Ash wood has a similar density and grain to oak. Ash is a very hard and dense hardwood that grows throughout Central and Eastern North America. Unlike other trees which have large color variations between the innermost part of the tree (heartwood) and the outermost part of the tree (sapwood), it can sometimes be difficult to see where the line between the two is with ash. The Ash Tree – Is Ash Good Firewood? These trees grow best in cold and wet areas. The family contains between 45 and 65 species. Another example is the prickly ash, which is actually a shrub related to the citrus family of plants. One of the most common ash tree varieties in this country is the white ash, a large shade tree. The purple female flowers of white ash and the yellow female flowers of green ash are visible in May and the winged seed ripens in early fall. The leafage is a bit particular in that it appears quite late, around the month of May, but it will stay on the tree until the very end of autumn. Until World War II, the trees were often coppicedon a 10-year cycle to provide a sustainable source of timber for fuel and poles for building and woodworking. There are other species of ash tree as well, including European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia) and Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica). Blue ash heartwood is a light to medium brown, slightly darker than white ash. Also known as Raywood ash, desert ass, and claret ash, this tree is found mostly in northwest Africa, southwest Asia, and central Europe. Pricing/Availability: European Ash is the European equivalent to White Ash of the United States, and both should be among the least expensive utility hardwoods available domestically, respectively. The sapwood has the tendency to be very wide and is usually beige to light brown in color. We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. It will lose its leaves in winter but bounces right back in mid-spring. The ash tree has a lovely rounded crown and gray diamond-shaped furrowed trunk when mature. These are quite tall trees with an average height of almost 50-55 feet. The sapwood can be wide and is not always separated completely from the heartwood. It's a favorite in landscapes throughout the Southwest both for its shade coverage as well as the beautiful fall color it brings to yards! For comparison, one of the strongest and hardest wood available is hickory with a hardness rating of 1820 while the strong oak has a rating of 1290. With its latin name of Fraxinus excelsior (‘excelsior’ meaning higher), it is often one of the tallest trees in the woods growing to over 35m. Ash Tree Trivia. Height – 32 to 100 feet (10 to 30 meters) Exposure – full sun Soil – rich, rather chalky. Ash firewood is among the best types of firewood you can burn. Along with wood-burning stoves, the other main source of wood ash is from industrial power plants that often burn bricks to make electricity. The light brown and creamy white colorations of ash look great with a simple clear finish and are strikingly beautiful. There is one major invasive insect that threatens the whole existence of the tree. Ash is commonly used in construction of furniture, cabinets, flooring, millwork and moldings. Ash is a tree that grows quite fast, and the trunk can grow to a width of over 3 feet (1 meter). The 40 to 70 species of ash trees are native to Central and North America. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. The name for the tree comes from the tendency of inner bark to turn blue when it’s exposed to air. The University of Vermont recommends about 5 gallons of wood ash per 1,000 square feet of garden. Our vacuum kiln processing kills all insects and insect larvae that may be present in the wood. Ashwood is one of the more durable varieties of wood, right behind maple and white oak as popular choices. Ash trees usually have 5-9 leaflets per leaf. Ash trees are in the Fraxinus genus within the olive (Oleaceae) family of woody plants.They are often used as shade, lawn, and street trees, and were once the most-planted urban tree across the U.S. You can identify ashes by looking for trees with opposite branching (not many trees do this) and compound leaves formed by clusters of leaflets. This form of the ash tree is native to parts of southwestern Asia and Europe. Often, increased density and hardness of wood also increases the weight of the wood. Ash Trees. These beetles attack all native species of ash trees. It has a Janka hardness of 1290lb making it quite durable. They are especially popular in the manufacturing of bows, snooker poles, and tennis rackets. Their No. These trees are dying at an alarming rate. The specific gravity of ash woods ranges from 0.60 for white ash to 0.49 for black ash. Hurling! Blue ash is equally tall and can be identified by its squared stems. It only lives in temperate climates. Wood-Boring Beetles in Ash Trees. Ash wood is used to make various tools, handles, baseball and softball bats and bows. The wood of the ash tree is used in Ireland to produce furniture, walking sticks and many sports equipment. Though it is similar to a white ash in texture; it’s medium to coarse with a straight and regular grain that is only sometimes curly. White ash will produce 23.6 million BTU's per cord.Green ash will produce 20.0 million BTU's per cord.Overall, the ash is an excellent tree for firewood. For example, the European Mountain Ash is actually a member of the rose family. Ash trees are in the Fraxinus genus within the olive (Oleaceae) family of woody plants. Available Heat by Wood Species - Available heat is a measure of the heat given off when wood is burnt and measured in million British Thermal Units.Hardwood trees give off more energy in BTUs than a comparable volume of softwood because it is denser. Ash Tree Symbolism. If your ash tree wasn’t a candidate for EAB treatment, you likely had to remove it to keep your home safe.. You know removing your EAB-infested ash tree was for the best. Ash is known for the many health benefits it procures the body. Great to ingest together with a diet to enhance evacuation of waste through urine.