He said India is a country which is home to all major religions of the world and is a nation that has given birth to several religions -- the most prominent of them being Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. They vary in their legal and administrative set-up but have in common that they are not 'regions' in an administrative-constitutional sense. 6, 861 - 879. The Euroregion Rijn-Waal on the Dutch-German border has been such a cross-national public body since 1993. And the cross-border fee fluctuates according to the cross-border policies, local insurance companies and business strategies between the two countries, so it is often hard to get an accurate price. The country focus is merely a consumerâs view cross-border approach. Goma, DRC, 21 October 2019 - The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and its nine neighbouring countries today, during a meeting of ministers, senior health and immigration officials and partners in Goma, endorsed a joint framework to strengthen cross-border collaboration on preparedness and response to Ebola virus and other disease outbreaks. This page was last edited on 9 April 2020, at 17:34. For instance, the classical form of a Euroregion is the âtwin associationâ: On each side of the border, municipalities and districts form an association according to a legal form suitable within their own national legal systems. Please expand the article to include this information. Further details may exist on the. Occasionally, third organizations, such as regional development agencies, interest associations and chambers of commerce, have become official members. European Urban and Regional Studies, Vol. cross-border meaning: 1. between different countries, or involving people from different countries: 2. between differentâ¦. In particular, two supranational bodies, the Council of Europe and the European Union, were important for improving the conditions under which NCGs could co-operate across borders. legal goods and services), which directly or indirectly escape from the regulatory framework set by the government, and avoid taxes and regulatory measures, hence go unrecorded into official national statistics. Association of European Border Regions and European Commission (1997) Practical Guide to Cross-border Cooperation. Learn more. This is common in New Zealand, Australia, and other island countries. Copyright Â© 2020 The Telegraph. ç¥¨æ®äº¤ææ) under the guidance of the Chinese central bank, and is billed as a âcomprehensive digitised platform for the provision of services in relation to cross-border renminbi financing for domestic and overseas financial institutions.â For dealing with issues such as local cross-cross-border spatial planning or transport policy, in the 1960s and 1970s various bi-lateral and multi-lateral governmental commissions were established without granting access to local authorities (AykaÃ§ 1994). Some of them are often referred to as 'Euroregions' although this is an imprecise concept that is used for a number of different arrangements. This article explains cross-border data transfers. CBC was then launched, building on the Interreg model of cross-border cooperation within the EU itself. Cross-border regions also differ in terms of how closely the participating parties work with each other. 33, No. Cross-border regions exist to take advantage of geographical conditions to strengthen their competitiveness.. The following 2 electronic cross-border health services are currently being introduced in all EU countries: ePrescription (and eDispensation) allows EU citizens to obtain their medication in a pharmacy located in another EU country, thanks to the online transfer of their electronic prescription from their country of residence where they are affiliated, to their country of travel. To Rwanda, Informal Cross Border Trade (ICBT) generally refers to imports and exports of legitimately produced goods and services (i.e. "We now have countries taking advantage of the ongoing pandemic and spreading divisive hatred to other parts of the world on the basis of religion. Legally, the cooperation can take different forms, ranging from legally non-binding arrangements to public-law bodies. Taking a veiled dig at Pakistan, India on Tuesday said that some countries are taking advantage of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic to spread "divisive hatred" to other parts of the world on the basis of religion and are continuing their support to cross-border terrorism to kill innocent people. Tirumurti also highlighted the numerous milestones over the period of 2,000 years of Jewish community in India -- from the Jewish community being granted sanctuary by the Hindu Maharaja of Cochin Rama Varma in Kerala when it faced persecution from some European powers in the 16th century and the King of Jamnagar Maharaja Digvijaysinhji Ranjitsinhji Jadeja who in 1942 provided refuge and protection to more than 1,000 Polish children, including Jewish children when they were denied entry by other countries, bringing them up as his own. Euroregions have a long tradition in certain areas of post-war Europe, especially on the GermanyâBENELUX border where the expressions âEuroregionâ and âEuregioâ were invented. When the new Member States joined the EU, an initiative was needed to prevent dividing lines emerging on the new EU's external borders. Compared with the Council of Europe, the CBC-related activities of the EU are primarily financial. "I also come from a country which does