55: 277-2, Biochemistry of plants pigments (Vol. The vitamin composition of the leaves in mg/100 g (DW) was-carotene (3.29), thiamine (2.75), riboflavin (4.24), niacin (1.54), pyridoxine (2.33), ascorbic acids (25.40) and-tocopherol (0.50). The concentrations of Many of the local vegetable materials Global J. . All rights reserved. Amaranthus powellii: bracteoles mostly 4.5--6 mm long, mostly 2--3 times as long as the sepals (vs. A. hybridus, with bracteoles mostly 2.5--4 mm long, 1.2--2 times as long as the sepals). Sida, 19(4):975-992. NUTRITIONAL TARGET MAP™ The Nutritional Target Map™ allows you to see at a glance how foods line up with your nutritional and weight-management goals. Proximate composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. The studies on the uses, practice, and nutritional value of amaranth began in the 1970s, when researchers described it as a crop with a promising economic value (Sciences, 1984) and interest grew more when it was found to be a potential source of high-quality proteins and with outstanding nutritious components in the 1980s (Mlakar et al., 2010; Myers, 1996; Paredes-López, 1994; Tucker, 1986). Niger. Also, in the cherry pepper, Mg, Zn, K and Na were better concentrated in the wet samples. Samples were collected, air-dried, and milled to pass through a 1-mm sieve before analysis. (betel) is largely consumed for mastication, mouthfreshening, and medicinal purposes throughout the world. Crude protein and crude fibre values were higher in the wet sample than the dry sample in bell pepper while ash, crude fat and available carbohydrate values were higher in the dry sample of bell pepper. European Scientific Journal August 2014 edition vol.10 PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND NUTRITIVE CHARACTERIZATION OF HIGH VALUE NON- CONVENTIONAL OIL FROM SEEDS OF AMARANTHUS HYBRIDUS LINN Chantal A. Diemeleou Lessoy T. Zoue Sebastien L. Niamke 0 0 University Félix Houphouet Boigny (UFHB), Laboratory of Biotechnology, Biosciences Faculty , Abidjan , Côte d'Ivoire … harvest publishers, University of Benin, Nigeria pp. The mean concentrations of tannin, oxalate, hydrogen cyanide and phytic acid in the seeds of Indian The germinated flour and steeped flour were complemented with groundnut cake flour in ratio of 1:1 in order to improve the nutrients quality of the blends. samples was weighed and subjected to dry ashing in a well-cleaned, on a hot plate until brown fumes disappeared. The chemical composition in mg/100 g (DW) for alkaloid, flavonoid, saponin, tannins, phenols, hydrocyanic acid and phytic acid were 3.54, 0.83, 1.68, 0.49, 0.35, 16.99 and 1.32, respectively. This chapter addresses the value of different Amaranthus [L.] species that have been recorded in Nigeria. The closer a food is to the right edge of the map, the more essential nutrients per calorie it contains. Afr. The proximate composition (%) of the raw fruit meal showed moisture content (5.23%), ash (11.88%), fat (2.09%), fibre (10.42%), protein (9.44) and carbohydrate (66.17%) and energy value of 1362.70 Kcal/kg. J. Che. The virus also engendered significant reductions in the contents of Na, P, Fe, Mg, Cu and Ca with marginal reduction for K in infected samples when compared to the healthy. Physicochemical properties of extracted oil were as follow: specific gravity (0.92 ± 0.01), refractive index (1.47 ± J. Agric. almond fruits were found to be 3820.00mg/100g, 140.80mg/100g, 8.64mg/100g and 2546.72mg/100g Furthermore, early harvested leaves showed higher (p < 0.05) rutin, hyperoside, tryptophan, quercetin, and kaempferol rutinoside contents than late harvested leaves. An index of mineral contents in a biota is the ash content of a sample. Data derived from this study were analysed for ANOVA using SPSS. J. Agric. Amaranthus spp. Tec. It can be concluded that both early and late harvested amaranth leaves are a promising source of nutrients and phenolic compounds that can help in providing new opportunities for their use in the food and pharmaceutical industries. The paper presents chemical data on three local varieties of Heinsia crinita, a leafy green vegetable commonly consumed in South Eastern Nigeria. smooth pigweed. Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo, (75.0% DW) and sweet potatoes leaves (, and the physico-chemical Properties of its oil. Academic, composition and nutritional characterization of vegetable oils: Case of, Edeoga HO, Eriata DO (2001). J. Sci. In addition, the article reports for the first time, authentic varietal differences that may assist in the botanical development of the vegetable. statistics. The focus of this study was to investigate the nutritional value of wild vegetables commonly consumed by the people of Buhera District in the Manicaland province of Zimbabwe. These are Amaranthus blitum, A. dubius, A. caudatus, A. cruentus, A. deflexus, A. graecizans, A. hybridus, A. hypochondriacus, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. thunbergii, A. tricolor and A. viridis. The common staple crops are not able to meet daily requirements for both macro- and micro-nutrients. Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. Essential fatty acids of the ω13 series were highest in S oleraceus (44.97%). The concentration of phytic acid in these fruits was relatively higher than the diethyl ether using a Soxhlet apparatus for 2 h. Ireland), as outlined in Adeyeye and Afolabi (2004). %�쏢 39, of Ascorbic Acid from plants. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Nwogo Ajuka Obasi. Vegetable Ama-ranthus can be easily distinguished by inflorescence features like mostly or exclusively axillary glomerules or short spikes (Fig. (AFANG) seeds. Seventeen amino acids (isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, cysteine, phenylalmine, tyrosine, threonine, valine, alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, proline and serine) were detected. Hence, chemometrics is a promising approach forthe authentication of betel varieties. Indigenous vegetables are very important in nutritional wellbeing of low resource rural communities especially in developing countries. J. Agric. Comparative nutritional studies on three local varieties of Heinsia crinita, Phytochemical screening and nutrient-antinutrient composition of selected tropical green leafy vegetables, Nutritional composition of Sonchus species (S asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L), Nutritional aspects of fruits and vegetables consumption, Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Formation of complexes between protein and tannin acid, Alkaloid, tannin and saponin contents of some Nigerian medicinal plants, Physicochemical and Soil Enzymatic Activities as influenced by Mining operations in the Ishiagu area of Ebonyi State Nigeria, Reaction of Amaranthus hybridus L. (Green) to Telfairia Mosaic Virus (TeMV) Infection, Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. Determination of che, toxicants in the seed of Indian Almond (, Nig. Flour samples were produced from germinated and steeped millet as well as groundnut cake using standard processing techniques. incurvatus (Grenier & Godron) Brenan, Watsonia 4: 268. Proximate, Carbohydrate, Fibre, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, protein and Amino, acid (micro-nutrients). Levels of some nutrients and antinutrients in 14 commonly consumed tropical green leafy vegetables were evaluated and also screened for some phytochemicals. Notes on some little known Amaranthus taxa (Amaranthaceae) in the United States. The phytic acid content for Amaranthus spp. Among the elements analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission, and mass spectrometric (ICP-OES, ICP-MS) techniques, K, Fe, Mn, and Ni content were higher in animal welfare pork meat. Amaranthus species were of great importance in pre-Colombian American people’s diets and A. cruentus and A. hybridus have a high nutritional value (Fernand et The proximate and mineral composition were determined in two varieties of Calicum annum L. commonly found in the Nigerian markets. These findings can thus be used to evaluate animal welfare and conventional farms pork meat quality in South Korea as well as worldwide. J. Nutr. The findings and their implications are discussed with special reference to possible nutrient interactions, dietetic and nutritional values of the leafy vegetable to humans. Bioche, glycosides. Proximate Composition and Some Nutritionally Valuable Minerals of Two Varieties of Capsicum annumL. Eastern Anatolia. x�՝۲$�u�þ�O�7@�nvW�����d FV�C7�l���@�5��;�-��U���U��gV�f�$��̕�V���~v3_T���O������W�}��=|y����/�9����'�����?���}}�8�u1[-��l�^��ٽ'Wo��νo�6�_��^����Q��U�~qh/��7͏7�����^�ק��lڻ��O�u���?n��N�?C��h������1��䜌+g���u-���^5���_�g�����������p���G�n������oo7Ȭ�� This study reports the authentication of Piper betle L. ; Bangla, Sanchi, Misti,Khasia, and BARI Paan 3. In the seed of the African walnut fruits, the corresponding mean concentrations were The oil yield of Amaranthus hybridus seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74%. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. Furthermore, the analyzed samples may be good sources of K (3.99-8.37 g/kg), Ca (1.86-2.88 g/kg), and Mg (0.51-1.91 g/ kg). Amino acid analyses shows that S.dulcificum pulp contains 8.055%, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. 2006). Millet grains are used in the production of traditional weaning foods, but they lack adequate nutrients. The moisture, protein, fat, crude fibre, ash, carbohydrate, energy, viscosity and water hydration capacity ranged from 2.60-740%, 9.70-27.05%, 4.25-13.00%, 1.90-2.35%, 1.31-2.65%, 52.63-74.25%, 381.25-435.72 Kcal, 201.25 - 3360.00 cps and 0.415 -1.305 ml/g respectively. Samples obtained were analysed for proximate composition (moisture, protein, fat, crude fibre, ash, carbohydrate and energy) and functional properties (viscosity and water hydration capacity) using standard methods. The principal component and linear discriminant analyses (PCA, LDA) explained the highest variance (99.82%, 99.00%) of the group based on toxic elements. Results obtained revealed that the virus caused significant (p<0.05) reductions in fibre (50.9%), fat (49.7%) and protein (32.5%) in infected, The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. incurvatus Amaranthus hybridus Linnaeus, subsp. Total phenolic content ranged from 22639±26.0 to 28672±45.1 mg GAE/kg with Amaranthus spp. Using multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) and linear dis-criminant analyses (LDA), the variability indices were 85.5% and 100%, respectively. Comparing the nutrient and chemical constituents with recommended dietary allowance (RDA) values, the results reveal that the leaves contain an appreciable amount of nutrients, minerals, vitamins, amino acids and phytochemicals and low levels of toxicants. of food Sci. Many local people in the world were living near the forest use the wild edible plants as food resources, ... (Table 1), with the blend of steeped millet flour and groundnut cake flour having the highest ash content and the germinated millet flour having the lowest ash content. Results on mineral content showed that G. parviflora had the highest (18.84±0.40% DW) p<0.05 mineral/ash content compared to B. pilosa (13.35±0.07% DW) and Amaranthus spp. In this study, nutrient composition of three commonly consumed indigenous leafy vegetables in Malawi namely Amaranth (Amaranthus species), Black jack (Bidens pilosa) and Mwamuna aligone/gallant soldier (Galinsoga parviflora) was determined. Both wet and dry samples were analysed. Amaranthus hybridus is a herbal plant that is grown to be consumed leaves. The nutritional value of the leaves of the Amaranthus Hybridus (Morogo) plant is higher than any other spring or summer leaf vegetable. Nutritional value of Amaranthus Authors: Mahesh Kumar Samota Amaranthus has been rediscovered as a promising food crop mainly due to its resistance to heat, drought, diseases and pests, and the high nutritional value of both seeds and leaves. nutritional properties of oil extracted from seeds of Amaranthus hybridus, an important leafy vegetable of Côte d’Ivoire. <> This studyreports the authentication ofPiper betleL. Econ. Inst. Leafy vegetable amaranths include the species such as A. lividus, Amaranthus tricolor, A. gangeticus, A. dubius, A.blitum and A. hybridus. The oil yield of Amaranthus hybridus seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74%. Phytochemical Composition, Antioxidant and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Activities of Amaranthus cruentus L. and Amaranthus hybridus L. Extracts. Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. 52: 17-30. ture, ash, crude lipid, crude fibre and nitrogen content. Amaranthus hybridus reaction to TeMV infection revealed marked reductions in the nutritional quality of the vegetable that is a major source of nutrient for both rural and urban dwellers. leaves in Mozambique. Nigeria (Edeoga et al., 2005; Okwu and Josiah, endosperm of ripe coconut. 6(1): 40-43. Usually they are alternate, simple having entire margins and distinct markings that depend on species. The samples were analyzed for Ca, Cd, Tl, and Pb by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Bot. J. Biotechnol. The burden of malnutrition in Africa calls for deeper exploration of underutilized species which are rich in nutrients and have the potential to reduce food and nutrition insecurity. This study analyzed macro (Ca, K, Mg, Na, P), micro (Fe, Zn, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Se, Sr, Cs), trace (Li, Be, V, Co, Ga, Ba, U), and toxic trace (As, Cd, TI, and Pb) elements of pork meat from conventional and animal welfare farms in South Korea. The varieties were bell pepper (tatase) and cherry pepper (rodo). 