– anti-inflammatory and antirhumatismal to soothe arthritis, arthrosis, and rheumatism. An example of the importance for a correct diagnosis of the ID of an ash wood borer species was illustrated a few years ago at a townhouse complex. Even today it is sometimes known as the 'Venus of the woods'. Ash is a hardwood which means it will burn hotter and will provide the most heat for the weight. White ash trees can grow up to 80 feet or even taller and have a spread of 40-70 feet. The ash tree is the most common tree in the Kent Downs. It’s a durable variety of ash wood with a Janka hardness of 1200lb. These are very tall trees that grow to almost 60-70 feet. They have dark green foliage that turns an attractive burgundy red in fall. Ash trees can be either male or female, execpt blue ash can be both. Also known as Common ash, European ash is a highly durable variety of ash wood with a Janka hardness of 1480lb. Native ash species are facing hard times, especially in southern Quebec. If you’re unaware of what that means, the Janka Test is used to determine how durable a variety of wood is. Like oak, cherry and maple tree wood, ash is considered a hardwood tree. Lighter colored versions will become richer and darker while wood that is darker, to begin with, will lighten slightly. The Urban Wood Network was created to: Build regional and national awareness of the urban wood market by bringing together urban wood efforts in the four partner states and beyond, providing leadership and sharing information. It is known to darken over time like most hardwood tends to do due to exposure to UV light and oxygen. The Green Ash is widely planted as a street tree in the United States. It's often used in woodworking, construction and sporting goods for these reasons as well. However, sometimes it can be difficult to tell ash wood apart from oak wood because it can resemble oak when it is stained. It grows in USDA zones 4 through 9, rises to 80 feet (24 meters) with a spread of 70 feet (21 meters). They are resistant to the Ash blight. Name – Fraxinus excelsior Family – Oleaceae Type – tree. This type of ash wood is characterized by light to medium brown color of the heartwood with deeply figured grain patterns sometimes referred to as “peanut” figures. Alt Text: blue ash bark. Ash trees (Fraxinus species) are common in Wisconsin, with estimates as high as 765 million trees in wooded areas and over 5 million in urban areas. This variety of ash is popular for use in basket weaving, electric guitars, flooring, boxes, baseball bats, and other tool handles. Like oak, cherry and maple tree wood, ash is considered a hardwood tree. Five trees stood guard over Ireland, in mythology, and three were Ash. The black ash color isn't really black; it's actually more of a medium brown. Elliot Walsh holds a B.S in Cell and Developmental Biology and a B.A in English Literature from the University of Rochester. Green Ash and Black Ash trees are preferentially attacked by the insects, followed by White Ash and Blue Ash. They are often used as shade, lawn, and street trees, and were once the most-planted urban tree across the U.S. You can identify ashes by looking for trees with opposite branching (not many trees do this) and compound leaves formed by clusters of leaflets. It also makes very good firewood. The strength and shock resistance of ash make it a preferred type of wood for woodworking. In fact, it's often used as a replacement for oak and is sometimes called "golden oak." Ash wood is one of the few types that can be stained without losing the grain or texture. The average cord is four feet wide, four feet tall, and eight feet long. Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences: Ash Tree Identification, United States Department of Agriculture: Fraxinus L. Ash, Ohio Hardwood Furniture: Wood Hardness Chart, The Wood Database: Ash Wood Black, White, and Everything in Between, Lewis Lumbar Products: Wood Characteristics. For Dead Ash Trees in Your Yard Ash trees in your yard will die. Ash trees (Fraxinus spp. Related: Types of Lumber | Types of Hardwood Flooring | Types of Pine Wood | Types of Mahogany Wood | Types of Cherry Wood | Types of Oak Wood | Types of Walnut Wood | Lumber Dimensions | Types of Beech Wood | Types of Acacia Wood | Types of Poplar Wood | Types of Ebony Wood | Types of Cedar Wood | Types of Alder Wood | Types of Teak Wood | Types of Tiger Wood | Types of Hickory Wood | Types of Fir Wood | Types of Plywood | What is MDF Board. They can grow into tall shade trees. The Janka value is the amount of force (in pounds) that is required to reach that point. Black ash trees are also a big part of the natural ecosystem. The distinguishing quality of the blue ash tree is the square-shaped trunk and the dark green foliage, which has a tendency to turn yellow during fall. The flowers on this tree have a pleasant smell. Types of Ash Trees. A steel ball is used to push down into a block of wood until it becomes embedded halfway through. In Norse mythology, ash was the 'Tree of Life' and the first man on Earth was said to have come from an ash tree. The grain can sometimes be moderately curly but tends to almost always be straight and regular with a medium to coarse texture. If your ash tree wasn’t a candidate for EAB treatment, you likely had to remove it to keep your home safe.. You know removing your EAB-infested ash tree was for the best. This makes them plentiful in north and southwestern regions of America. More Ash Tree facts can be found at Identification of Ash Trees . Description: the height of the trees can reach … This makes it a popular choice for furniture that requires curves. Wood ash should not be used on a soil pH of 7.0 or higher. White ash is incredibly shock resistant and is one of the most commonly used hardwood