not have any trace of anti-semitism, Tirumurti said, highlighting India's thriving Jewish community that goes back more than 2,000 years. In the event of a âno-dealâ Brexit, UK businesses trading with the EU will need to have a UK Economic Operator Registration and Identification number (EORI) number to continue trading. Six EU countries test cross-border virus apps Six EU countries have begun testing technology to link national virus-tracing apps across Europe as a â¦ A maritime border is a division enclosing an area in the ocean where a nation has exclusive rights over the mineral and biological resources, encompassing maritime features, limits and zones. However, the regulations delivered by such agencies are binding only on the public authorities within the cross-border area concerned and not on civil subjects (Denters et al. Organizationally, Euroregions usually have a council, a presidency, subject-matter oriented working groups and a common secretariat. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples M Perkmann (2007): Policy entrepreneurship and multilevel governance: a comparative study of European cross-border regions, Environment and Planning C, Vol: 25, No. While some initiatives hardly go beyond ceremonial contacts, others are engaged in enduring and effective collaboration. Meanwhile, global luxury cross-border web sales grew 39% year over year in both April and May. For instance, in Germany, local administration comprises two levels, the municipalities and the Kreise, with the latter being self-governed groupings of municipalities. 7, 605 - 617. European cross-border regions are most commonly constituted through co-operation among border municipalities, districts or regions. He said the Jewish community is an integral part of the pluralistic fabric of India, and it has enriched this fabric as much as any other community. cross-border definition: 1. between different countries, or involving people from different countries: 2. between differentâ¦. However, most countries within Southeast Asia are still relatively cash heavy. For estimating the co-operation intensity of existing CBC arrangements, a catalogue of criteria proposed by the AEBR can be used:. Cross-border definition: Cross-border trade occurs between companies in different countries. The convention has been signed by 20 countries and was more recently updated with two Additional Protocols. The term Euroregion can refer both to a territorial unit, comprising the territories of the participating authorities, and an organizational entity, usually the secretariat or management unit. In 1980, on the initiative of the Council of Europe, the so-called Madrid Convention (Outline Convention on Transfrontier Co-operation) was introduced as a first step towards CBC structures based on public law. India's Permanent Representative to the UN, Ambassador T S Tirumurti, said on Tuesday that India condemns all forms of anti-semitism and all forms of discrimination on religious grounds anywhere in the world. The border spans from the Gulf of Mexico in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west. Their organizational structures usually consist of a general assembly, an executive committee, thematic working groups and secretariats (AykaÃ§, 1994: 12â14), but activities tend to be confined to common declarations and information exchange. It focuses on authorizing and encouraging cooperation and coordination between jurisdictions, rather There are several ways in which cross-border regions can be distinguished. However, some groupings, such as the Atlantic Arc, succeeded in obtaining European funds (Balme et al., 1996). In Europe, there are a large number of cross-border regions. The Covid-19 pandemic has not prevented some countries from supporting cross-border terrorism and spreading religious hatred, India has said at the UN, in an apparent reference to Pakistan, asserting that the United Nations must speak decisively and not take sides among religions or justify terrorism in any way. Antisemitism poses a threat to democratic values, peace and stability, and the World Jewish Congress has long worked with the United Nations to ensure that the fight against antisemitism is a priority of the UN's human rights agenda, it said in a statement. Many cross-border regions are based on some sort of civil-law agreements among the participating authorities. This is common in New Zealand, Australia, and other island countries. In general, in countries with a strong role for inter-municipal associations, cross-border co-operation is often pursued by local actors. Most of the small-scale initiatives involve local authorities as the driving protagonists whereas large-scale CBC is almost exclusively driven by regional authorities. Examples of Working Communities are the Arge Alp, the Alpes-Adria, the Working Community of the Western Alps (â¦ The World Jewish Congress held the high-level online event on the role of the UN in combating antisemitism as a side event to the 75th Session of the United Nations General Assembly. It provides a legal framework for completing bi- and multinational agreements for public law CBC among NCGs. 1998). Tirumurti said the whole of India prayed for baby Moshe Holtzberg, who was saved by his Indian caregiver, Sandra Samuel, when terrorists stormed Nariman House and killed the little baby's father Rabbi Gavriel and mother Rivka, who was five months pregnant at the time. Regional Studies, Vol. co-operation based on some type of legal arrangement, common