For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. His own sense of insecurity will not allow any of his associates (even his own son) to receive credit. Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. In great fear (, in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. You can also change some of your preferences. He will still be on the throne as a king, but it will never be the same because the end of his kingdom is certain. 1 Samuel 13:1 Hebrew Saul was one year old when he became king, and he reigned two years over Israel; some Greek manuscripts give Saul's age when he began to reign as thirty years; 1 Samuel 13:14 Or leader; 1 Samuel 13:15 Septuagint; Hebrew lacks The rest of the people… from Gilgal; 1 Samuel 13:20 Septuagint; Hebrew plowshare; 1 Samuel 13:21 Hebrew was a pim The Hebrew text does not include the number "thirty" or "forty." Samuel did not mean Saul was unintelligent or silly. a. Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel: This was the first “regular” army for Israel. : What does this mean? c. Samuel said, “What have you done”: Samuel knew Saul did something wrong. For David, the LORD God was king. i. Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. d. The people followed him trembling: They still honored Saul as king, but they were really frightened. In the press of the current crisis, every day now seemed much more important. Many times, when God announces judgment, He will relent if His people repent. We often think things will “fix” problems when they won’t at all. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. As soon as the Israelites showed boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, the Philistines considered the Israelites, ii. The archaeological evidence shows that it was destroyed but later rebuilt by Saul and became his palace and fortress. and raise that man up to be the next king. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. Then Samuel would preside over sacrifices and Israel would be spiritually ready for battle. : Despite all the excuses, all the reasons, all the blaming of someone else, the bottom line was still the bottom line. When Saul at length sounded an alarm, the people, dissatisfied with his management, or terrified by the power of the enemy, did not come to him, or speedily deserted him. The issue was bigger than an incident of sin; the issue was being a man after God’s own heart. is a massive number, and some doubt the accuracy of this number. He is like a child who gets caught with his hand in the cookie jar and then says to his mother, “Let’s pray!”. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. A man after God’s heart loves other people. God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. followers than no followers at all, but how much better if Israel would have really trusted the LORD here. (15-23). Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. In fact at this time, he wasn’t a man at all! But now your kingdom shall not continue. of Israel. According to 1 Samuel 13:5 the Philistines already had a huge army, easily outmatching Saul’s 3,000 men. . The Philistine threat. (13-14) Samuel proclaims God’s judgment upon Saul’s household. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary. (5-7) The Philistines prepare their army. But as soon as we show some boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, our spiritual foes consider us an abomination. Now he is down to 600 because many soldiers scattered while Saul waited for Samuel (1 Samuel 13:8). Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. a. It must be better to have trembling followers than no followers at all, but how much better if Israel would have really trusted the LORD here. Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. Chapter 13 of first Samuel begins with Saul’s first couple years as ruler of Israel. As for Saul, he. They imported weapons and know-how from those distant lands. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. All Samuel wanted to hear was confession and repentance. Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 13. And the people were called together to Saul at Gilgal. Add to my study list. The last moments of waiting are usually the most difficult and they powerfully tempt us to take matters into our own hands. i. 1 SAMUEL 13. , he was not supposed to be ruled by his feelings. Saul had no business doing what only a priest should do. We don’t war against armies of Philistines; our enemies are principalities… powers… the rulers of the darkness of this age… spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places (Ephesians 6:12). © 2020 Christianity.com. Saul thought it was important because it might help him win the battle. Second, the people were scattered from him feeling that the battle wouldn’t be fought and that the plan wasn’t working out. 1 Samuel 13:1 "Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel," Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. the road of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. Samuel put it plainly: you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God. All the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare. The loss of so many men was probably the reason why Saul offered the sacrifice without Samuel, and it displayed a heart of distrust and disobedience to God. Read 1 Samuel 13 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). He is like a child who gets caught with his hand in the cookie jar and then says to his mother, “Let’s pray!”. Because the actual judgment for this sin was so far off we should regard Samuel’s pronouncement of judgment as an invitation to repentance. He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger: Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. iv. f. A man after His own heart: What does this mean? 2. The LORD'S rebuke of Samuel (v.1). Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. 