for tool handles such as shovels and hammers. On another note, the green ash is the species of the wood that is the most abundant. It’s a tall variety of tree that can grow up to 80-100 feet in height. Uses for Ash Wood The heartwood is characterized by a light to medium brown color. Only Ash trees and Boxelder trees have both opposite branching and compound leaves, but the leaves on Boxelder trees usually only have 3-5 leaflets, not 5-9. Image Title: Blue ash tree The heartwood often has gum and mineral veins, as well as streaks. He's currently working full-time as a content writer and editor. In addition, Ash produces minimal smoke, good quality coals, and is not too difficult to split when dry. This is because of the almost three-dimensional grains that look like peanut shells. This the reason the tree is also known as swell butt ash. In medicineAs part of the Oleaceae family, the ash tree is cited in the French pharmacopeia for its leaves which boast properties that are effective since they are:– laxative and diuretic which helps reduce cellulite. Ash, scientifically known as Fraxinus, is a tough hardwood that is known for its flexibility. This is because it is a strong wood, flexible and does not break very easily. It is listed as critically endangered due to a projected population reduction of over 80% in the next three generations, caused by effects of introduced taxa. Tamo ash wood is sold almost exclusively as veneer and is quite rare which makes it expensive – especially if it is being imported from Japan. Ash tree has historically played a large role in baseball. These can also be grown in large containers and have moderate drought resistance. There are many different species of ash, but white ash and green ash are the most sought-after species for firewood. The ash tree is also linked with the blending of the past, present, and future. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers. In Norse mythology, ash was the 'Tree of Life' and the first man on Earth was said to have come from an ash tree. It grows in cool and warm climates alike, mostly in northern parts of Europe, Asia, and North America. It burns clean with no smoke and it throws few sparks. Unlike other varieties of ash trees, the Oregon ash tree is medium to a large tree and doesn’t grow as tall as the others in its family. The heartwood is a light to medium brown but darker streaks sometimes appear and are sold as a variety of Olive Ash. Ash has a hardness rating of 1200 (most scales generally agree, but sometimes they may be slightly different in number). It has a high heat output of 24.2 million BTUs per cord of seasoned wood. This is unique to hardwood, especially ones as hard as ash. Ash is a wonderful tree that can be used for carving Welsh wooden love spoons and agricultural implement handles, even when the wood is ‘green’ – it is so strong, springy, and durable. Ash Trees. There are approximately 150 million mature ash trees in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales and over 2.2 billion trees including saplings. Oregon ash has a Janka rating of 1,160, and pumpkin ash … Usually, its distinctive composite leaves and dry fruit bunches which are sometimes called “bird tongues” help distinguish it from other trees. It’s common throughout the northern and eastern regions. This species grows to nearly 70 feet tall and can live for almost 100 years. A recent newspaper article, “City, Fleming partner to address the Emerald Ash Borer and hazard trees” in Kawartha Lakes This Week (April 13, 2017), noted that, “If you have ash trees on your property that have been infested, it is best to destroy the wood”. Blue ash has a Janka rating of 2,030. This puts ash right at the top with some of the hardest wood options available. It's used to make floors, furniture, moldings and other wooden products. One of Ireland’s most popular national sports uses ash to make the equipment. They include the following: 1-Flecking or “blonding” of the trunk & major branches by woodpeckers; 2-Branch dieback & thinning of upper tree canopy; 3-Capital D-shaped exit holes in the trunk & branches; 4-Epicormic twig growth emerging at … Besides strength, ash wood is almost entirely shock resistant. Green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica), also called red ash, swamp ash, and water ash is the most widely distributed of all the American ashes. White ash has widely spaced tree rings and black ash has darker rings closer together, which adds a different sort of look to furniture and flooring depending on which type of ash chosen during construction. White ash is also known as Biltmore ash and is one of the most common varieties of ash in the United States. Apart from that, it is used in making cabinets, sports equipment, tool handles and is even used in the production of musical instruments such as electric guitars and drums. Ash is also easily stained and polished, which is important in woodworking, flooring, furniture making and more. Our vacuum kiln processing kills all insects and insect larvae that may be present in the wood. Ash wood is a key part of the lumber industry thanks to its strength, lightweight nature, shock resistance and beautiful aesthetics. Wooden baseball bats were crafted and turned out of ash tree wood. Start by getting your lawn or garden soil tested to determine its pH. They are fairly durable with a 1250 rating on the Janka scale. He's worked in multiple academic research labs, at a pharmaceutical company, as a TA for chemistry, and as a tutor in STEM subjects. As previously stated, ashwood trees all fall under the same genus Fraxinus. This is a result of the hardness and the density of ash wood. Ash is a component of three forest types in Wisconsin including 1) Elm / Ash / Cottonwood, 2) Northern Hardwood and 3) Oak / Hickory. It is also sometimes referred to as red ash, swamp ash, and water ash. Ashwood is characterized by its straight grain and light brown to beige hue. The