permanent secretariat controlling its own resources; existence of an explicitly documented development strategy; broad scope of co-operation in multiple policy areas, similar to conventional local or regional authorities. First, they vary in geographic scope. All rights reserved. A considerably long section of the border follows the Rio Grande River. A section of the border, at San Ysidro, San Diego, claims to be the world's busiest border crossing with around 14 million crossings every year. The latter â most of them were founded between 1975 and 1985 â usually comprise several regions forming large areas that can stretch over several nation states. Cross-Border Cooperation should be seen in the context of the 2004 and 2007 EU big enlargement. Whereas the Council of Europe was in past particularly active in improving the legal situation, the Commission of the European Union new provides substantial financial support for CBC initiatives. Learn more. India co-sponsored the online side event, which was held in partnership with the Permanent Mission of the Germany to the UN in collaboration with Albania, Argentina, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Israel, Romania, Slovakia and Uruguay. The EEA Joint Committee has made a decision that the GDPR applies to these countries and that transfers from the EEA to these countries are not considered cross-border â¦ By contrast, in countries with a two-tier regional administration and a minor role for inter-local action (such as Italy or France), cross-border regions are a domain pursued by regional authorities. Enschede: AEBR. The first European cross-border region, the EUREGIO, was established in 1958 on the Dutch-German border, in the area of Enschede (NL) and Gronau (DE). A cross-border region is a territorial entity that is made of several local or regional authorities that are co-located yet belong to different nation states. Some countries supporting cross-border terrorism amid Covid, says India in UN. These transactions do not take into account territorial limit or boundaries. Perkmann, M, Construction of new territorial scales: A framework and case study of the EUREGIO cross-border region, Regional Studies, 2007, Vol: 41, Pages: 253 - 266. In a second step, the associations then join each other on the basis of a civil-law cross-border agreement to establish the cross-border entity. J W Scott (1999) European and North American Contexts for Cross-border Regionalism. Digital trade and cross-border data flows are expected to continue to grow faster than the overall rate of global trade. Legally, the first cross-border regions were based on agreements with varying degrees of formality and mostly relied on good will. In most cases, the Kreise are the driving force behind cross-border initiatives. By contrast, in Italy, it is meso-level authorities, the 'province' (provinces), that are usually involved in cross-border cooperation initiatives while the municipalities play a minor role because of their relative fragmentation compared to the German Kreise. A special cross-border condition: Inter-island border-crossing. Outline Convention on Transfrontier Co-operation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cross-border_region&oldid=949989339, Administrative territorial entities by type, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Cross border transaction also known as international transaction as the term explains is the transaction between two entities from different countries, territories etc. Small-scale initiatives such as the EUREGIO can be distinguished from larger groupings, such as the 'Working Communities'. Since then, Euroregions and other forms of cross-border co-operation have developed throughout Europe. Many CBC initiatives are eligible for support under the Interreg Community Initiative launched by the European Commission in 1990; this policy was re-confirmed as Interreg II in 1994 and as Interreg III in 1999. The Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam are countries where consumers prefer to pay by â¦ "In this river called Indian civilization, every faith and every denomination is embraced in the framework of our democratic structure, pluralism, harmony and mutual acceptance, the Indian diplomat said. M Perkmann (2003): Cross-Border Regions in Europe: Significance and Drivers of Regional Cross-Border Co-operation. Country Focus and Country Score This country report consists of two main pillars: Country focus Country score Both will rank the EU16 countries. But over the last thirty years the scope for non-central governments (NCGs) to co-operate across borders has widened considerably. Including here is the consumerâs confidence in cross-border, number of cross-border visitors, consumerâs challenges etc. Tirumurti was addressing the virtual high-level event by World Jewish Congress on combating anti-semitism. Smaller initiatives are technically referred to as micro cross-border regions  but for simplicity they can be called Euroregions. And the cross-border fee fluctuates according to the cross-border policies, local insurance companies and business strategies between the two countries, so it is often hard to get an accurate price. Many cross-border regions receive financial support from the European Commission via its Interreg programme. The border shared by the United States and Mexico is 1,954 miles in length, making it the second-longest international border in North America. Context. The organizational set-up can also differ from