2898.00mg/100g, 48.40mg/100g, 10.80mg/100g and 1932.00mg/100g respectively. This study evaluated the nutritional and chemical profile of amaranth leaves harvested at days 65 and 120. Amaranthus hybridus . had the highest crude fat (13.17±0.20%) content compared to B. pilosa and G. parviflora which had 9.00±0.29 and 8.97±0.25%, respectively. Fibre was present in amount above 30 g kg -1 in the three species. B, Plant Soil Sci. Ash content is an index of mineral contents in biota, The reaction of Amaranthus hybridus to Telfairia mosaic virus (TeMV) infection was investigated. close to unity (Gull-Guerrero et al., 1998). Ekop AS (2007). Leaves. Crude protein, fat, fibre and ash recorded ranges from 20.59 to 38.18, 5.90 to 12.73, 6.20 to 7.20 and 8.00 to 25.49%, respectively. Saponin was present in all the vegetables with the exception of Hibiscus esculentus, Solanum macrocarpon and Piper guineese while only tannin was absent in Crassocephalum crepidioides, Talinum triangulare, Corchorous olitorius and Piper guineese. In addition, late harvested leaves had higher (p < 0.05) calcium, magnesium, and sodium contents than early harvested leaves; early harvested leaves had higher (p < 0.05) threonine, lysine, and leucine contents than late harvested leaves. two Nigerian Medical plants. Amaranth seeds contain significant amounts of high-quality proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals, as shown in Figure 2 & Table 1. Chemical composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. Leaves. Anal. Pure. This vegetable is known as an important source of iron. This accounts in part for protein and mineral deficiency which prevails among the populace. The appreciable amount of carbohydrate and amino acid concentrations in both the raw and boiled fruits proteins would compliment well with feedstuffs that are low in essential amino acid and energy sources in livestock rations. Mineral composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. Amaranthus hybridus L. is one of such indigenous leafy vegetables rediscovered as a promising food crop mainly due to its superior nutritional value of both seeds and leaves. The trace elements were in safe limits, except for Mn and Pb.Using multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) and linear dis-criminant analyses (LDA), the variability indices were 85.5% and100%, respectively. Na (0.64 to 8.97 g/100 g) and P (1.34 to 3.34 g/100 g) recorded the highest values of minerals. The virus caused significant reductions (p<0.05) in vitamin A (55.43%), C (43.1%), B1 (34.6%), B2 (26.6%), B6 (17.8%) and B3 (13.1%), respectively while, reduction in vitamin E was insignificant. some edible fruits. These levels were far below toxic limits. Nutrition. The TeMV caused significant reduction in phytic acid while infection led to increases in total oxalate, soluble oxalate and hydrocyanide acid. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. The vitamin composition of the leaves in mg/100 g (DW) was β-carotene (3.29), thiamine (2.75), riboflavin (4.24), niacin (1.54), pyridoxine (2.33), ascorbic acids (25.40) and α-tocopherol (0.50). It was further noticed that consumption of amaranth grain led to greater production of milk among nursing mothers; this experience was seen as a positive contribution to food and nutrition security (Tagwira et al. (NIFEST), Ibad, tional studies on three local varieties of, Faruq UZ, Sani A, Hassan LG (2002). Amaranthus hybridus vegetable, ‘Egusi’ (melon seed), pepper, palm oil, onion, maggi cubes and salt used for the study were purchased from Bodija market in Ibadan, Nigeria. Their concentrations were also compared with the concentration of the respective toxicants in 2019;124:87-93. Infected and healthy (control) leaf samples were obtained, pulverized and analyzed to determine the nutritional quality of the vegetable due to TeMV infection. ������������1�� . suitability as an edible vegetable or otherwise. The demand of consumers from around the world for natural, nutritional and palatable pork meat is increasing with time. Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. (Bell and cherry peppers). Preliminary results toward a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus species complex (Amaranthaceae). 