did not use the word here in either of the senses, for there is no evidence that Melchizedek was “fatherless” in any of these respects. The personal importance of Melchisedek was very small; but he is eminently typical, because of the suddenness with which he is introduced into the sacred narrative, and the subsequent silence respecting him. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. ". In the same way, many Christians are hung up on intellectual issues that couldbe resolved, allowing them to move o… ... beginning of days, nor end ... abideth ... continually," belong. In himself only the Priest-prince of a little Canaanite community, his venerable figure was seized upon, first by the Psalmist, then by the writer of this Epistle, as the type of an Eternal Priest. Greek.inary priests began their service at thirty, and ended at fifty, years of age (Numbers 4:47). But there is no indication elsewhere in Scripture that he was anything but a human being. See also Charles P. Baylis, "The Author of Hebrews" Use of Melchizedek from the Context of Genesis ," (Th.D. Melchizedek was “a great Old Testament high priest, prophet, and leader who lived after the flood and during the time of Abraham. One thousand years later our writer looked, and there was the same, a priest forever; shadowy and only conceptual, indeed, yet the definite shadow of our great High Priest. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/hebrews-7.html. The Moffatt translation states it: "continues to be priest permanently" even while Jesus Christ is High Priest! Sat. The beginning of the days of Melchisedec and the end of life are all kept from the record for the purpose of carrying out the type, and it is to be understood on the same principle as "without descent" explained above. "What was true of Melchizedek simply as a matter of record was true of Christ in a fuller and more literal sense. The Apostle does not affirm this was absolutely so, but that it is thus that Melchizedek appears on the background of early history. We only know that he lived, and thus he is a fitting type of One Who lives continually. KJV, Thinline Bible, Compact, Cloth over Board, Purple. The sins of others, especially of our relations, should be warnings to us. CHRIST'S HIGH PRIESTHOOD AFTER THE ORDER OF MELCHISEDEC SUPERIOR TO AARON'S. Commentary for Hebrews 7–13 Hebrews 7:1–2. Note, too, that this man was King of peace. Such an expression, applied to any but God, would be blasphemous. That which hath no beginning nor end of it recorded, is as abiding for ever; which this type had not, and so fully sets out the truth designed to be conveyed by it. He pertained to another tribe; Hebrews 7:14. As Melchisedec was without father, that was a priest before him, or is recorded, from whom he should derive, as the Levitical priesthood had; so Christ, as to his humanity, was without any human father, conceived only by the power of the Holy Ghost. Ion, 850). The argument that precedes our text in Hebrews is to show that if Melchizedek is "without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever" (7:3). Therefore He has always existed from eternity! 'The portrait of a living man can be seen on the canvas, yet the man is very different from his picture.' No human being could be King of Peace. To continue with Hebrews 7. No one of his ancestors is mentioned as a priest; and as a priest he has no descendants, and no followers. Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils. The simple and undoubted meaning of these words is that the father, mother, and lineage of Melchisedek are not recorded, so that he becomes more naturally a type of Christ. 1:1 In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the universe. Notice again: Melchizedek, this scripture reveals, abides that is, remains permanently, continually, a priest. Having neither beginning of days, nor end life: Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges. There is then no difficulty either as to the idiom or its interpretation. Bible Gateway Recommends. His superiority is solely within the tableau. Righteousness is obedience to God's law. nor one whose father exercised any base trade. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". It was not possible for Christ to be held by death (Acts 2:24). If the expressions here used had been meant literally, Melchisedek would not have been a man, but a Divine Being—and not the type of one. It does not terminate! [Note: Guthrie, pp156 , 157.]. The mention of this particular may seem to have no hearing on the type, unless a contrast he intended to the Jewish Priests who were descended from Elisheba the wife of Aaron (Exodus 6:23). 3 Because of faith, we understand about how God made the universe.He spoke his word to make it happen. Rather, the record about Melchizedek is so arranged that it brings out certain truths, that apply far more fully to Jesus than they do to Melchizedek. We read of Aaron and his sons being consecrated to, and entering on, the priest's office, and of their deaths, but nothing of this kind is related of Melchisedec. Since the tithing law predates the Levitical priesthood, and is thus still in force, tithes are now to be given to Jesus Christ, our High Priest, for use by the church. King James Version (KJV) Public Domain. Scipio said scornfully to the mob of the Forum “St! These three words found only here. K.J.V. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. p. 497), that Melchisedec is termed an everlasting priest in no other sense than as, according to the Apocalypse, all the blessed in heaven are so, see the observations of Riehm, Lehrbegr. Here for instance though the reference is to one person, the attribute implied by the participle is ascribed only in conception. A FEW PRELIMINARY words may be useful, before we consider the chapter in its details. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". This is the usual interpretation of the words, which has been the prevalent one in … b. Abideth a priest continually— One thousand years after this king-priest lived, the inspired psalmist contemplated the tableau, and there beheld him still, a priest forever. (3) Without father, without mother, without descent.—The last words, “without descent” (or rather, without genealogy), throw light on the meaning of those which precede. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. 20, &c. and in two of the Targums). 2:5: "Not unto angels did He subject the world to come, whereof we speak. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). μήτε ἀρχὴν ἡμερῶν κ.τ.λ. Horace calls himself “a man nullis majoribus ortus” (Hor. 1:6: "When He (God) again bringeth in the Firstborn into the world. The words that follow are of similar character. Now in regard to his parents the Scripture is silent, and it was not the intention of the Holy Ghost by the Apostle to add to the information already given. It was essential that the Levitical priests be able to prove their ancestry (cf. The meaning of this clause is exactly the same as that of the last—namely that neither the birth nor death of Melchisedek is recorded, which makes him all the more fit to be a type of the Son of God. John Calvin (Calvin’s Commentaries [Baker], Hebrews, p. 155) points out that it is remarkable that Melchizedek lived with Sodom on one side and the Canaanites on the other, and yet he was a righteous king and priest. "When nothing is recorded of the parentage of this Prayer of Manasseh , it is not necessarily to be assumed that he had no parents but simply that the absence of the record is significant. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. civ., i. Made like - not that he was absolutely "like:" made like, in the particulars here specified. Hebrews 7 English Standard Version (ESV) The Priestly Order of Melchizedek. Hebrews. This statement, directly resting upon the preceding clause, is that towards which the whole sentence (Hebrews 7:1; Hebrews 7:3) has been tending. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/hebrews-7.html. Thus Melchizedek was then High Priest, in Paul's day, and even now, and He will rule forever! Read Romans 3:10 and 17: "There is none righteous, no, not one. Like Melchizedek, Jesus is both king and priest in one person. It is not necessary to adduce proof of the care with which inquiry was made into the parentage of the Jewish priests (Nehemiah 7:64): in their marriages they were subject to strict restraints (Leviticus 21:13-14); their statement of pedigree (in which was given the name not of father only, but also of every mother) must be complete, ascending to Aaron, and containing no doubtful link. See PNT Heb 7:1. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Hebrews 7:3: Leviticus 27:30-33 John 17:17 Hebrews 7:1-3 Hebrews 7:1-3 Hebrews 7:2 : Hebrews 7:4 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. Therefore without recorded pedigree. 1909-1922. Moreover this was particularly remarkable in the Book of Genesis where the genealogy of all the leading characters is given, and where they form the framework of the Book, as Ewald has observed. See also Charles P. Baylis, "The Author of Hebrews" Use of Melchizedek from the Context of, "The idea of basing exegesis on silence is familiar in Philo"s writings and would not in itself have seemed strange to Jewish readers. He who needs not, as the Levitical priests, to be able to trace his genealogy back to Levi. And remember, Jesus is called the Prince of peace! Less utterly groundless is the belief of the Jews that Melchisedek was the Patriarch Shem, who, as they shewed, might have survived to this time (Avodath Hakkodesh, III. Neither beginning… nor end— Some one has said, that when an infant dies it remains to the parent an infant forever. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. He must not have been an ordinary mortal. “He stood alone.”, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Without father, without mother, without genealogy, ἀφωμοιωμένος δὲ τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ θεοῦ, William Newell's Commentary on Romans and Revelation, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. The Jewish writers supposed him to have been Shem (see Gill), or Enoch, or Job. Indeed, Jesus Christ is the author and finisher of our salvation (Hebrews 5:9; 12:2). Hebrews 7:3. ἀγενεαλόγητος, resolved in Hebrews 7:6 into μὴ γενεαλογούμενος, does not occur in classical nor elsewhere in Biblical Greek. Without descent; there is no line of him described in the Scripture, mentioning from whence he descended, or by what genealogy he came to the priesthood, as the Aaronites did clear their right, Nehemiah 7:64. Introduction. This was true of him apparently, as it was true of Christ actually. They contend that since Christ died, He had an end of life! Without father ... - explained by 'without genealogy' or 'descent' (cf. Scripture quoted by permission. Language: english. The TEV accurately translates the Hebrew idiom. Others, ancient and modem, think he was the Son of God Himself—an opinion untenable, inconsistent alike with the Psalm and with the entire teaching of this Epistle. The divine words are not to be measured by the meaning which man may at first assign to them. Without father, without mother, without descent, hating neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. dissertation, Dallas Theological Seminary, 1989); and Lane, pp164 , 166.]. ", Ch. He determines what righteousness is. He it like the Son of God. I.S.V. Finally, Hebrews 7:15 states that Jesus is a priest “after the similitude [likeness] of Melchizedek,” not that he actually was Melchizedek. δὲ attaches this clause to the immediately preceding, “having neither etc.,” but in this respect made like to the Son of God, see Hebrews 1:2, Hebrews 9:14 and Hebrews 1:10; Hebrews 1:12. Amplified® As man, Christ had no father; as God, no mother. Melchisedek was, in his priesthood, "made like" Christ, as far as the imperfect type could represent the perfect archetype. He was the "priest of that Most High God." Bible Commentary for Hebrews 7:3. [Note: Hodges, " Hebrews ," p798.] But he gives the sense well: “If he had had in history, as doubtless he had in fact, a successor in office, we should have said of him, that he was the priest of Salem in the days of Abraham. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hal/hebrews-7.html. Each of us must walk in the light we have. 1860, VI. Hebrews 7:3. As a sacrifice and the Lamb of God, he had his time of entrance into the world, and of his leaving it; yet, as God’s Priest, he had neither beginning nor end of days. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/hebrews-7.html. ", Ch. Hebrews 8:5, [where in like manner heavenly things are set forth as more ancient than the things belonging to the Levitical priesthood.—V. 9:28: "Christ ... shall appear a second time, apart from sin, to them that wait for Him, unto salvation. Bullinger, has stood the test of tine as an incredible resource for the diligent student. To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, … BibliographyTorrey, R. A. for Christ himself was not without a Father according to his divinity, nor without a Mother in his humanity; but because his genealogy is not given in Genesis, as of the other patriarchs is, but he is abruptly introduced without any mention of either his birth or death. Scripture says no man has ever seen the Father (John 1:18, 5:37), but Abraham saw Melchizedek. Many other persons of those times had their pedigrees or family names recorded in the Bible. If Melchisedek were literally high priest for ever, then Christ and he would now still be high priests, and we should have two instead of one (!). None can be righteous but God—or one made righteous by God's power—Christ in a person! 1871-8. Josephus and some of the most learned fathers (Hippolytus, Eusebius, &c.), and many of the ablest modern commentators, rightly hold that he was neither more nor less than what Moses tells us that he was—the Priest-King of a little Canaanite town, to whom, because he acted as a Priest of the True God, Abraham gave tithes; and whom his neighbours honoured because he was not sensual and turbulent as they were, but righteous and peaceful, not joining in their wars and raids, yet mingling with them in acts of mercy and kindness. ... Hebrews 7:3 NIV Hebrews 7:3 NLT Hebrews 7:3 ESV Hebrews 7:3 NASB Hebrews 7:3 KJV Hebrews 7:3 Bible Apps Hebrews 7:3 Biblia Paralela Hebrews 7:3 Chinese Bible Hebrews 7:3 French Bible Hebrews 7:3 German Bible Alphabetical: a beginning but days end father forever genealogy God having he life … https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/hebrews-7.html. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. 64). Hebrews 7:3. Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13. N.A.S.B. George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. The high priest succeeded on the day of his predecessor"s decease. From the fact that Gain’s death is nowhere recorded in Genesis, Philo draws the lesson that evil never dies among the human race; and he calls Sarah “motherless” because her mother is nowhere mentioned. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:3". He does not make it (as the Jews do) in any way a type of the shewbread and libations; or an offering characteristic of his Priesthood; nor does he make him (as Philo does) offer any sacrifice at all. Without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, he remains a priest perpetually. With Melchisedek the priesthood and worship of the true God in Canaan ceased. With the latter, these truths are simply a matter of record; but with Jesus they are not only historically true, they also have significant spiritual dimensions. In the days of Abraham, He was not the Son of God, for He had not yet been born of the virgin Mary but He was made like unto the Son of God in His manifestation to the ancients. ἀμήτωρ. It has been maintained that he was the Son of God Himself, or the Holy Spirit,—an angel or a Power of God. Then it denotes one who is born after the death of his father; then one whose father is unknown - “spurious. He has a lonely conspicuity similar to that of Melchizedek; a standing unlike that of any other priest. See below. He is without father or mother, appearing out of the darkness without ancestors or successors; without pedigree either immediate or remote; owing his priesthood, therefore, and dignities to no connection with priests on his father’s side or even on his mother’s: his is a priesthood purely personal, and not to be traced to natural descent or hereditary claim. But to provoke God, when he is letting us see that we entirely depend and live upon him, is a provocation indeed. How little the writer of this Epistle meant to exaggerate the typology is shewn by the fact that he does not so much as allude to the “bread and wine” to which an unreal significance has been attached both by Jewish and Christian commentators. We may again observe that in the description given of Melchisedec no conjecture is admissible; we must suppose nothing, but take the account given in Scripture as we find it, without addition or diminution. And no wonder. As the case stands, he is the priest of Salem.”. Save for later. μένει ἱερεὺς εἶς τὸ διηνεκές] remains priest for ever, in that, as of his end of life so also of the cessation of his priesthood, nothing is recorded. The true import of the prophecy which declared that the future priesthood would bear the likeness of Melchizedek’s can only be known when all the characteristics of that priesthood have been traced. And certainly none but One of the God Family—the divine Kingdom of God—would be King of Righteousness. But here Melchizedek had no genealogy. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". Without mother: as to any Scripture records of it, or to any title of the priesthood by her, as those of Aaron’s family had: so Christ, as to his Deity, was without a mother, being the eternal Son of the Father only, and without any title in his humanity to the priesthood from the virgin, she being of David’s family, and not of Aaron’s. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. . Limiting our knowledge of Melchizedek to what Moses specifically stated, this first priest mentioned in Scripture had no parents or children and no birth or death. Pure eternity is its rise, and its end shall not be till God be all in all. Further the Jews mystically applied the same sort of rule which holds in legal matters which says “that things not producible are regarded as non-existent.” Hence their kabbalistic interpretation of particulars not mentioned in Scripture. Yet Melchizedek cannot be God the Father. The subject, moreover, in μένει is naturally the Melchisedec of Genesis, not, as Wieseler contends (Schrr. Melchisedec is presented to us without reference to any human qualifications for office. Hebrews 7:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 7:3, NIV: "Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever." No Hebrew, reading these words, would have been led to these idle and fantastic conclusions about the superhuman dignity of the Canaanite prince in himself, and apart from his purely typical character. It is the permanence of the Melchisedek priesthood on which stress is laid. . Yet, in the days when the Apostle Paul lived and wrote, shortly after Jesus ascended to heaven as High Priest, the scripture states that even then Melchizedek "abideth"—which means does now abide—"a priest continually." Nothing is said in Genesis of the end of his priesthood, or of his having had either predecessor or successor, which typically represents Christ's eternal priesthood, without beginning or end. He was first and last king-priest there, until Christ, the antitype; therefore his priesthood is said to last forever, because it lasts as long as the nature of the thing (namely, his life, and the continuance of God's worship in Canaan) admits. 7:3 Without father, without mother. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/hebrews-7.html. 3. Melchizedek the Priest - This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. The spoils thus Melchizedek was then High priest, resolved in Hebrews.... In them forgiveness without sacrifice and without priest ( James 4:12 ), but only as a matter record! For Christ to be held by death ( Acts 2:24 ) the High priest after the death or replacement Melchisedec. 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