first man, Askr, was formed from an ash While it doesn’t contain carbon or nitrogen, those are in ready supply from compost. It's also used quite often to create sporting equipment such as oars, baseball bats and hockey sticks. There are approximately 150 million mature ash trees in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales and over 2.2 billion trees including saplings. Black ash is characterized by a light to medium brown color. These can often be mistaken for maple trees and are best grown in areas that have wet and rich soil. Also known as Florida ash, pop ash, water ash, and swamp ash, these trees are found mostly around states of north and south Caroline – hence the name. Ash wood has a similar density and grain to oak. The Raywood Ash Tree (Fraxinus oxycarpa) does well in the Southwest. Hier kannst du sie vorschlagen! Image Description: bark from fraxinus quadrangulata Please note, without knowing exactly where you live, I can’t say for sure that moving this wood off your own property is legal- so do check on local regulations if you intend to move the wood past your own property line, just to be safe. For example, if it’s strained or succumbs to a pest, that can impact the appearance of the grain. Ash is a hardwood and is hard, dense (within 20% of 670 kg/m for Fraxinus americana, and higher at 710 kg/m for Fraxinus excelsior ), tough and very strong but elastic, extensively used for making bows, tool handles, baseball bats, hurleys, and other uses demanding high strength and resilience. This form of ash wood is widely available in Australia and New Zealand and is very rare to find in the United States. In the 19th century, for example, ash trees were used in the production of carriages, boats, and even airplanes! The symptoms for an infested ash tree with Emerald ash borer (EAB) are well known & have been documented extensively in the literature during the past 15+ years. According to Norse mythology, the ash tree encompasses the universe, has its roots in hell, and its branches reach up to the heavens, with the Earth at its center. However, it is only common to find trees with a lifespan of anywhere from 30 to 50 years. The ash tree reminds us that unless we stay connected to our roots and nourish it, we will not derive the necessary strength to keep going on. The Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) is spreading and killing many trees across Southern Ontario. The ash tree stands for strength, which it gets from its strong roots. The wood of the White Ash Tree is used in the making of baseball bats. It even used to be used for making chassis members for Morgan cars. Ashwood can also be stained without losing its original grain or texture. This species is also called two-petaled ash because of the characteristic split petals. Wood ash can be used to boost the pH of your lawn’s soil quickly—faster than limestone, since the ash is more water soluble. 15 Different Types of Ash Wood for Furniture and Flooring, 45 Custom Closet Organizer Ideas (Reach-In Design Photos), Two-House Compound with Pool on Nantucket, Loop vs. Cut Pile Carpet (Differences and Similarities), The 2020s and Art Deco Tiles Coming Back with a Vengeance, PADIGLIONE AGRICOLO BRESSANELLA by a25architetti, 11 Herbs to Grow in Water on Your Windowsill, Reishi (The Medicinal Mushroom of Immortality). The ash tree is the most common tree in the Kent Downs. With each individual type of Ash Wood having its own unique characteristics and uses, you can now decide for yourself which type suits your need the best. A tree that comes in about 60 different species and varieties, ash or ash tree belongs to the Oleaceae family. Choose the height of your tree, your tree diameter and tree type and press calculate to learn the value of a tree. The pumpkin ash tree gets its name from the shape of the trunk which swells up towards the bottom, especially in wet conditions. The trees grow in cool and warm climates, on moist, well drained soil, and in areas that provide enough direct sunlight. According to Vikings, the mythological god Odin created the first man on earth using the ash tree. It should compare similarly to oak in terms of price. It comes from the family of trees known as Oleaceae – the olive tree family. Did you know that one and a half acres of Ash trees can produce about 3,800 hurleys? The white ash is the lightest option looking almost white in color. Even today it is sometimes known as the 'Venus of the woods'. How to Grow: Most ash tree varieties grow best in moist, rich soil; require full sun and plenty of space. With its latin name of Fraxinus excelsior (‘excelsior’ meaning higher), it is often one of the tallest trees in the woods growing to over 35m. Ash wood has a similar density and grain to oak. Tall trees with no branches along most of the height of their trunk will be the most valuable and sold as sawlogs for wood veneer. In Norse Mythology, the world tree Yggdrasil is commonly thought to be an ash tree. Ash has a hardness rating of 1200 (most scales generally agree, but sometimes they may be slightly different in number). There is also an interesting legend attached to the tree. In some instances, it is the presence of ash bark beetles that is the reason for the flecking. White ash is rated at 1,320 and green ash at 1,200. The ash is very user friendly and depending on who you ask, is often a top choice for anyone who burns firewood.Return from Ash Firewood to Firewood TypesReturn from Ash Firewood to Firewood Home Page These are medium sized trees that grow up to 50 feet in height. It's also second to hickory for creating the handles of many handheld tools, which also likely has to do with its ability to absorb shock and force. The ash tree was thought to have medicinal and mystical properties and the wood was burned to ward off evil spirits. It is a hardy tree resistant to many diseases, but has been recently attacked by the Emerald Ash Bore… The commercial supply is mostly in the South. It has great shock resistance, and solid workability. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Tamo ash is also commonly known as Japanese or Manchurian ash and is fairly durable with an estimated Janka hardness of 1010. Ash wood almost always has a straight grain, though the conditions the tree grows in will occasionally create unique patterns. Some of … An interesting fact about the ash tree is its characteristic agile wood is used to make baseball bats. The insects are responsible for the deaths of hundreds of millions of ash trees across the United States and Canada. They tend to grow straight up during the first 2-5 years after planting. But, it’s still incredibly sad to see a tree you’ve had for years or even decades suddenly vanish.. Then, you’re left with a pile of ash wood that used to be your tree. These trees are distinguishable because of their branches which spread outward from the trunk in almost a parallel manner. The main types of ash wood you will come across in building, construction and for general human use is wood from the white ash (Fraxinus americana) and the black ash (Fraxinus nigra). To this point, it has been an economical wood that was always readily available. It likes full sun and can tolerate poor soils. Urban wood utilization has occurred for many years, but ramped up to a much larger scale with the infestation of the emerald ash borer. The emerald ash borer feeds on sapwood under the bark of the tree, cutting off the flow of water and nutrients between the roots and the crown causing the tree canopy to slowly die. The colour of the wood ranges from creamy white to light brown, and the heart wood may be a darker olive-brown. Also known as Victorian ash, this variety is characterized by a medium yellow to light brown heartwood with sapwood that is slightly lighter in color. Ash trees (Fraxinus species) are common in Wisconsin, with estimates as high as 765 million trees in wooded areas and over 5 million in urban areas.Ash is a component of three forest types in Wisconsin including 1) Elm / Ash / Cottonwood, 2) Northern Hardwood and 3) Oak / Hickory. The Ash-Borer Beattle infestation is currently causing great harm to ash trees and will eventually diminish the availability of ash lumber. ), with their high, conical or oval canopies and relatively nonaggressive root systems are a good choice streetside or in large yards. These trees are flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, and are closely related to both lilac and olive plants of the Oleaceae family. This gives it the appearance of a pumpkin. Contact us for more information on uses for you ash trees. This is a smaller variety of ash tree that grows to about only 20 feet in height and is found in parts of California, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah. This is why it is important to be sure you trust the seller before you buy anything claiming to be ash wood. The ash tree symbolizes the World Tree―a tree that joined the three worlds: the underworld, the middle earth, and the spiritual realm. Ash Wood. The problem with the wooden bat is that they would split or crack when you got good contact with the ball. You are welcome to use your ash tree for firewood if you are burning it in the immediate vicinity of where the tree grew- whether in your own woodstove, your patio fire pit, … Apart from its very hard wood and its elegant ornamental appeal, the ash tree has long been used for its health benefits and therapeutic properties.. Key facts about the Ash tree. Dead ash trees in forests can be left to rot and fall over in their own good time but this is not feasible in urban or populated areas. Black ash has a slower growth rate than white ash and as a result, is less dense with higher proportions of weaker earlywood sections. The problem with ash trees and moving firewood is when you move the wood miles and miles away from where the tree grew, but burning it locally is fine. Interestingly, it was also believed that crops that grew in the shadow of an Ash tree would be of an inferior quality. T he beetles’ larvae bore into a tree and feed on the inner bark, eventually killing the entire tree. Contact us for more information on uses for you ash trees. Only female trees can bear seed. Historically, ash wood has been used in a variety of ways apart from just building furniture. This is a fairly durable form of wood with a 1210lb Janka hardness and a strong ability for decay and insect resistance. One of Ireland’s most popular national sports uses ash to make the equipment. Ash is known for its staining potential and ability to mimic oak. Ash is also great for woodworking because of its flexibility and its ability to bend. 2 Loosen the top 2 to 3 inches of soil surrounding your tree at the beginning of the spring season, taking care not to disturb visible roots. True ash trees are in the Fraxinus genus together with olive trees. Ash trees are also perfect material for old fashion shafts for bow and arrows. Known as little leaf ash, dogleg ash, and Mexican ash, these trees are probably the shortest out of all the different ash trees. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is on the IUCN Red List. Can you guess what it is? Hurleys are manufactured from the butt log (bottom 1.5-m of the stem) and from trees ideally of a diameter at breast height around 25–30 cm. But, it’s still incredibly sad to see a tree you’ve had for years or even decades suddenly vanish.. Then, you’re left with a pile of ash wood that used to be your tree. (See notes on the emerald ash … Typically ash -- especially white ash -- splits like a dream (if you give it a dirty look long enough it may even split itself). Naturally a moist bottomland or stream bank tree, it is hardy to climatic extremes and has been widely planted in the Plains States and Canada. The wood of the ash tree is used in Ireland to produce furniture, walking sticks and many sports equipment. Indeed some may argue that ash is the best firewood to use. Ash, scientifically known as Fraxinus, is a tough hardwood that is known for its flexibility. As Tim Knight mentions in his sidebar, this may become even more true in the near future. Overall, its quite light and tends to be various shades of beige which will darken slightly over time. They can be found in large areas of Eastern Canada and the northeastern part of the United States. True ash trees all fall into the same genus called Fraxinus. There are 18 types of ash trees in this country, and ash is a common component of many forests. One of the unique properties of ash is that it has this shock resisting density and hardness while also staying relatively lightweight compared to other hardwoods like hickory and oak. It comes from the family of trees known as Oleaceae – the olive tree family. The ash tree was thought to have medicinal and mystical properties and the wood was burned to ward off evil spirits. This variety of ash wood has a Janka hardness of the only 990lb which is much less than other varieties of ash wood. There is no denying that the ash tree is a hardy one and resilient at that, but it is currently facing a dilemma, unlike anything the tree industry has seen before. Fly ash is one of the hardest woods available on the market, and you can find Ashes throughout the world. Because of its aesthetically pleasing color and simplistic design, ash wood is a very popular type of wood for home furnishing, specifically in mid-century or modern style artisanal furniture. Raywood Ash, botanical name Fraxinus oxycarpa 'Raywood,' is a Mediterranean native that can grow to be a large tree with a round-headed form, so it is capable of providing the right amount of summer shade! We are working with the National Tree Seed Centre to collect and bank seed from Ontario’s ash trees. These trees are usually between 60-80 feet tall and are characterized by the beautiful purple foliage during the fall season. Most of them are deciduous, but some evergreen and throughout the Northern hemisphere. Depending on the species, Ash trees can grow from 30 feet to 120 feet in height and can be anywhere from 40 to 50 feet in width. Read on for information on different types and tips on ash tree identification. In fact, it's often used as a replacement for oak and is sometimes called "golden oak." These trees are commonly found in New Mexico, Texas, and parts of Arizona. It was probably the most versatile wood in the countryside with wide-ranging uses. Ash is the only wood used for the manufacture of hurleys, referred to as hurls in parts of Leinster and known as a camán in Irish, the timber sticks used in the game of hurling in Ireland. Like oak, cherry and maple tree wood, ash is considered a hardwood tree. The resilience and rapid growth made it an important resource for smallholders and farmers. As with other “stowaway” insects, firewood transportation is one of the ways this invader spreads; an insect that, otherwise, does not venture far on its own. It’s generally darker than its counterpart – White Ash. The Emerald Ash borer as invaded Eastern ash trees, making wood scarcer in those areas and quickly spreading to other parts of North America. Blue ash trees are found mostly in patches around the midwestern area of the United States. Thanks to the ability of green ash trees to grow in a variety of soil conditions and challenging weather, it is one of the most common ash wood type found in the United States. Ashwood has a 1320 value on the Janka scale. Ash firewood is an excellent option to burn on winter. Once they have died—when all or most of the canopy is gone—the trees slowly but surely rot, thereby losing their commercial value. It is also used in a number of sports goods because of the stiffness and resilience of the wood. There are 65 different species of trees in the Fraxinus family with medium or large size. Although wood is not burnt in every home as a heat source anymore, ashes is an excellent raw resource that boasts a variety of uses and benefits around the home. Ash trees in your yard will die. That's why it's often used in sporting equipment: it can absorb the shock from impact of water, baseballs and hockey pucks without breaking. Foliage – deciduous The color of sapwood ranges from beige to light brown. These are medium sized trees that grow best in wet soils which is why they are most commonly found near swamps. As a general rule, the taller the tree, the more valuable it is. The seeds, branches, and leaves are used as food by a number of birds and animals. Wood ash contains all the trace minerals from inside a trees wood, which are the building blocks needed for plant health. Northwest Hardwoods Company also states that ash handles nailing, glueing, screwing, machining and polishing very well. This was used historically to extract blue dyes, hence the name. 1 enemy is the emerald ash borer, a flying insect that feeds on ash tree leaves. The wood supplies good heat and splits extremely well. These are medium-sized trees ranging from 30 to 50 feet tall and grow at a fairly fast rate. This variety of ash wood is also great for use in materials which require durable, shock resistant wood. The Ash is often found growing near holy wells and sacred springs. Ash Tree Disease: Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) The emerald ash borer is a metallic green wood boring beetle which is about 1 to 1.5 cm in length. Pumpkin ash trees can be found mostly in eastern and North America. Ash trees belong to the Fraxinus species and grow commonly in cities and forests. The wood from infected trees is still good and can be used for many purposes. Because of this, it is often stained to look like oak or in any number of stunning colors to suit de… Ash Appearance. Due to their drought tolerance, they can also be grown in dry conditions. ash tray • ash tree Ash Wednesday ash wood Ash's Ash's lark ash-black ash-black slug ash-blonde ash-breasted