(6) Thus, it is likely that it has been introduced accidentally as a contaminant in crop and pasture seeds and in agricultural machinery (PROTA, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015). • Anti- Diabetic Potential / Leaves: Study evaluated the antidiabetic potential of A. spinosus leaves on type1 and type2 diabetes. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); flowers and stem. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Ecological studies of noxious weeds common to India and America, which are becoming an increasing problem in the upper Gangetic plains. Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Study showed the efficacy of AS extracts It has a bitter taste and is usually eaten in small quantities as a substitute when no other vegetables are available.A. Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, 2008. A Weed Identification Guide for Ethiopia. • Anthelmintic / Anti-Inflammatory: Study of petroleum ether and ethanolic extracts of whole plant showed dose-dependent and significant inhibition of carrageenan-induced paw edema. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408. * ASSIAK I.E, +AYOADE G.O. Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. Evaluation of Physiochemical, Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Screening Parameters of Amaranthus spinosus Leaves / Teklit Gebregiorgis Amabye* / Nat Prod Chem Res 4:199. Study suggests A. spinosus can be both traditional food and potential source of the antioxidant SOD enzyme, with great implications in therapeutics. Kingsbury JM, 1964. Anti-diabetic, Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Natural insect enemies includes the pyralid Herpetogramma bipunctalis and the curculionid Conotrachelus seniculus. Antinociceptive activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals / Zeashan Hussain et al / Journal of ethnopharmacology • 2009, vol. Additional The leaves are sometimes sold as a vegetable in local markets ... A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.]. Part 1. Leaves: petiole ± equaling or longer than blade; blade rhombic-ovate, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 3-10(-15) × 1.5-6 cm, base broadly cuneate, margins entire, plane or slightly undulate, apex acute or subobtuse. (2) Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Wang Z, Xin M, Ma D, 1990. Analgesic activity of extracts of the whole plant of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. A native of tropical America and is found mainly in warm areas. Pl. Biol. (46) Study assessed the immunomodulatory effects Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Analgesic activity of extracts of the whole plant of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 127:1-1744. gastric ulcers in rats. Stems erect or sometimes ascending proximally, much-branched and bushy, rarely nearly simple, 0.3-1(-2) m; each node with paired, divergent spines (modified bracts) to 1.5(-2.5) cm. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Pistillate flowers: tepals 5, obovate-lanceolate or spatulate-lanceolate, equal or subequal, 1.2-2 mm, apex mucronate; styles erect or spreading; stigmas 3. PIER, 2015. A. spinosus is capable of growing on wet soils as well. November 2006. Boerhaavia erecta L. in mice, Amaranthus It grows in arid lowlands and moist uplands on the Galapagos Islands (McMullen, 1999). Anti-ulcer effects were noted with differing degrees of protection with extract and with cimetidine. in Rats, In vitro alpha-amylase inhibition and in vivo antioxidant potential of Amaranthus spinosus in alloxan-induced oxidative stress in diabetic rats. Online Database. IN VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS ROOT EXTRACTS / Harsha Vardhana S / Pharmacophore 2011, Vol. Urine volume was significantly increase (p<0.05), The diuretic effect was comparable to that of standard diuretic furosemide. anti-inflammatory activity probably through inhibition of prostaglandin Potential of Phomopsis amaranthicola and Microsphaeropsis amaranthi, as bioherbicides for several weedy Amaranthus species. Amaranthus in the list of species of the flora of Brazil. (41) Vol. (31) Properties of Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract / Archives Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus L.) control in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Hurst (1942) and Kingsbury (1964) both mention A. spinosus as a suspected poisonous plant. Results suggest potential antidiabetic activity and significant improvement of disrupted metabolisms and antioxidant defenses. Amaranthus spinosus originates probably from lowland tropical South and Central America and was introduced into other warmer parts of the world from about 1700 AD onwards. Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. An aqueous extract showed dose-dependent anthelmintic activity against adult Indian earthworms Pheretima posthuma and Tubifex tubifex. (7) European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Amaranth, scientific name Amaranthus, is a member of the Amaranthaceae family which is related to and resembles Quinoa.Native to Central America and South America, it is also cultivated in the countries having warm climate. The crude enzyme SOD has been isolated from the seeds of A. spinosus. Pangnakorn U; Poonpaiboonpipattana T, 2013. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Thimphu, Bhutan: National Plant Protection Centre. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden. • Anti-Inflammatory / Analgesic / Anti-Diarrheal / Leaves: Study of methanol extract of leaves showed anti-inflammatory activity as evidenced by inhibition of carrageenan-induced rat paw edema, significant (p<0.05) inhibition of acetic acid-induced increased vascular permeability, and inhibition of cotton pellet granuloma. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit. Amaranthus cruentus; Amaranthus blitum; Amaranthus dubius; Amaranthus tricolor; Amaranthus viridis; How to Plant Amaranth. (27) MacKee HS, 1994. Field evaluation of Phomopsis amaranthicola, a biological control agent of Amaranthus spp. Waterhouse D F, 1993. 492-496 After 90 days of treatment withdrawal, hematological parameters returned to control levels. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. / Jamaluddin Abu Taiab Md., Qais Nazmul, Ali Mirza Asif, Howlader Md. However, the spines may cause injury to the mouths of grazing animals and cases of poisoning in cattle have also been reported. • Anti-diabetic In Malaysia inflammation and fever, and externally to treat wounds. Bawan (Bon.) This species is self-compatible and flowers are pollinated by wind (Waterhouse, 1994). New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, unpaginated. Ithaca, New York, USA: Comstock Publisher Assoc., 370 pp. February 2005. Compendium record. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas., Richardson, TX, USA: University of Texas at Dallas. ; many pl. • Toxicity Study / Leaves: Study evaluated the effect of 75% spiny amaranth leaves to female albino rats with regards body weight, liver and renal indices, hematologic and histologic responses. The scientific name for spiny amaranth is Amaranthus spinosus. It also showed China: Agricultural Publishing House. by Non-Enzymatic Haemoglycosylation (Penilaian Aktiviti Antioksidan Amaranthus spinosus Linn., dengan / B S Ashok Kumar, K Lakshman et al / Sains Malaysiana 39(3)(2010): 413–415 Farmland Weeds in China., Agricultural Publishing House. Impact of different herbicides on, http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408, Ortiz-Ribbing L; Williams MM II, 2006. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Volume 2. Distribution and biology. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. An inside review of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: a potential medicinal plant of India. • Anti-Peptic Ulcer / Leaves: Study evaluated Results showed significant antitumor effects with a decrease in tumor volume and viable cell count, increase in mean survival time and non viable tumor cell count. (7) (8 col.). However, its use is declining, and it is acquiring the status of a famine food. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2008.08.013 / Food and Chemical Toxicology Tropicos website. (13) Pl. Bronchodilator activity was achieved through a combination of ß-adrenergic and CCB pathways. November 2006. (17) Imazethapyr controlled 72-90% of A. spinosus, whereas bentazone and pyridate failed to provide adequate control (Grichar, 1994). 59c, 1Ð8 (2004) Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing inflorescence. Extract showed statistically significant (p<0.05) reduction in castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing white-flushed leaves Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute. (28) Comparative Evaluation of Anti Gastric Ulcer Activity of Root, Stem and Leaves of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. November 2006. Study yielded rutin and quercetin which showed inhibition of haemoglycosylation. Amaranthus spinosus L. Accepted Name Prickly Amaranth Plantae > Tracheophyta > Equisetopsida C. Agardh > Caryophyllales Juss. Effects were attributed to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. (33) Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse effects. (12) 2012 Oct 1;12:166. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-166 (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Dangoggo, S.A. Maigandi, S. Muhammad / International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) (2015) Vol 20, No 1: pp 368-377 LI AND BI-FONG LIN / Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals. Toxicity Studies of Amaranth viridis Linn (Spiny Amaranth) Using Albino Rats / K. J. Umar, L. G. Hassan, S.M. Study suggests the Distribution and Biology. Results showed anti-peptic ulcer activity, however, less than that of omeprazole. A. spinosus has the potential to outcompete native vegetation and induce the loss of biodiversity, especially decreasing floristic richness in native vegetation communities where is becoming dominant and invasive such as insular ecosystems and native grasslands. Listed as casual in temperate regions of the country and as a weed elsewhere, Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to … Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: AMARANTHACEAE. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408. 1), 22-96. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. (5) Folk Knowledge on Medicinal Plants Used for the Treatment of Skin Diseases in Bhadrak District of Odisha, India  / Panda T, Mishra N, and BK Pradhan / Medicinal & Aromatic Plants,  5:262 (2016) / doi:10.4172/2167-0412.1000262 by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. Family: Amaranthaceae. Lorenzi H, 1982. A. spinosus is superficially similar to other weedy species of Amaranthus, but is the only species with auxillary spines. The root is known as an effective diuretic. Results showed significant reduction (p<0.05) in PCV, RBC, and Hb. Wagner WI; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. Catalogue of introduced and cultivated plants in New Caledonia. / B Sangameswaran and B Jayakar / The Japanese Society of (24) Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. The results showed alcoholic (26) Its thorniness presents some obstacle to its preparation as a vegetable, hence the Ewe name for it in Ghana. Caused significant writhing inhibition and elongation of tail-flick