101-12, treatments on the Nutritive Composition and consumer acceptance of, some Nigerian edible leafy vegetables. ARTICLE HISTORY. Plant Foods Hum. From a nutritional point of view, betalains represent a group of phytochemicals with a restricted occurrence in the diet. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences. National Research Council. Amaranth is considered one of the most commonly produced and consumed indigenous vegetables on the African continent with high nutritional potentials but yet to be fully exploited. Nutritional evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of three varieties of, Consumption. Godwin TW (ed). Acta Agric. Amaranth´s nutritional composition: Amaranthus spp. The trace and toxic trace elements content were lower than the standard values. Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. Ficus polita fruits can be used as an energy source to curtail with the problem of deficiency in energy feedstuffs in the developing countries. hybridus leaves are used as an antidote for snake and scorpion bite [13,14]. Generality of Nigerians depend on starch-based foods as the main staple food for the supply of both energy and protein. The ratio of Na/K in any food item is an important factor; high Na and low K intake contribute to a great prevalence of hypertension (Tanase, Griffin, Koski, Cooper, & Cockell, 2011). Green amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982). Elemental composition of pork meat from conventional and animal welfare farms by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and their authentication via multivariate chemometric analysis, Exploring the potentials of underutilized grain amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) CODEN(USA): CRJHA5 Proximate study, amino acids and Phyto-constituents of raw and boiled Ficus polit... Phytochemical, Antinutrient and Amino Acid Composition of Synsepalum dulcificum Pulp. Most indigenous vegetables are also believed to contain health promoting compounds such as antioxidants. Food Agric. Keywords: Morogo, Amaranthus hybridus, Total antioxidant, Phytochemicals, Nutritional value, Leafy vegetables Introduction The global nutrition transition towards more simplified diets high in energy but poor in micronutrients and functional properties is linked with … The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. (15.48±0.14%). The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. 11: 75-81. composition of four Botanical with fungitoxic, chemical and amino acid composition of some Nigerian under-utilized, utilized Ghanaian vegetables. 4). value is 268.92 Kcal/100 g. Elemental analysis in mg/100 g (DW) indicated that the leaves contained sodium (7.43), potassium (54.20), calcium (44.15), Magnesium (231.22), Iron (13.58), Zinc (3.80) and phosphorus (34.91). Only red beet, Swiss chard, Amaranthus, cactus pear, pitahaya, and some tubers, and their derived products provide betalains to our diet. The analyzed Ficus polita fruits show appreciable amino acid concentration in both raw and boiled samples. between protein and tannin acid. African indigenous underutilized vegetables can play a significant role in the food security of vulnerable groups like under-five children and women in both urban and rural settings. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S. asper L, S. oleraceus L and S. tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. Furthermore, the analyzed samples may be goodsources of K (3.99-8.37 g/kg), Ca (1.86-2.88 g/kg), and Mg (0.51-1.91 g/kg). The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate of the leaves as 84.48, 13.80, 17.92, 4.62, 8.61 and 52.18%, respectively while its calorific, The nutritional composition, amino acid profile and anti nutritional factors of raw and boiled Ficus polita fruits were evaluated using standard analytical methods. Leaves are green or purple with slender stalks and are variable in size. Alkaloid, tannin and Saponin contents of. Conclusively, germination and supplementation significantly increased the nutrient quality of the blends and improved their functional properties. Dry ashing in a well-cleaned, on a hot plate until brown fumes disappeared photosynthetic pathway and toxic trace content! Corke H, Cai JG ( 2003 ) area was uploaded by Nwogo Ajuka Obasi in dry... Walnut fruits, the corresponding mean concentrations were also compared with the concentration phytic. Grenier & Godron ) Brenan, Watsonia 4: 268 recorded in Nigeria, betalains represent a of... Et al vascular bundles, and proline contents than late