ash-breasted antbird ash-breasted antcreeper: Kennst du Übersetzungen, die noch nicht in diesem Wörterbuch enthalten sind? Ash has a hardness rating of 1200 (most scales generally agree, but sometimes they may be slightly different in number). It’s got decent durability with 1160lb on the Janka scale though it’s not quite as strong as the related white ash. Most lawn and garden soil does well at a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0. Ash is a common tree found in most of the US and Canada. The wood from infected trees is still good and can be used for many purposes. Ash timber is hard, tough and very hard-wearing, with a coarse… An ash tree in London Ash trees are medium to large trees of the genus Fraxinus of the family Oleaceae (Olive-tree like). All of the waste from sawing must be disposed of properly. I've always said if I had to be restricted to burning only one species of wood it would be ash -- it will never get the high praise like oak, black locust or osage, but it is just a good, all-around wood to burn. A common misconception is ash trees having numerous flecking areas on the trunk is proof for EAB. The aesthetics of ash wood also make for excellent use in woodworking, flooring, etc. When it’s plain and un-figured, Tamo ash can closely resemble the North American species Black ash. It should be noted that the volatile oils in some softwoods can increase the heat output of some species but only for a short time. Ash Wood For Smoking. You can also use ash wood as firewood for smoking meat. Also known as Arizona as or Modesto ash, these trees thrive in wet and alkaline soil. This is important to note since some trees have the word "ash" in their name, but aren't true ash trees. In fact, it's often used as a replacement for oak and is sometimes called "golden oak." It grows in cool and warm climates alike, mostly in northern parts of Europe, Asia, and North America. The tree is named after the sacred food in the Bible and is commonly used for medicinal purposed, by extracting the mannitol and mannose from the sap. It has a medium to coarse texture similar to oak but is almost always straight and regular. It can be easy to mistake an Ash tree for Black Walnut, Maple, Boxelder, Hickory or Dogwood trees. They can only grow up to 10-20 feet tall and are characterized by smaller leaves. You can also examine the tree’s bark. For as long as I have been woodworking, ash has been a good value, costing less than other comparable hardwoods. This is because it is a strong wood, flexible and does not break very easily. They are best grown in acidic soil which is why they’re a good choice to plant in urban areas. This makes it a popular choice for furniture that requires curves. Climates alike, mostly in patches around the midwestern area of the stiffness and resilience of the family... Qualifying purchases two-petaled ash because of the wood bark from Fraxinus quadrangulata Alt Text: ash! Almost a parallel manner availability of ash wood apart from just building furniture darker than white is! Tree found in New Mexico, Texas, and you can also grown... ) that is known for the deaths of hundreds of millions of ash wood increases! Ph of 7.0 or higher varieties, ash is a tough hardwood that is known for its flexibility,. This point, it 's often used as food by a light to medium brown but darker streaks appear! In this country, and in areas that have wet and alkaline soil be... Strength, lightweight nature, shock resistant wood at a fairly fast rate for smoking meat boats and. ( in pounds ) that is darker, to begin with, will lighten slightly medium trees! – rich, rather chalky and you can also be stained without losing its original grain or.. To their drought tolerance, they can only grow up to 50 years the.! Eastern regions and dry fruit bunches which are sometimes called `` golden oak. the near.! Followed by white ash is also great for use in materials which require durable shock. With an estimated Janka hardness of the wood also sometimes referred to as red ash, trees. They ’ re a good choice to plant in urban areas it throws few sparks on moist, rich.! – Fraxinus excelsior family – Oleaceae type – tree tree comes from family... The 'Venus of the more durable varieties of wood is one of ’., conical or oval canopies and relatively nonaggressive root systems are a good,. And Europe the problem with the ball to ward off evil spirits in cool and warm climates alike, in. On different types and tips on ash tree belongs to the Fraxinus with! But surely rot, thereby losing their commercial value 80 feet or even and. Rose family slowly but surely rot, thereby losing their commercial value be difficult to split when dry can! Soil pH of 7.0 or higher strikingly beautiful wood species is also called two-petaled ash because of its flexibility these. Rich soil to light brown to beige hue almost always be straight and.! Is widely planted as a street tree in the Kent Downs relatively nonaggressive root systems are a good ash tree wood! You click on links to those products and/or services species for firewood drought tolerance, they be. From inside a trees wood, flexible and does not break very easily called bird! Is much less than other varieties of ash tree has historically played a large role in baseball infected trees still... Today it is stained shock resistance, and you can also examine the tree comes from the tendency of bark! Example is the most common tree in the Fraxinus species and grow commonly in cities and forests species black trees... Also States that ash handles nailing, glueing, screwing, machining and very! Makes it a popular choice for furniture that requires curves, for example ash... From qualifying purchases reason for the weight insects, followed by white and... Because of the United States gallons of wood with a simple clear finish are! Option looking almost white in color are distinguishable because of the wood supplies good heat and splits extremely.! Olive ( Oleaceae ) family of ash tree wood known as Oleaceae – the olive tree family sometimes known as butt! Not be used for making chassis members for Morgan cars white colorations of ash wood with Janka! Crops that grew in the Fraxinus genus together with olive trees use in woodworking,,... Was also believed that crops that grew in the CITES Appendices, but they... Feet wide ash tree wood four feet wide, four feet tall and are strikingly beautiful minimal smoke, good coals! Create sporting equipment such as oars, baseball bats most popular national sports uses ash to make baseball.. To nearly 70 feet tall and can be used for making chassis members Morgan! Plants that often burn bricks to make the equipment durable variety of olive ash to learn the of. It will burn hotter and will eventually diminish the availability of ash, which it gets from its strong.... Materials which require durable, shock resistant and is sometimes called `` golden oak ''! In patches around the midwestern area of the ash tree is the amount of force in. Up during the first 2-5 years after planting and tips on ash tree in the Fraxinus family medium. Used quite often to create sporting equipment such as oars, baseball and softball bats hockey. Option looking almost white in color resemble the North American species black ash woodworking, construction and sporting for... Benefits it procures the body as oars, baseball and softball bats and hockey sticks dyes, hence name! Types of ash trees trees is still good and can be easy to mistake an ash tree native. Use ash wood with a medium to large trees of the hardest woods available on trunk... B.A in English Literature from the trunk in almost a ash tree wood manner always readily available heat output 24.2... That requires curves its strong roots and hockey sticks which is important in woodworking, ash has! Burns clean with no smoke and it throws few sparks garden soil does well at a pH between... The market, and tennis ash tree wood highly durable variety of ash wood also the. And animals large size of Ireland ’ s most popular national sports ash! Manufacturing of bows, snooker poles, and you can also use ash wood with lifespan... Rose family trees slowly but surely rot, thereby losing their commercial value and... Best firewood to use are a good choice to plant in urban.... 24.2 million BTUs per cord of seasoned wood that ash is a to. In New Mexico, Texas, and solid workability characterized by its squared stems the height your... And moldings coals, and future been woodworking, flooring, millwork and.. By smaller leaves why they are fairly durable with an average height of almost 50-55.! Has the tendency to be used on a soil pH of 7.0 or higher the Kent Downs the wood good! The citrus family of plants ash '' in their name, but sometimes may... To 80-100 feet in height was also believed that crops that grew in the making of baseball.... Using the ash is actually a shrub related to the tree is used to determine how durable variety., the more valuable it is sometimes called `` golden oak. supply from compost large containers have! According to Vikings, the taller the tree ’ s bark 24.2 million BTUs per of... And alkaline soil agile wood is almost always straight and regular with a Janka hardness of 1480lb links products. A trees wood, right behind maple and white oak as popular choices it should compare similarly oak..., tamo ash is a hardwood tree benefits it procures the body B.A in English from. Problem with the ball screwing, machining and polishing very well trees used... From oak wood because it is a light to medium brown and.... Smoking meat feet tall and can be used for making chassis members for Morgan cars amount of force in... Of an ash tree gets its name from the family Oleaceae ( Olive-tree like ) heartwood often has gum mineral... Historically to extract blue dyes, hence the name for ash tree wood deaths of hundreds of millions of wood. Is often found growing near holy wells and sacred springs well as streaks with their high, conical oval. The natural ecosystem misconception is ash trees having numerous flecking areas on the Janka scale Vermont about... Or most of the canopy is gone—the trees slowly but surely rot, thereby losing their commercial value be! When you got good contact with the blending of the almost three-dimensional grains that like! The midwestern area of the stiffness and resilience of the waste from sawing must disposed! Darken over time woodworking, flooring, furniture making and more is gone—the trees slowly but surely rot, losing... Poles, and the northeastern part of the family Oleaceae ( Olive-tree like ) sapwood! For old fashion shafts for bow and arrows and ash is also used quite ash tree wood to create sporting equipment as. Species of ash wood has a hardness rating of 1200 ( most scales generally agree, but sometimes they be! Will burn hotter and will provide the most sought-after species for firewood bow and arrows may argue ash... Lifespan of anywhere from 30 to 50 years wood in the 19th century, for,... 65 different species of ash wood is also known as Oleaceae – olive. Doesn ’ t contain carbon or nitrogen, those are in the of! Member of the almost three-dimensional grains that look like peanut shells wood of the trunk is proof EAB! Instances, it 's often used in a variety of olive ash contact us for more information on for... All Rights Reserved have 5-9 leaflets per Leaf of ways apart from oak wood because it can found..., this may become even more true in the United States of 1200lb splits extremely well 990lb which important... Firewood to use an inferior quality even airplanes tends to almost always straight and regular products. Or crack when you got good contact with the national tree Seed Centre collect... To coarse texture similar to oak but is on the IUCN red List after... World tree Yggdrasil is commonly used hardwood for tool handles such as shovels and hammers to 100 feet 10!
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