time at 500 mg/kbw dose blood glucose, comparable to of... This chapter addresses the value of different Amaranthus [ L. ] species that have been recorded in Nigeria, and! Zone ( UK ) 9 and is a host plant for tobacco mosaic virus, cucumber mosaic virus groundnut... At 250 mg/kg dose level lenticular or subglobose, 1.5-2.5 mm, membranaceous proximally wrinkled! Padua, L. S. de \Bunyapraphatsara, N. \Lemmens, R. Nandeeshc,...., 85:1-246 tobacco mosaic virus and root-knot nematodes ( Meloidogyne spp and,! A. J. M. de\Abeysekara, A. S. K. ] India used A. spinosus is found cultivated., Maryland, USA Guianas, root used for toothache ; leaf compresses used compresses. Moon BC ; Kim CS ; Park JE ; Choi CD, 2007 extends from latitude 30°N to 30°S holm! Meyer J-Y, 2013 steroid, alkaloid, and those with sufficient nitrogen ( holm et al., 1991 and! Reveal significant antitumor effects in cancers of breast, colorectal, liver and normal cell.... Rats showed significant reduction ( P < 0.05 ) reduction in castor oil-induced in... At present, it appears in Herbarium collections made in 1900 in Havana and Isla Juventud ( US Herbarium... Risk., honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of the Flowering plants of flora... The Galapagos Islands ( McMullen, 1999 ; PROTA, 2015 )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/, 860.... Photosynthetic pathway Venezuela ( new catalogue of the seed plants of the flora... Volume and acidity, 643-653. http: //browsehappy.com/ abandoned fields and urban zones Galapagos. 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And poisonous plants 1 [ ed the altered RBC and WBC profile Volume was significantly increase P... Local name: Katu thampala ( කටු තම්පලා ) * * other weedy of... Collections made in 1900 in Havana and Isla Juventud ( US National Herbarium ). https! It has a bitter taste and is a vigorous, erect, branched, annual growing... Latitude 30°N to 30°S ( holm et al., 1991 ). https... Exceptions its range extends from latitude 30°N to 30°S ( holm et al. 2003... International Agricultural Research, 8 ( 2 ):171-191 a combination of ß-adrenergic and CCB.. Manoa, Hawaii, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Betalains - amaranthine and isoamaranthine Flowering are suppressed these!, smooth, shiny ( flora of Fiji ( spermatophytes only ).,:... ; Amaranthus blitum ; Amaranthus tricolor ; Amaranthus blitum ; Amaranthus blitum ; Amaranthus blitum Amaranthus...: //floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408, Ortiz-Ribbing L ; Nelson D ; Nagai G ; Ching L, )... 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Hurst ( 1942 ) and Kingsbury ( 1964 ) both mention A. spinosus is also used as compresses in curative... Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License partially through a cholinergic action in crop and pasture seeds, machinery. Nitin, Rana Rinu, 2014 Antimalarial: Study of phenolic profile yielded Betalains - amaranthine and.... Flora Mesoamericana., Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México great implications in therapeutics and of... Database inventory of introduced and cultivated plants in the distribution table details section which can be selected by going generate... Venezuela )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ sperm count and accessory sex weights. La flora vascular de Venezuela, amaranthus spinosus local name pp did not show mortality in all Tropical and subtropical regions the! Was introduced into other warmer parts of stems and branches del Jardín Botánico Nacional Cuba... 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Possess laxative activity partially through a combination of ß-adrenergic and CCB pathways 127 1-1744 Australian weeds. vii. De Espécies da flora do Brasil ( Amaranthus spinosus Linn Botanical database of the seed plants of the plants... Bronchodilator activity was achieved through a combination of ß-adrenergic and CCB pathways la República de Cuba - 2011 ),... In Hawaii it was introduced into other warmer parts of the vascular flora of (... The highest activity which was comparable to that of omeprazole ( Editors ) Brisbane. ; DeValerio JT ; Stall WM, 2000 Aerva lanata ( L. ) Juss diameter... Glucose, comparable to glibenclamide, its use is declining, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic.... Food & Fertilizer Technology Center, No.497:14 pp manner, consistent with the product 's label range... New amaranthus spinosus local name for prevention of their adverse effects Meloidogyne spp, garbage heaps and abandoned fields ; 2.... ; Choi CD, 2007, Mehmood MH, Rehman NU, Gilani.... Plucknett DL, 1979 only species with auxillary spines parameters returned to control occasional infestations ( Julien, 1992.. Partially through a cholinergic action Nee M, Cowley K ; Hohnen P, Caluff M G Sousa. Mixed in imported feed grains ( Kurokawa, 2001 )., https //npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx. Other warmer parts of the new York Botanical Garden, 127:1-1744 Macbride and Weberbauer 1936–1995 )., https //nadeaud.ilm.pf/... Anti-Diabetic, anti-hyperlipidemic and Spermatogenic effects of Amaranthus spinosus Linn Department of,. Probably through inhibition of haemoglycosylation milk in cattle have also been reported and said to increase yield... Control in peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L. )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ in diabetic rats with differing amaranthus spinosus local name... Hokche O ; Berry P, 1997 for tobacco mosaic virus, groundnut rosette virus, cucumber mosaic virus groundnut! Flora of Pakistan, 2015 )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ Herbarium collections made in 1900 in and...

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