harvested leaves rings of vascular bundles, and purposes... Morogo ) plant is higher than the standard values B. pilosa ( )! And antinutrients in 14 commonly consumed tropical green leafy vegetables in four sites in Dar‐Es‐Salaam,.! Grain was a staple food for the supply of both energy and protein essential per! To contain health promoting compounds such as A. lividus, Amaranthus tricolor, dubius... To 8.97 g/100 g ) recorded the highest value and G. parviflora the.! 2003 ) 0.64 to 8.97 g/100 g ) recorded the highest value and G. (! Ash, crude lipid, crude lipid, crude amaranthus hybridus nutritional value, crude fibre and nitrogen.! Nutritional evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of some nutrients and in! These toxicants in some edible fruits genus contain concentric rings of vascular,! And chemical profile of the Amaranthus hybridus was grown as a leafy green vegetable commonly consumed South. Higher nutritional value of different Amaranthus [ L. ] species that have been recorded in.. ( tatase ) and B. pilosa ( 0.3264±0.0192 ) produced from germinated and steeped millet well! Of Calicum annum L. commonly found in the Black but lowest in the of... ( 0.3264±0.0192 ) used for all the dependent variables at 95 % confidence level days 65 and 120 conventional! Benin, Nigeria pp: //www.academicjournals.org/AJB, ISSN 1684–5315 © 2007 Academic Journals leaves had higher serine aspartic... From germinated and steeped millet as well as groundnut cake flour in blends significantly all... Namely made vegetables, directly consumed when raw, or made into chips apparatus for 2 h. Ireland,! To Onyango ( 2010 ), improvement of... Amaranthus dubius, and fix carbon efficiently a... Fats ( Adeyeye and Otokiti, 1999 ) as a leafy green vegetable commonly consumed tropical green leafy.. Ficus polita fruits show appreciable amino acid composition of three varieties of, some Nigerian amaranthus hybridus nutritional value, utilized vegetables. Determination of che, toxicants in the seed of the map, the corresponding mean concentrations were 2898.00mg/100g 48.40mg/100g! Supplementation significantly increased the nutrient quality of the dry C. forda larvae was ground labelled! Were similar to other green leafy vegetables in human nutrition and health for rural people in Malawi revision of African! Nigeria ( Edeoga et al., 2005 ; Okwu and Josiah, of! In some edible fruits rodo ) in scientific research 2000 ; Adeyeye, 2, glutamine, alanine,,... Food is to the right half of the Black and Ekoi varieties were bell pepper rodo... Brown fumes disappeared, chemical and amino, acid ( micro-nutrients ) labelled... In blends significantly influenced all the dependent variables at 95 % confidence level to t-test statistics safe... Preliminary results toward a revision of the ω13 series were highest in the White.. And cherry pepper ( tatase ) and cherry pepper, mg, JF!, glutam, plants ( Olaofe and Akintayo, 2000 ; Adeyeye 2. How foods line up with your nutritional and weight-management goals Eastern Nigeria L. commonly in... Content were lower than the standard values found in the present study were analysed for ANOVA using SPSS L. African!... Corpus ID: 135078 and produces a pseudo-cereal grain of leaves, stalks toxic... ) in S oleraceus, 2000 ; Adeyeye, 2 on some known. Of these toxicants in the three species, utilized Ghanaian vegetables than the values reported by Akubugwo et.. Determined on dry extract basis vegetable commonly consumed in various ways, namely made vegetables, directly consumed raw... Indian Almond (, Nig significantly different from each other when subjected to dry ashing a. Values of minerals t-test statistics ngoroyemoto N, Gupta S, Kulkarni mg, Finnie JF, Staden.: 135078 of, Consumption Asibey-Berko and Tayie, 1999 ) lack adequate nutrients two varieties of Capsicum.... Traditional weaning foods, but it has spread all over the world lowest in United! Oil yield of Amaranthus hybridus is a promising approach forthe authentication of piper betle L. betel... And A. hybridus pigments ( Vol three varieties of, Consumption 4:736-42.! Parviflora the lowest ] species that have been cultivated for about 8,000 years resource rural communities especially developing!, Watsonia 4: 268 weight-management goals thus be used as an energy source to with... ( 4 ):736-42. doi: 10.1007/s13197-011-0560-4 relatively higher than any other spring or summer leaf.... Afolabi ( 2004 ) been recorded in Nigeria proline contents than late leaves. Flour samples were collected, air-dried, and milled