the original model inspired by the DutchâGerman EUREGIO. ... Imports from third (non-EU) countries. Cross-border commuters Coronavirus - border crossing restrictions for cross-border commuters. "We ask them to look inwards to promote harmony within their own societies, stop sectarian violence and ensure the protection of minorities. âEspecially noticeable is the Gulf region, with luxury cross-border online sales to this region booming since April,â the report notes. The purpose is to provide a clearer picture of the dynamics of domestic vs. cross-border purchases. In Scandinavia, as for instance in the Ãresund region, both counties and large urban municipalities (Greater Copenhagen) participate in the cooperation arrangement. To a large degree, this can be related to macro-regional integration in Europe. Tirumurti said India calls on those countries to stop spreading anti-semitism and hatred and stop dividing the world on the basis of religion. This platform expects that European-owned cross-border marketplaces will grow by more than 50 percent to reach a total value of 15 billion euros by 2020. Many Euroregions along the Germany-Benelux border are established according to this model, following the initiatives by the EUREGIO. In most cases, the participating authorities are local authorities, although in other cases regional or district authorities are involved. We believe it is important for the United Nations to speak decisively and not take sides with one group of religions vis-a-vis the others or justify terrorism in any way," he said. Cross border eCommerce is defined as the process of online trading or selling between two entities, a business (online seller) and a customer (or consumer) who are based in different countries. This mode of eCommerce allows online sellers to sell products to â¦ The latter â most of them were founded between 1975 and 1985 â usually comprise several regions forming large areas that can stretch over several nation states. There is variance in this respect, depending on the territorial organization of different European countries. New York, Nov 17 (PTI) The COVID-19 pandemic has not prevented some countries from supporting cross-border terrorism as well as from spreading religious hatred, India said on Tuesday in an apparent reference to Pakistan as it asserted that the United Nations must speak decisively and not take sides among religions or justify terrorism in any way. 10, No. He added that there are many well known Jewish-Indians who have distinguished themselves in all walks of life, including General J F R Jacob, a national hero in India who led the Eastern Command of the Indian Army during India's victory in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War. A special cross-border condition: Inter-island border-crossing. The top 20 is based on different parameters such as cross-border ecommerce sales in 16 Western European countries and the number and percentage of cross-border visits. 2, 153â171. Examples of Working Communities are the Arge Alp, the Alpes-Adria, the Working Community of the Western Alps (COTRAO), the Working Community of the Pyrenees or the Atlantic Arc. COVID has not prevented them from supporting cross-border terrorism to kill innocent people and spread religious hatred, he said, without naming any country. They dealt with issues such as local cross-border spatial planning and transport policy. Cross-border trade Expand arrow_drop_down. Globally, credit cards have traditionally dominated cross-border ecommerce. First, they vary in geographic scope. A third way of distinguishing cross-border regions considers the nature of the participating authorities. There are several ways in which cross-border regions can be distinguished. United Nations urged to speak decisively and not take sides among religions. For local and regional authorities, engaging in cross-border regions meant they entered a field long reserved for central state actors. The spatial extension of micro-CBRs will usually range between 50 and 100 km in width; and they tend to be inhabited by a few million inhabitants. The appropriate safeguards can be laid down in the following most relevant instruments:. He also spoke about the dastardly" Mumbai terror attacks in November 2008 carried out by Pakistani terrorists. Examples for such agreements are the BENELUX Cross-border Convention of 1989 and the German-Dutch cross-border treaty of 1991. The Covid-19 pandemic has not prevented some countries from supporting cross-border terrorism and spreading religious hatred, India has said at the UN, in an apparent reference to Pakistan, asserting that the United Nations must speak decisively and not take sides among religions or justify terrorism in any way. NEW YORK : The COVID-19 pandemic has not prevented some countries from supporting cross-border terrorism and spreading religious hatred, India has said at the UN, in an apparent reference to Pakistan, asserting that the United Nations must speak decisively and not take sides among religions or justify terrorism in any way. Small-scale initiatives such as the EUREGIO can be distinguished from larger groupings, such as the 'Working Communities'. Date of adoption: 30 May 1997 Purpose The Model Law is designed to assist States to equip their insolvency laws with a modern legal framework to more effectively address cross-border insolvency proceedings concerning debtors experiencing severe financial distress or insolvency.
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