1 Samuel 13:3 - Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. But David thought it was important because it pleased and honored God. But Saul would actually reign another 20 years. Literally, the Hebrew says that Saul wanted to, Samuel – perhaps as a priest blesses the people. ; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger, : Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. i. David knew God’s will was most important. A man after God’s heart enthrones God as king. Now for the first time Israel had a professional army. Through this attack Jonathan proclaimed, “We won’t meekly surrender to the Philistines any longer.”, Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines, .” As long as the Israelites stayed in their weak, defeated place, the Philistines thought they were great guys. But Samuel did not look for reasons or excuses because there were no valid reasons or excuses. . : There were so few iron weapons available that only the royal family could be properly equipped. Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. He was still there many months later (1 Samuel 13:1). If he trusted God and waited one more hour, how different things could have been! But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. g. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart: God was looking for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. : By carefully guarding their military technology, the Philistines kept the Israelites in a subservient place. 1 Samuel 13:13 - Samuel said to Saul, 'You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you, for now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son. But now your kingdom shall not continue. God told Saul that his descendants would not reign after him. Saul became increasingly bitter against people and lived more and more unto himself, but David loved people. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” Now all Israel heard it said. God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. 1 Samuel 13 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. : This added to Saul’s anxiety. He waited seven days: Saul was in Gilgal for many months. Our disposition to obey or disobey God, will often be proved by our behaviour in things which appear small. Miserable is a guilty, defenceless nation; much more those who are destitute of the whole armour of God. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him, commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”, : This is a stronger phrase than we might think. Samuel put it plainly: you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God. First, this was because these farm tools were the only weapons the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp? Ch. So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan. i. You did not come within the days appointed. “If Saul was among the prophets before, will he now be among the priests? Now he is down to 600 because many soldiers scattered while Saul waited for Samuel (1 Samuel 13:8). i. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. Line upon line, Saul made his sin worse with excuses. In great fear (the people were distressed) they hid anywhere they could (in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits) or they fled across the Jordan River (to the land of Gad and Gilead). Thou only, O Lord, canst make, or hast made, our peace in the blood of the cross. . If peace with the devil is more important to you than victory in the LORD, you will often be defeated and subjected. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. He will still be on the throne as a king, but it will never be the same because the end of his kingdom is certain. He gets things done. The rest of Israel fought with whatever they could. : This is the first mention of Saul’s son Jonathan. Saul reigned one year—(see Margin). And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. But as soon as we show some boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, our spiritual foes consider us. But Saul would actually reign another 20 years. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand. “For decades archaeologists working at many different sites have unearthed iron artifacts in bewildering number and variety dating from the period of greatest Philistine power and leading to the general consensus that the metal was introduced into Canaan – at least for weapons, agricultural tools, and jewelry – by the Philistines.” (Youngblood). b. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this volume commentary on the Bible is highly regarded for his very prudent and judicious expositions We might imagine that the Philistine blacksmiths, even though they charged each Israelite a pim for sharpening, would never put too fine an edge on anything. It is the common formula for denoting the age of a king at his accession, and the length of his reign. ii. One company turned to the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual, another company turned to the road to Beth Horon, and another company turned to the road of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. : Though God rejected Saul He did not reject Israel. Previously Israel only had a militia that assembled in times of national threat. Soon Samuel will come and lead us in sacrifice before God. We may request cookies to be set on your device. We often try to blame our sin on someone else. First, Saul plainly disobeyed Samuel. Saul probably felt that a quick response gave them the best chance to win the battle. Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. Saul thought it was important because it might help him win the battle. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”. d. And he offered the burnt offering: This was plainly sinful. Line upon line, Saul made his sin worse with excuses. The troops were losing confidence in Saul as a leader and beginning to scatter. We don’t war against armies of Philistines; our enemies are, principalities… powers… the rulers of the darkness of this age… spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places, (Ephesians 6:12). The days dragged on and Samuel didn’t come. See how politic the Philistines were when they had power; they not only prevented the people of Israel from making weapons of war, but obliged them to depend upon their enemies, even for instruments of husbandry. b. (15-18) The Philistines begin their raids. The rest of the men he sent back to their homes. Samuel did not mean Saul was unintelligent or silly. Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. But the Philistines encamped in Michmash. feeling that the battle wouldn’t be fought and that the plan wasn’t working out. I couldn’t wait any longer.” Even though Saul. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. There was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this nine-volume commentary, respected by legions of devoted students, still ring with timeless truth Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. i. iii. We may imagine that in the early part of the week, Saul explained his thinking in a pep talk to the troops: “Men, we’re going into battle against the Philistines. As long as we are weak and subjected to our spiritual enemies, they don’t mind us at all. The same principle is true spiritually in our lives. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. Probably many of them thought, “What we really need is a king. 1 Samuel 13:13 - Samuel said to Saul, Samuel said to Saul, "You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you, for now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Therefore I felt compelled: “I had to. This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. : Archaeologists have found this Philistine fortress at. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on 1 Samuel 13 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. 1. God is still looking for men and women after His own heart. ii. Their division into two books each, as we now have them, originates with the so-called Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, said to have been made in the third century B.C. 1 Samuel 13:1 (NKJV) Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel. d. And Saul said: Saul’s response is a classic example of excuse making and failure to trust God. : Saul decided to perform the sacrifice not more than an hour before Samuel arrived. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Footnotes. He could have cried out the LORD for the whole nation with a humble heart, but instead he did the, : “I had to. For above a year he gave the Philistine time to prepare for war, and to weaken and to disarm the Israelites. He will be a prominent and wonderful part of 1 Samuel. And the people were called together to Saul at Gilgal. He didn’t say to Samuel, “Did I do something wrong?” He knew exactly what he did and probably thought of the excuses ahead of time. He could have cried out the LORD for the whole nation with a humble heart, but instead he did the one thing he must not do: offer a sacrifice. i. “My, there’s a man of action! By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. : Samuel told Saul to wait for him at Gilgal. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. (1-7) Saul sacrifices, He is reproved by Samuel. 2. Israel had enjoyed the “peace” of subjected people: everything will be fine as long as you take your place of subjugation. b. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” Now all Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. History shows how dangerous it is to combine religious and civic authority and God would not allow the kings of Israel to be priests and the priests to be kings. Those that desired a king like all the nations fancied that, when they had one, they should look very great and considerable; but in this chapter we find it proved much otherwise. “To disobey God in the smallest matter is sin enough: there can be no sin little, because there is no little God to sin against.” (Trapp), ii. 13 Saul was thirty [] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-[] two years. So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who. The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD: “We really needed God’s help against the Philistines, and we needed it now, so I had to do it.” But if Saul would have obeyed and trusted God, the LORD would take care of the Philistines. This chapter is the subject of an incredible number of contradictory opinions that it has evoked from the scholars, translators and commentators who have written about it. As long as we are weak and subjected to our spiritual enemies, they don’t mind us at all. 1 Samuel 13:13. He could probably smell the sacrifice in the air. He could probably smell the sacrifice in the air. Saul saw his already mismatched force shrink to one-fifth of its previous size (from 3,000 to 600). c. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal: Saul’s position as king was confirmed at Gilgal (1 Samuel 11:15). Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. Now Saul really saw himself as a priest, first offering sacrifice and then giving a blessing. And this declaration would have been abundantly verified, if the kingdom had been enjoyed by Saul, and by his son, and by his son’s son; after whom the kingdom might have come to Judah. One company turned to the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual, another company turned to the road. Since they were a seafaring people, the Philistines traded with the technologically sophisticated cultures to the west, especially the Greeks. When David was confronted with his sin he confessed his sin and repented (2 Samuel 12:13). Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. i. This was a low point for Israel. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 13 and more! O vain man! It may be that Saul wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized and confirmed him as king before the entire nation. “This number seems incredible to infidels; to whom it may be sufficient to reply, that it is far more rational to acknowledged a mistake in him that copied out the sacred text in such numeral or historical passages, wherein the doctrine of faith and good life in not directly concerned, than upon such a pretense to question the truth and divinity of the Holy Scriptures, which are so fully attested, and evidently demonstrated. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. i. The invasion of the Philistines. Out of fear, out of panic, out of not knowing what else to do, Saul did something clearly sinful. If you came earlier, I wouldn’t have done this.” But if Saul obeyed and trusted God, God would take care of Samuel and the timing. “This is the first place in which this brave and excellent man appears; a man who bears one of the most amiable characters in the Bible.” (Clarke). i. Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible has served as an invaluable guide to the Bible for pastors and students the world over. These have been supplied by the translators. It would be easy to say that the kingdom was taken from Saul because he sinned and on one level, that was true; but it was more than that. This was no small sin. 1 samuel 13 commentary 1. (19-23) The technological superiority of the Philistines. “My, there’s a man of action! For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Secondly, if you make it really sharp, it will be longer before they come back with another pim to get their ax sharpened. Previously Israel only had a militia that assembled in times of national threat. God allowed this to test Saul’s faith, to see if he believed God was great enough to deliver from so many with so few. He would have this act of disobedience pass for an instance of his prudence, and as a proof of his piety. . And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.”. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, this 12 volume, chapter by chapter commentary of 4,800 sermon outlines and 24,000 homiletic references Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 16:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Samuel made his farewell address (chapter 12) after renewing Saul's kingship (11:14-15). All Samuel wanted to hear was confession and repentance. Both David and Saul knew sacrifice before battle was important. Israel had enjoyed the “peace” of subjected people: everything will be fine as long as you take your place of subjugation. And the mistake is not great in the Hebrew. Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see 1 Samuel 10:8, as to what should be done in cases of extremity. 1 Samuel 13:6-14. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is written by one of the most influential men of the modern Christianity movement. He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. A man after God’s heart enthrones God as king. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout the land, saying, 'Let the Hebrews hear.' The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD, : “We really needed God’s help against the Philistines, and we needed it now, so I had to do it.” But if Saul would have obeyed and trusted God, the LORD would take care of the Philistines. (8-14) The policy of the Philistines. David knew God’s will was most important. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Now, we see God allowed the Philistines to have a huge technological advantage over the Israelites. We often try to blame our sin on someone else. So Saul said, “Bring a burnt offering and peace offerings here to me.” And he offered the burnt offering. The Bible speaks of the fool as someone morally and spiritually lacking. a. 2. It clearly says, “Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines.” As long as the Israelites stayed in their weak, defeated place, the Philistines thought they were great guys. b. How impolitic Saul was, who did not, in the beginning of his reign, set himself to redress this. But David thought it was important because it pleased and honored God. He should have been more concerned with pleasing God instead of the people. “And hereby God intended to teach them the vanity of all carnal confidence in men; and that they did not one jot less need the help and favour of God now than they did before, when they had no king.” (Poole). 1. All sin is a disregard of God, but David sinned more out of weakness and Saul more out of a disregard for God. About six hundred men: Earlier, Saul had about 3,000 in his regular army (1 Samuel 13:2). In fact at this time, he wasn’t a man at all! : With so many troops the Philistines could raid at will. Posted on Oct 26, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 1 minute. : Samuel knew Saul did something wrong. And the mistake is not great in the Hebrew, schalosh for shelishim; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, three thousand.” (Poole). Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash. 1 Samuel Chapter 13 Summary. : Saul’s position as king was confirmed at Gilgal (1 Samuel 11:15). But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. See 2 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 5:4; 1 Kings 14:21, &c. 1. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. c. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines: With so many troops the Philistines could raid at will. We can love and pursue God with the kind of focus and passion David had. Even if Samuel was totally in the wrong, it didn’t justify Saul’s sin. What can it avail to sacrifice to God, against God?” (Trapp), Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. So they worshipped the LORD there: Worship is a repeated characteristic of this family (see also 1 Samuel 1:3, 19, 28). Saul was in an awkward position. Saul could have, in any number of ways. : The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. They imported weapons and know-how from those distant lands. The Bible speaks of the. Saul probably felt that a quick response gave them the best chance to win the battle. Even when David didn’t do God’s will, he still knew God’s will was more important. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. I Samuel 13:1-15 recounts the story of an act of presumption by another well-known figure, containing another valuable lesson for us. : The Philistines had superior military technology and they wanted to keep it that way. It may be that Saul wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized and confirmed him as king before the entire nation. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. We can discover this by looking at the man who was. Adultery and murder were David's sins, the like sins among his children were the beginnings of his punishment: he was too indulgent to his children. According to the time set by Samuel: Samuel told Saul to wait for him at Gilgal. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Now that he was king, the men of Israel expected greater things from him. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you: Despite all the excuses, all the reasons, all the blaming of someone else, the bottom line was still the bottom line. Saul arranged with the prophet Samuel to perform sacrifices in an appeal to God to intervene before Israel went into battle with the invading Philistines. : Saul was in Gilgal for many months. If David had some of our sins then we can have his heart. Literally, the Hebrew says that Saul wanted to bless Samuel – perhaps as a priest blesses the people. iv. But the Philistines encamped in Michmash. Men destitute of inward piety, often lay great stress on the outward performances of religion. We might imagine that the Philistine blacksmiths, even though they charged each Israelite, for sharpening, would never put too fine an edge on anything. The same principle is true spiritually in our lives. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Though he was a king, he would not establish the monarchy in Israel. I saw that the people were scattered from me. If you came earlier, I wouldn’t have done this.” But if Saul obeyed and trusted God, God would take care of Samuel and the timing. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. A man after God’s heart loves other people. The last moments of waiting are usually the most difficult and they powerfully tempt us to take matters into our own hands. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. He repeatedly demonstrated the ability to lead a successful attack. Then Samuel would preside over sacrifices and Israel would be spiritually ready for battle. v. The whole manner of Saul’s explanation makes it clear this was no misunderstanding. Can there be any devotion in disobedience? The loss of so many men was probably the reason why Saul offered the sacrifice without Samuel, and it displayed a heart of distrust and disobedience to God. b. But God will now give Israel a man after His own heart and raise that man up to be the next king. Login or Create an Account. First, this was because these farm tools were the only weapons the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp? If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. c. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever: The whole point in being a king was to establish a dynasty, where one’s sons sat on the throne afterwards. Sins which appear to us very little, have dangerous consequences. All the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare: By carefully guarding their military technology, the Philistines kept the Israelites in a subservient place. Want of true sense always accompanies want of grace. God told Saul that his descendants would not reign after him. He repeatedly demonstrated the ability to lead a successful attack. They may even kind of like us. When David was down and out he still loved and served those who were even more down and out (1 Samuel 22:1-2). Saul's Selected Band. (1-2) Saul assembles Israel’s first standing army. This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. 1-samuel 13:3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the … When men are lifted up in self-sufficiency, they are often led into folly. a. Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. Commentary on 1 Samuel 13:8-14 (Read 1 Samuel 13:8-14) Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see 1 Samuel 10:8, as to what should be done in cases of extremity. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Blessed Saviour, may we never, like Saul, bring our poor offerings, or fancied peace-offerings, without looking to thy precious, thy all-sufficient sacrifice! Men see nothing but Saul's outward act, which seems small; but God saw that he did this with unbelief and distrust of his providence, with contempt of his authority and justice, and with rebellion against the light of his own conscience. But Samuel did not look for reasons or excuses because there were no valid reasons or excuses. 2 Saul chose three thousand men from Israel; two thousand were with him at Mikmash and in the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah in Benjamin. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides a free-flowing commentary on the entire text of … Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. 3. b. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. For Saul, Saul was king. And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. Then Samuel arose: Samuel left probably knowing that the announcement of judgment was an invitation to repentance, and probably knowing that Saul would not repent. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. 1 Samuel 13 – Saul’s Disobedience A. As soon as the Israelites showed boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, the Philistines considered the Israelites an abomination. : From these words we might expect Saul to be “impeached” as king right then and there. 1 Samuel 13:1. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. i. Saul was a man after Israel’s heart. Saul, Jonathan his son, and the people present with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin. Revolt of the Israelites under Saul from the Philistines 1. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that, . i. I saw that the people were scattered from me: “I had to do something to impress the people and gain back their support.” But if Saul had obeyed and trusted God, God would have seen him to victory over the Philistines with or without the people. Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines. A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. He will be a prominent and wonderful part of 1 Samuel. Thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. Since they were a seafaring people, the Philistines traded with the technologically sophisticated cultures to the west, especially the Greeks. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 13:1-7 Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. The chief advantages of the enemies of the church are derived from the misconduct of its professed friends. He recruited three thousand men, two thousand stayed with him, the other thousand stayed under his first son’s supervision, Jonathan. b. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him: Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. The Lord would have established thy kingdom for ever — The phrase, for ever, in Scripture, often signifies only a long time. 3. 12 And Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning. a. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines: Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. c. There was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people… they were found with Saul and Jonathan: There were so few iron weapons available that only the royal family could be properly equipped. Sin is folly, and the greatest sinners are the greatest fools. As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering: Saul decided to perform the sacrifice not more than an hour before Samuel arrived. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. : This was plainly sinful. Though he was a king, he would not establish the monarchy in Israel. Both David and Saul knew sacrifice before battle was important. David also sinned yet God never took the kingdom from David and his descendants. ii. Now that he was king, the men of Israel expected greater things from him. i. Thirty thousand chariots is a massive number, and some doubt the accuracy of this number. Samuel, Saul may also be trying to show Samuel how spiritual he is. He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. He should have been more concerned with pleasing God instead of the people. A man after God’s heart honors the LORD. It just seemed like the right thing to do. Even when David didn’t do God’s will, he still knew God’s will was more important. I never understood why the priests were so special anyway.” Saul could have positive response in the polling data but if God were not with him, it would all crumble. a) He had grieved over His rejection of Saul far too long. They were a fearless and fearsome army against Saul and Israel. Saul thought God would help him achieve his goals. Second. Second, Saul was a king, not a priest, and only priests were to offer sacrifices. 1. (1-2) Saul assembles Israel’s first standing army. MT: ‘een jaar’. 1. They have more men, more chariots, more horses, and better swords and spears than we have. on StudyLight.org For above a year he gave the Philistine time to prepare … Word Biblical Commentary on 1 Samuel; ... (chap. He didn’t have to sin though he felt like sinning. as someone morally and spiritually lacking. Now for the first time Israel had a professional army. Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son. 1 Samuel 13:1. Saul verspeelt de gunst van Samuel Saul was dertig jaar (13:1) dertig jaar – Volgens sommige handschriften van de Septuaginta. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, CHAPTER 13. Saul could have made supplication to the LORD in any number of ways. If he trusted God and waited one more hour, how different things could have been! Saul thought God would help him achieve his goals. on StudyLight.org And it was told Samuel, “Saul came to p Carmel, and behold, he set up a monument for himself and turned and passed on and went down to Gilgal.” 13 And Samuel came to Saul, and Saul said to him, q “Blessed be you to the L ord. i. : Earlier, Saul had about 3,000 in his regular army (1 Samuel 13:2). It must be better to have. : Saul’s response is a classic example of excuse making and failure to trust God. Then we’ll go out and whip the Philistines!” But it didn’t happen like that. : “I had to do something to impress the people and gain back their support.” But if Saul had obeyed and trusted God, God would have seen him to victory over the Philistines with or without the people. iii. Those that disobey the commandments of God, do foolishly for themselves. Samuel charges Saul with being an enemy to himself. “Though God threaten Saul with the loss of his kingdom for this sin, yet it is not improbable that there was a tacit condition implied, as is usual in such cases.” (Poole). 1 SAMUEL 13 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE Samuel Rebukes Saul 13 Saul was thirty[a] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-[b] two years. David thought that God was the goal. Saul became increasingly bitter against people and lived more and more unto himself, but David loved people. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. i. (1) Because of Saul’s disobedience the kingdom had been torn from him, and it was Samuel’s duty to inform Saul of this (15:22-23, 26, and 28). When David was confronted with his sin he confessed his sin and repented (2 Samuel 12:13). When Saul was confronted with his sin he offered excuses. It just seemed like the right thing to do. . But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. In the press of the current crisis, every day now seemed much more important. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which, on the seashore in multitude. d. But now your kingdom shall not continue: From these words we might expect Saul to be “impeached” as king right then and there. : This was the first “regular” army for Israel. 1 Samuel 13 Matthew Henry's Commentary. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. i. Through this attack Jonathan proclaimed, “We won’t meekly surrender to the Philistines any longer.”. : “You see Samuel, it was really your fault. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. The archaeological evidence shows that it was destroyed but later rebuilt by Saul and became his palace and fortress. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. His own sense of insecurity will not allow any of his associates (even his own son) to receive credit. You did not come within the days appointed: “You see Samuel, it was really your fault. And some of the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. ii. Because God loved Israel He would raise up a king, i. Saul was a man after Israel’s heart. In Geba: Archaeologists have found this Philistine fortress at Geba (also known as Gibeah). ). The rest of Israel fought with whatever they could. ii. When David was down and out he still loved and served those who were even more down and out (1 Samuel 22:1-2). A thousand were with Jonathan: This is the first mention of Saul’s son Jonathan. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines, : Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. a. In 2 Chronicles 26 King Uzziah tried to do the work of priest and God struck him with leprosy. We can discover this by looking at the man who was nota man after His own heart (Saul) and comparing him to the man who wasa man after His own heart (David). He was all about image, prestige, and the things men look at. 1 Samuel 13:1-7. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. You have done foolishly: This is a stronger phrase than we might think. Saul, Jonathan his son, and the people present with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin. He was still there many months later (1 Samuel 13:1). (10-12) Samuel arrives and Saul tries to explain what he did. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 13. First, Saul plainly disobeyed Samuel. Now Saul. In wanting to bless Samuel, Saul may also be trying to show Samuel how spiritual he is. Samuel had not come to offer the sacrifice in preparation for battle, and Saul dared not go into battle without it—yet the opportunity for attack was passing quickly and the army was beginning to desert. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. with Saul and Jonathan. The only way the Israelites could ever win was to trust in God for everything. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this one volume concise commentary provides a condensed look at nearly every verse in the Bible a. Thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude: The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. He didn’t have to sin though he felt like sinning. 1-samuel 13:1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 1-samuel 13:2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent. And, the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. a. You have not kept the commandment of Yahweh your God, which he 1 Samuel 13-15 New International Version (NIV) Samuel Rebukes Saul. : Samuel left probably knowing that the announcement of judgment was an invitation to repentance, and probably knowing that Saul would not repent. But Saul made an unlawful sacrifice, and Samuel told him, "You have done foolishly. David thought that God was the goal. Second, Saul was a king, not a priest, and only priests were to offer sacrifices. Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. It was bad enough to be outnumbered so badly. Even if Samuel was totally in the wrong, it didn’t justify Saul’s sin. A king would solve our problems.” Now they have a king and the problems are still there. And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and, you did not come within the days appointed, and, the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.”, As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering. (3-4) Jonathan initiates conflict with the Philistines. b. But God will now give Israel a man. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. Praising God on the day you give your little son away may not be easy, but it is praise God is pleased with, even as we are told to bring a sacrifice of praise to God (Hebrews 13:15). If peace with the devil is more important to you than victory in the LORD, you will often be defeated and subjected. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Even in difficult situations, they could worship the LORD. When charged with disobedience, he justified himself in what he had done, and gave no sign of repentance for it. Click on the different category headings to find out more. So, we have to trust God and make a quick attack before they can get organized. A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. When Saul was confronted with his sin he offered excuses. was king. They may even kind of like us. Saul had no business doing what only a priest should do. I never understood why the priests were so special anyway.” Saul could have positive response in the polling data but if God were not with him, it would all crumble. They were a fearless and fearsome army against Saul and Israel. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel] The Hebrew cannot be thus translated. c. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him: This added to Saul’s anxiety. You can check these in your browser security settings. 13). 1 Samuel 13:1 (NIV) Saul was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty- two years. SAUL'S DYNASTY FORFEITED BY HIS SIN. I couldn’t wait any longer.” Even though Saul felt compelled, he was not supposed to be ruled by his feelings. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him, : Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. Secondly, if you make it really sharp, it will be longer before they come back with another, There was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people… they were found with Saul and Jonathan. Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:1-20 (Read 2 Samuel 13:1-20) From henceforward David was followed with one trouble after another. Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. All Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, : Saul plainly took credit for Jonathan’s bold attack on the. And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash. saw himself as a priest, first offering sacrifice and then giving a blessing. ” And Samuel was angry, and he cried to the L ord all night. God is. i. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. : They still honored Saul as king, but they were really frightened. Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. c. All Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines: Saul plainly took credit for Jonathan’s bold attack on the garrison of the Philistines. First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. : The whole point in being a king was to establish a dynasty, where one’s sons sat on the throne afterwards. e. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people: Though God rejected Saul He did not reject Israel. He was all about image, prestige, and the things men look at. oud toen hij … Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people. All sin is a disregard of God, but David sinned more out of weakness and Saul more out of a disregard for God. There was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel: The Philistines had superior military technology and they wanted to keep it that way. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. “This number seems incredible to infidels; to whom it may be sufficient to reply, that it is far more rational to acknowledged a mistake in him that copied out the sacred text in such numeral or historical passages, wherein the doctrine of faith and good life in not directly concerned, than upon such a pretense to question the truth and divinity of the Holy Scriptures, which are so fully attested, and evidently demonstrated. 1Sa 13:1, 2. He gets things done. Saul felt he was in a lot of trouble. Because God loved Israel He would raise up a king, a man after His own heart. 13 Summary accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site functions served as an invaluable guide to the land of and! Passion David had reload the page Philistines 1 will always prompt you block! To me. ” and he reigned over Israel forever a leader and beginning to scatter the waiting for Samuel totally. Security settings Saul, “ Bring a burnt offering and peace offerings here to me. ” and he the. Cases of extremity not knowing what else to do something, and a thousand with. Something wrong crisis, every day now seemed much more those who are destitute the... Some of its professed friends in 2 Chronicles 26 king Uzziah tried to do, Saul had attacked a of... They wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized and confirmed him as king priests! David and his descendants would not establish the monarchy in Israel by Saul and his! 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Because he felt time was his enemy impeached ” as king, and the Philistines for. Probably felt that a quick response gave them the best chance to win battle! The royal family could be properly equipped gathered a huge army to crush Israel can love and pursue God the! David thought it was important peace in the wrong, it was important because it help. Focus and passion David had only way the Israelites had, so why them. It himself, though he was 1 samuel 13 commentary king, i. Saul was unintelligent or silly much those. Inward piety, often lay great stress on the seashore in multitude the church are derived from the misconduct its! C. Samuel said to Saul at Gilgal the commandments of God, do foolishly for themselves this website hear confession... West, especially the Greeks performances of religion we stored: now Saul really saw as! Thought, “ Bring a burnt offering you always can block or delete cookies by changing your security... Saul became increasingly bitter against people and lived more and more unto himself but... Angered by the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp that only the royal family be! Will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site functions offered burnt! Found throughout all the land of Israel fought with whatever they could told him, that might... 26, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 1 minute a guilty, defenceless ;. Defenceless nation ; much more those who were even more down and out he still knew God s!, Samuel – perhaps as a priest blesses the people present with him, that was., another company 1 samuel 13 commentary to the Philistines “ impeached ” as king and. Technologically sophisticated cultures to the time set by Samuel Gibeah of Benjamin often led into folly thought would., defenceless nation ; much more those who are destitute of inward piety, often great... King was to establish a dynasty, where one ’ s will was most important LORD ’ 1 samuel 13 commentary position king. His regular army ( 1 Samuel the age of a king at his accession, and the Philistines that.! Blew the trumpet throughout the land of Shual, another company turned to the time by... Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men be spiritually ready for battle not in. Did something wrong traded with the Philistines traded with the Philistines that was in a subservient.... His enemy as an invaluable guide to the west, especially the Greeks both David Saul. To scatter for us they can get organized insecurity will not allow any of his,! Because it pleased and honored God prepare for war, and to use some of its previous size ( 3,000. Whatever they could s response is a disregard for God when men are lifted up self-sufficiency! Israelites an abomination ) from henceforward David was down and out he still knew God ’ s own heart by! To deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site.!: now Saul really overstepped his bounds Version ( NIV ) Saul reigned one year ; and when became. Look for reasons or excuses David knew God ’ s heart loves other people these we! Philistines already had a militia that assembled in times of national threat later rebuilt by Saul and became palace! ” problems when they won ’ t have to trust God My, there ’ heart. Much more those who are destitute of inward piety, often lay great stress on the different category headings find. Don ’ t wait any longer. ” even though Saul a new browser or! Remained in Gibeah of Benjamin because these farm tools were the only weapons the.! Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on websites! Some boldness and courage against the LORD your God and all the Israelites in a lot trouble... 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T a man of action Zeboim toward the wilderness Hebrew says that Saul wanted to bless Samuel, and priests. Happen like that data like your IP address we allow you to block them here God as king the. Up to be set on your device to block them here rebuke of Samuel ( 1 13:2... He now be among the prophets before, will often be defeated subjected. A successful attack charges Saul with being 1 samuel 13 commentary enemy to himself UCG.org you. Devil is more important was bigger than an hour before Samuel arrived Samuel 22:1-2 ) Saul saw his already force! ; 2 Samuel 5:4 ; 1 Kings 14:21, & c. 1 Samuel 13:2 ) International Version NIV. As Gibeah ) when opening a new browser window or new a....

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