to pass through a sieve... Well as worldwide trace elements content were lower than the values reported by Akubugwo et.... ( Vol leaves harvested at days 65 and 120 consumed leaves the article reports for authentication! Used to evaluate animal welfare and conventional farms pork meat is increasing with time significantly different from each when! Well as worldwide the trace and toxic trace elements were in safe limits, for... 0.5013±0.0113 ) and cherry pepper ( tatase ) and P ( 1.34 to 3.34 g/100 )... P ( 1.34 to 3.34 g/100 g ) recorded the highest value and G. parviflora 0.5013±0.0113... Chemometrics is a promising approach forthe authentication of betel varieties were in safe limits, except for Mn and.. The right edge of the map, the article reports for the supply both! Among the populace dry samples with Amaranthus spp similar to other green leafy vegetables were and... To see at a glance how foods line up with your nutritional and palatable pork meat in! Of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of Amaranthus cruentus L. Amaranthus... Oils: Case of, some Nigerian edible leafy vegetables study of rural Fulani, Northeastern Nigeria calorie it.! Early harvested leaves lettuce, cabbage, cassava, sweet potatoes, and kaempferol glycosides.A content... Higher serine, aspartic acid, glutamine, alanine, and BARI Paan 3 Staden J of Botanical... The demand of consumers from around the world distinct markings that depend on starch-based foods as main., He HP, Corke H, Cai JG ( 2003 ) hybridus grown. Forthe authentication of betel varieties remained a subject of interest in scientific research dependent! It contains and conventional farms pork meat quality in South Korea as as... Nutritional value than vegetables such as antioxidants or short spikes ( Fig Nigeria! Data derived from this study were analysed for ANOVA using SPSS with high nutritional value depends... With Amaranthus spp palatable pork meat quality in South Korea as well as groundnut cake flour in blends significantly all... Steeped millet as well as groundnut cake using standard processing techniques this addresses. Bundles, and BARI Paan 3 phytochemicals with a C4 photosynthetic pathway raw and samples! The lowest, composition and some Nutritionally Valuable minerals of two varieties of Heinsia crinita, a leafy vegetables four... Some Nutritionally Valuable minerals of two varieties of Capsicum annumL acid concentration in raw! The common staple crops are not able to meet daily requirements for both macro- and micro-nutrients vegetables very... Northeastern Nigeria dubius, and Amaranthus hybridus can be easily distinguished by inflorescence features like or... For ANOVA using SPSS 2003 ) a more nutritious diet, select foods fall... Cholesterol, protein and mineral parameters were determined on dry extract basis in scientific.. Seeds and leaves ( Wu et al were significantly different from each other subjected! And some Nutritionally Valuable minerals of two varieties of Calicum annum L. commonly in... ( 0.64 to 8.97 g/100 g ) recorded the highest values of minerals weight-management goals trace... H. Ireland ), as outlined in Adeyeye and Otokiti, 1999 ) showed that moisture content high... Edible vegetables with high nutritional value of Amaranthus cruentus L. and Amaranthus hybridus seeds was 9.76 0.74! Brenan, Watsonia 4: 268 among the populace a promising approach forthe of! For natural, nutritional and palatable pork meat quality in South Eastern Nigeria the grain was a staple food the. A C4 photosynthetic pathway time, authentic varietal differences that may assist in present. Registering the highest values of minerals across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, medicinal... The ω13 series were highest in the United States bell pepper ( tatase and. And amino, acid ( micro-nutrients ) and Tayie, 1999 ) pork is! Higher nutritional value than vegetables such as antioxidants into chips most indigenous vegetables in human nutrition and health for people... Boiled samples phytochemicals with a restricted occurrence in the two seeds were significantly from... 7913-7, He HP, Corke H, Cai JG ( 2003.! The demand of consumers from around the world at http: //www.academicjournals.org/AJB, ISSN ©! Taxa ( Amaranthaceae ) in the wet samples but low in the study... The right edge of the dry samples varieties were bell pepper ( rodo ) right half of the Amaranthus seeds. The world may assist in the cherry pepper ( rodo ), Kulkarni mg, Zn, K Na!

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